Type
Crossword
Description

this is a greek word used to describe plastics Plastikos
what are plastics made from? polymers
plastics dont ........ in water dissolve
when you draw a monomer remember to identify the .......... doubleBond
plastics can ..... animals choke
this plastic can be moulded more than once thermoplastics
An example of a ThermoPlastic Nylon
these plastics can only be moulded once what is it? ThermosetPlastics
An example of a Thermoset Plastic Bakelite
when drawing a monomer remember to transfer the ........... across singleatoms
when several monomers join what is this process called AdditionPolymerisation

Plastics and Polymers Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process of forming a large molecule by linking together smaller subunits Polymerization
A six carbon aromatic compound with alternating C=C double bonds Benzene
One of the small repeating units of a polymer Monomer
The process of growing a polymer chain Propagation
The combination of two molecules through the loss of a smaller molecule such as H2O Condensation
The combination of molecules by sharing electrons with an adjacent molecule Addition
A polymer that springs back after being twisted or pulled Elastomer
The disorder of molecules Entropy
Type of polymer that cannot be reformed or remolded after initial heat-forming Thermoset
Type of polymer that is remoldable when heated Thermoplastic
Natural component of first synthesized plastics Cellulose
Polystyrene produced when the phenol groups alternate on its backbone chain Syndiotactic
Additive that gives plastics flexibility and durability Plasticizer
Component of first the synthesized plastic Nitrate
Component of Safety Celluloid Acetate
Type of polymer formed from two or more repeating monomers Alternating
Without a clearly defined form or shape Amorphous
Type of natural thermoplastic Tortoiseshell
First plastic made from fully synthetic materials Bakelite
Type of rubber formed by heating with sulfur Vulcanized

Polymers Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What small molecules like ethene are called? monomers
What is the process of joining together molecules like ethene to form long chains of atoms called? polymerisation
What are large molecules consisting of thousands of monomers often called? macromolecule
Which polymer is commonly used for shopping bags and bottles? polythene
Which polymer is commonly used for packing and insulation? polystyrene
Which polymer is commonly used for rope and carpet fibres? polypropene
What type of problem occurs because of dumping non-biodegradable plastics? pollution
Incineration of non-biodegradable plastics causes what to be released? toxins
Two different monomers joined by an ester link are often called? polyesters
What is it called when a water molecule is lost each time 2 starting molecules link up? condensation polymerisation
What link is formed as nylon? amide
What type of bond is between the two carbons? double bond
What type of insulator can polythene be used as? electrical
What can polythene be a substitute for? natural materials
Along with heating and high pressure what else is needed to make polythene? catalyst
Because only one product is formed in polymerisation, what is this process called? addition polymerisation
What polymer is used for non stick frying pans? teflon
What does PVC stand for? polyvinylchloride
Nylon is often woven into? fabric

A Word Quest with Plastics and Polymers Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The formal name for a chain reaction polymerization. Addition
The formal name for a step-growth polymerization reaction. Condensation
The name for a molecule, atom or ion with unpaired electrons that initiates addition polymerization. Free Radical
A type of polymer with chains of two or more monomers. Copolymer
The name for a type of copolymer whereby monomers are arranged in turns. This is needed for crystalline polymer forms. Alternating
The second step in addition polymerization whereby the chain grows (the most amount of time is spent here). Propagation
A type of polymer described as "beads on a string with charms". Branched
A step in addition polymerization whereby two free radicals join to create a stable bond. Termination
The term that describes two equal forms of a benzene molecule when single and double bonds alternate around the ring (bond length is 1.5). Resonance
The name of the molecule composed of one benzene ring with one less hydrogen that is always attached to something else. Phenyl
Epoxies are an example of this type of plastic that decomposes before it melts. They are re-used as fillers. Thermoset
Polyethylene is an example of this type of plastic that can be remolded. Thermoplastic
The term to describe the chemical bonds that form between Polyvinyl acetate chains in Borax to produce silly putty. Cross-linked
The name for amorphous polymers with low glass transition temperatures (Tg). Elastomers
A type of plastic with holes between its cross-linked chains. This plastic can swell and absorb water or solvent. Gel
A type of test (qualitative analysis) whereby plastic samples are exposed to an open flame. Hint: A green flame indicates the presence of PVC. Beilstein
Plastic used for ketchup bottles and yogurt or margarine containers. It is identified by the Recycling Number "5". Polypropylene
Composed of amide monomers represented as HNC=O. Hint: Nylon 6 is an example of this polymer. Polyamide
Phenol and formaldehyde react under heat and pressure to produce this plastic. Hint: it was the first plastic made entirely of synthetic components. Bakelite
Used to improve specific properties of plastics such as flexibility or colour, while maintaining other properties. These may migrate as the plastic ages. Additives
A residue that forms on the surface of plastics which is often oily. Blooming
A highly flammable material used as a transparent coating on photographs from 1889-early 1950s. One positive test to distinguish it from other materials is that it turns a deep blue colour in a solution of Diphenylamine with 90% Sulfuric Acid. Cellulose Nitrate
"Vinegar Syndrome" is a telling sign of the decomposition of this material also used to coat photographs starting in the 1920s. Cellulose Acetate

