Men and women who had been slaves.
freedmen
A government pardon.
amnesty
Laws that severely limited the rights of freedmen.
blackcodes
Someone that wants to make dramatic changes in society.
radical
To bring formal charges of wrongdoing against an elected official.
impeach
Another word for small, scruffy horses.
scalawag
Name for a northerner who came to the south after the Civil War to look for personal gain.
carpetbagger
Person who farms on land owned by another person in return for crops.
sharecropper
Required voters to pay a fee each time they voted.
polltaxes
Required voters to read and explain a section of the Constitution.
literacytests
Law that excused voters to have to take literacy tests if their grandfather was eligible to vote on January 1st, 1867.
grandfatherclauses
Separating people of different races in public places.
segregation
Refers to the rebuilding of the South after the Civil War.
reconstruction
Lincoln's plan for reconstruction after the Civil War.
tenpercentplan
Became the 17th president after Lincoln was assassinated.
andrewjohnson
The group that led the opposition to President Johnson.
radicalrepublicans
Banned slavery throughout the entire nation.
thirteenthamendment
Forbade any state to deny African Americans the right to vote.
fifteenthamendment
White southern farmers formed this group, also known as the KKK.
kukluxklan
The supreme court ruled that segregation was legal as long as there were equal facilities for black and whites.
plessyvsferguson
The illegal seizure and execution of someone by a mob.
lynching
Granted citizenship to all persons born in the United States.
fourteenthamendment
The man that shot and killed President Lincoln.
johnwilkesbooth
This bureau gave food, water and clothing to former slaves.
freedmensbureau