Type
Crossword
Description

the same natural laws and processes that operate in the universe now have always operated in the universe in the past Uniformitarianisim
the part of the interior of a terrestrial planet and especially the earth that lies beneath the crust and above the central core Mantle
the outermost solid shell of a rocky planet or natural satellite Crust
the Earth's innermost part core
a scientist who studies the solid and liquid matter that constitutes the Earth as well as the processes and history that have shaped it. Geologist
the solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the earth and other similar planets, exposed on the surface or underlying the soil or oceans rock
a portion or layer of something, distinguished by color or nature from the rest streak
the state or quality of shining by reflecting light; glitter, sparkle, sheen, or gloss Luster
how some minerals break along flat planes when exposed to stress, such as being hit with a hammer. Cleavage
How hard somethig is hardness
is one that forms through intense, fiery heat––usually in a volcano igneous
pertaining to or characterized by change of form Metamorphic
a type of rock relatied to a matter that settle to the bottom of a liquid sedimentary
in geology, magma forced into cavities or cracks of other rocks and crystallized but not reaching the surface intrusive
Geology. noting or pertaining to a class of igneous rocks that have been forced out in a molten or plastic condition upon the surface of the earth extrusive
a continuous process by which rocks are created, changed from one form to another, destroyed, and then formed again rock cycle
the science or art of assembling, shaping, or ornamenting materials in construction; the constructive arts in general. tectonics
the hypothetical landmass that existed when all continents were joined, from about 300 to 200 million years ago pangaea
characterized by convergence; tending to come together; merging convergent
A tectonic boundary where two plates are moving away from each other and new crust is forming from magma that rises to the Earth's surface between the two plates Divergent
to change in form, appearance, or structure transform
the process by which collision of the earth's crustal plates results in one plate's being drawn down or overridden by another, localized along the juncture of two plates. subduction
pertaining to, of the nature of, or caused by an earthquake or vibration of the earth, whether due to natural or artificial causes seismic
a longitudinal earthquake wave that travels through the interior of the earth and is usually the first conspicuous wave to be recorded by a seismograph p wave
a transverse earthquake wave that travels through the interior of the earth and is usually the second conspicuous wave to reach a seismograph s wave
a seismic wave that travels along or parallel to the earth's surface surface wave
a series of vibrations induced in the earth's crust by the abrupt rupture and rebound of rocks in which elastic strain has been slowly accumulating earthquake
a weakness in the rock strata that can shift and create an earthquake. fault
an unusually large sea wave produced by a seaquake or undersea volcanic eruption tsunami
a vent in the earth's crust through which lava, steam, ashes, etc., are expelled, either continuously or at irregular intervals volcano
molten material beneath or within the earth's crust, from which igneous rock is formed magma
a large, basinlike depression resulting from the explosion or collapse of the center of a volcano caldera
the cup-shaped depression or cavity on the surface of the earth or other heavenly body marking the orifice of a volcano crater

tectonic plate boundaries Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

this scientist had the theory of the continental drift alfred
two plates slide against each other in a sideways motion transform
a line on a rock surface or the ground that traces a geological fault faultline
changed by extreme heat and pressure to form another rock metamorphic
places where the sea floor spreading takes place midoceanridge
a tall mountain that with a lot of pressure shoots out hot lava volcano
formed by deposition and solidification pf sediments sedimentary
a violent shaking of the ground caused by tectonic plates earthquakes
piece of the crust that floats on the mantle tectonic
hot fluid or semi fluid material within the earth's crust magma
two plates are moving away from one another divergent
formed by cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneous
made of iron, with small amount of nickle core
technical name for the crust and mantle lithosphere
remains of a prehistoric organism preserved in a mold form in a rock fossils
two plates move toward one another and collide convergent
contains most of earths mass (hints: its hot) mantle
hot molten or semi fluid rock erupted from volcano lava
a long high sea wave caused by earth quakes tsunami
outermost later of the planet, with life crust

EARTH SCIENCE CROSSWORD PUZZLE

Type
Crossword
Description

the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location. EROSION
wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the air: WEATHERING
Waves of energy that travel through the Earth's layers, and are a result of an earthquake, explosion, or a volcano that gives out low-frequency acoustic energy SEISMIC WAVES
an instrument that measures and records details of earthquakes, such as force and duration. SEISMOGRAPH
the point on the Earth's surface that is directly above the hypocentre or focus, the point where an earthquake or underground explosion originates. EPICENTER
the great size or extent of something MAGNITUDE
a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface. volcano
is one of several very large landmasses on Earth continent
a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. magma
the line at which the earth's surface and the sky appear to meet horizon
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. mineral
the upper layer of earth in which plants grow, a black or dark brown material typically consisting of a mixture of organic remains, clay, and rock particles soil
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action. earthquake

