The formal name for a chain reaction polymerization.
The formal name for a step-growth polymerization reaction.
The name for a molecule, atom or ion with unpaired electrons that initiates addition polymerization.
A type of polymer with chains of two or more monomers.
The name for a type of copolymer whereby monomers are arranged in turns. This is needed for crystalline polymer forms.
The second step in addition polymerization whereby the chain grows (the most amount of time is spent here).
A type of polymer described as "beads on a string with charms".
A step in addition polymerization whereby two free radicals join to create a stable bond.
The term that describes two equal forms of a benzene molecule when single and double bonds alternate around the ring (bond length is 1.5).
The name of the molecule composed of one benzene ring with one less hydrogen that is always attached to something else.
Epoxies are an example of this type of plastic that decomposes before it melts. They are re-used as fillers.
Polyethylene is an example of this type of plastic that can be remolded.
The term to describe the chemical bonds that form between Polyvinyl acetate chains in Borax to produce silly putty.
The name for amorphous polymers with low glass transition temperatures (Tg).
A type of plastic with holes between its cross-linked chains. This plastic can swell and absorb water or solvent.
A type of test (qualitative analysis) whereby plastic samples are exposed to an open flame. Hint: A green flame indicates the presence of PVC.
Plastic used for ketchup bottles and yogurt or margarine containers. It is identified by the Recycling Number "5".
Composed of amide monomers represented as HNC=O. Hint: Nylon 6 is an example of this polymer.
Phenol and formaldehyde react under heat and pressure to produce this plastic. Hint: it was the first plastic made entirely of synthetic components.
Used to improve specific properties of plastics such as flexibility or colour, while maintaining other properties. These may migrate as the plastic ages.
A residue that forms on the surface of plastics which is often oily.
A highly flammable material used as a transparent coating on photographs from 1889-early 1950s. One positive test to distinguish it from other materials is that it turns a deep blue colour in a solution of Diphenylamine with 90% Sulfuric Acid.
"Vinegar Syndrome" is a telling sign of the decomposition of this material also used to coat photographs starting in the 1920s.
The process of forming a large molecule by linking together smaller subunits
A six carbon aromatic compound with alternating C=C double bonds
One of the small repeating units of a polymer
The process of growing a polymer chain
The combination of two molecules through the loss of a smaller molecule such as H2O
The combination of molecules by sharing electrons with an adjacent molecule
A polymer that springs back after being twisted or pulled
The disorder of molecules
Type of polymer that cannot be reformed or remolded after initial heat-forming
Type of polymer that is remoldable when heated
Natural component of first synthesized plastics
Polystyrene produced when the phenol groups alternate on its backbone chain
Additive that gives plastics flexibility and durability
Component of first the synthesized plastic
Component of Safety Celluloid
Type of polymer formed from two or more repeating monomers
Without a clearly defined form or shape
Type of natural thermoplastic
First plastic made from fully synthetic materials
Type of rubber formed by heating with sulfur
What biomolecule carries genetic information
What biomolecule is used for quick energy
What biomolecule stores long-term energy
What biomolecule makes muscle
Sugars, starches, and cellulose
Fats, oils, wax, cholesterol, cell membrane, and testoserone
DNA and RNA
Cartilage, meats, nuts, beans, feathers, skin, and hair
A carbohydrate whose molecules consist of a number of sugar molecules bonded together
Its simple sugars and its the most basic units of carbohydrates
It consists of two monosaccharide molecules joined together
Which fatty acid can have one or more bonds
Which fatty acid has only single bonds
Formed from glycerol and three fatty acid groups
What is a lipid that contains a phosphate group in its molecule
What is a large number of amino-acids that are bonded together in a chain
Is a amino acid a polymer or a monomer
It forms the basic structural unit (base) of nucleic acids
Is DNA or RNA a monomer or polymer
Only biomolecule with nitrogen
Adenine and Guanine
A sequence of monomers is referred to as a
A macromolecule is composed of these single units
These are involved in tertiary structure.
This bond links the backbone in nucleic acids.
This nucleic acid is single stranded.
Composed of C,H, and O in a ratio of 1:2:1
Protein's are very specific in their _____, as it determines their function
This form of lipids are held together by an ester bond.
This "macromolecule" doesn't match the definition perfectly.
Monomer of carbohydrates
DNA -> RNA -> ______
Covalent bonds between amino acids result in this specific type of bond
Nucleic acids are built from chains of
Only some proteins have this type of structure.
If a protein is dropped in strong acid, it will...
This macromolecule is made of amino acids
This lipid is found in cell membranes.
This nitrogenous base is not found in RNA.
Triglycerides have 3 of these, while phospholipids have 2.
