a business or association usually formed to manufacture or supply products or services for profit
a person who organizes, operates, and assumes the risk for a business venture
A company legally separate from stockholders who own it and the managers who run it
Shares of a company that do not guarantee a dividend and have more risk and volatility than preferred shares. Common stock holders have the benefit of providing shareholders with the right to vote for the board of directors as well as on issues that come before the board at the annual meeting of shareholders.
Part of a company's profits that it pays as money to stockholders
The amount of money that remains after subtracting the company’s expenses from its revenue.
Shares of ownership of a company in which the shareholder is guaranteed a dividend if one is declared and whose shares are usually not as volatile as common stock. Preferred stock holders do not have voting rights in company elections and decisions.
Private Company: A company that is owned by a person, family, or small group of investors that does not sell shares of stock in the company to the public.
Someone who risks funds by purchasing financial products with the hope the investments will increase in value over time.
A type of security that signifies ownership in a corporation and represents a claim to a part
An announcement appearing in financial publications such as The Wall Street Journal announcing a company’s Initial Public Offering (IPO.)
Typically an investment banker, buys an entire new securities issue from the company or government offering it, and resells the issue as individual stocks or bonds to the public.
A company owned and managed by two or more people who share its profits or losses. A partnership is not separate from its owners, who are liable for the company’s debts.
A corporation that doesn’t sell shares to the public. You cannot buy shares of a private company in the stock market.
By law, each publicly held corporation must provide its shareholders with an annual report showing its income and balance sheet. In most cases, it contains not only financial details but also a message from the chairman, a description of the company's operations, and an overview of its achievements.
Process by which assets of a business are converted to money.
The condition of owning stock. The value of a long position is a stock’s current share price multiplied by the number of shares owned.
An individual or company (including a corporation) that legally owns one shares of stock in a stock company. The shareholders are the owners of a corporation.
A calculation that helps measure the level of risk in investing in a stock
The ratio of the stock’s price per share to its earnings per share
fixed income and preferred stocks are considered conservative
If you own common stock in a U.S. corporation, you have the right to vote on company policies and to elect the company's board of directors. You may vote in person at the annual meeting or authorize the board to vote on your behalf using an absentee ballot, or proxy,Which you can submit by mail or, increasingly often, by telephone or over the Internet.
The potential unpredictability or instability of a stock. A volatile stock is a risky stock—one that can go very high, or very low.
a unit of ownership in a corporation or mutual fund.
the relationship between a company's earnings and its share price. It is calculated by dividing the current price per share by the earnings per share.
The number of shares traded in a company's stock. Unusual market activity, either higher is typically the result of some external event.
includes growth stocks. particularly young companies with great potential.
Initial Public Offering; the initial sale of stock to the public by investment bankers.