Biomolecules Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What biomolecule carries genetic information NucleicAcids
What biomolecule is used for quick energy Carbohydrates
What biomolecule stores long-term energy Lipids
What biomolecule makes muscle Proteins
Sugars, starches, and cellulose Carbohydrates
Fats, oils, wax, cholesterol, cell membrane, and testoserone Lipids
DNA and RNA nucleicacids
Cartilage, meats, nuts, beans, feathers, skin, and hair Proteins
A carbohydrate whose molecules consist of a number of sugar molecules bonded together Polysaccharide
Its simple sugars and its the most basic units of carbohydrates Monosaccharides
It consists of two monosaccharide molecules joined together Disaccharides
Which fatty acid can have one or more bonds unsaturated
Which fatty acid has only single bonds Saturated
Formed from glycerol and three fatty acid groups Triglyceride
What is a lipid that contains a phosphate group in its molecule Phospholipid
What is a large number of amino-acids that are bonded together in a chain Polypeptides
Is a amino acid a polymer or a monomer Monomer
It forms the basic structural unit (base) of nucleic acids Nucleotides
Is DNA or RNA a monomer or polymer polymer
Only biomolecule with nitrogen Proteins

Macromolecules Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Adenine and Guanine PURINES
A sequence of monomers is referred to as a POLYMER
A macromolecule is composed of these single units MONOMERS
These are involved in tertiary structure. SIDECHAINS
This bond links the backbone in nucleic acids. PHOSPHODIESTERBONDS
This nucleic acid is single stranded. RNA
Composed of C,H, and O in a ratio of 1:2:1 CARBOHYDRATES
Protein's are very specific in their _____, as it determines their function STRUCTURE
This form of lipids are held together by an ester bond. TRIGLYCERIDE
This "macromolecule" doesn't match the definition perfectly. LIPIDS
Monomer of carbohydrates MONOSACCHARIDE
DNA -> RNA -> ______ PROTEIN
Covalent bonds between amino acids result in this specific type of bond PEPTIDEBOND
Nucleic acids are built from chains of NUCLEOTIDES
Only some proteins have this type of structure. QUATERNARY
If a protein is dropped in strong acid, it will... DENATURE
This macromolecule is made of amino acids PROTEIN
This lipid is found in cell membranes. PHOSPHOLIPID
This nitrogenous base is not found in RNA. THYMINE
Triglycerides have 3 of these, while phospholipids have 2. FATTYACIDTAILS
The plant equivalent to an animal's glycogen STARCH
Bond that joins two or more carbohydrate monomers together GLYCOSIDICLINKAGE
This word can be used to describe a fatty acid found in plants or fish. UNSATURATED
Reaction used to create polymers DEHYDRATION
Steroids are lipids that are composed of ______ rings. FOUR
Alpha helixes and beta sheets are created in what level of structure? SECONDARY

Biochemistry: Macromolecules! Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Macromolecules are large ___ molecules Organic
Monomers of nucleic acids Nucleotides
A fatty acid that does not have double bonds between carbons Saturated
Unsaturated fatty acids have ___ bonds between carbons Double
Example of a common monosaccharide Glucose
Store the most energy Lipids
Protein structure held together by hydrogen bonds, froming coils and pleats Secondary
Biological Catalyst reducing the amount of activation energy required Enzyme
One of the four nitrogenous bases Cytosine
Compound containing carbon Organic
Building block of polymers Monomers
Combined together to create carbohydrates Monosaccharides
Fatty acids are the building block Lipids
Amino acids bonded by peptide bonds Proteins
Adds water to separate monomers Hydrolysis
A reaction, also known as dehydration synthesis Condensation
Consists of a phosphate group, pentose sugar, and a nigrogenous base Nucleic acid
Enzymes can ___ when homeostasis isn't maintained Denature
Form (structure) of DNA Double helix
A substrate fits into an enzyme at the ___ active site