The plant equivalent to an animal's glycogen
Bond that joins two or more carbohydrate monomers together
This word can be used to describe a fatty acid found in plants or fish.
Reaction used to create polymers
Steroids are lipids that are composed of ______ rings.
Alpha helixes and beta sheets are created in what level of structure?
The individual repeating units that make a polymer.
The type of reaction that uses water to break a bond.
The type of reaction that yields water and a bond is produced.
Carbohydrates are made of carbon, oxygen and ___________.
The monomer unit in a carbohydrate.
The monomer unit in a protein.
The type of bond that joins monomers in a carbohydrate.
The type of bond that joins monomers in a protein.
The type of bond found in a lipid.
The name of the molecule comprised of glycerol and three fatty acids.
An example of a protein that has a quaternary structure.
Level of protein structure that involves hydrogen bonds, ionic bonds, disulfide bridges and hydrophobic/hydrophilic interactions between R-groups on the same polypeptide chain.
Bonds involved in creating the secondary structure of a protein.
The polysaccharide in starch that is branched.
Example of a carbohydrate that is made of B-glucose monomers.
Number of carbon rings in cholesterol.
What small molecules like ethene are called?
What is the process of joining together molecules like ethene to form long chains of atoms called?
What are large molecules consisting of thousands of monomers often called?
Which polymer is commonly used for shopping bags and bottles?
Which polymer is commonly used for packing and insulation?
Which polymer is commonly used for rope and carpet fibres?
What type of problem occurs because of dumping non-biodegradable plastics?
Incineration of non-biodegradable plastics causes what to be released?
Two different monomers joined by an ester link are often called?
What is it called when a water molecule is lost each time 2 starting molecules link up?
What link is formed as nylon?
What type of bond is between the two carbons?
What type of insulator can polythene be used as?
What can polythene be a substitute for?
Along with heating and high pressure what else is needed to make polythene?
Because only one product is formed in polymerisation, what is this process called?
What polymer is used for non stick frying pans?
What does PVC stand for?
Nylon is often woven into?
A hydrogen bond is the electrostatic attraction between polar groups that occurs when a hydrogen (H) atom bound to a highly electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O) or fluorine (F) experiences attraction to some other nearby highly electronegative atom.
An organic compound is any member of a large class of gaseous, liquid, or solid chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon.
large molecule, such as protein, commonly created by polymerization of smaller subunits
a molecule that may bind chemically or supramolecularly to other molecules to form a polymer
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly or entirely of a large number of similar units bonded toget many synthetic organic materials
biological molecule consisting of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1
called simple sugars
polymeric carbohydrate molecules composed of long chains of monosaccharide units bound together by glycosidic linkages and on hydrolysis give the constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides.
macromolecular biological catalysts
surface on which a plant or animal lives
large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
covalent chemical bond formed between two amino acid molecules.
biologically important organic compounds containing amine and carboxylic acid functional groups,
a group of naturally occurring molecules that include fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins, monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides, phospholipids, and others
amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds
a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi.
an insoluble substance that is the main constituent of plant cell walls and of vegetable fibers such as cotton.
holding as much water or moisture as can be absorbed; thoroughly soaked.
having carbon–carbon double or triple bonds and therefore not containing the greatest possible number of hydrogen atoms for the number of carbons.
the region of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and undergo a chemical reaction.
uncommon in nature but became commonly produced industrially from vegetable fats for use in margarine, snack food, packaged baked goods and frying fast food
simple polyol compound. It is a colorless, odorless, viscous liquid that is sweet-tasting and non-toxic.
is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated
biopolymers, or large biomolecules, essential for all known forms of life.
organic molecules that serve as the monomers
inorganic chemical and a salt of phosphoric acid.
carbohydrate with the formula C5H10O5;
Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule that carries the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses
Ribonucleic acid is a polymeric molecule implicated in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes
minimum energy which must be available to a chemical system with potential reactants to result in a chemical reaction.
A compound which have the same molecular formula but a different structural formula
Hydrocarbon having the general formula CnH2n+2
Hydrocarbon that contains one or more carbon-carbon double bonds. Alkenes with only one carbon-carbon double bond have the general formula CnH2n
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing any permanent chemical change
Reaction of alkenes with hydrogen, water or bromine
An organic acid containing the carboxyl group, -COOH.
The chemical name for burning
The breaking down of long chain hydrocarbon molecules a catalyst to produce smaller hydrocarbon molecules and/or hydrogen.
