Type
Crossword
Description

Participates in sex determination Sex Chromosomes
Sex chromosomes that are inherited differently between males and females Sex Linked Gene
Able to pass their allele onto their offspring Carrier
Caused by DNA abnormality Genetic Disorder
Purebred Animal Pedigree
Chromosomes in the cell nuclei Karyotype
Determining whether animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together Selective Breeding
Breed that is related to close people or animals over many generations Inbreeding
A human or animal that has been breeding with an individual of another species or variety Hybridization
an individual grown from a single somatic cell or cell nucleus and genetically identical to it. Clone
Modification of the characteristics of an organism Genetic Engineering
When DNA is introduced into a patient to treat a genetic disease. Gene therapy
Modification of a gene Mutation
Uncontrollable cells divide and destroy body tissue Cancer
Swelling of the part of a body Tumor

Genetics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Factors that control a trait Allele
A person's genetic makeup Genotype
A person's physical appearance Phenotype
A change in a gene or chromosome Mutation
A chart that tracks which members of a family have a particular trait Pedigree
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell Karyotype
An organism that has the same genes as the organism it was produced from Clone
Breeding two individuals with similar traits Inbreeding
Same alleles for a single trait Homozygous
Different alleles fo a single trait Hetrozygous
The science behind heredity Genectics
The chance of something occuring Probability
When two alleles are equal and present in both the phenotype and genotype of an organism Codominance
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of two genotypes Punnet Square
The process that produces 4 sex cells Meiosis
Breeding two individuals with different traits Hybridization
Moving healthy genes into cells to replace missing or abnormal genes in order to correct a genetic disorder Gene therapy
A genetic problem caused by an issue in an organism's genes Genetic disorder
A trait controlled by three or more alleles is said to have ________________ Multiple alleles
Choosing two organisms with desired traits to be bred Selective breeding

Genetic Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A genetically determined characteristic or condition. Trait
Of or relating to an animal, all of whose ancestors derive over many generations from a recognized breed. Purebred
The offspring of two animals or plants of different breeds, varieties, species, or genera, especially as produced through human manipulation for specific genetic characteristics. Hybrid
The appearance of an organism resulting from the interaction of the genotype and the environment. Phenotype
The genetic makeup of an organism or group of organisms with reference to a single trait, set of traits, or an entire complex of traits. Genotype
Having identical pairs of genes for any given pair of hereditary characteristics. Homozygous
Having dissimilar pairs of genes for any hereditary characteristic. Heterozygous
Of or relating to two different alleles that are fully expressed in a heterozygous individual. codominant
A single-stranded molecule of RNA that is synthesized in the nucleus from a DNA template and then enters the cytoplasm, where its genetic code specifies the amino acid sequence for protein synthesis. Messenger RNA
A small RNA molecule, consisting of a strand of nucleotides folded into a clover-leaf shape, that picks up an unattached amino acid within the cell cytoplasm and conveys it to the ribosome for protein synthesis. Transfer RNA
A sudden departure from the parent type in one or more heritable characteristics, caused by a change in a gene or a chromosome. Mutation
A chromosome, differing in shape or function from other chromosomes, that determines the sex of an individual. sex chromosome
Any of several forms of a gene, usually arising through mutation, that are responsible for hereditary variation. Allele
The union of male and female gametic nuclei. Fertilization
The chromosomes of a cell, usually displayed as a systematized arrangement of chromosome pairs in descending order of size. Karyotype
The mating of closely related individuals, as cousins, sire-daughter, brother-sister, or self-fertilized plants, which tends to increase the number of individuals that are homozygous for a trait and therefore increases the appearance of recessive traits. Inbreeding
In genetics, a type of grid used to show the gametes of each parent and their possible offspring; a type of grid that can indicate all the possible outcomes of a genetic cross Punnet Square
The passage of biological traits or characteristics from parents to offspring through the inheritance of genes. Heredity
An organism that carries a gene for a trait but does not show the trait itself. Carriers can produce offspring that express the trait by mating with another carrier of the same gene. Carrier
A genealogical table, chart, list, or record, especially of a purebred animal. Pedigree

Modern Genetics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

when both alleles show equally co dominant
when neither allele is completely dominate incomplete dominance
when there are more than 2 alleles for a genetic trait multiple alleles
23rd pair of chromosomes in a human sex chromosomes
traits controlled by genes located on the sex chromosomes sex linked
is pattern of a trait that is controlled by two or more genes polygenic inheritance
first 22 pairs of homologous chromosomes autosomes
sugar in RNA ribose
copies of coded messages from DNA mRNA
carries amino acids o the ribosomes tRNA
ribonucleic acid RNA
any change in a gene mutation
diagram or family tree pedigree
photograph of a persons chromosome arranged in pairs karyotype
process of selecting organisms with desired traits Selective Breeding
all the DNA in one cell of an organism genome
involves crossing 2 individuals that have similar characteristics inbreeding
breeders cross 2 genetically different individuals in hopes of offspring having best traits from both parents hybridization
organism that has exactly the same genes as another clone
genes from one generation are transferred into DNA genetic engineering
involves inserting copies of a gene directly into a persons cell gene therapy
project to identify the DNA sequence human genome

