is a self-enforced restraint from indulging in bodily activities that are widely experienced as giving pleasure.
is a medical procedure used in prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities and fetal infections.
is a clear, slightly yellowish liquid that surrounds the unborn baby during pregnancy.
is a physical or biochemical abnormality that is present at birth and that may be inherited or the result of environmental influence.
affects body movement, muscle control, muscle coordination, muscle tone, reflex, posture and balance.
is a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form of genes.
is a prenatal test that diagnoses chromosomal abnormalities such as Down syndrome, as well as a host of other genetic disorders.
is a congenital split in the roof of the mouth.
is the action of conceiving a child or of a child being conceived.
is a common grave genetic disease that affects the exocrine glands and is characterized by the production of abnormal secretions, leading to mucus buildup that impairs the pancreas and, secondarily, the intestine. Mucus buildup in lungs can impair respiration. Abbreviated CF.
are a result of dominant alleles in chromosomes.
is a congenital disorder arising from a chromosome defect, causing intellectual impairment and physical abnormalities including short stature and a broad facial profile.
is a congenital syndrome caused by excessive consumption of alcohol by the mother during pregnancy, characterized by retardation of mental development and of physical growth, particularly of the skull and face of the infant.
is the ability to conceive children or young.
is a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring.
is the process by which the patients or relatives at risk of an inherited disorder are advised of the consequences and nature of the disorder, the probability of developing or transmitting it, and the options open to them in management and family planning.
is a condition in which fluid accumulates in the brain, typically in young children, enlarging the head and sometimes causing brain damage. Infertillity is inability to conceive children or young.
is inability to conceive children or young.
is a period of absence from work granted to a mother before and after the birth of her child.
is the expulsion of a fetus from the womb before it is able to survive independently, especially spontaneously or as the result of accident.
is a hereditary condition marked by progressive weakening and wasting of the muscles.
tumor of the neuroglial tissue
sensation that often occurs before migraine or seizure
controls the facial muscles
dilation of a blood vessel in the cerebrum
bruising in the cerebral tissue
disorder that affects movement and muscle tone
death of brain tissue that occurs when an arterial blockage or arterial rupture prevents blood flow to the brain
type of CVA that occurs when a weakened blood vessel ruptures and bleeds into the surrounding tissue of the brain
occurs when a blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain becomes blocked
sudden abnormal involuntary contraction of the muscles
inflammation of multiple peripheral nerves
pain that can spread to more parts go the brain
paralysis of one side of the body
paralysis of one side go the body
congenital hernia in which the meninges protrude through an opening of the skull or spinal cord
temporary or permanent loss of voluntary movement.
inflammation go the gray matter of the spinal cord caused by a highly contagious virus
disruption of electrical activity in the brain produces physical and mental changes
an involuntary repetitive trembling of the body limbs
temporary loss of consciousness due to inadequate blood flow to the brain
No safe amout
No safe kind
No safe time
A type of seizure associated with fever in the absence of central nervous system infection
An embryonal tumor of the sympathetic nervous system and can be located anywhere there is sympathetic nervous tissue
Venous malformations cause this type of stroke, including arteriovenous malformation (AVMs) and aneurysms. It can also be caused from blood disorders, including thrombocytopenia and leukemia and malignancy, including intracranial tumors
A type of tumor that arises from astrocytes, often in the cerebellum or lateral cerebral hemisphere
Downward displacement of the cerebellum, brainstem, and fourth ventricle (3 words)
A disorder of movement, muscle tone, or posture caused by brain injury or abnormal development in the immature brain before, during, or after birth up to 1 year of age (2 words)
Develops in the fourth ventricle and arises from the ependymal cells that line the ventricular system
A fatal autosomal recessive disorder caused by deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme hexosaminidase A, which degrades GM2 gangliosides within nerve cell lysosomes (2 words)
These seizures suggest more localized brain dysfunction
Causes lethal meningitis and sepsis in neonates and is transmitted via birth canal (3 words)
Causes epidemics and risk increases in adolescence and with crowding, such as in dorms (2 words)
Flexion of knees and hips when neck is flexed forward rapidly (2 words)
Characterized by increased intracranial pressure (2 words)
This type of tumor may be located near the cortex or deep in the brain
Defined as the state of continuing or recurring seizure activity in which the recovery from seizure is incomplete (2 words)
The occurrence of seizures is also known as ___
Hallmark is mononuclear response in the CSF and presence of normal blood glucose level (2 words)
Resistance to knee extension in supine position with hips and knees flexed against body (2 words)
Present at birth and caused by autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, X-linked, or various chromosomal abnormalities; environmental causes include exposure to toxins or radiation or intrauterine infection (2 words)
The most common primary neoplasm in children, and the second most common type of childhood cancer (2 words)
Associated with neural tube defects (2 words)
Produces hallmark petechial rash and is extremely contagious and lethal (2 words)
Are a severe form of epilepsy characterized by episodes of sudden flexion or extension movements involving the neck, trunk, and extremities (2 words)
A rare, chronic, progressive stenosis of the anterior circulation, such as the internal carotid arteries and middle cerebral arteries (2 words)
A rare condition in children and may result from embolism, arteriopathy, or rarely sinovenous thrombosis leading to a decreased flow of blood and oxygen to areas of the brain (2 words)
The type of diet to maintain a state of ketosis, which appears to facilitate reduced seizure frequency and severity for difficult to control seizures in children
Associated with Chiari II malformation because of changes in flow of CSF
The most useful treatment for brain tumors is __ __ (2 words)
An autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism characterized by mutations of the phenylaline hydroxylase gene
_______ _______ _______ is caused from violently shaking an infant.
A long-term affect of SBS is ________ _________.
The degree of damage depends on the amount and ___________ of shaking that child endured.
Symptoms of SBS can start ___________ or peek within 4-6 hours.
SBS ia a form of _______ _______.
___________ is a long-term affect of SBS.
The mortality rate with SBS is approximately _______%
There are 1200 to 1600 reported cases of SBS in the ______ _____ each year.
Violently chaking an infant can cause injury after as few as ______ seconds.
SBS causes more ________ then a fall from a 3 story building.
Injury occurs when shaking an infant results in force that _______ the bridging veins between he dura mater and the brain substance.
Stepfathers and _________ boyfriends cause 60% of SBS cases each year.
50%-75% of _________ and adults surveryed did not know shaking an infant is dangerour
Children up to age ______ can be injuried by violent shaking.
SBS is most common in children under ______ years old.
Fewer then _______ % of infants who survive have normal development.
Mothers are ____________ in 12.6% of cases.
Thirty-five percent of victims of SBS are completely____________ on their caregivers.
_________ is the soft spot on an infants head.
It is ________ ok to shake an infant.