The conversion of glucose by microorganisms such as yeast into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
A process that separates the components in a mixture on the bases of their different boiling points
Organic compounds made up from the elements hydrogen and carbon only
A very large molecule built up of a number of repeating units called monomers
A formula which shows how the atoms are arranged in a molecule
A family of organic compounds with members of the family having the same functional group and similar chemical properties
The temperature at which a substance boils and turns to vapour
A molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to form a polymer
A mixture of hydrocarbons present under the earth's crust as a black sticky liquid
A group of molecules attached to a backbone chain of a long molecule
Used for fractional distillation of crude oil.
a sweet smelling chemical made by reacting an alcohol with an organic acid
The Monomer in the nail enhancement is the _________ portion.
The Polymer portion in the nail enhancement is the ________ .
Polymer and Monomer nail enhancements are also known as_________nails.
Monomer is one unit called a ________.
What does poly mean?
Monomer liquid consist of ethyl ____________.
What is the chemical reaction called that hardens the overlay?
What is added to the liquid to speed up the curing time?
What is the Benzoyl peroxide that is in the polymer to assist in the chain reaction?
The amount of monomer and polymer used to create a bead is called___________.
Equal part of liquid and powder will create a _______ bead.
More liquid than powder will create a ________bead.
If not enough powder is used for a bead it will be ________.
__________ is applied to the natural nail to remove moisture.
What is used to help adhesion of the nail enhancement?
What type of primer is more corrosive?
Using a dappen dish will minimize ___________.
The best brushes to use for monomer and polymer are made of ________ hair.
Gloves made from ________polymer powder work best.
Leftover liquid should be put in a _________ than placed into a plastic bag.
What is another name for the tacky layer?
What is the nail art that is placed between two layers of nail enhancements?
Monomer is also known as this
Monomer is a one unit called a
Polymer is also known as
Nail enhancements are also known as ___ nails
This term means many
Ethyl ___ is what the monomer liquid consists of
The chemical reaction that creates polymers
Primer is uses to speed ___ the chemical reaction between the polymer and monomer
Catalysts are added to ______ liquid and are used to control the curing time
A ___ reaction is the process that joins together monomers to create polymer chains
Benzoyl peroxide is a(n) ___ and is added to the powder and leads to the creation of polymer chains
Amount of monomer and polymer used to create a bead
A ___ bead is equal amounts of monomer and polymer
a __ bead is twice as much liquid than powder
Use the proper amount of powder and liquid for maximum _____ of the nail enhancement
The nail enhancement can become weaker if too little ___ is used
Removes surface oils and moisture from the natural nail plate
is used to enhance the adhesion of the nail enhancement
Acid-based primer is dangerous to the skin and __(s)
To minimize the evaporation of monomer and polymer ___ dishes are used
Brushes made with ___ hair are best to use with monomer and polymer
___(s) made of nitrile polymer powder work best when performing a nail enhancement service
Monomer liquid should be disposed of in a ___ bag
Nail enhancements will lift and ___ if they are not properly taken care of
A ___ repair is adding monomer and polymer to a cracked area of the nail
The area of the side of the nail plate that runs from the cuticle to the end of the nail extension is called the
Odorless products harden slowly, which creates a tacky layer called the __ layer
__(s) are placed inside a nail enhancement by sandwiching the art between two layers of product while the enhancement is forming
Removing nail enhancements with the nippers may damage the ___ plate
biologically important organic compounds containing amine and carboxylic acid functional groups, along with a side-chain specific to each amino acid.
The main source of energy for animals
Any molecule that is present a living organins
a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing any permanent chemical change.
Sugars, Pasta, One basic food for a healthy leaving
An organic compound with the formula n
Something that results in high blood prssure
macromolecular biological catalysts
A group of any of those occurring as esters in fats and oils.
Is a test that measures the amount of a sugar in your blood
a clear colourless viscous sweet-tasting liquid belonging to the alcohol family of organic compounds
Is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi
red protein responsible for transporting oxygen in the blood of vertebrates
incapable of being dissolved
The act of separating a body from others by nonconductors so as to prevent the transfer of electricity or of heat also the state of a body so separated
s a hormone that lowers the level of glucose in t he blood
comprise a group of naturally occurring molecules that include fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins
A molecule that may react chemically to another molecule of the same type to form a larger molecule
containing molecule that has the same chemical properties as a base
consist of either one or two long chains of repeating units called nucleotideswhich consist of a nitrogen base
are organic molecules that serve as the monomers or sub units, of nucleic acids like DNA
A membrane bound structure that contains the cell's hereditary information and controls the cell's growth and reproduction
A molecule of the kind normally found in living systems
An element with an atomic weight of 15.96
is a chemical bond formed between two molecules when the carboxyl group of one molecule reacts with the amino group
Is an inorganic chemical and a salt of phosphoric acid
A lipid containing phospho in a group of molecule
Glucose is one of the products of photosynthesis in plants and other photosynthetic organisms
is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits