Type
Crossword
Description

molten rock magma
cool, top layer of Earth crust
17 huge slabs of rock tectonic plates
tool to measure motion of ground seismometer
a naturally occurring solid that has a specific chemical make-up Mineral
2 or more minerals together. Rock
formed from cooled magma or lava. Igneous
forms under the surface, cools slowly and forms big crystals. Intrusive
forms above the surface, forms small crystals. Extrusive
made of sand, rocks, minerals, and organic matter. Sedimentary
the compaction and cementation of sediments. lithification
organisms (plants + animals) preserved in sedimentary rock. fossils
formed when heat and pressure "RECYLCE" rock. Metamorphic
this law states that older rocks are at the bottom of the sequence, youngest at the top. Law of Superposition
movement of Earths crust. Plate Tectonics
heat, ash, and lava released from vent forms "cones" volcanoes
shaking caused when tectonic plates suddenly move and release pressure and stress. Earthquakes
acid rain eats away rock. Forms caves and sinkholes. chemical weathering
water and wind breaking down rocks. physical weathering
weathered rock and organic matter. Soil
organic material Humus
nutrient rich Topsoil
sand, silt, clay Subsoil
Least Permeable Bed Rock
air spaces Porosity
ability to transport H2O Permeability
gritty, H2O flows easily Sand
powder Silt
sticky and clumpy (NO H2O flow) Clay
best for plants, mix of all. Loam
wind deposited silt Loess
decomposing organic matter Humus

Rock Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

All rocks form under the_______. crust
Rocks that are formed by lava or magma are called_______. Igneous
Sedimentary rocks have lots of_________. Layers
All rocks have two or more________. minerals
Igneous rocks that are formed underground are made from________. magma
What type of sedimentary rock forms under water? limestone
What rock is made from sand layers are pushed together? sandstone
What helps make metamorphic rock other than soil? heat
What igneous rock is great for climbing? granite
What rock is made when rocks squeeze together by heat and other rocks? Metamorphic
Igneous rocks that cool on the outside of the earth are called________. extrusive
Igneous rocks that cool inside the earth are called_________. intrusive
What Igneous rock has lots of holes in it? pumice
What sedimentary rock is held together by different types of rock? conglomerate
What igneous rock has no crystals, is smooth, and is smooth? Obsidian
Metamorphic rocks that are made of thin layers of minerals are called_______. slate
What metamorphic rock is made of minerals pressed together? gneiss
Extrusive rocks are made by what substance? lava
Rocks made from lava or magma are________ rocks. Igneous
Rocks are turned into sand by ocean_______. waves

Rock Cycle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Rocks formed by extreme heat and pressure Metamorphic
Rocks formed by the cooling of magma Igneous
Rocks formed by weathering, layering, and compaction Sedimentary
This molten material cools inside a volcano Magma
This igneous rock that cools slowly has large crystals and coarse grains Intrusive
This igneous rock that cools quickly has small crystals and fine grains Extrusive
This material cools on the exterior of a volcano Lava
A mixture of minerals forms this Rock
The Latin word meaning "igneous" Fire
Sedimentary rocks often have layers that contain this Fossils
A specific type of sedimentary rock Sandstone
A specific type of metamorphic rock Quartzite
A specific type of igneous rock Granite

Rocks and Minerals Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Types of rock that are formed by the deposition of material at the earth surface. sedimentary
sedimentary rocks being exposed to extreme weather. Metamophic
Rocks formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava. Igneous
Hot fluid or semi fluid material below or within the earth's crust. Magma
Hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano lava
Matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid sediment
The solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the earth Rock
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence Mineral
The change of minerals or geologic texture in pre-existing rocks. metamorphism
The continuous physical force exerted on or against an object Pressure
A hard sedimentary rock, composed mainly of calcium limestone
Sedimentary rock consisting of sand or quartz grains cemented together Sandstone
A hard, solid, nonmetallic mineral matter of which rock is made Stone
A metamorphic rock with a banded or foliated structure Gneiss
A very hard, granular, crystalline, igneous rock consisting mainly of quartz. Granite
A hard, non-foliated metamorphic rock which was originally pure quartz. Quartzite
An aluminosilicate mineral typically occurring as fibrous masses. Sillimanite
A hard crystalline metamorphic form of limestone, typically white. Marble
A various colored or transparent mineral. Micas
A class of rock-forming silicate or aluminosilicate minerals. Amphibole

