Has two types, simple and complex and is the body's main energy source
The parts of fruit, vegetables, grains and beans that your body cannot digest; and passes through the digestive system.
Made of sugar molecules, and remain separate; they include fruits, many vegetables, milk, and milk products.
Simple Carbohydrates
Sugar molecules that join together to form long chains; also called starches.
Complex Carbohydrates
Nutrients your body uses to build, repair and maintain cells and tissues; made up of amino acids
These promote healthy skin, normal cell growth and they carry vitamins A, D, E and K to wherever they are needed in your body.
Fats that are solid at room temperature (things like butter, cheese and fatty meats); eating too much of these can increase your risk of heart disease.
Saturated fats
Fats that remain liquid at room temperature, and come mainly from plant foods such as olive oil, nuts and avacados.
Unsaturated Fats
A fatty substance found in the blood, there are two types - LDL and HDL.
Bad cholesterol which collects on the walls of arteries and forms a thick, hard substance called plaque.
This type of Cholesterol helps remove LDL from the arteries so it can be disposed of in the liver.
Substances that help your body fight infections and use other nutrients, among other jobs
Elements that help form healthy bones and teeth, and regulate certain body processes
Promotes healthy skin and normal vision
Vitamin A
Needed for a healthy nervous system; help in energy production
B Vitamins
Needed for healthy teeth, gums, and bones; helps heal wounds and fight infection
Vitamin C
Promotes strong bones and teeth and the absorption of calcium
Vitamin D
Helps blood clot
Vitamin K
Needed to build and maintain strong bones and teeth
Promotes strong bones and teeth; prevents tooth decay
Needed for hemoglobin in red blood cells
Helps regulate fluid balance in tissues; promotes proper nerve function
Helps heal wounds; needed for cell reproduction
Helps you digest and absorb food, it regulates body temperature and blood circulation, and it carries nutrients and oxygen to cells; also removes toxins and other wastes, cushions joints, and protects tissues and organs from shock and damage
Can cause problems like fatigue, confusion and inability to focus.