Type
Word Scramble
Description

Deeper
Erosion
Vertical
River
highland
downstream
steep
corrosion
V Shaped Valleys
Wider

Geograhpy crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

rocks carried along the river down the bed abriasion
The sheer force of the water by itself can erode material from the bed and banks of the river channel. Hydraulic Action
As the river descends from the highland, it begins to meander between spurs which interlock down the valley. interlocking spurs
erosion by a river on the outside of a meander channel. It eventually leads to the widening of the valley and the formation of the flood plain. Lateral erosion
river embankments built by deposition as the river floods levees
the material transported by a river as bedload, suspended load or dissolved load (in solution) load
the section of the river near the sea, where deposition is the most important process and the valley becomes wider and flatter lower course
a bend in a river. The outside of the meander has the fastest flow and deepest water. meander
the section of the river between the mountains and the lowland, where transport of eroded material is important and the river begins to cut sideways due to the reducing gradient. middle course
where a river ends, at a lake or the sea mouth
a meander which has been cut off from the main river channel and abandoned. Ox-bow Lake
the deep pool below a waterfall. Plunge Pool
found where the river meets a band of resistant rock and usually precede a waterfall Rapids
material bounced along the bed of the river saltation
some rocks such as limestone are subject to chemical attack and slowly dissolve in the water solution
deep v-shaped valley is usually found in the upper course of the river where the water has considerable erosive power v-shaped valley
the point at which rivers meet confluence
the land that is drained by a river and its tributaries drainage basin
a steep-sided, narrow rocky valley marking the retreat of a waterfall gorge
the mountain stage of a river with steep gradients and much erosion upper course
the highland separating one river basin from another watershed

Landforms and Bodies of Water Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline bay
A deep, narrow alley with steep walls. canyon
Body of water completely surrounded by land; usually freshwater. lake
Point of land that extends into a river, lake, or ocean. cape
Area of level land, usually low elevation and often covered with grasses plain
Body of land completely surrounded by water. island
Flat, low land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth. delta
Large natural stream that flows through land. river
Low land between hill or mountains. valley
Land along a sea or an ocean. coast
Small stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river. tributary
_____ of a river--Place where a river empties into a larger body of water. mouth
Part of a body of water that extends into a shoreline; larger and deeper than a bay. gulf
Narrow stretch of land connecting two larger land areas. isthmus
Body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides by water. peninsula
Area of flat or rolling land at high elevation, about 300 to 3,000 feet high plateau
Land with steep sides that rise sharply from the surrounding land. mountains

River Processes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An area of land drained by a river and its tributaries Drainage basin
The breakdown and decay of rock by natural processes Weathering
A process of weathering that happens when rainwater enters cracks and then freezes exerting pressure on the rock causing it to break into smaller pieces Mechanical
A process of weathering when all rain is slightly acidic. The acid reacts with weak minerals causing them to dislove and the rock to decay Chemical
A process of weathering where the roots of pplants can grow into cracks and split the rock apart Biological
The movement of rocks and soil downslope due to gravity. Mass Movement
A type of mass movment where individual particles of soil move slowly down a slope Soil Creep
A type of mass movement where soil moves rapidly downslope in one go for example a landslide Sliding
A type of mass movement where masses of soil or rock, flow like liquid downhill Flows
The action of water wearing away rocks and soils on the valley bottom sides Erosion
A type of erosion sheer force of water hitting the river bed and banks wearing them away Hydraulic Action
A type of erosion where material carried in the river rubbing against the bed and banks of the channel Abrasion
A type of erosion where the water is slightly acidic so it can dissolve some rocks and minerals in contact with the river Solution
A type of erosion where sediment particles carried into the river collide with each other causing the edges to be knocked off Attrition
Erosion that takes place on the river bed Vertical Erosion
This type of erosion makes rivers wider Lateral Erosion
A river picks up and carries material as it flows downstream Transportation
Rolling stones along the river bed Traction
Sand sized particles bounce along the bed in a leap frog movement Saltation
Silt and clay sized particles are carried within the water flow Suspension
Some minerals dissolve in the water Solution
When a river no longer has enough energy to carry its load Deposition
This appears at the end of the lower course of a river Mouth
This happens in the middle course of a river and is a bend in a river Meander
This is where the river came from in the upper course of a river Source
Where is the River Dee located? Wales
Where does the lower course of the River Dee cross into? Cheshire
How high above sea level is the source of River Dee found, in metres? 460
Where is the source of River Dee? Snowdonia
This is a result of erosion when more resistant rock overlaps less resistant rock Waterfalls
When rivers are small they tend to flow around these interlocking Spurs
As watefalls form these form with it Gorges

