- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

Some from all Stratified

Numbers and things that go into a category Categorical

All form some Cluster

A survey using a system Systematic

Smaller group from the survey Sample

All the data that you can see Descriptive

The people that were missed by your means of survey Undercoverage

The worst kind of survey Convenience

A study using the sample Surveys

The entire group Population

Simple Random Survey SRS

Can do meaningful math Quantitative

Assume, deduce, decide Inferential

A study using the entire population Census

Favritism Bias

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

numbers that can be averaged quantitative

variables that consist of names or labels categorical

choose to deduce a choice from data inferential

data that is countable discrete

data that is measured contentious

ignored or rejected to respond to survey Non-response

people missed or can't participate in survey under-coverage

survey done by random chocies SRS

easiest way to group people for survey Convince

break population into sections and pick all from some Cluster

doesn't persuade or influence survey only watches observational

A question that persuades your opinion Loaded question

Survey that has added a variable experimental

Soda that is only sold in U.S and Haiti Mountain Dew

Man's Best Friend Dog

coughs up hair balls Cat

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

Things you can physically see and count, a description Descriptive

To make a decision or inference Inferential

an entire group of an area Population

Smaller group pulled from a population Sample

Worldwide and takes 10 years to process data Census

Numerical, you can perform meaningful math Quantitative

To put into categories Categorical

The data is countable Discrete

Data is only measurable with an instrument Continuous

To simply watch and collect data Observational

To add treatment Experimental

To favor a certain side bias

To choose not to answer a survey nonresponse

To be missed by the method of survey undercoverage

Best method of survey SRS

Method of survey that has a system to choose subjects Systematic

All from some Cluster

Some from all Stratified

Easiest and worst method of survey Convenience

A question that persuades your opinion Loaded Question

A factor that may be effecting data results Confounding

To act differently when someone is being watched Hawthorne Effect

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

Consists of information coming from observations, counts, measurements, or responses. Data

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpreting data in order to make decisions Statistics

The collection of all outcomes, responses, measurements, or counts that are of interest Population

A subset of a population Sample

A numerical description of a population characteristic Parameter

A numerical description of a sample characteristic Statistic

The branch of statistics that involves the organization, summmarization, and display of data Descriptive Statistic

Consists of attributes, labels, or nonnumerical entries Qualitative Data

Consist of numerical measurements or counts Quantitative Data

Occurs when an experiment cannot tell the difference between the effects of the different factors on a variable. Confounding Variable

A technique where the subject does not know whether he or she is receiving a treatment or a placebo Blinding

A process of randomly assigning subjects to different treatment groups. Randomization

The repetition of an experiment using a large group of subjects. Replication

A count or measure of an entire population. Census

On in which every member of he population has an equal chance of being selected. Random Sample

Depending on the focus of the study, members of the population are divided into two or more subsets Stratified Sample

Divide the population into groups and select the members in one or more groups Cluster Sample

Each member of the population is assigned a number Systematic Sample

Convenience Sample Convenience Sample

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

x variable (2 words) explanatoryvariable

y variable (2 words) response variable

all the explanatory variables factors

the choices you have for each factor levels

the combinations you will test treatments

used for comparison (can get no treatment or old treatment (2 words) controlgroup

scientists only observe, no treatment is imposed (2 words) observationalstudy

when a study systematically favors one outcome over another bias

when subjects voluntarily choose to be in the sample (3 words) voluntaryresponse

some groups of people are ignored undercoverage

some subjects that are chosen do not answer (3 words) nonresponse

when subjects give incorrect answers because they forgot or are lying (2 words) responsebias

a type of sampling that gives every individual and every group of size n an equal chance of being chosen simplerandomsample

when you select some subjects from each subgroup stratified

when you select whoever you run into to be in the sample convenience

choosing every nth person systematic

the subject nor the person handing out the treatments know if the subjects are getting the treatment or placebo doubleblindexperiment

a special case of block design in which each block consists of only 2 subjects (3 words) matchedpairdesign

