Type
Crossword
Description

clay that has dried slightly from the plastic stage, can be joined using water, but has become a bit too fragile to bend and shape at lot. leather hard
Clay that has completely dried out, but has not been fired yet. bone dry
Clay objects that have been fired one time, turning the clay into glass. At this stage, clay is ready to be stained, painted or glazed. Bisqueware
Clay that has been applied with glaze or underglazes and then fired a second time. glazeware
a term that refers to one of several techniques used to build pottery using only the hands and simple tools, rather than using the potter’s wheel. handbuilding
This technique is a method of shaping clay by inserting the thumb of one hand into a ball of clay and lightly pinching between the thumb and the fingers, while slowly rotating the ball of clay in the palm of the other hand. pinch pots
a handbuilding technique used to construct ceramic forms by rolling out ropes of clay and joining them together with the fingers and various smoothing tools. coil pots
a handbuilding of technique used to construct ceramic forms by rolling out a flat “pancake-like” piece of clay which can then be cut into shapes and built into a box. slab pots
the process of mixing and turning clay to remove air pockets and create uniform consistency in the clay. wedging
a technique used to connect two pieces of clay by scratching into the surfaces of each piece of clay and then applying watered down clay to each piece before pressing the pieces together. slip and score
to draw or scratch lines into the clay surface, to either connect two pieces of clay or add texture. score
a process in which clay is heated to high temperatures in a kiln, which melts the silica sand in the clay and when it cools turns to glass, making the form permanent. firing
a furnace of refractory clay bricks used to heat pottery or fuse glass. kiln
glass-forming chemicals, usually with coloring compounds added, that is applied in a liquid form to bisqueware clay and fired in a kiln, forming a pleasing coating around the surface of the clay. glaze
Pottery which can not only serve as an art object but can also be used for a purpose, such as bowls, plates, cups. functional pottery
the usually narrower part that leads from the body of a pot or vase to the mouth. neck
this is the main part of the pot or vase. It usually the largest part of the pot or vase. body
this is the part of the pot or vase that meets or rests on the floor or table. foot
a decoration technique in which lines are carefully drawn into a clay surface. carving
process in which material is steadily built up to produce the finished figure additive
a large container, typically earthenware, glass, or plastic, with a handle and a lip, used for holding and pouring liquids pitcher
a pot with a handle, spout, and lid, in which tea is brewed and from which it is poured teapot
a round, deep dish or basin used for food or liquid bowl
a small, bowl-shaped container for drinking from, typically having a handle cup
a strong, coarse unbleached cloth made from cotton, or a similar yarn, used as a surface for clay handbuilding canvas
a board used as a base for handbuilng and storing clay projects bat

CERAMICS Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This hand building technique is formed by building up the walls with rope-like rolls of clay. COIL
The second firing cycle in which the glaze will melt to form a glass-like coating. GLAZE
Clay that is completely dry and free of any moisture. It is now ready for the first firing. BONE DRY
Clay that is moist and pliable. It is fresh out of the bag. PLASTIC
This hand building technique starts with a ball of clay. PINCH POT
Clay that has been fired once. BISQUE
Clay that has been fired once is now considered this. CERAMIC
A ceramic piece of art that has a useful purpose. FUNCTIONAL
Clay that is slightly flexible and cool to the touch. LEATHER HARD
This hand building technique involves rolling out a flat sheet of clay. SLAB
The preliminary (first) firing to harden the clay. BISQUE FIRING
A ceramic piece of art that is purely decorative. NON FUNCTIONAL
A liquid consisting of finely ground minerals that is applied to a bique fired piece. It is either matte or glossy. GLAZE
Using a tool to scratch the surface of two clay pieces that are going to be joined together. SCORE
Liquid clay used to help join pieces of clay together. SLIP
An oven used to fire clay. KILN
Process of heating clay to a high temperature to cause a chmeical change which will permanently harden the clay. FIRING

Clay Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A furnace used to heat pottery or fuse glass. kiln
Cloy objects that have been fired once. bisqueware
A stand used to keep the pottery from sticking to the kiln shelf. stilt
A technique of handbuilding using flat pieces of rolled out clay. slab
A decorative technique using forms or stamps pressed into the clay. stamping
A technique of handbuilding using rolled out ropes of clay. coil
Clay that has been completely dried. bone dry
A term referring to several techniques of constructing with just the hands and simple tools. handbuilding
A technique of constructing with clay using the potter's wheel. throwing
To draw or scratch lines into the clay surface before joining pieces together. score
A layer of glass applied in a liquid form and then fired. glaze
Watered down clay that is applied after scoring to joins pieces together. slip
Pottery that has been fired once and then glazed and fired again. glazeware
Clay that has partially dried, but can still be shaped. leather hard
A method of hollowing out a clay form. cut and scoop