Surface water Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the movement of water across the surface of earth Run-off
all of the land area whose water drains into a stream system watershed
smaller streams that contributes water to a larger steam tributaries
watersheds are separated from one another by highland areas divide
the largest particle size that water can carry competence
the maximum quantity of load that a stream can carry; controlled by the discharge of a streach capacity
the volume of water that passes a point on the stream per unit of time discharge
material that is rolled or pushed along the streambed bed load
material that is small enough to be physically suspended in the water of the stream of a long distance suspension load
minerals that have dissolved out of rocks due to weathering solution load
the lowest level to which a stream can cut down. most base levels are temporary base level
sea level. no stream erosion can take place below sea level ultimate base level
broad, flat, fertile area extending out from a streas bank that is covered with water during floods flood plain
curve or bend in a stream formed when a stream's slope decreases meander
an alluvial deposit that forms by accretion on the inner side of an expanding loop of a river point bar
formed when sediment laden stream enters a still body of water delta
the degree to which something inclines slope
v-shaped valley, steep slope, straight path young stream
u-shaped, begins to curve, less steep slope mature stream
the outside bank of a water channel which is continually undergoing erosion cut bank
the later state of a stream is an old stream old stream
a u-shaped bend in the course of a river oxbow
a curved lake formed at a former oxbow where the main stream of the river has cut across the narrow end oxbow lake
a tan or cone shaped deposit of sediment crossed and built up by streams alluvial fan

Weathering & Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the breakdown of rocks into smaller particles weathering
small particles of rock that break off another rock sediments
the type of weathering in which the composition stays the same physical
the type of weathering in which the composition of the rock changes chemical
what water does when it freezes expands
the release of pressure that causes a rock to break exfoliation
when sediments collide and break abrasion
the name of the rock that caves form in limestone
the most important cause of chemical weathering water
when oxygen combines with iron in a rock and forms iron oxide(rust) oxidation
examples of organisms that release acids to chemically weather rocks lichens
decayed plant an animal material found in soil humus
when the bedrock matches the soil residual
when the bedrock does NOT match the soil transported
the process by which weathered sediments are transported erosion
another name for gravity erosion massmovement
the force behind most types of erosion gravity
a smaller stream running into a larger one tributary
an area of land that drains to a specific stream/water body watershed
a v-shaped valley is formed by this river
when sediments are dissolved in water solution
when small minerals are carried within water suspension
a u-shaped lake that forms when a meander is cut off from the rest of a stream/river oxbow
wind blows loose sediment against rocks sandblasting
a U-shaped valley is made by this glacier
a rock deposited by a glacier that does not match the surrounding rock in the area erratic
the shape of rocks eroded by water round
the shape of rocks eroded by gravity angular
you find these on rocks carried by glaciers scratches

Landforms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a photograph of the earth's surface taken from an airplane or spacecraft flying above the earth. aerial photograph
a fan-shape landform deposited at the end of a steep canyon where the slop becomes flatter;fans are usually found in arid regions,like death valley. alluvial fan
a ruler line on a topographic map that shows the scale. bar scale
the bottom of a moutain base
A low area in which the sediments are often deposited. basin
a surveyor's marker usually placed permanently in the ground at a known position and elevation. benchmark
the limit or borer of an area or region. boundary
a v-shape valley cut by a river or stream canyon
a person who makes maps cartographer
the course a stream follows; the deepest part of the river,stream,or harbor channel
an instrument for determining directions by means of a magnetic needle swing freely, pointing to magnetic north compass
a construction of wall across a river that holds the water flowing thought the river,creating a reservoir or lake dam
the solid,rocky outer shell of the earth crust
a line on o topographic map that connects points of equal elevation. contour line
the distance in elevation between contour lines contour interval
a fan-shape (triangular) deposit of earth materials at a mouth of a stream delta
the process by which eroded earth materials settle out in another place deposition
the breakdown and removal of soil and rock by water ,wind or other forces. erosion
vertical distance or height elevation
a community of living things, all the nonliving things that surround it, and the relationship between them ecosystem
a system of rivers and streams that drains an area like the colorado plateau drainage basin