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

Facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis Data

Practice or science of collecting and analyzing numerical data in large quantities Statistics

The entire pool from which a statistical sample is drawn Population

Official count or survey of a population Census

A small part or quantity intended to show what the whole is like Sample

A numerical or other measurable factor forming one of a set that defines a system or sets the conditions of its operation Parameter

A fact or piece of data from a study of a large quantity of numerical data Statistic

Data expressing a certain quantity, amount or range Quantitative Data

Is typically descriptive data and as such is harder to analyze than Quantitative data Qualitative Data

Results from either a finite number of possible values or a countable number Discrete

Results from infinitely many possible values that can be on a continuous scale without gaps or interruptions Continuous

Level if measurement of data; characterizes data that consists of names, labels ,or categories only. Nominal

Characterizes data that may be arranged in order, but differences between data values either cannot be determined or are meaningless Ordinal

Characterizes data that can be arranged in order, but differences between data values are meaningful Interval

Characterizes data that can be arranged in order, for which differences between data values are meaningful, and there is an inherent zero starting point. Ratio

Study in which we observe and measure specific characteristics, but dont attempt to manipulate or modify the subjects being studied Observational Study

Study in which data are observed, measured, and collected at one point in time Cross Sectional Study

Longitudinal cohort study that follows over time a group of similar individuals who differ with respect to certain factors under study, to determinehow these factors affect rates of certain outcome Prospective Study

Studies a cohort of individuals that share a common exposure factor to determine its influence Retrospective Study

a variable in a statistical model that correlates (directly or inversely) with both the dependent variable and an independent variable. Confounding

The practice of keeping patients in the dark as to whether they are receiving a placebo or not. Blinding

noun: placebo effect; plural noun: placebo effects a beneficial effect, produced by a placebo drug or treatment, that cannot be attributed to the properties of the placebo itself, and must therefore be due to the patient's belief in that treatment. Placebo Effect

denoting a test or trial, especially of a drug, in which any information that may influence the behavior of the tester or the subject is withheld until after the test. Double Blind

With a randomized block design, the experimenter divides subjects into subgroups called blocks, such that the variability within blocks is less than the variability between blocks. Then, subjects within each block are randomly assigned to treatment conditions. Blocks

the repetition of an experimental condition so that the variability associated with the phenomenon can be estimated. Replication

type of probability sampling method in which sample members from a larger population are selected according to a random starting point and a fixed periodic interval. Systematic Sampling

One of the non-probability sampling methods Convenience Sampling

Type of sampling method where the researcher divides the population into seperate groups, called strata Stratified Sampling

sampling technique used when "natural" but relatively heterogeneous groupings are evident in a statistical population Cluster Sampling

the error caused by observing a sample instead of the whole population Sampling Error

the deviations of estimates from their true values that are not a function of the sample chosen, including various systematic errors and random errors that are not due to sampling. Nonsampling Error

a method of selecting a sample (random sample) from a statistical population in such a way that every possible sample that could be selected has a predetermined probability of being selected Random Sample

subset of a statistical population in which each member of the subset has an equal probability of being chosen. Simple Random Sample

Subjects that are very carefully chosen Rigorously Controlled Design

subjects are put into blocks through a process of random selection Completely Randomized Design

- Type
- Word Search

Stratified Sample

Random Sample

Cluster Sample

Inferential Statistics

Descriptive Statistics

Qualitative Data

Quantitative Data

Ordinal Level

Interval Level

Nominal Level

Ratio Level

Confounding Variable

Blinding

Randomization

Replication

Parameter

Sample

Statistics

Data

Population

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

numbers or information describing some characteristic data

collection of data from every element of a population census

measured characteristic of a sample stastistic

data where the number of possibilities is finite discrete

characterizes data may be arranged in order ordinal

data you find and observe observational

situation occurs when effects of 2 or more variables can not be distinguished from each other confounding

