Europe Crossword

Created
Jun 2, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

promoted governmental regulation of a nation's economy for the purpose of augmenting state power at the expense of rival national powers Mercantilism
an economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government interference such as regulations, privileges, tariffs, and subsidies Laissez Faire
the belief that the monarch's authority comes directly from God rather than from the people Divine Right
married four times to Maria Manuela of Portugal, Mary Tudor of England, Elizabeth of Valois (in France) and, to Anne of Austria. Phillip II
Known as the Sun King. Louis XIV
was built around a chateau belonging to Louis XIII, which was transformed by additions in the grand French classical style. Versailles
despotic monarchy is a monarchical form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people. Absolute Monarchy
where ultimate authority and power is derived from the citizens, and the government itself is run through elected officials. Democratic Republic
was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers John Locke
a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state. Voltaire
a fortress in Paris, known formally as the Bastille
a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars. Napoleon
a European intellectual movement of the late 17th and 18th centuries emphasizing reason and individualism rather than tradition. Enlightenment
an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization. Facism
a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money,4 and the state. Communism
a philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. Born in Prussia to a middle-class family, he later studied political economy and Hegelian philosophy. Karl Marx
a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. Imperalism
a policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups, especially the political affairs of other countries. Isolationism
the belief that a people who share a common language, history, and culture should constitute an independent nation, free of foreign domination. Nationalism
the dominant social system in medieval Europe, in which the nobility held lands from the Crown in exchange for military service Feudalism

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Industrial Revolution Crossword Puzzle

Created
Feb 5, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the totality of the changes in economic and social organization that began about 1760 in England and later in other countries, characterized chiefly by the replacement of hand tools with power-driven machines, as the power loom and the steam engine, and by the concentration of industry in large establishments Industrial Revolution
a supply of goods kept on hand for sale to customers by a merchant, distributor, manufacturer, etc.; inventory Stock
a tract of land surrounded by a fence enclosure
an association of individuals, created by law or under authority of law, having a continuous existence independent of the existences of its members, and powers and liabilities distinct from those of its members corporation
Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar or different types of crops in the same area in sequenced seasons. It helps in reducing soil erosion and increases soil fertility and crop yield croprotation
Adam Smith was a Scottish moral philosopher, pioneer of political economy, and a key figure in the Scottish Enlightenment. Smith is best known for two classic works: The Theory of Moral Sentiments, and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations adamsmith
the large-scale introduction of manufacturing, advanced technical enterprises, and other productive economic activity into an area, society, country, etc industrialization
an economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, especially as contrasted to cooperatively or state-owned means of wealth capitalism
a building or group of buildings with facilities for the manufacture of goods factory
a theory or system of social organization that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole socialism
Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist and revolutionary socialist karlmarx
a person who organizes and manages any enterprise, especially a business, usually with considerable initiative and risk entrepreneur
a group of states or nations united into one political body union
to deal a blow or stroke to (a person or thing), as with the fist, a weapon, or a hammer; hit strike
of, relating to, or characteristic of the middle class; bourgeois middleclass

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Cold War Crossword Puzzle

Created
May 4, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

struggle for power that took place between the united states and the soviet union after WW2 Cold War
a very extremely powerful and dominant nations United Nations, international organization founded in 1945 to promote peace, security, and cooperation among nations Superpower
ideological barrier that divided eastern and western Europe during the cold war Iron Curtain
international organization founded in 1945 to promote peace, security, and cooperation among nations United Nations
the U.S policy of attempting to restrict soviet power and influence around the world by preventing the spread of communism Containment
U.S aid plan designed to promote economic recovery in Europe after WW2 Marshall Plan
mutual defense pact formed by the U.S, Canada, and Western Europe nations in 1949 nato
a competition between nations to achieve weapons superiority Cultural Revolution, a period of revolutionary upheaval and political persecution in China arms race
first major battle of the Cold War fought by communist and non-communist korean war
communist insurgents in South Vietnam Viet Cong
war between North and South Vietnam vietnamwar
belief that if Vietnam fell to the communists, the rest of Asia would fall domino theory
a secret political, economic, or military operation sponsored by a gov't and designed to support a foreign policy covertaction
easing of Cold War tensions and hostility between the east and west during 1970s detente
policy of building a weapon arsenal so deadly that no other nation will dare to attack Deterrence
person who allowed the USSR to build nuclear missile bases in Cuba Fidel Castro
military pact for the Soviet Union and their allies Warsaw Pact
Chinese communist leader maozedong
head and dictator of the Soviet Communists from 1928-1953 Josephstalin
40th president of the United States and helped end the Cold War ronaldreagan
operation that moved supplies into West Berlin by american and British Planes during Soviet blockade berlinairlift
meeting between Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt yaltaconference
prime minister of Great Britain that invented the "Iron Curtain" winstonchurchill
system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common communism
policy of Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev glasnost
small groups of soldiers, often volunteers, who make surprise attacks guerillas
communist leader of North Vietnam; used guerilla warfare to fight hochiminh
competition of space exploration between United States and Soviet Union space race
period of revolutionary upheaval and political persecution in China Cultural Revolution