Volcanoes & Earthquakes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Liquid rock that forms under earths surface Magma
Magma that flows into earths surface the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies Lava
A vent or fissure in earths surface through which magma and gases are expelled Volcano
Any activity that includes the movement of magma toward onto earths surface Volcanism
A volcanically active area of earths surface commonly far from a tectonic plate boundary Hot spot
Describes magma or igneous rocks that is rich in magnesium and iron and that is generally dark in color Mafic
Describes magma or igneous rock that is rich in feldspar and silica and that is generally light in color Felsic
Fragments of rock that form during a volcanic eruption Pyroclastic material
A movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move Earthquake
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed shape Elastic rebound
In geology a seismic wave that travels through the body of a medium Body wave
The point on earths surface directly above an earthquakes starting point or focus Epicenter
An area on earths surface where no direct seismic waves from a particular earthquake can be detected Shadow zone
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the change in the shape of rock in response to stress Deformation
The study of earthquakes Seismology
A seismic wave that causes particles of rock to move in a back-and-forth direction P Wave
a seismic wave that causes particles of rock to move in a side-to-side direction S Wave
Giant pieces of the Earth's thin, outermost layer that move around on top of a layer of plastic rock Tectonic plates
A break in the Earth's crust along which blocks of the crust slide relative to one another Fault
A measure of the strength of an earthquake Magnitude
An area along a fault where relatively few earthquakes have occurred recently but where strong earthquakes have occurred in the past Seismic Gaps
Process of making older structures more earthquake resistant Retrofitting
a side vent Conduit
a giant, fast moving wave that is caused by an earthquake or volcano Tsunami
the remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up Debris

Earthquakes and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the point of Earth's surface directely above an earthquake's focus ? epicenter
device used by seimologists to record primary, secondary, suface waves from earthquakes seismograph
vibrations caused by breaking rocks along faults earthquake
Opening in Earth's surface that often forms a mountain when layers of lava and volcanic ash erupt and build up volcano
An opening on Earth's surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava Vent
a broad volcano with gently sloping sides Shield volcano
A volcano formed by alternating layers of tephra and lava and that is found mostly where Earth's plates come together Composite volcano
steep-sided volcano made of loosely packed tephra Cinder cone volcano
scientist who studiesearthquakes and seismic waves Seismologist
large opening formed when the top of a volcano collapes Caldera
Measure of the energy released by an earthquake Magnitude
A mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth Magma
a very large igneous intrusion extending deep in the earth's crust. batholith
a column of solidified lava or igneous rock formed in a volcanic vent, especially when exposed by erosion. volcanic necks
are imaginable as the veins of a volcano, the pathways of rising magma. Volcanic dikes

Plate Tectonics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the trace or organism that lived in the past? Fossil
What is liquid magma that reaches the surface? Lava
What is the molten mixture of rock? Magma
What was the land mass that broke 200 million years ago? Pangea
What is a section of litosphere that slowly moves over the asthenosphere carrying pieces of continental drift and oceanic crust called ? Plates
What is the theory that pieces of earths litosphere are in constant motion driven by convection currents in the mantle called? Plate Tectonics
What is the process by which the shaking is perpendicular to the direction to the wave called? Seafloor spreading
What are vibrations that travel through earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake called? Seismicwaves
What causes the rock to change its shape or volume? Stress
What is rocks surface, size, and shape? Texture
What is a slab of volcanic rock formed when magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Sill
What is an opening on earths surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Vent
What is a violent shaking of the ground? Earthquake
What is very dense, has a solid center,mostly iron, and has small amount of oxygen? Innercore
What is the largest layer inside the earths? Mantle
What forms when the top of the volcano collapse? Caldera
What fossil when sediments fill in a mold and harden into a rock? Cast
What is a liquid core that surrounds earths solid inner core and that's is mostly made of iron? Outtercore
What is bits of rocks or solified lava dropped from the air? Tephra
What is the location in the mantle that is hotter than other areas? Hotspot

Plate Tectonic Vocabulary Quiz Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A region in which two tectonic plates are moving toward each other convergent boundary
A region in which two tectonic plates are moving apart divergent boundary
A sudden tremor or shaking of Earth's surface caused by the release of pressure as tectonic plates push against each other earthquake
A crack in Earth's crust that allows the rock on both sides to move fault
Pertaining to Earth's structure and composition geological
Molten rock above Earth's surface lava
The section of Earth that is broken into tectonic plates and consists of the crust and the rigid, uppermost part of the mantle lithosphere
Molten rock beneath Earth's surface magma
Junction where tectonic plates converge, diverge, or slide past each other and form regions of tectonic activity plate boundary
The creation of new ocean floor where tectonic plates diverge and magma is able to rise to the surface to fill the gap seafloor spreading
The process by which one tectonic plate moves under another subduction
A region in which two tectonic plates are sliding past each other transform boundary
Abrupt depressions found on the ocean floor caused by the convergence of oceanic tectonic plates trench
An opening in Earth's crust that brings magma and gases from the mantle to the surface volcano

