very fast
presto
more
molto
moderately slow
andante
at ease,leisurely in tempo
adagio
moderately fast
allegretto
quickly and cheerfully
allegro
moderately
moderato
slowly
lento
lively and fast
vivace
very slow
largo
a stretched or broadened tempo
rubato
to be silent/cut out of the piece
tacet
used to indicate that all musicians should play/sing
tutti
suddenly
subito
strong accent that gradually increases in volume
crescendo
majestic
maestoso
to emphasize a note by deliberately holding it for its full duration
tenuto
to add intensity to a note, usually through increased volume
accent
return to a original tempo
a tempo
less
meno
more
molto
little by little
poco a poco
unaccompanied choral music
a capella
give permission to improvise over a melody
ad lib.
gradually get louder
cresc.
gradually get softer
decresc.
gradually get faster
accel.
gradually get softer
rit.
hold until the conductor cuts you off
fermata
short and detached
staccato
smooth and connected
legato
the beginning of the piece
da capo
indicates where the musician is to return
dal segno
a point in the music in which the musician will skip, often at the end of the song
coda
group of singers often the term interchangeable with choir
chorus