Water Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A bend in a river shaped like a loop. meander
Where a stream leaves a mountain range you'll find a wide, sloping deposit of sediment alluvial fan
A channel in which water is continually flowing down a slope. stream
The water that moves over land and carries particles with it Runoff
A cone-shaped deposit that rises from the floor of a cave. stalagmite
Large groove, or channel in the soil that carries runoff after a rainstorm gully
Type of landscape in rainy regions where caverns, sinkholes and deep valleys are common karst topography
A deposit that hangs from the roof of a cave stalactite
When runoff travels downhill, it forms tiny grooves in the soil. rills
The term geologists use for underground water groundwater
The flat, wide area of land beside a river flood plain
The major cause of the erosion that has shaped Earth's land surface Moving water
A stream or river that flows into a larger river. tributary
These occur where a river meets an area of rock that is very hard and erodes away waterfall
Sediment that comes from a river into an ocean or lake and builds a landform delta
As water moves, it carries sediment with it. When the water slows, it drops the sediment in a new place. deposition
A meander that has been cut off from the river. oxbow lake
The gradual wearing away by wind, water or other natural agents erosion
Near the source of the river, the river flows through this feature. As the river flows, it cuts the valley deeper. V-shaped Valley

S5E1a. Constructive and Destructive Forces Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Processes that wear away Earth's surface features and landforms Destructive Forces
The breaking of larger rocks into smaller pieces called sediment Weathering
Land features that form when eroded sediment drops at the mouth of the river Deltas
Land features that are deep, v-shaped valleys, formed by water erosion Canyons
Tallest landform on Earth that may go through changes due to destructive processes Mountains
This is the process that builds up Earth's surface and landforms Constructive Force
Moves sediment from one place to another by wind, water, ice, gravity, and organisms Erosion
Land features that from when eroded sediment drops and builds up through the process of deposition Sand Dunes
When sediment is released or dropped Deposition
Landforms that open to a pool of molten rock that can be changed due to destructive and constructive processes Volcanoes

River Landscapes and Processes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Bends usually in the middle course of a river. meanders
Where a river starts, usually a lake or spring source
Water wears away rocks and soil on the river banks and bed. erosion
Flat land next to a river which is sometimes flooded. Flood plain
FIne sediments which are deposited by a river. alluvium
A type of erosion where rocks in a river hit each other, slowly becoming smaller. attrition
The point where two rivers meet. confluence
the mouth of a river which broadens into the sea and is affected by tides. estuary
A steep, narrow valley with rocky sides. gorge
A hollow under a waterfall created by erosion and filled with water. Plunge pool
The boundary separating two drainage basins. watershed
The speed at which a river flows. velocity
A stream or small river that joins a larger one. tributary
The process where some minerals dissolve in a river. solution
The gentle slope on the inside of a meander bend. slipoffslope

Landforms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Natural feature on earths surface Landform
Elevated flat area Plateau
Quality of a substance that does not allow fluids or gases to pass through it Impervious
Process whereby water is removed from an area Drainage
Melting of glacier/ice Meltwater
Created when the portion of land between two faults drop down Rift valley
Steep cliff formed by erosion or faulting Escarpment
Large area of Precambrian rock that forms the core of a continent Shield
Area of high elevations containing mountains and plateaus Highland
Natural and human features of the landscape Topography
Area of low elevation containing plains and hills Lowlands
Solid rock beneath the soil Bedrock