Type
Crossword
Description

the draining away of water (or substances carried in it) from the surface of an area of land, a building or structure, etc. Runoff
wide divergence between two groups, typically producing tension or hostility. Divide
liquid mixture in which the minor component (the solute) is uniformly distributed within the major component (the solvent). Solution
system of springs and shock absorbers by which a vehicle is cushioned from road conditions Suspension
particles in a flowing fluid (usually water) that are transported along the bed Bedload
allow (a liquid, gas, or other substance) to flow out from where it has been confined. Discharge
overflowing of a large amount of water beyond its normal confines, especially over what is normally dry land. Flood
an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding. Floodplain
body of water flowing in a channel or watercourse, as a river, rivulet, or brook. Stream channel
consists of the terrain alongside the bed of a river, creek, or stream Stream bank
(of a river or road) follow a winding course Meander
triangular tract of sediment deposited at the mouth of a river Delta
restore to a former state; make fresh or new again Rejuvenation
large body of water surrounded by land. Lake
excessive richness of nutrients in a lake or other body of water, Eutrophication
land consisting of marshes or swamps; saturated land. Wetland

freshwater vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the area of land that is drained by a river system watershed
the path that a stream follows channel
any form of water that falls to Earth's surface from the clouds; includes rain, snow, sleet, and hail precipitation
the materials carried by a stream load
the raising of aquatic plants and animals for human use or consumption aquifer
the change of state from a liquid to a gas evaporation
the ability of a rock or sediment to let fluids pass through its open spaces, or pores permeability
the volume of water that flows within a given time discharge
a stream that flows into a lake or into a larger stream tributary
the percentage of the total volume of a rock or sediment that consists of open spaces porosity
the water that is beneath the Earth's surface groundwater
a well whose water comes from an artesian aquifer artesian well
the branch of science concerned with the properties of the earth's water, especially its movement in relation to land. hydrology
an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding foodplain
a place where water or oil wells up from an underground source, or the basin or flow formed in such a way. spring
a large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supply. reservoir
an area of land that does not let water pass through easily impermeable
the bed or channel in which a river flows. riverbed
water that collects on the surface of the ground. surface water
the property of a solid, liquid, or gaseous chemical substance solubility

Biome crossword puzzle!

Type
Crossword
Description

A body of standing water, either natural or artificial, that is usually smaller than a lake pond
They are found in mountain regions worldwide. alpine
The second-rainiest biome. temperateforest
A barren area of land where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life. Desert
An area of variable size filled with water, localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land. lake
A land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem. wetland
A large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occupying a major habitat. biome
High rainfall,It has been estimated that there may be many millions of species of plants, insects and microorganisms still undiscovered. rainforest
It does not have much animal diversity, especially compared to the Savannah. temperategrassland
A type of biome where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. tundra
A wetland that is forested. swamp
It is characterized by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close. savanna
A body of water with a current, confined within a bed and banks. stream
The world's largest biome apart from the oceans. taiga
A natural flowing watercourse, it is usually freshwater. river
A body of saline water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere. ocean

weathering and erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents erosion
the process of breaking big rocks into little ones. This process usually happens near the surface of the planet mechanical weathering
the erosion or disintegration of rocks, building materials, etc., caused by chemical reactions (chiefly with water and substances dissolved in it) rather than by mechanical processes. chemical weathering
is caused by the repeated freeze-thaw cycle of water in extreme climates. Most rocks have small cracks in them, called joints (or, tectonic joints). When it rains, rainwater seeps into these joints. As the day cools and temperatures at night drop below freezing, the water inside the joints freezes. frost wedging
an area damaged by scraping or wearing away. abrasion
the process of rocks wearing there old surface off exfoliation
the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water. hydrolysis
ainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution that it causes environmental harm, typically to forests and lakes. The main cause is the industrial burning of coal and other fossil fuels, the waste gases from which contain sulfur and nitrogen oxides, which combine with atmospheric water to form acids. acid rain
the process or result of oxidizing or being oxidized. oxidation
the movement of surface material caused by gravity. mass movement
move slowly and carefully, especially in order to avoid being heard or noticed. creep
a fluid or hardened stream or avalanche of mud. mud flow
separate or be separated into parts divide
an extent or an area of land where surface water from rain, melting snow, or ice converges to a single point at a lower elevation, usually the exit of the basin drainage basin
particles in a flowing fluid (usually water) that are transported along the bed. bed load
allow (a liquid, gas, or other substance) to flow out from where it has been confined. discharge
a river thats conected to other rivers river system
a mixture in which particles are dispersed throughout the bulk of a fluid. suspension
an increase or decrease in the magnitude of a property (e.g., temperature, pressure, or concentration) observed in passing from one point or moment to another. gradient
the maximum amount that something can contain. capacity
a curved lake formed at a former oxbow where the main stream of the river has cut across the narrow end and no longer flows around the loop of the bend. oxbow lake
a winding curve or bend of a river or road. meander
an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding. flood plain
the ability to do something successfully or efficiently. competence
a landform that forms from deposition of sediment carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or standing water. This occurs where a river enters an ocean, sea, estuary, lake, reservoir, or (more rarely) another river that cannot transport away the supplied sediment delta
a river or stream flowing into a larger river or lake. tributary
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas. watershed