Genetics Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The passing of traits from parents to offspring heredity
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offspring through its genes. trait
Scientific study of heredity genetics
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding garden peas led to his eventual recognition as founder of the science of genetics (1822-1884) Mendel
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait gene
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of an organism allele
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor dominant trait
A condition that appears only in individuals who have received two copies of a mutant gene, one copy from each parent recessive trait
The likelihood that a particular event will occur probability
A diagram for predicting the allele composition of offspring from a cross between individuals of known genetic makeup. punnett square
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait heterozygous
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait homozygous
An organism's genetic makeup genotype
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits. phenotype
These are found in every cell. contained with them is DNA. Located on theme are genes. chromosomes

Genetics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Is the process by which humans use animal breeding and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits (characteristics) by choosing which typically animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together. Selective Breeding
Management and care of farm animals by humans Animal Husbandry
Sexual reproduction of offspring from the mating or breeding of individuals or organisms that are closely related genetically Inbreeding
An organism or cell, or group of organisms or cells, produced asexually from one ancestor or stock, to which they are genetically identical Clone
Mutation are changes in DNA Genetic Varation
An experimental technique that uses genes to treat or prevent disease Gene Therapy
Is the direct manipulation of an organism's genome using biotechnology Gentic Modification
Process of intrbreeding between individuals of different speices Hybridization
Laboratory process of taking genes from one species and inserting them into another in an attempt to obtain a desired trait or characteristic.(in some food) Gmo
Cell with two of each kind of chromosome; is said to contain a diploid, or 2n, number of chromosomes Diploid
Branch of biology that studies heredity Genetics
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or recessive Trait
Type of cell division where one body cell produces for gametes, each containing half the number of chromosomes in a parent’s body Meiosis
When there are two identical alleles for a trait Homozygous
Haploid female sex cell produced by meiosis Egg
Fusion of male and female gametes Fertilization
Exchange of genetic material between non-sister chromatids from homologous chromosome during prophase I of meiosis; results in new allele combinations Crossing over
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of an organism Allele
Combination of genes in an organism Genotype
Haploid male sex cells produced by meiosis Sperm

Biotechnology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

method of breeding that allows only those individual organisms with desired characteristics to produce the next generation select breeding
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best traits of both organisms hybridization
continued breeding of the individuals with similar characteristics of a line of organisms inbreeding
process of making changes in DNA code of living organisms genetic engineering
enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides restriction enzyme
procedure used to spread and analyze DNA fragments by placing a mixture of DNA fragments at one end of a porbus gel and applying an electrical voltage from different sources gel electrophoresis
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources recombinant DNA
small circular piece of DNA plasmid
gene that makes it possible to distinguish bacteria that carry a plasmid with forge in DNA from those that don't genetic maker
term used to refer an organism that contains genes from other organisms transgenic
member of a population of genetically identical cells clone
stands for deoxyribonucleic acid DNA
stands for ribonucleic acid RNA
genetic alternation of a cell cell transformation
technique that allows molecular biologists to make many copies of a particular gene PCR

Chapter 12 Genetics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the passing of traits from parent to offspring heredity
specific characteristic that an organism can pass to its offspring through its genes trait
the scientific study of heredity genetics
the process in sexual reproduction in which an egg cell and a sperm cell join to form a new cell fertilization
an offspring of many generations that has the same form of a trait purebred
an offspring of crosses that has two different alleles for a trait hybrid
a sequence of DNA that determines a trait and is passed from parent to offspring gene
the different forms of a gene allele
an allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when the allele is present dominantallele
an allele that is hidden whenever the dominant allele is present recessiveallele
a number that describes how likely it is that a particular event will occur probability
chart that show all the possible combinations of alleles that can result from a genetic cross punnettsquare
an organisms physical appearance, or visible traits phenotype
an organisms genetic makeup, or allele combinations genotype
having two identical alleles for a particular gene homozygous
having two different alleles for a particular gene heterozygous
a situation in which one allele is not completely dominant over another allele incompletedominance
a situation in which both alleles for a gene are expressed equally codominance
three or more possible alleles of a gene that determine a trait multiplealleles
the inheritance of traits that are controlled by two or more genes such as height polygenicinheritance
the process that occurs in the formation of sex cells by which the number of chromosomes is reduced by half meiosis
method of breeding that allows only those organisms with desired traits to produce the next generation selectivebreeding
a selective breeding method in which two individuals with similar sets of alleles are crossed inbreeding
a selective breeding method that involves crossing different individuals to bring together the best traits from both parents hybridization
an organism that is genetically identical to the organism from which it was produced clone