Ceramics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

All ceramic wear fired between 2,100 and 2,300 degrees. Stoneware
A low fired clay body. Glazed pottery is fired to a temperature of 1,830 - 2,010 degrees Fahrenheit. Available in red or also white. Earthenware
White stoneware, made from clay prepared from feldspar, china clay, flint and whiting. Porcelain
A furnace of refractory clay bricks for firing pottery and for fusing glass. Kiln
A device with either a manual (foot powered) or an electric rotating wheel head used to sit at and make pottery forms. Potters Wheel
Technique to move the clay in to a symmetrical rotating axis in the middle of a wheel head so you can throw it. Centering
A flat disc made out of plaster, wood, or plastic which is affixed to the wheel head with clay or pins. Bats are used to throw pieces on that would be difficult to lift off the wheel head. Bat
A revolving wheelhead which sits on a pedestal base. It is turned by hand and used for finishing or decorating pottery. Banding Wheel
Pottery which has been fired once, without glaze, to a temperature just before vitrification Bisque
Completely air dried clay. Bone Dry
Alumina + silica + water. Clay
A piece of clay rolled like a rope, used in making pottery. Coil
Pushing the clay down and together, forcing the particles of clay closer. Compress
Pyrometric - A pyramid composed of clay and glaze, made to melt and bend at specific temperatures. It is used in a kiln to determine the end of a firing or in some electric kilns it shuts off a kiln setter. Cone
A thin coating of glass. An impervious silicate coating, which is developed in clay ware by the fusion under heat of inorganic materials. Glaze
Unfired pottery. Ready to be bisque fired. Greenware
Stage of the clay between plastic and bone dry. Clay is still damp enough to join it to other pieces using slip. For example, this is the stage handles are applied to mugs. Leather Hard
A small observation hole in the wall or door of a kiln. Peephole
Firing with reduced oxygen in the kiln. Reduction
Pressed or rolled flat sections of clay used in hand building. Slab
Clay mixed with water with a mayonnaise consistency. Used in casting and decoration. Slip
Creating ceramic shapes on the potter’s wheel. Throwing
A method of kneading clay to make it homogenous by cutting and rolling. Wedging
The firing of pottery to the point of glossification. Vitrification

ceramics puzzle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

decomposed rock clay
to heat a clay object in a kiln fire
air-dried clay; all moisture have left bone dry
pottery that has been fired once bisque ware
a piece of clay rolled by hand like a rope or snake coil
base of a ceramic form foot
ceramic ware that has not been fired greenware
glass-like surface coating that is used to decorate and seal pores of fired clay glaze
the final firing, with glaze glaze firing
furnace of clay bricks for firing pottery and fusing glass kiln
"cheese hard" stage; before bone dry leather hard
moving and shaping clay with fingers pinch
a device with either a manual or electric rotating wheel potters wheel
machine used for mixing and recycling clay pug mill
kneading a mass of clay to expel air and develop a uniform texture wedging
creating ceramic shapes on the potter's wheel throwing
forming method in hand building where clay is rolled out into flat sheets slab
cross-hatch and moistening method of putting together coils,slabs scoring
liquid clay slip
workability, the ability to form any shape plasticity

Ceramics vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a revolving wheel head which sits on a pedestal base. It is turned by hand and used for finishing and decorating pottery bandingwheel
pottery which has been fired once to a temperature before vitrification bisque
completely air dried bonedry
technique to move the clay in to a symmetrical rotating axis in the middle of a wheel head so you can throw it. centering
alumina+silica+water clay
a piece of clay rolled like a rope, used in making pottery coil
pots that were thrown or hand built in separate pieces and then assembled composite
the cracking of a glaze on a fired pot. It is the result of the glaze shrinking more than the clay body in the cooling process crazing
to keep the foot or bottom of the pot free from glaze by waxing or removing the glaze dryfoot
a low fired clay body. Available in red or white earthenware
to heat a clay object in a kiln to a specific temperature firing
pottery pieces that are made for a purpose, such as coffee mugs, teapots, etc functionalware
a thin coating of glass. An impervious silicate coating, which is developed in clay ware by the fusion under heat of inorganic materials glaze
un fired pottery ready to be bisque fired greenware
when a design has been scratched or impressed into the surface of a ceramic form it can be filled with slip. When the slip is dried the majority of it can be removed, revealing the slip inlaid into the design inlay
the technique of using a tool to remove clay from the surface of a ceramic form to create a decoration intaglio
a furnace lined with clay bricks for firing pottery and fusing glass kiln
Stage of the clay between plastic and bone dry. Clay is still damp enough to join it to other pieces using slip. leatherhard
a plaster shape designed to pour slip cast into and let dry so the shape comes out as an exact replica of the mould mould
pottery is purely decorative/ and or sculptural nonfunctionalware
the quality of clay which allows it to be manipulated into different shapes without cracking or breaking plasticity
a device with either a manual foot powered or an electric rotating wheel used to sit at and make pottery forms potterywheel
the technique of scratching away a coloured slip to reveal the clay underneath its surface sgraffito
a method of decorating ceramic articles in which the decoration is applied to the surface before it is glazed underglaze
a method of kneading clay to make it pliable and eliminate air trapped in layers of the clay wedging