Surface water Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the movement of water across the surface of earth Run-off
all of the land area whose water drains into a stream system watershed
smaller streams that contributes water to a larger steam tributaries
watersheds are separated from one another by highland areas divide
the largest particle size that water can carry competence
the maximum quantity of load that a stream can carry; controlled by the discharge of a streach capacity
the volume of water that passes a point on the stream per unit of time discharge
material that is rolled or pushed along the streambed bed load
material that is small enough to be physically suspended in the water of the stream of a long distance suspension load
minerals that have dissolved out of rocks due to weathering solution load
the lowest level to which a stream can cut down. most base levels are temporary base level
sea level. no stream erosion can take place below sea level ultimate base level
broad, flat, fertile area extending out from a streas bank that is covered with water during floods flood plain
curve or bend in a stream formed when a stream's slope decreases meander
an alluvial deposit that forms by accretion on the inner side of an expanding loop of a river point bar
formed when sediment laden stream enters a still body of water delta
the degree to which something inclines slope
v-shaped valley, steep slope, straight path young stream
u-shaped, begins to curve, less steep slope mature stream
the outside bank of a water channel which is continually undergoing erosion cut bank
the later state of a stream is an old stream old stream
a u-shaped bend in the course of a river oxbow
a curved lake formed at a former oxbow where the main stream of the river has cut across the narrow end oxbow lake
a tan or cone shaped deposit of sediment crossed and built up by streams alluvial fan

River Landscapes and Processes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Bends usually in the middle course of a river. meanders
Where a river starts, usually a lake or spring source
Water wears away rocks and soil on the river banks and bed. erosion
Flat land next to a river which is sometimes flooded. Flood plain
FIne sediments which are deposited by a river. alluvium
A type of erosion where rocks in a river hit each other, slowly becoming smaller. attrition
The point where two rivers meet. confluence
the mouth of a river which broadens into the sea and is affected by tides. estuary
A steep, narrow valley with rocky sides. gorge
A hollow under a waterfall created by erosion and filled with water. Plunge pool
The boundary separating two drainage basins. watershed
The speed at which a river flows. velocity
A stream or small river that joins a larger one. tributary
The process where some minerals dissolve in a river. solution
The gentle slope on the inside of a meander bend. slipoffslope

Rivers, Lakes, and Oceans Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

The tidal mouth of a large river, where the tide meets the stream. ESTUARY
A small stream that flows into a larger stream. TRIBUTARIES
Material being transported by a river is deposited. DEPOSITION
Being eroded by water, wind, or other natural agents. EROSION
Matter that settles to a bottom of a liquid. SEDIMENT
A body of air or water moving in a definite direction. CURRENT
Class of naturally occurring solid in organic substances. MINERAL CONTENT
Winding curve of bend in a river. MEANDER
An area of land that collects rivers, basins, or seas. WATERSHED
A large lake used as a source of water supply. RESERVIOR
A crescent-shaped lake formed in the abounded channel. OXBOW
A place where a river enters a lake. MOUTH
A land form that forms from deposition carried by a river. DELTA
Land along side river or lake. BANKS
An area of low lying ground. FLOODPLAIN

Weathering Erosion Surface Water Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The breakup of rock due to exposure to process that occur at or near Earth's surface is called Weathering
Erosion is the removal and transport of materials by natural agents such as _______ and running water Wind
The breakdown of rock that takes place when a rock is broken into smaller peices of the same material without changing its composition MechanicalWeathering
The breakdown or _________ of a rock that takes place when minerals are changed into different substances is called Chemical Weathering Decomposition
A mechanical wheathering process in which water freezes in the cracks of a rock and ________ apart is called frost wedging Wedges
The wearing away of rock material by grinding action is called Abrasion
The peeling of surface layers from _______ bedrock is called exfoliation Exposed
______ is the chemical reaction of water with other substances Hydrolysis
Rainwater that contains unusually high amounts of acids that can be traced back to pollutants, including sulfur dioxide, nitrogen compounds, and carbon dioxide is called AcidRain
Oxidation is the chemical reaction of ________ with other substances Oxygen
Mass movement is the _________ transportation of large masses of earth materials by gravity Downslope
________ is the slow, often imperceptible, movement of soil down a slope Creep
The downslope movement of water that contains large amounts of suspended clay and silt is called Mudflow
________ is the higher land that separates one drainage basin from another Divide
All the land that ______ into the river either directly or through its tributaries; a watershed is called drainage basin Drains
________ is sand, pebbles, and boulders that are moved along the bed of a stream and that are too heavy to be carried in suspension BedLoad
The volume of water that passes a certain point in a stream or river in a given amount of time is called Discharge
A river and all of its tributaries RiverSystem
_______ is a state in whk materials carried by a river are stirred up and kept from sinking by the turbulence of stream flow Suspention
The slope or incline of an area of land or of a stream is called Gradient
A measure of the total amount of sediment a stream can carry is called Capacity
A crescent-shaped body of water formed when sediments deposited by a river cut off a meander from the river is called OxbowLake
Broad, looping bends in a river are called Meanders
A wide, level area that borders a river and is covered by its water during a flood is called Floodplain
A measure that describes the maximum size of the particles a stream can carry is called Competence
A fan-shaped deposite that forms when a river flows into a quiet or large body of water, such as a lake, and ocean, or an island sea is called Delta
A stream that runs into another stream or river is called a Tributary
All the land that drains into the river either directly or through its tributaries; a drainage basin is called a Watershed

