Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the same natural laws and processes that operate in the universe now have always operated in the universe in the past Uniformitarianisim
the part of the interior of a terrestrial planet and especially the earth that lies beneath the crust and above the central core Mantle
the outermost solid shell of a rocky planet or natural satellite Crust
the Earth's innermost part core
a scientist who studies the solid and liquid matter that constitutes the Earth as well as the processes and history that have shaped it. Geologist
the solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the earth and other similar planets, exposed on the surface or underlying the soil or oceans rock
a portion or layer of something, distinguished by color or nature from the rest streak
the state or quality of shining by reflecting light; glitter, sparkle, sheen, or gloss Luster
how some minerals break along flat planes when exposed to stress, such as being hit with a hammer. Cleavage
How hard somethig is hardness
is one that forms through intense, fiery heat––usually in a volcano igneous
pertaining to or characterized by change of form Metamorphic
a type of rock relatied to a matter that settle to the bottom of a liquid sedimentary
in geology, magma forced into cavities or cracks of other rocks and crystallized but not reaching the surface intrusive
Geology. noting or pertaining to a class of igneous rocks that have been forced out in a molten or plastic condition upon the surface of the earth extrusive
a continuous process by which rocks are created, changed from one form to another, destroyed, and then formed again rock cycle
the science or art of assembling, shaping, or ornamenting materials in construction; the constructive arts in general. tectonics
the hypothetical landmass that existed when all continents were joined, from about 300 to 200 million years ago pangaea
characterized by convergence; tending to come together; merging convergent
A tectonic boundary where two plates are moving away from each other and new crust is forming from magma that rises to the Earth's surface between the two plates Divergent
to change in form, appearance, or structure transform
the process by which collision of the earth's crustal plates results in one plate's being drawn down or overridden by another, localized along the juncture of two plates. subduction
pertaining to, of the nature of, or caused by an earthquake or vibration of the earth, whether due to natural or artificial causes seismic
a longitudinal earthquake wave that travels through the interior of the earth and is usually the first conspicuous wave to be recorded by a seismograph p wave
a transverse earthquake wave that travels through the interior of the earth and is usually the second conspicuous wave to reach a seismograph s wave
a seismic wave that travels along or parallel to the earth's surface surface wave
a series of vibrations induced in the earth's crust by the abrupt rupture and rebound of rocks in which elastic strain has been slowly accumulating earthquake
a weakness in the rock strata that can shift and create an earthquake. fault
an unusually large sea wave produced by a seaquake or undersea volcanic eruption tsunami
a vent in the earth's crust through which lava, steam, ashes, etc., are expelled, either continuously or at irregular intervals volcano
molten material beneath or within the earth's crust, from which igneous rock is formed magma
a large, basinlike depression resulting from the explosion or collapse of the center of a volcano caldera
the cup-shaped depression or cavity on the surface of the earth or other heavenly body marking the orifice of a volcano crater

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EARTH SCIENCE CROSSWORD PUZZLE

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location. EROSION
wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the air: WEATHERING
Waves of energy that travel through the Earth's layers, and are a result of an earthquake, explosion, or a volcano that gives out low-frequency acoustic energy SEISMIC WAVES
an instrument that measures and records details of earthquakes, such as force and duration. SEISMOGRAPH
the point on the Earth's surface that is directly above the hypocentre or focus, the point where an earthquake or underground explosion originates. EPICENTER
the great size or extent of something MAGNITUDE
a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface. volcano
is one of several very large landmasses on Earth continent
a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. magma
the line at which the earth's surface and the sky appear to meet horizon
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. mineral
the upper layer of earth in which plants grow, a black or dark brown material typically consisting of a mixture of organic remains, clay, and rock particles soil
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action. earthquake