tectonic plate boundaries Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

this scientist had the theory of the continental drift alfred
two plates slide against each other in a sideways motion transform
a line on a rock surface or the ground that traces a geological fault faultline
changed by extreme heat and pressure to form another rock metamorphic
places where the sea floor spreading takes place midoceanridge
a tall mountain that with a lot of pressure shoots out hot lava volcano
formed by deposition and solidification pf sediments sedimentary
a violent shaking of the ground caused by tectonic plates earthquakes
piece of the crust that floats on the mantle tectonic
hot fluid or semi fluid material within the earth's crust magma
two plates are moving away from one another divergent
formed by cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneous
made of iron, with small amount of nickle core
technical name for the crust and mantle lithosphere
remains of a prehistoric organism preserved in a mold form in a rock fossils
two plates move toward one another and collide convergent
contains most of earths mass (hints: its hot) mantle
hot molten or semi fluid rock erupted from volcano lava
a long high sea wave caused by earth quakes tsunami
outermost later of the planet, with life crust

SOIL CROSSWORD

Type
Crossword
Description

Largest particle dries quicl;y and texture is rough and gritty. Sand
Relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay texture
What the soil is composed of air, water, nutrients, and orgainic matter Composition
the proccess by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, ext. Erosion
How much water the soil will allow through permeability
Depends on how many pores and the size of the pores porosity
influenced by the amount of proteins present in the soil Color
used to identify different types of soil Soil Properties
the break down of rock and minerals by rain, acid, salt, wind, and temperature into sediments weathering
Medium sized particles, texture is smooth and powdery when dry and slippery when wet. silt
smallest particle; smooth and hard as stone when dry and sticky when wet clay
Mixture of sand, silt, and clay. Best type of soil for growing plants. Loam
soil layers; more mature soil has more horizons soil horizon
Mixture of rock, minerals, and organiz matter soil
living particles in soil organic
non living particles in soil inorganic
Mostly made of decaying leaves, twigs, and animal remains/waste Humus
loose soil that is rich in organic material needed by plants topsoil
rich in minerals that are wased down in minerals that are wased downfrom topsoil by rain subsoil
slightly broken up rock. plants roots cannot go through this layer. Mostly inorganic. weathered rock
also knowthe parent material. unweathered solid rock bneath all layers. bedrock
the extraction of valuable minerals or geological materials from the earth. mining
a natrual material with a high concentation of metals and valuable materials that can be extracted for a profit. Ore
when a mine is no longer being used, the land should be restored to its former state or better. Reclamation
minerals or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain. Natrual resource
a natural resource that can be replaced quickly enough so that we will not run out renewable resource
hydrocarbons created from the remains of formerly living organisms used for energy. fossil fuel
a natrual resource that we need to use carefully because it cannot be replaced quickly and we will run out. nonrenewable resource

Rocks and minerals Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

a carbonate mineral and the most stable polymorph of calcium carbonate Calcite
a machine that collects oil Guahers
This chemical element has the symbol S and atomic number of 16 Sulphur
India is the largest producer of this mineral Mica
A mineral usually made up of colorless or pale-colored crystals Feldspar
a component of soil formed by the decomposition of leaves and other plant material Humus
a fracture in rock containing a deposit of minerals or ore Vein
a silvery-white metal in the actinide series of the periodic table Uranium
A fossil formed when sediment fills the inside or covers the outside of a dead organism Mold Fossil
a soft finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud or clay Shale
also known as common mica, isinglass, or potash mica Muscovite
a hard, dark, glasslike volcanic rock formed by the rapid solidification of lava without crystallization Obsidian
a clay mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate Talc
The word from sweden directly translates to heavy stone Tungsten
the process of scraping or wearing away Abrasion
a metamorphic rock that may be foliated or nonfoliated Marble
Made up of sodium chloride and colorless cubic crystals Halite
a group of dark-colored amphibole minerals found in many types of igneous and metamorphic rocks Hornblende
a mixture of hydrous aluminum oxides, aluminum hydroxides, clay minerals, and insoluble materials Bauxite
unrefined petroleum Crude Oil
extracting a metal from ore by BLANK Smelting
a low-grade iron ore consisting largely of chert Taconite
a reddish-black mineral consisting of ferric oxide Hematite
a name used for a large group of black mica minerals that are commonly found in igneous and metamorphic rocks Biotite
flammable gas, consisting largely of methane and other hydrocarbons Natural Gas

