a specific point on Earth distinguished by a par- ticular characteristic.
place
is an area of Earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features.
region
the relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole.
scale
the relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole.
space
relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space.
connections
The scientific method of transfer- ring locations on Earth’s surface to a flat map
projection
system that accurately determines the precise position of something on Earth
Gps
divided much of the country into a system of townships and ranges to facilitate the sale of land to settlers in the West.
Land ordinace of 1785
a square 6 miles on each side.
township
the north–south lines separating townships
principal meridian
the east-west lines seperating townships
base lines
numbered in a consistent order, from 1 in the northeast to 36 in the south- east.
sections
acquisition of data about Earth’s surface from a satellite orbiting Earth or from other long-distance methods
remote sensing
computer system that can capture, store, query, analyze, and display geographic data
GIS
computer system that can capture, store, query, analyze, and display geographic data
location
name given to a place on earth
toponym
The second way that geographers describe the location of a place
site
the location of a place relative to other places.
situation
a circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians.
parallel
The numbering system to indicate the location of a parallel
latitude
is an arc drawn between the North and South poles.
meridian
poles. The location of each meridian is identified on Earth’s surface according to a numbering system
longitude
The meridian that passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England, is 0° longitude,
prime meridian
contemporary cultural landscape approach in geography
regional studies
A region derives its unified character through
cultural landscape
an area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics.
formal region
also known as Universal Time
greenwich mean time
you move the clock back 24 hours, or one entire day,also follows 180 longitude
international date line
an area organized around a node or focal point.
functional region
is a place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity.
vernacular region
The geographic study of human–environment relationships
cultural ecology
the physical environment caused social development,
environmental determinism
physical environment may limit some human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to their environment.
possibilism
a piece of land that is created by drain- ing water from an area.
polder
a force or process that involves the entire world
Globalization
conducts research, operates factories, and sells products
transnational corporation
The frequency with which something occurs in space
density
making of maps
cartography
The arrangement of a feature in space
distribution
The extent of a feature’s spread over space is
concentration
the third property of distribution
pattern
the reduction in the time it takes for something to reach another place.
space-time compression
trailing- off phenomenon
distance decay
The spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another
relocation diffusion
The spread of a feature from oneplace to another in a snowballing process
expansion diffusion
the spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places.
hierarchical diffusion
the process by which a characteristic spreads across space from one place to another over time.
diffusion
the process by which a characteristic spreads across space from one place to another over time.
contagious diffusion
the spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse.
stimulus diffusion
The increasing gap in eco- nomic conditions between regions in the core and periphery that results from the globalization of the economy
uneven developement

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