Clay Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Mixture of clay and water to join clay together slip
Scratching the surface of clay, joins pieces of clay together score
pottery fired at a low temperature, is porous and relatively soft earthenware
Where a pot can be thrown or placed to dry when removed from the wheel bat
Formulated to melt at a specific temperature and are placed in the kiln to monitor and determine kiln temperature cone
Range of firing of clays and glazes low fire
Forming on a potter's wheel using a clay body with plastic qualities throwing
Using thin sheets of clay to build a structure slab
Firing in which glaze materials melt and form a vitreous coating on clay glaze firing
Heating pottery/sculptures in a kiln or open fire to bring the clay or glaze to maturity firing
Aligning clay on a potter's wheel centering
Process of firing at a low temperature bisque firing
Inserting your thumb in a ball of clay and ______________ between your thumb and fingers pinching
Refers to any type of ceramic ware pottery
Decomposed rock combined with water to create a plastic, malleable body, that fired in a kiln to fuse together and become a stone-like state clay
Made from early materials with the aid of heat ceramics
Unglazed ceramic ware that has been fired to remove moisture bisque
Base of a piece of pottery. Left unglazed in high-fired ware; occasionally glazed in low-fire foot
Forming pottery/sculpture from rolls of clay coiling
Furnace/oven built of heat resistant materials to fire pottery/sculpture kiln
Kneading clay to expel the air and rid of lumps wedging
Form used for support and shaping of clay mold
Vitreous coating that has been melted onto a clay surface by using heat glaze
Unfired pottery/sculpture greenware
Turntable that allows you to spin a piece of pottery or sculpture banding wheel
Special paint for clay that colors it, but is not glassy-like underglaze
Moisture has evaporate from clay and shrinkage has just ended, clay is not totally dry leather hard

Pottery Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A flat disc made out of plaster, wood, or plastic which is used to throw pieces bat
A rubber, metal or wooden tool used to smooth and shape clay rib
Pressed or rolled flat sections of clay used in hand building. slab
A method of kneading clay to make it a uniform, consistency wedging
A device with either a manual (kick powered) or an electric rotating wheel head used to sit at and make pottery forms. pottery wheel
Creating ceramic shapes on the potter’s wheel throwing
clay in which it has stiffened but is still moist enough to carve Leather hard
Completely dry, unfired clay. bonedry
ceramic ware that has not been fired. greenware
ceramic ware that has been fired once without glaze. terra-cotta, bisque
clay which has been fired then ground up. can come in many particle sizes, from fine to coarse. It is used to reduce shrinkage in clay bodies grog
liquid clay used as glue slip
method of joining two pieces of clay together by make scratches in the surfaces score
A low fired clay body. Glazed pottery is fired to a temperature of 1,830 - 2,010 degrees Fahrenheit. Available in red or also white. earthenware
All ceramic wear fired between 2,100 and 2,300 degrees. stoneware
White, glass-like stoneware, made from clay prepared from feldspar; china clay porcelain
A pyramid composed of clay and glaze, made to melt and bend at specific temperatures. It is used in a kiln to determine the end of a firing cone
a glass-like surface coating for ceramics that is used to decorate and seal the pores of the fired clay. glaze
knife used to cut clay fettling
The best area at CMS Handicraft

