series of laws, passed during the presidency of John Adams at the end of the eighteenth century, that sought to restrict the French Revolution and criticized Adams's Federalist policies
Alien Act
Relating to or concerning the land and its ownership, cultivation, and tenure
A body of persons appointed by a head of state or a prime minister to head the executive departments of the government and to act as official advisers
an agreement or a settlement of a dispute that is reached by each side making concessions
owing money to someone
a firm decision to do or not to do something
a tax levied on certain goods and commodities produced or sold within
a person who advocates or supports a system of government in which several states unite under a central authority.
establish or originate establish or originate
understand as having a particular meaning or significance
understand as having a particular meaning or significance.
term is usually used in reference to Great Britain's Royal Navy
something handed down from predecessor
type of leadership style in which leaders are hands-off and allow group members to make the decisions
Laissez- Faire
abstention by governments from interfering in the workings of the free market
original jurisdiction
the total amount of money that a country's government has borrowed
national debt
an extreme form of this, especially marked by a feeling of superiority over other countries
a state not supporting either side
organised group of people with at least roughly similar political aims and opinions, that seeks to influence public policy by getting its candidates elected to public office.
political party
formal set of principal goals which are supported by a political party or individual candidate, in order to appeal to the general public, for the ultimate purpose of garnering the general public's support
political platform
earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances
person advocating or supporting republican government
action of solving a problem, dispute, or contentious matter
state's annual income from which public expenses are met
tax or duty to be paid on a particular class of imports or exports
not in accordance with a political constitution, especially the US Constitution, or with procedural rules.
are administrative decisions that are directly related to all issues and activity within a nation's borders
domestic policy
government's strategy in dealing with other nations
foreign policy
review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act
judicial review