Lithosphere Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process of which rocks in the earth's crust change forms between sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rock cycle
A violent and sudden vibration in the earths crust that can cause great destruction earthquake
A process where rocks can be broken up or separated physical weathering
Environmental condition that can involve long and short term geological processes geohazard
Disintigration or erosion of rocks chemical weathering
Two plates that slowly move away from each other Divergent Boundary
The point, or focus between two plates focal point
Magma that has reached surface of the earth lava
A map that shows the elevation heights of a region topographical map
The exchange of warm liquids for cooler liquids with relation to density convection
waves that compress and extend, move vertically P waves
waves that slide past each other , move horizontally S waves
places where plates slide past each other transform boundary
Earthy matter, fine sand, or the like carried be moving or running water and deposited as a sediment silt
a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or large lake tsunami
The theory that earths outer shell is divided into several plates that glide over the mantle plate tectonics
the crust and the uppermost mantle which constitute the hard and rigid outer layer of the earth lithosphere
The action of surface processes that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the earths crust then transport it away to another location erosion
A form of mass wasting that includes a wide range of ground movements landslides
an actively deforming region where two or more tectonic plates or fragments of the lithosphere move toward one another and collide convergent boundary
The point where an earthquake or underground collision occur epicenter
Repetitive layering in metamorphic rocks Foliation Bedding
Faults that move vertically Reverse fault
a mixture of molten or semi- molten rock found beneath the surface of the earth magma
Underwater mountain system formed by plate tectonics mid-ocean ridge
fine grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with traces of metal oxides and organic matter clay
an overflow of water that submerges land which is usually dry flooding
A supercontinent that existed during the late Paleozoic and early Mesozoic eras Pangea
A rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface Volcano
the upper layer of earth in which plants grow, a black or dark brown material typically consisting of a mixture of organic remains, clay, and rock particles. soil
A crack in the earths crust fault

Rocks and minerals Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Rocks are exposed to extreme temperature and pressure Metamorphic
When magma or lava cools and crystallizes Igneous
Rocks are broken down into smaller pieces or dissolved in water as rocks erode Sedimentary
Measure of the resistance of a mineral to scratching Hardness
Any natural occurring , generally composed of minerals Rock
Color of a mineral when it is crushed to a powder Streak
How a mineral breaks into flat surfaces Cleavage
The way light interacts with a rock, or mineral Luster
the quality of an object or substance with the way light reflects the object color
how the object feels texture
the amount of heat pressed on an object temperature
hot liquid material below or within the earths wich lava is made magma
freely moving atoms arranged in patterns cool down cooling
sand or quartz grains cemented together sandstone
rocks cool _ _ _ _ beneath the earths surface slow
hard white mineral quartz
series of events where rocks can form from another type to another over time rock cycle
the process where rocks are worn down by wind or water creating sediment weathering
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano lava
the upper layer where plants grow soil

Minerals and Rocks Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a naturally occurring usually inorganic solid that has a define crystalline. minerals
the process by which water, wind, ice and changes in temperature break down rock. Weathering
forms when magma or lava cools and hardens to become solid. Igneous Rock
he way a surface reflects light. luster
forms when pressure, temperature or chemical processes change existing rock. Metamorphic Rock
mineral split in a specific planes of weakness to form smooth, flat surfaces. cleavage
substances made up of 2 or more elements. compound
pure substances that can't be broken down into simpler substances. element
solid geometric form that results from a repeating pattern of atoms. crystal
the sinking of regions of the crust to lower elevations. subsidence
the series of processes in which rock changes from one type to another. rock cycle
forms when minerals that form from solutions or sediment from older rocks get pressed together. sedimentary rock
the color of the powdered form of a mineral. streak
a set of deep cracks that form between two techtonic plates that are pulling apart rift zone
the rising of regions of the crust to higher elevations. uplift
a combination of one or more minerals or organic matter. rock
the minerals a rock contains determines the ______, or makeup,of that rock. composition
the size,shape,and position of the grains that makeup a rock. texture

Crossword Puzzle for Rocks and Minerals

Type
Crossword
Description

the solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the earth and other similar planets, exposed on the surface or underlying the soil or oceans. rock
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. mineral
the stratification or layering of rocks or other geological materials. bedding
hot fluid or semifluid material below or within the earth's crust magma
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this. lava
igneous rocks that form from crystallized magma beneath the earth's surface intrusive
igneous rocks formed on the surface extrusive
occurs when only a portion of a solid is melted partialmelting
formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneousrock
Veins of extremely large-grained minerals pegmatites
large, well-formed crystals surrounded by fine-grained crystals of the same or different minerals Porphyritic
size, shape, and distribution of crystals or grains that make up a rock  texture
when mineral growth cements sediment grains together into rock Cementation
chemical sedimentary rocks that form as a result of crystal grains precipitating out of a supersaturated body of water evaporite
a subsurface area of rock that has enough porosity to allow for the accumulation of oil, natural gas, or water Reservoir
the percentage of open spaces between grains in a rock Porosity
sediments having particles ranging in size from boulders to microscopic particles, which often have worn surfaces and rounded corners. Clastic
a naturally occurring solid material from which a metal or valuable mineral can be profitably extracted. ore