Supreme God in strictly monotheistic Islam
Allah
Recitations of revelations recieved by Muhammas; holy book of Islam
Qur'an
Followers of Islam
Muslim
Major world religion having it's orgins in 610 C.E. in the Arabian peninsule; meaning literally submission; based on prophecy of Muhammad
Islam
Prophet of Islam (570-632); born into Quraysh tribe in Mecca; raised by fathers family; recieved relevations from Allah in 610 C.E.
Muhammad
The political and religious successor to Muhammad
Caliph
One of Muhammads earliest converts; succeeded Muhammad as first caliph of Islamic community.
Abu-bakr
Islamic holy war
Jihads
Political and theological division within Islam; followers of the Umayyads.
Sunni
Also known as Shi'ites; political and theological division within Islam; followers of Ali
Shi'a
Capital of Abbasid dynasty located in Iraq near ancient Persian capital of Ctestiphon.
Baghdad
Cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad; one of the orthodox caliphs; focus for Shi'a.
Ali
Islamic law, dealing with all of matters of both secular and religious life
Sharia
Muslim house of worship
Mosque
The Migration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in A.D. 622, marking the founding of Islam
Hijra
people who claimed they were descended by Muhammad's daughter Fatima.
Fatimid
Clan of Quraysh that dominated politics and commercial economy of Mecca; clan later able to establish dynasty as rulers of Islam.
Umayyads
Syrian city that was capital of Umayyad calphate
Damascus
Dynasty that succeeded the Umayyads as caliphs within Islam; came to power in 750 C.E.
Abbasid
Muhammad's own teachings and actions' Islam's second most important authority after the Qur'an
Sunna
they knew Muhammad. created wealthy kingdoms. expanded Islam through conquest. allowed all faiths.
Rightly guided