Introduction to Ceramics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Clay mix with water. 50% water Slip
Used for cutting large lumps of clay, cleaning edges of cast pieces, and in removing thrown work from the potter's wheel. (2 words) Fettling Knife
Long heavy needle with a handle, one of the most versatile tools in pottery. Needle Tool
A rubber, metal or wooden tool used to facilitate throwing on the wheel and finishing surfaces in hand-building. rib
These come in a variety of shapes, used in all sorts of hand-building. (3 words) Wooden modeling tools
A natural material extracted from the earth's crust. Made of alumina+silica+water Clay
Creating a form with long, rope shaped, pieces of clay. coil
Pottery that has been fired once, without glaze, and cannot be recycled. 0% water Bisque
To heat a clay object in a kiln to a specific temperature. fire
Unfired pottery. Ready to be bisque fired. greenware
Creating ceramic shapes on the potter's wheel. Throwing
A flat disc made from plaster, wood, or plastic which is a fixed to a wheel head. bat
Pressed or rolled flat sections of clay used for hand-building. Slab
A method of kneading the clay to make it evenly mixed, remove air bubbles and to change the water content. Wedging
This is a this coat of glass. An impervious silicate coating, which is developed in clay ware by the fusion under heat of inorganic materials. Glaze
Base of a ceramic form. Foot
Clay forced through a die to form uniform shaped clay. Extrusion
To manipulate clay with your fingers in the palm to hollow a shape. pinch
The quality of clay which allows it to be manipulated into different shapes without cracking. 25% water Plasticity
The stage of clay between plasticity and bone dry. Clay is still damp enough to join it to another piece using slip. 10% water (2 words) Leather hard
Completely air dried. 2% water Bone dry
Pushing the clay down and together, forcing the particles together. Compress
Technique of moving the clay into a symmetrical rotating axis in the middle of a wheel head so you can throw it. centering
a furnace of refractory clay bricks for firing pottery and fusing glass. Kiln
A plaster shape designed to pour slip cast into and let dry so the shape comes out as an exact replica. mold
A creation of an object out of clay. ceramic

CLAY Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

microscopic minerals from the earth with water clay
a furnace for firing pottery kiln
to heat a kiln to required temperature (bake clay) fire
cone shaped thermostat pyrometric cone
"plastic" clay, you can easily moldit wet clay
clay object is stiff but can be carved leather hard
clay is totally dry, no moisture bone dry
dried object ready to be fired greenware
has been fired once bisque
fired twice and has "paint" glazed ware
cut and slam clay to mix wedge
push and roll clay to a mix knead
handbuilding by pressing with fingers (push in with thumb) pinch pot
handbuilding using ropes of clay coil
handbuildoing with flat pieces slab
to mark on clay to roughen surface score
clay and water to make glue slip
marks on the outside seam like "sewing" stitch
a repeated pattern motif
bits of dried clay mixed with water grog
changing clay into glass by heating vitrify
art forms which relate to height, width, and depth three dimensional
the "paint" you put on ceramics glaze
another name for pottery ceramics
the name of your art teacher Underdown

Ceramics Vocabulary Cross Word

Type
Crossword
Description

A sculptural technique where elements remain attached to a solid background of the same material. The sculpted material has been raised above the background plane. Relief
Elements that barely stand out from the background. Low Relief
adding clay elements to the surface of a clay sculpture Additive Technique
is removing clay from the surface of a clay sculpture. This is done by carving, scraping away clay Subtractive Technique
A flat material (clay) that represents/commemorates a person, action or event Plaque
Is a style in art that has only lines, shapes and colors. There are no nameable imagery/objects in a non-objective composition. Non-Objective-
To draw or scratch lines into the clay surface to either connect two pieces of clay or add texture. Score
Watered down clay used as the “glue” to connect pieces of clay. Slip can also be applied to clay to give it a smooth finish Slip
Clay that is very soft, wet and is very workable. Clay can be rolled, shaped and molded at this stage Plastic
Clay that has dried slightly from the plastic stage. At the leather stage, clay can be joined using slip and score. But has become a little fragile to bend and shape. Clay at this stage can also be incised. Leather Hard
Clay that has completely dried out, but has not been fired yet. At this stage, clay is extremely fragile and little or nothing can be done to the clay. At this stage clay is ready to be fired in the kiln. Bone Dry
- A decoration technique which lines are carefully drawn into a clay surface Incising
- A rope-like roll of clay used in hand-building Coil
A sculptural hand building technique where coils are stacked and joined together, one on top of the other Coil Technique
A hand building technique where clay is pinched between the thumb and fingers to shape a pot Pinch Technique
- A hand building technique where flat pieces of clay are joined to form the vessel. Slab technique
A glass-like coating fusion bonded to a ceramic surface by heat Glaze-
Clay that is non-plastic and breaks easily Short
Contraction of the clay or glaze in either drying or firing Shrinkage
The way a surface feels or looks like it feels Texture
A flat piece of clay. Slab