a comparison between two things using ‘like’ or ‘as’
simile
a comparison between two things without using ‘like’ or ‘as’
metaphor
giving human or living characteristics to non-living things
personification
over exaggeration for effect
hyperbole
stands for something other than itself
symbol
the repetition of consonants
alliteration
the repetition of vowel sounds
assonance
a seemingly contradictory phrase or sentence
paradox
the word is the sound
onomatopoeia
where the end words in a line of poetry sound the same
rhyme
the internal beat of the poem
rhythm
the speaker in the poem
persona
a number of poetry lines which make up one unit/idea of the poem
verse
the atmosphere or emotion created through words or imagery
mood
a run-on or continuous line in poetry
enjambment
the deliberate reorganizing of words in a sentence for emphasis
inversion
the main idea or message of the poem/text
theme
a poem usually in three parts which addresses and celebrates a person or thing of value
ode
a poem with 14 lines ending in a rhyming couplet
sonnet
a narrative poem, often of folk origin and intended to be sung, consisting of simple stanzas and usually having a refrain
ballad
is a very short form of Japanese poetry that uses sensory language to capture a feeling or image.
haiku
a mournful, melancholy, or plaintive poem, especially a funeral song or a lament for the dead.
elegy