Favorable times or chances for progress and advancement
opportunities
The transformation or modification of an organization and/or its stakeholders.
change
The call to competition, contest, or battle
challenge
The study of individual behavior and group dynamics in organizations
organizational behavior
The science of human behavior.
psychology
The science of society.
sociology
The applied science of energy and matter.
engineering
The science of human learned behavior
anthropology
The study of overseeing activities and supervising people in organizations.
management
The applied science of healing or treating diseases to enhance an individual’s health and
medicine
An organization’s mission, purpose, or goal for existing
task
The human resources of an organization
people
The tools, knowledge, and/or techniques used to transform inputs into outputs
technology
The systems of communication, authority and roles, and workflow.
structure
The official, legitimate, and most visible part of the system.
formal organization
The unofficial and less visible part of the system
informal organization
Studies conducted during the 1920s and 1930s that suggested the importance of the informal organization.
Hawthorne studies
Knowledge that results from research and scientific activities
objective knowledge
The mastery of abilities essential to successful functioning in organizations
skill development