Geograhpy crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

rocks carried along the river down the bed abriasion
The sheer force of the water by itself can erode material from the bed and banks of the river channel. Hydraulic Action
As the river descends from the highland, it begins to meander between spurs which interlock down the valley. interlocking spurs
erosion by a river on the outside of a meander channel. It eventually leads to the widening of the valley and the formation of the flood plain. Lateral erosion
river embankments built by deposition as the river floods levees
the material transported by a river as bedload, suspended load or dissolved load (in solution) load
the section of the river near the sea, where deposition is the most important process and the valley becomes wider and flatter lower course
a bend in a river. The outside of the meander has the fastest flow and deepest water. meander
the section of the river between the mountains and the lowland, where transport of eroded material is important and the river begins to cut sideways due to the reducing gradient. middle course
where a river ends, at a lake or the sea mouth
a meander which has been cut off from the main river channel and abandoned. Ox-bow Lake
the deep pool below a waterfall. Plunge Pool
found where the river meets a band of resistant rock and usually precede a waterfall Rapids
material bounced along the bed of the river saltation
some rocks such as limestone are subject to chemical attack and slowly dissolve in the water solution
deep v-shaped valley is usually found in the upper course of the river where the water has considerable erosive power v-shaped valley
the point at which rivers meet confluence
the land that is drained by a river and its tributaries drainage basin
a steep-sided, narrow rocky valley marking the retreat of a waterfall gorge
the mountain stage of a river with steep gradients and much erosion upper course
the highland separating one river basin from another watershed

Landforms and Bodies of Water Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline bay
A deep, narrow alley with steep walls. canyon
Body of water completely surrounded by land; usually freshwater. lake
Point of land that extends into a river, lake, or ocean. cape
Area of level land, usually low elevation and often covered with grasses plain
Body of land completely surrounded by water. island
Flat, low land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth. delta
Large natural stream that flows through land. river
Low land between hill or mountains. valley
Land along a sea or an ocean. coast
Small stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river. tributary
_____ of a river--Place where a river empties into a larger body of water. mouth
Part of a body of water that extends into a shoreline; larger and deeper than a bay. gulf
Narrow stretch of land connecting two larger land areas. isthmus
Body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides by water. peninsula
Area of flat or rolling land at high elevation, about 300 to 3,000 feet high plateau
Land with steep sides that rise sharply from the surrounding land. mountains

Freshwater Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A stream that flows into a lake or into a larger stream Tributary
The bed or channel in which a river flows;bottom of the river Riverbed
A large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supply; a place where water collects Rservior
When water flows out from the ground due to the water table reaching Earth's surface Spring
The percentage of the total volume of a rock or sediment that consists of open spaces Porosity
The process where plants roots absorb water and then give off water vapor through pores in their leaves Transpiration
A human-made hole that is deeper than the level of the water table Well
Water that collects on the surface of the ground Surfacewater
The ability of a rock or sediment to let fluids pass through its open spaces, or pores Permeability
The path that a stream follows Channel
The measure of the change in elevation over a certain distance Gradient
The area of land that is drained by a river system Watershed
A body of rock or sediment that stores groundwater and allows the flow of groundwater Aquifer
A rock that stops the flow of water Impermeable
The sequence of evaporation,condensation,and precipitation...(water cycle) Hydrologiccycle
The amount of water that a stream or river carries in a given amount of time Discharge
The materials carried by a stream Load
The boundary where the zone of aeration and the zone of saturation meet Watertable
The process when water goes downward in soil Infiltration
The liquid that drains or 'leaches' from a landfill Leachate
An area along a river that forms from sediments deposited when the river overflows its banks Floodplain
The ground surface where water enters an aquifer Recharge
The amount of a substance that will dissolve in a given amount of another substance Solubility
The water located within the rocks below the Earth’s surface Groundwater
The downward movement of water through pores and other spaces due to gravity Percolation