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Enlightenment and Revolutions Crossword

Created
Apr 11, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

City in Belgium where Napoleon was defeated Waterloo
Napoleon wanted to create this GrandEmpire
countries defeated by France; Napoleon wanted them to be part of his empire alliedstates
Napoleon overthrew this group to become Emperor directory
overthrowing the government coupdetat
Enlightenment thinker who believed in women's rights Wollstonecraft
believed God was like a clock maker; he started the universe in motion, then let it run on its own voltaire
Enlightenment thinker who believed in free trade and no government interference in the economy Smith
3 social class divisions of the French estates
king of France at the time of the French Revolution; was beheaded louisxvi
wife of Louis XVI; beheaded because it was believed she was aiding the enemy Antoinette
Prison and armory that was overrun; beginning of the French Revolution bastille
method of execution; used to behead people guillotine
place the National Assembly met when they were locked out of their room tenniscourt
_______ ruler; had total control of their country absolute
18th century philosophical movement; involved people impressed with the scientific revolution enlightenment
Enlightenment thinker who believed that men had rights that were given to them by God Locke

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Absolutism and Enlightenment part 1 Crossword

Created
Oct 11, 2017
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Kings or queens who held all of the power within their states’ boundary Absolute Monarchy
The political belief that one ruler should hold all the power within the boundaries of a country Absolutism
The political parties idea that god created the monarchy and that the monarch acted as God’s representative on earth, so the monarch was answerable only to god, not to his subjects Divine Right of Kings
A new intellectual movement that stressed reason and thought and the power of the individual to solve problems, also known as the age of reason The Enlightenment
People hand over their rights to a strong ruler in exchange they gained law and order. Hobbes believed that by this people from different a government The Social Contract
The Enlightenment idea that political power came from the people’s consent to be lead Consent of the Governed
Social critics of France Philosophes
Enlightenment thinkers believed that truth could be discovered through reason or logical thought Reason
What is natural is also good and reasonable Nature
The philosophes rejected the medieval idea that people should find joy in heaven and urged people to seek happiness on earth Happiness
Stressed the idea that society and humankind could improve Progress
Freedom of the individual and basic rights of man ( life, liberty, and property Liberty

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Absolutism Crossword

Created
Feb 5, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A ruler that has unlimited power and authority over his or her people. absolute monarch
(1638-1715) King of France from 1643-1715; known as the Sun King, he built a palace at Versailles as a means to consolidate absolute power; a series of wars at the end of his long reign drained France's wealth. Louis XIV
Royal French residence and seat of government established by King Louis XIV. Versailles
Morning ritual during which nobles would wait upon King Louis XIV Levee
(1491-1547) King of England from 1509-1547; his desire to annul his marriage led to a conflict with the pope, England's break with the Roman Catholic Church, its embrace of Protestantism. Established the Church of England also known as the Anglican Church. Henry VIII
(1599-1658) in 1642, he led Parliament's forces in deposing Charles I; he became ruler of England in 1653. Oliver Cromwell
(1688) A nonviolent revolution in which leaders of Britain's Parliament invited Mary, daughter of King James II and her husband, the Dutch ruler William of Orange, to replace King James II. Glorious Revolution
(1717-1780) Austrian archduchess, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary from 1740-1780; was one of the most beloved monarchs in the history of Austria. Maria Theresa
(1672-1725) Czar of Russia from 1682-1725; he transformed Russia into a modern state; was an absolute monarch who brought the ways of Western Europe to Russia and made various reforms. Peter the Great
(1729-1796) Czarina of Russia from 1762-1796; ruling with absolute power, she introduced a number of reforms that extended Peter the Great's policy of "westernization." Catherine the Great
"Caesar"; title taken by the male ruler of Russia; female rulers were known as czarinas. Czar
Series of acts passed by the English Parliament in 1689 that limited the rights of the monarchy and ensured the superiority of Parliament. English Bill of Rights
The period of the reign of the reign of Charles II in England when the monarchy was restored after the collapse of Oliver Cromwell's government; there was also a rebirth of English culture during this time. Restoration
Those favoring Parliament during the English Civil War; compose of country gentry; town-dweling manufacturers, and Puritan clergy; against absolutism; earned their name due to their hairstyle. Roundheads
supporters of Charles I during the English Civil War; many were wealthy nobles, proud of their plumed hats and fashionably long hair; were well trained in dueling and warfare. Cavaliers

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Ch. 18 The French Revolution and Napoleon Crossword