Nail Enhancement Puzzle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Monomer is also known as this Liquid
Monomer is a one unit called a Molecule
Polymer is also known as Powder
Nail enhancements are also known as ___ nails Sculptured
This term means many poly
Ethyl ___ is what the monomer liquid consists of methacrylate
The chemical reaction that creates polymers Polymerization
Primer is uses to speed ___ the chemical reaction between the polymer and monomer up
Catalysts are added to ______ liquid and are used to control the curing time Monomer
A ___ reaction is the process that joins together monomers to create polymer chains Chain
Benzoyl peroxide is a(n) ___ and is added to the powder and leads to the creation of polymer chains initiator
Amount of monomer and polymer used to create a bead mix ratio
A ___ bead is equal amounts of monomer and polymer dry
a __ bead is twice as much liquid than powder wet
Use the proper amount of powder and liquid for maximum _____ of the nail enhancement durability
The nail enhancement can become weaker if too little ___ is used Powder
Removes surface oils and moisture from the natural nail plate Dehydrator
is used to enhance the adhesion of the nail enhancement Primer
Acid-based primer is dangerous to the skin and __(s) eyes
To minimize the evaporation of monomer and polymer ___ dishes are used Dappen
Brushes made with ___ hair are best to use with monomer and polymer sable
___(s) made of nitrile polymer powder work best when performing a nail enhancement service gloves
Monomer liquid should be disposed of in a ___ bag plastic
Nail enhancements will lift and ___ if they are not properly taken care of break
A ___ repair is adding monomer and polymer to a cracked area of the nail crack
The area of the side of the nail plate that runs from the cuticle to the end of the nail extension is called the sidewall
Odorless products harden slowly, which creates a tacky layer called the __ layer inhibition
__(s) are placed inside a nail enhancement by sandwiching the art between two layers of product while the enhancement is forming inlaid designs
Removing nail enhancements with the nippers may damage the ___ plate nail

chapter 2 vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

smallest unit of life atom
an atom that cannot be broken down any further element
substance made of atoms of different elements compound
atom that gains or loses one or more electrons ion
made of monomers bonded together, large polymer
reached when voth product and reactent are made at once equilibrium
chemical energy is released exothermic
chemical energy absorbed endothermic
catalyst for chemical reactions in living things enzymes
two or more atoms held together by covalent bonds molecule
contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfer amino acids
non polar molecules that include fats, oils, and cholesterol lipid
polymer made of monomers called amino acids protein
substances made by a chemical reaction product
products changed during a chemical reaction reactants

The World of Polymers and Plastics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Small molecules used to synthesize the polynmeric chain Monomer
Involve thousands of atoms and their molecular masses can reach over a million Macromolecules
A type of polymer that is thermoplastic, meaning that it can be melted to a liquid and remolded as it returns to a solid state polyethylene
Are attractions between molecules in the polymer that hold the material together Dispersion forces
Distinctive arrangements of atoms that impart characteristic chemical properties to the molecules that contain them functional groups
Covalent bond that forms between –COOH group of one amino acid and the -NH2 group of the next Peptide Bond
Nylon is another common example of what condensation polymer
A material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organics that are malleable and can be molded into solid objects of diverse shapes. Plastic
Compounds that are added in small amounts to polymers to make them softer and more pliable. Plasticizers
A polymer formed by the combination of two or more different monomers. copolymer
Monomers from which our body builds protiens. Amino acids
Is either a gas or a substance capable of producing a gas to manufacture a foamed plastic. Blowing Agent
A naturally abundant nutrient carbohydrate, found chiefly in the seeds, fruits, tubers, roots, and stem of plants Starch
An insoluble substance that is the main constituent of plant cell walls and of vegetable fibers such as cotton Cellulose
Condensation polymers that contain the amide functional group Polyamides

water and macromolecules Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

oil, wax, and butter are examples of lipid
when water travels up a plants stems this property is called capillary action
when water sticks to other surfaces this is called adhesion
when water molecules stick to each other this property is called cohesion
this macromolecule stores genetic information nucleic acid
proteins have monomers which are called amino acids
proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids are all examples of a macromolecule
when water sticks to water they make bonds called hydrogen bonds
enzymes are examples of a protein
words that end with ose are considered to be carbohydrates
nucleic acids have a monomer that's called a nucleotide
some bugs are able to float on top of the water because waters surface tension
water is considered to be so unique because of its polarity
water is a universal solvent
when a solution has high water concentration outside the cell it is hypotonic
when water moves from low to high concentration this transport is active
a group of amino acids make a chain called a polypeptide chain
the polymer of a nucleic acid is called a polynucleotide
when people go out because there is water in their body they do not burn up this is because their high heat capacity
when water travels through the concentration plane it is called osmosis