a german scientist who founed the science of genetics
Gregor Mendel
a charactaeristic that an organism can pass to offspring through genetics
trait
the passingof traits from parents to offspring
heredity
the scientific study of heredity
genetics
An organism that always produces offspring with the same traits
Purebred
An segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait
Gene
the different form of genes
Allele
An Allele who trait always show up in the organism
Dominat Allele
An allele is masked when a dominat allele is present
Recessive Allele
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
Hybrid
the likelihood that a paerticular event would occur
Probabiltity
a chart that shows all the possible combinations that can occur in a genetic cross
Punnet Square
An Organism's physical apperance
Phenotype
An organism's genetic makeup or allele combinations
Genotype
Having two identical alleles for a trait
Homozygous
having two different different alleles for trait
heterozygous
a condition when neither of the two different alleles for a trait
codominance
THe Process that occurs in sex cells by which the number of chromosomes are reduced
Mieosis
That Copies the coded message
Messenger RNA
RNA in the cytoplasm that carries an amino
Transfer RNA
Chromosomes involved with determining the sex of an organism
Sex Chromosomes
Three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
Multiple Allele
A gene that is carried on the X or Y chromosome
Sex linked gene
A person with an rescue allele
Carrier
a family tree that tracks traits
Pedigree
A change in gene or chromosome
Mutation
A technique to exchange animal fluid
Aminocentis
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell
Karotype
An organism that is gentically the identical
Clone