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tectonic plate boundaries Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

this scientist had the theory of the continental drift alfred
two plates slide against each other in a sideways motion transform
a line on a rock surface or the ground that traces a geological fault faultline
changed by extreme heat and pressure to form another rock metamorphic
places where the sea floor spreading takes place midoceanridge
a tall mountain that with a lot of pressure shoots out hot lava volcano
formed by deposition and solidification pf sediments sedimentary
a violent shaking of the ground caused by tectonic plates earthquakes
piece of the crust that floats on the mantle tectonic
hot fluid or semi fluid material within the earth's crust magma
two plates are moving away from one another divergent
formed by cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneous
made of iron, with small amount of nickle core
technical name for the crust and mantle lithosphere
remains of a prehistoric organism preserved in a mold form in a rock fossils
two plates move toward one another and collide convergent
contains most of earths mass (hints: its hot) mantle
hot molten or semi fluid rock erupted from volcano lava
a long high sea wave caused by earth quakes tsunami
outermost later of the planet, with life crust

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Earthquake and Volcano Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume STRESS
stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the middle TENSION
stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks COMPRESSION
stress that pushes mass on rock in opposite directions, in sideways movement SHEARING
the shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Earth's surface EARTHQUAKE
the point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under stress and causes an earthquake FOCUS
the point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquakes focus EPICENTER
a type of seismic wave that compresses and expands the ground P-WAVE
a type of seismic wave that moves the ground up and down or side to side S-WAVE
a type of seismic wave that forms when P waves and S waves reach Earth's surface SURFACE WAVE
the measurement of an earthquake's strength based on a seismic waves and movement along faults MAGNITUDE
a device that records ground movements caused by seismic waves as they move through Earth SEISMOGRAPH
the record of an earthquake's seismic waves produced by a seismogram SEISMOGRAM
an earthquake that occurs after a large earthquake in the same area AFTERSHOCK
a giant wave usually caused by an earthquake beneath the ocean floor TSUNAMI
a weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface VOLCANO
an area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through the crust above it HOTSPOT
a major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean ringoffrire
a liquids resistance to flowing VISCOSITY
a material found in magma that is formed from the elements of oxygen and silicon SILICA
the expulsion of ash, cinder, bombs, and gases during an explosive eruption PYROCLASTICFLOW
a volcano that is not currently active, but may become active in the future DORMANT
a volcano that is no longer active and is unlikely to erupt again EXTINCT
a wide, gently sloping mountain made of layers of lava and formed by quiet eruptions SHIELDVOLCANO
a fountain of water and steam that builds up pressure underground and erupts at regular intervals GEYSER

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Plate Tectonics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What is the trace or organism that lived in the past? Fossil
What is liquid magma that reaches the surface? Lava
What is the molten mixture of rock? Magma
What was the land mass that broke 200 million years ago? Pangea
What is a section of litosphere that slowly moves over the asthenosphere carrying pieces of continental drift and oceanic crust called ? Plates
What is the theory that pieces of earths litosphere are in constant motion driven by convection currents in the mantle called? Plate Tectonics
What is the process by which the shaking is perpendicular to the direction to the wave called? Seafloor spreading
What are vibrations that travel through earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake called? Seismicwaves
What causes the rock to change its shape or volume? Stress
What is rocks surface, size, and shape? Texture
What is a slab of volcanic rock formed when magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Sill
What is an opening on earths surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Vent
What is a violent shaking of the ground? Earthquake
What is very dense, has a solid center,mostly iron, and has small amount of oxygen? Innercore
What is the largest layer inside the earths? Mantle
What forms when the top of the volcano collapse? Caldera
What fossil when sediments fill in a mold and harden into a rock? Cast
What is a liquid core that surrounds earths solid inner core and that's is mostly made of iron? Outtercore
What is bits of rocks or solified lava dropped from the air? Tephra
What is the location in the mantle that is hotter than other areas? Hotspot

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Earthquakes and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What is the point of Earth's surface directely above an earthquake's focus ? epicenter
device used by seimologists to record primary, secondary, suface waves from earthquakes seismograph
vibrations caused by breaking rocks along faults earthquake
Opening in Earth's surface that often forms a mountain when layers of lava and volcanic ash erupt and build up volcano
An opening on Earth's surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava Vent
a broad volcano with gently sloping sides Shield volcano
A volcano formed by alternating layers of tephra and lava and that is found mostly where Earth's plates come together Composite volcano
steep-sided volcano made of loosely packed tephra Cinder cone volcano
scientist who studiesearthquakes and seismic waves Seismologist
large opening formed when the top of a volcano collapes Caldera
Measure of the energy released by an earthquake Magnitude
A mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth Magma
a very large igneous intrusion extending deep in the earth's crust. batholith
a column of solidified lava or igneous rock formed in a volcanic vent, especially when exposed by erosion. volcanic necks
are imaginable as the veins of a volcano, the pathways of rising magma. Volcanic dikes