genetics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the study of genes Genetics
passing down of traits Heredity
type of cell division that reduces the chromosome number by half meiosis
the union of a human egg and sperm fertilization
a eukaryotic cell formed by a fertilization zygote
is a packaged and organized structure containing most of the DNA of a living organism chromosome
A couple of homologous chromosomes homologous pair
a locus (or region) of DNA that encodes a functional RNA gene
the specific location or position of a gene, DNA sequence, on a chromosome locus
a distinguishing quality or characteristic trait
a mature haploid male or female germ cell that is able to unite with another of the opposite sex gamete
trait passed on allele
(of a cell containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each parent. diploid
a cell having a single set of unpaired chromosomes. haploid
refers to a pair of genes where one is dominant and one is recessive (ex.Tt) heterozygous
When an individual has two of the same allele, whether dominant or recessive, they are homozygous. (Ex.TT,tt) Homozygous
an animal bred from parents of the same breed or variety. pure breed
the offspring of two plants or animals of different species or varieties, such as a mule (a hybrid of a donkey and a horse). hybrid
first filial generation of offspring of distinctly different parental types. F1 generation
the offspring produced by interbreeding individuals of an F1 generation F2 generation
traits seen when a heterozygous genotype is present. dominant
a gene that gets dominated over by a dominant gene. recessive
The observable physical characteristic of a living thing phenotype
makes ups the cell and give someone or something it characteristics genotype
refers to a situation where neither allele dominates over the other allele creating a new phenotype incomplete dominance
when someone or something has two traits but only the dominant trait shows codominance
the gene that is carried only on the XX or XY genotype sex-linked traits
the cross of two individuals with two completely different alleles monohybrid cross
a diagram used to predict an outcome or cross breeding punnet square

Genetics unit vocab Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring Gene
Chromosome pairs one from each parent that are the same Homologous chromosome
A mature haploid germ cell Gametes
Chromosome that determines the sex of an organism Sex chromosome
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome Autosomes
Single set of unpaired chromosomes Haploid
To complete sets of chromosomes one from each parent Diploid
Type of cell division Meiosis
Distinguishing quality or characteristic belonging to a person Trait
Way to explore the genotype of an organism Test cross
How the offspring of parents with similar characteristics sometimes have offspring with a different characteristics Law of segregation
One of two or more alternative forms of a gene Allele
Two of the same alleles Homozygous
Genetic constitution of an individual organism Genotype
Physical characteristics Phenotype
A gene that masks the effects of the recessive gene Dominant
A gene that is not tangible Recessive
Diagram that is used to predict the outcome of an offspring punnett square
Type of genetic breeding experiments Mono hybrid cross
Mating experiment between two organisms that are identically hybrid Dihybrid cross
Random combinations of chromosomes in meiosis Law of independent assortment
Likelihood of an event to occur Probability
Homologous chromosomes pair up to exchange different segments of genetic material Crossing over
DNA sequences that are close together on a chromosome Genetic linkage
Organism that has inherited a recessive allele Carrier
A gene located in the sex chromosome Sex linked genes
Intermediate inheritance where one allele is not completely paired Incomplete dominance
Both alleles of a gene pair are neither dominant or recessive Codominance
Controlled by a group of nonallelic genes Polygenic traits
Diagram showing the lineage of an individual Pedigree

Genetics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Scientific study of heredity. Genetics
Expressed or seen when a heterozygous. Dominant
Term used to refer to chromosomes that each have a corresponding chromosome from the opposite sex parent. Homozygous
Situation in which both alleles of a gene contribute to phenotype of the organism. Codominance
Diagram showing the relative locations of each known gene on a particular chromosome. Gene Map
Gene located on the X or Y chromosome. Sex-Linked Genes
photograph of chromosomes grouped in order of pairs. Karyotype
Relating to or denoting heritable characteristics controlled by genes that are expressed in offspring only when inherited by both parents. Recessive
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to another. Trait
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits. Hybrid
Separation of alleles during gamete formation. Segregation
Term used to refer to an organism that has two different alleles from the same trait. Heterozygous
Three or more alleles of the same gene. Multiple Alleles
One or two chromosomes that determine an individual's sex. Sex Chromosomes
error in meiosis in which homologous chromosomes fail to seperate. Non-disjunction
Situation in which one allele is not completely dominate over another. Incomplete Dominance
A unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring. Genes
A measure of the likelihood of something occurring or the chance of something happening. Probability
The set of observable characteristics of an individual resulting from the interaction of its genotype with the environment. Phenotype
One whose phenotype is influenced by more than one gene. Polygenic Trait
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome. Autosome
One, two, or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by mutation and are found at the same place on a chromosome. Alleles
A diagram that is used to predict an outcome of a particular cross or breeding experiment. Punnet Square
The genetic constitution of an individual organism. Genotype
The record of descent of an animal, showing it to be purebred. Pedigree
Process of which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in half through the separation of homologous chromosomes in a diploid cell. Meiosis