the process by which parents pass characteristics or traits on to their children.
heredity
the different forms of a gene
allele
sex cells
gametes
male and female reproductive cells join to form a new cell
fertilization
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
hybrid
chemical factor that determine traits
gene
separation of alleles during gamete formation
segregation
when organisms produce offspring identical to themselves if allowed to self-pollinate
true-breeding
specific characteristics that vary from one individual to another
trait
the scientific study of heredity
genetics