England lawmaking ( legislative) body
parliment
movement that promoted the idea that knowledge , reason and science would improve society
enlightenment
based on the ideas of john locke, basic rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled ( US- life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness)
natural rights
the sharing of powers between the national and state goverments
federalism
final and supreme authority of US, Supreme Law of the land
constitution
power of the court to judge whether or not actions of other branches are unconstitutional
judicial reveiw
legislative, executive, and judicial
three branches
law making branch of goverment, congress- senate and house of representatives
legislative branch
to approve
ratify
system in which each branches or goverment checks, or limits, other branches so no one branch gets to much power
checks and balances
make / set up
establish
he had the idea of natural rights
john locke
pronounce or assert
declare
a written peice that provides information or evidence or that serves as an official record
document
a princliple by which powers are divided among different branches of goverment to make sure no branch gets too much power
seperation of powers
put forward an idea or plan for consideration or discussion
propose
introduction to the US Constitution staing the GOALS of the Constitution
preamble
powers that belong to only the state goverments
reserved powers
powers that belong to the federal goverment
enumerated powers
powers shared by state and federal goverments
concurrent powers
powers not specifically defined in the Constitution, shall be entrusted to congress
implied powers
political theory that goverment is subject to the will of the people ( people have the power)
popular sovereignty
republicanism, people rule through elected representatives
republican goverment
goverment's power comes from the people
democracy
goverment with limited powers strictly defined by law; no person or group is above the law
limited goverment
branch of govermnet that executes , or carries out, the law, president and cabinet
executive branch
branch of goverment that includes the court that settle disputes and questions of the law (supreme and federal courts)
judicial branch
first ten ammendments to the Constitution, stating fundemental rights of citizens
bill of rights
supports of the Constitution and a stronger national goverment, feared disorder without it
federalism
against ratifying the constitution, feared power of the national goverment and wanted a bill of rights included to protect peoples' rights
antifederalism
an offical change or addition to the constitution
amendment
made smaller till it is gone
diminished
an inhabitant of a particular place
citizen
obligation; a responsibility
duty