Plate Tectonics and Earth Interior Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across earth's surface. Continental Drift
The name of the single landmass that began to break apart 200 million years ago and gave rise to today's continents. pangea
The preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in the past. Fossil
An undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced. Mid ocean ridge
A deep valley along the ocean floor beneath which oceanic crust slowly sinks toward the mantle. deep ocean trench
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust to the ocean floor. sea floor spreading
The process by which oceanic crust sinks benath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle at a convergent plate boundary. subduction
A section of the lithosphere that slowy moves over the asthenosphere, carrying pieces of continental and oceanic crust. Plate
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy released during during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
The force pushing on a surface divide by the area of that surface. Pressure
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outerskin. Crust
Is a dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in ocean crust. Basal
A usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in continental crust. Granite
Layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core. Mantle
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and the crust. Lithosphere
The soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats. Athenosphere
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner core of earth. Outer Core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth. Inner Core
A plate boundary where two plates move away from each other. Divergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move toward. Convergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions. Transform Boundary
A break in earth's crust along which rocks move. Fault
The theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle. Plate Tectonics
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart. Rift Valley

Crossword Puzzle for Rocks and Minerals

Type
Crossword
Description

the solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the earth and other similar planets, exposed on the surface or underlying the soil or oceans. rock
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. mineral
the stratification or layering of rocks or other geological materials. bedding
hot fluid or semifluid material below or within the earth's crust magma
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this. lava
igneous rocks that form from crystallized magma beneath the earth's surface intrusive
igneous rocks formed on the surface extrusive
occurs when only a portion of a solid is melted partialmelting
formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneousrock
Veins of extremely large-grained minerals pegmatites
large, well-formed crystals surrounded by fine-grained crystals of the same or different minerals Porphyritic
size, shape, and distribution of crystals or grains that make up a rock  texture
when mineral growth cements sediment grains together into rock Cementation
chemical sedimentary rocks that form as a result of crystal grains precipitating out of a supersaturated body of water evaporite
a subsurface area of rock that has enough porosity to allow for the accumulation of oil, natural gas, or water Reservoir
the percentage of open spaces between grains in a rock Porosity
sediments having particles ranging in size from boulders to microscopic particles, which often have worn surfaces and rounded corners. Clastic
a naturally occurring solid material from which a metal or valuable mineral can be profitably extracted. ore

Volcanoes Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

largest intrusive igneous rock body that forms when magma being forced upward toward Earth’s crust cools slowly and solidifies underground Batholith
large, circular-shaped opening formed when the top of a volcano collapses Caldera
steep-sided, loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls to the ground Cinder Cone Volcano
volcano built by alternating explosive and quiet eruptions that produce layers of tephra and lava; found mostly where Earth’s plates come together and one plate sinks below the other Composite volcano
steep-walled depression around a volcano’s vent Crater
igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a vertical crack that cuts across rock layers and hardens underground Dike
the result of an unusually hot area at the boundary between Earth’s mantle and core that forms volcanoes when melted rock is forced upward and breaks through the crust Hot spot
broad, gently sloping volcano formed by quiet eruptions of basaltic lava Shield Volcano
igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a horizontal crack between layers of rock and hardens underground Sill
bits of rock or solidified lava dropped from the air during an explosive volcanic eruption; ranges in size from volcanic ash to volcanic bombs and blocks Tephra
Opening where magma is forced up and flows out onto Earth’s surface as lava, forming a volcano Vent
solid igneous core of a volcano left behind after the softer cone has been eroded Volcanic neck
opening in Earth’s surface that erupts sulfurous gases, ash, and lava; can form at Earth’s plate boundaries, where plates move apart or together, and at hot spots Volcano

Lithosphere Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process of which rocks in the earth's crust change forms between sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rock cycle
A violent and sudden vibration in the earths crust that can cause great destruction earthquake
A process where rocks can be broken up or separated physical weathering
Environmental condition that can involve long and short term geological processes geohazard
Disintigration or erosion of rocks chemical weathering
Two plates that slowly move away from each other Divergent Boundary
The point, or focus between two plates focal point
Magma that has reached surface of the earth lava
A map that shows the elevation heights of a region topographical map
The exchange of warm liquids for cooler liquids with relation to density convection
waves that compress and extend, move vertically P waves
waves that slide past each other , move horizontally S waves
places where plates slide past each other transform boundary
Earthy matter, fine sand, or the like carried be moving or running water and deposited as a sediment silt
a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or large lake tsunami
The theory that earths outer shell is divided into several plates that glide over the mantle plate tectonics
the crust and the uppermost mantle which constitute the hard and rigid outer layer of the earth lithosphere
The action of surface processes that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the earths crust then transport it away to another location erosion
A form of mass wasting that includes a wide range of ground movements landslides
an actively deforming region where two or more tectonic plates or fragments of the lithosphere move toward one another and collide convergent boundary
The point where an earthquake or underground collision occur epicenter
Repetitive layering in metamorphic rocks Foliation Bedding
Faults that move vertically Reverse fault
a mixture of molten or semi- molten rock found beneath the surface of the earth magma
Underwater mountain system formed by plate tectonics mid-ocean ridge
fine grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with traces of metal oxides and organic matter clay
an overflow of water that submerges land which is usually dry flooding
A supercontinent that existed during the late Paleozoic and early Mesozoic eras Pangea
A rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface Volcano
the upper layer of earth in which plants grow, a black or dark brown material typically consisting of a mixture of organic remains, clay, and rock particles. soil
A crack in the earths crust fault