Created
Feb 11, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

also known as old order ancien regime
social classes of France estates
This occurs when a government spends more money than it takes in deficit spending
well-meaning but weak and indecisive king Louis XVI
a financial expert wisely chosen by the king Jacques Necker
the legislative body consisting of representatives of the three estates Estates-General
oath taken by delegates of the National Assembly after they were locked out of the meeting hall Tennis Court Oath
a grim medieval fortress used as a prison Bastille
dissenting groups of people factions
"hero of two worlds" Marquis de Lafeyette
extravagant queen Marie Antionette
a journalist who demanded equal rights for women Olympe de Gouges
nobles, clergy, and others who had fled France during the rebellion emigres
pushed the revolution into more radical action sans-culottes
government ruled by elected representatives instead of a monarch republic
prosperous bankers, merchants, and manufacturers bourgeoisie
middle-class lawyers or intellectuals jacobins
the right to vote suffrage
a shrewd lawyer who quickly rose to leadership of of the committee of public saftey Robespierre
a period in time where courts conducted hasty trials Reign of Terror
a fast falling blade that was considered more ethical guillotine
a popular military leader; known for his short height when truly he was of average height Napoleon
having great pride in ones country Nationalism
popular vote by ballot plebiscite
a code of laws that embodied enlightenment ideas Napoleonic Code

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Forms Of Government Crossword

Created
Oct 6, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

people elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf republic
ultimate authority rests in a single national government unitary system
small group of powerful people make most government decisions; membership based on wealth (aristocracy), family or military power oligarchy
having a president that is elected by the people for a limited term in office presidential system
political unit with the power to make and enforce laws over a group of people living within a clearly defined territory state
the formal institutions and processes through which decisions are made for a group of people government
one person or small group holds unlimited power over government dictatorship
government is headed by one person, such as a king or queen who exercises spreme authority monarchy
form of gov't where citizens come together to discuss and pass laws and select leaders direct democracy
process by which government makes and carries out decisions politics
process by which government makes and carries out decisions politics
supreme power to act within its territory and to control its external affairs sovereignity
king answerable only to God, not to the people he rules divine right of kings

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World History Chapter 23 Crossword

Created
Mar 9, 2017
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Estate made up of rich nobles, who owned 20% of the land, and didn't have to pay taxes. Second
The government in pre revolution France Ancien Regime
The middle class Bourgeoisie
King of France form 1774 to 1792; executed in 1793 Louis XVI
The legislative body consisting of representative of the three estates Estates-General
When a government spends more money than takes it Deficit spending
Social class Estate
Made up of 98% of the people, peasant farmers, and urban lower class citizens Third Estate
The privilege estate, made up of catholic church and clergy First Estate
Fortress in Paris used as a prison; French Revolution began when Parisians stormed and destroyed it Bastille
Oath taken by the members of the National Assembly to meet wherever the circumstances might require until they had created a constitution Tennis Court Oath
Dissenting groups of people Factions
A journalist who believed that the Declaration of the Rights of Man should grant equal citizenship to women Olympe de Gouges
Queen of France, Louis XVI's wife Marie Antoinette
Working class men and women who made the French Revolution more radical Sans-Culottes
A person who flees his or her country for political reasons Émigré
A phase with a lot of violence which ended monarchy Reign of Terror
The right to vote Suffrage
A bladed execution device used during the French Revolution Guillotine
Popular military hero who became ruler of France Napoleon
Leader of the Committee of Public Safety; chief architect of the Reign of Terror Robespierre
The code of laws created under Napoleon that embodied enlightenment ideas Napoleonic Code
A meeting of heads of State within Europe after Waterloo to restore stability and order in Europe Congress of Vienna

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Unit 4 Crossword

Created
Feb 21, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

English physicist and mathematician who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific revolution. Issac Newton
French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church Voltaire
the Sun King, was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death. Louis XIV
King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was the first French monarch of the House of Bourbon Henry IV
German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer. A key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution Kepler
fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. Waterloo
French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars Napolean
King of Prussia from 1740 until 1786 Frederick the Great
philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. His political philosophy influenced the Enlightenment in France and across Europe Rousseau
Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547 and 'Tsar of All the Russias' from 1547 until his death in 1584. Ivan IV
Put taxes on beards in Russia Peter the Great
French lawyer, man of letters, and political philosopher who lived during the Age of Enlightenment. Montesquieu
Italian astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mathematician who played a major role in the scientific revolution during the Renaissance. Galileo
English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy. Hobbes
a period of violence that occurred after the onset of the French Revolution, incited by conflict between two rival political factions Reign of Terror

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Absolutism Review Crossword

Created
Nov 13, 2017
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

French monarch who said "I am the state" Louis the fourteenth
A declaration of religious tolerance Edict of nantes
Using western Europe as a model for change Westernization
Russian absolute ruler Peter the great
Military dictator who took over after the English Civil War Cromwell
System of government in England Constitutional monarchy
What happened to the English Monarchy when Charles II took power Restoration
Bloodless overthrow of James II Glorious Revolution
Government agents under Louis XIV Intendants
The idea that a monarch's power comes from God Divine Right
Palace built to show the power of Louis XIV Versailles
What Peter the Great believed Russia needed Warm water port
Between the wars and Versailles, what Louis XIV left France Debt
Who was killed in the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre? Protestants
The Cardinal that advised Louis XIII Richelieu
English King who was executed after the English Civil War Charles the first
Russian czar who ruled by terror. Killed his son Ivan the Terrible
French Protestant Huguenot
War between Charles I and Parliament English Civil War

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