groups of subjects that are similar blocks

data is readily available convience

difference between population result and true population samplingerror

sample of particular size simplerandomsample

methods for planning experiments, obtaining data, summerizing, etc. statistics

subset of a population sample

observations made by counting quantitative

infinatley many possible values continuous

level of measurement interval

data is observed from one point of time crosssectional

experiments undergo a placebo blinding

repetition of an expiriment replication

samples are drawn from groups stratified

untreated subject believes they are under treatment placeboeffect

entire collection of elements to be studied population

measured characteristics parameter

observation using senses qualitative

characterizes data by names and labels nomial

data that can be arranged in order like a fraction ratio

data is collected from the past retrospective

subject and person giving subject treatment are under a placebo doubleblind

every (x) element is selected systematic

randomly selecting subjects in a population cluster

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

A ______ is a numerical facsimile or representation of a real-world phenomenon. simulation

_____ are measurements or observations from which the entire population are used. census

A _____ is a group of individuals sharing some common features the might affect the treatment. Block

A ____ is a list of individuals from which a sample is actually selected. Sampling Frame

A ____ is the result of poor sample design, sloppy data collection, faulty measuring instruments, bias in questionaries and so on. Non sampling Error

____ results from omitting population members from the sample frame. Over coverage

In _____, are only from some of the individuals of interest. sample data

A ____ is a numerical measure that describes an aspect of the population. parameter

____ sampling uses a variety of smapling methods to create successively smaller groups at each stage. multistage clustering

Population divided into subgroups. Stratified

A measurement or observation from which only a part of the population is used. sample

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

Consists of information coming from observations, counts, measurements, or responses data

the branch of statistics that involves the organization, summarization, and display of data Descriptive statistics

Data can be ordered, and meaningful differences between entries can be calculated Interval

consists of numerical measurements or counts Quantitative data

a subset, or part, of a populatin sample

a numerical description of a population characteristic parameter

Data are qualitative only - categorized by using names, labels, or qualities nominal

the branch of statistics that involves using a sample to draw conclusions about a population Inferential statistics

determines which statistical calculations are meaningful level of measurement

consists of attributes, labels, or nonnumerical entries qualitative data

a numerical description of a sample characteristic statistic

the collection of all outcomes, responses, measurements, or counts that are of interest population

the science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpreting data in order to make decisions statistics

data that are qualitative or quantitative - can be arranged in order, or ranked, but differences between data entries are not meaningful ordinal

Data can be set up so that one data entry can be meaningfully expressed as a multiplier of another ratio

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

a ______ random sample consists of separate simple random samples drawn from groups of similar individuals. stratified

A "fake" treatment that is sometimes used in experiments placebo

I want to test if a sugar substitute in coffee is liked by people. Some people are given the sugar substitute and some are given sugar. The group that gets the sugar is called the _______ group. Control

The process of drawing a conclusion about the population based on a sample Inference

this type of study can not be used to establish a cause-effect relationship observational

the practice of using enough subjects in an experiment to reduce chance variation replication

a study that systematically favors certain outcomes shows this bias

this occurs when some groups in the population are left out of the process when choosing the sample undercoverage

when treatment is imposed in order to observe a response experiment

the entire group of individuals about which we want information population

groups of similar individuals in a population strata

this occurs when an individual chosen for the sample cannot be contacted or refuses to participate nonresponse

an observed effect that is too large to have occurred by chance alone significant

a sample in which we choose individuals who are easiest to reach convenience

a _______ response sample consists of people who choose themselves by responding to a general appeal voluntary

neither the subjects nor those measuring the response know which treatment the subject received (two words) double blind

when units are humans, the are called subjects

the name of all employees are placed in a hat and 15 names are drawn for a prize. What type of sample is this? simple random sample

students are given a pre-test on the Civil War. I then give them a chapter to read on the subject, then give a post-test. The chapter they read is called the ______. treatment

There are 20 socks in a drawer, i randomly remove 4 socks to see if I get at least one matching pair. The four socks are called a _______. sample