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Volcanoes & Earthquakes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Liquid rock that forms under earths surface Magma
Magma that flows into earths surface the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies Lava
A vent or fissure in earths surface through which magma and gases are expelled Volcano
Any activity that includes the movement of magma toward onto earths surface Volcanism
A volcanically active area of earths surface commonly far from a tectonic plate boundary Hot spot
Describes magma or igneous rocks that is rich in magnesium and iron and that is generally dark in color Mafic
Describes magma or igneous rock that is rich in feldspar and silica and that is generally light in color Felsic
Fragments of rock that form during a volcanic eruption Pyroclastic material
A movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move Earthquake
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed shape Elastic rebound
In geology a seismic wave that travels through the body of a medium Body wave
The point on earths surface directly above an earthquakes starting point or focus Epicenter
An area on earths surface where no direct seismic waves from a particular earthquake can be detected Shadow zone
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the change in the shape of rock in response to stress Deformation
The study of earthquakes Seismology
A seismic wave that causes particles of rock to move in a back-and-forth direction P Wave
a seismic wave that causes particles of rock to move in a side-to-side direction S Wave
Giant pieces of the Earth's thin, outermost layer that move around on top of a layer of plastic rock Tectonic plates
A break in the Earth's crust along which blocks of the crust slide relative to one another Fault
A measure of the strength of an earthquake Magnitude
An area along a fault where relatively few earthquakes have occurred recently but where strong earthquakes have occurred in the past Seismic Gaps
Process of making older structures more earthquake resistant Retrofitting
a side vent Conduit
a giant, fast moving wave that is caused by an earthquake or volcano Tsunami
the remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up Debris

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Volcanos and Earthquakes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the planet we live on Earth
movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action causing a sudden violent shaking of the ground Earthquake
a mountain or hill, having a crater or vent which lava, rock fragments, hot vapour, and gas are or have been erupted from the earth's crust Volcano
remains or traces of a once living organism reserved by rock Fossils
a theory of the earth's crust and the interaction of rigid lithospheric plates which move slowly over the underlying mantle Plate tectonics
where the tectonic plates meet Subduction zone
in an earthquake, the point beneath Earth's surface where energy release happens Focus
very dense, solid centre of the Earth Inner core
measure of the energy released by an earthquake Magnitude
the largest layer inside Earth, lying directly above the outer core Mantle
liquid core that surrounds the Earth's solid inner core Outer core
waves that travel outward from an Earthquake's focus and cause particles in rocks to move back and forth Primary waves
waves that travel outward from an earthquake's focus and move through Earth by causing particles in rocks to vibrate at right angles Secondary waves
device used by seimologists to record primary, secondary, surface waves from earthquakes Seismograph
scientist who studies earthquakes and seismic waves Seismologist
outermost layer of Earth that is about 100km thick Lithosphere
single large landmass made up of all the continents connected together that broke apart 200 million years ago Pangaea
surface along which rocks break and move Plate
powerful seismic sea wave that can travel thousands of kilometers in all directions that begins over an earthquake Tsunami
large opening formed when the top of a volcano collapes Caldera
steep-walled depression around a volcano's vent Crater
location in the mantle that is hotter than any other areas and that melts rock Hot spot
solid, igneous core of a volcano left behind when a volacno stops erupting Volcanic neck
an opening on Earth's surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava Vent
surface along which rocks break and move Fault
bits of rock or solid lava dropped from the air Telphra
fossils that form when some or all of the original materials that made up the organisms are replaced with minerals Petrified remains
fossil formed when the remains of a once living organism are subjected to heat and pressure, leaving only a thin film of carbon behind Carbonaceous film
fossil formed when an organism is buried, decays, and leaves behind a hollow place in rock Mold
fossil formed when sediments fill in a mold and harden into rock Cast

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Crossword Puzzle for Rocks and Minerals

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the earth and other similar planets, exposed on the surface or underlying the soil or oceans. rock
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. mineral
the stratification or layering of rocks or other geological materials. bedding
hot fluid or semifluid material below or within the earth's crust magma
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this. lava
igneous rocks that form from crystallized magma beneath the earth's surface intrusive
igneous rocks formed on the surface extrusive
occurs when only a portion of a solid is melted partialmelting
formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneousrock
Veins of extremely large-grained minerals pegmatites
large, well-formed crystals surrounded by fine-grained crystals of the same or different minerals Porphyritic
size, shape, and distribution of crystals or grains that make up a rock  texture
when mineral growth cements sediment grains together into rock Cementation
chemical sedimentary rocks that form as a result of crystal grains precipitating out of a supersaturated body of water evaporite
a subsurface area of rock that has enough porosity to allow for the accumulation of oil, natural gas, or water Reservoir
the percentage of open spaces between grains in a rock Porosity
sediments having particles ranging in size from boulders to microscopic particles, which often have worn surfaces and rounded corners. Clastic
a naturally occurring solid material from which a metal or valuable mineral can be profitably extracted. ore

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Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The result of magma rising to Earth's surface and solidifying SeaFloor Spreading
The theory of how large pieces of lithosphere move and change Plate Tectonics
What occurs when forces act in parallel but opposite directions Shear Stress
The bending, tilting and breaking of Earth's crust Deformation
Molten rock produced under the Earth's surface Magma
A volcanically active area of Earth's surface Hotspot
The opening in which volcanic material passes vent
Magma that flows onto Earth's surface Lava
The boundary between colliding tectonic plates convergent boundary
The boundary between tectonic plates moving away from one another divergent boundary
The location where an earthquake occurs focus
Supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago Pangaea
A block of lithosphere that consists of the crust and outermost part of mantle Tectonic plate
The movement of matter due to differences in density convection
The bending of rock layers due to stress folding
The break in a body of rock Fault
Stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object Tension
The movement or trembling of the ground that's caused by sudden release of energy earthquake
The point directly above an earthquake's starting point epicenter
A vent in Earth's surface where magma and gas are expelled volcano

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Plate Tectonics and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

hypothesis that states the continents once formed a single landmass continentaldrift
scientist that proposed continental drift Wegener
long, undersea mountain chain with steep valley at it's center midoceanridge
the process which new oceanic lithosphere forms as magma rises to Earth’s surface and solidifies seafloorspreading
study of alignment of magnetic mineral in rock, as it relates to the reversal of Earth’s magnetic poles Paleomagnetism
theory that explains how large pieces of the lithosphere move and change shape platetectonics
solid, outer layer of Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle lithosphere
solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere asthenosphere
he boundary between tectonic plates that are moving away from each other divergentboundary
the boundary between tectonic plates that are colliding convergentboundary
he boundary between tectonic plates that are sliding past each other transformboundary
the process by which Earth’s crust breaks apart rifting
piece of lithosphere that has a unique geologic history and that may be part of a larger piece of lithosphere terrane
supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago and that began to break up beginning 250 million years ago Pangaea
single, large ocean that covered Earth’s surface during the time of Pangaea Panthalassa
movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move earthquake
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed shape elasticrebound
the location where the first motion of an earthquake occurs focus
point on Earth’s surface directly above an Earthquake’s starting point or focus epicenter
a region of numerous, closely spaced faults faultzone
tracing of earthquake motion that is recorded by a seismograph Seismogram
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground Seismograph
measure of the strength of an earthquake magnitude
in Earth science the amount of damage caused by an earthquake intensity
a giant ocean wave that forms after a volcanic eruption tsunami
liquid rock produced under Earth’s surface magma
any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or onto Earth’s surface volcanism
magma that flows onto Earth’s surface; the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies lava

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