The maximum or minimum point of a quadratic function.
vertex
The line of symmetry that runs through the vertex; can be found algebraically: x=-b/(2a)
axis of symmetry
All the input values of a function.
domain
All the output values of a function.
range
x = -b ± √(b² - 4ac)/2a
quadratic formula
one of the possible outcomes of a probability experiment
event
a possible result of an experiment
outcome
a diagram that shows how two or more sets in a universal set are related
Ven diagram
a collection or list of items
SET
events such that the outcome of one event does not affect the probability of the outcome of another event
independent events
'sides and angles' that are images of each other will be equal if the two triangles are congruent.
CORRESPONDING PARTS
Any number that can be written as a simple fraction, with a whole number numerator and denominator, such as terminating decimals, repeating decimals and integers.
rational number
A square with a whole number root.
perfect square
An angle of exactly 90 degrees.
right angle
A triangle that contains a right angle.
right triangle
Any number that cannot be written as a simple fraction, such as non-repeating, non-terminating decimals, square roots of non-perfect squares, pi.
irrational number
The result of multiplying a number by itself
square
Greek philosopher, 570-495 BC. There is no evidence that Pythagoras himself worked on or proved the Pythagorean Theorem, which was used previously by Babylonians and Indians.
Pythagoras
A mathematical symbol that indicates the extraction of the root of the square inside.
radical sign
the statement that the values of two mathematical expressions are equal
equation
a numerical or constant quantity placed before and multiplying the variable in an algebraic expression
Coefficient
solving a problem
solutions
value that,when multiplied by itself,gives the number
roots
relationship between two numbers indicating how many times the first number contains the second
ratio
two ratios or fractions are equal
proportion
relationship between two numbers indicating how many times the first number contains the second
ratio
a single number or variable, or numbers and variables multiplied together
terms
an unbroken part of a circle
arc
an angle whose vertex is at the center of a circle
central angle