A legal determination that a person who has been charged with a crime is innocent.
acquittal
A request for a higher court to review a decision made by a lower court.
appeal
When the accused is brought before the court to hear the charges against the person to plead guilty or not guilty.
arraignment
The result of a criminal trial in which a person is found guilty.
conviction
The questioning of a witness by the lawyer for the opposing side.
Cross-examination
The first questioning in a trial of a witness by the lawyer who called that witness.
direct-examination
An accusation of a crime, made against a person by a grand jury upon the request of a prosecutor.
Indictment
An accusation of a crime, made against a person by the prosecutor.
Information
A trial that becomes invalid, is essentially canceled, because of a mistake in procedure.
mistrial
How a lawyer asks the judge to make a decision.
motion
The opposing side finds fault with the question being asked the witness.
objection
The judge, following an objection, decides the questions may continue.
overruled
The punishment given to a person who has been convicted of a crime.
sentence
The judge, following an objection, agrees that the line of questioning should not continue.
sustained
The decision of guilty or not guilty that is handed down by the jury.
verdict
The way a judge is addressed in a courtroom.
Your Honor