A red blood cell is called an _______.
Platelets are fragments of this type of mature cell.
A cell that becomes a red blood cell is called a _______.
White blood cells, unlike red blood cells, do not carry any _____.
A high count of these cells is likely due to a bacterial infection.
To combat inflammation, ______ release histamine.
Monocytes differentiate into macrophages, which are either _____ or wandering.
This is an abnormally low level of WBCs caused by radiation, shock, and/or chemotherapy.
_______ is the sequence of responses that stops bleeding.
Stem cells from the umbilical cord are taken and frozen in a ____-blood transplant.
Erythropoietin is released by this organ.
These cells make up about 20-25% of circulating WBCs.
A ______ WBC count is taken to determine specific issues in the body.
Basophils normally make up less than ___ percent of circulating WBCs. (spell it out!)
Eosinophils have large granules that stain an orange-___ color.
Alveolar macrophages are stationed in the _____.
The percent of blood occupied by RBCs is called the _____.
This vein, found in the arm, is typically used for venipuncture. (two words, no spaces)
Blood is more _____ than water.
________ stem cells form all blood cells.
Type AB blood contains no anti-A or anti-B ______.
Type O blood is compatible with ___ other blood types.
______ disease of the newborn involves an Rh- mother and an Rh+ fetus
_____-matching is the mixing of a donor's and recipient's blood to test for compatibility.
Lysozyme is an enzyme that kills _____.
A deficiency in clotting factors is called _____.
_______ fluid bathes body cells.
The study of blood is called _____.
These proteins make up most of the proteins in blood plasma.
Two gases transported by blood are oxygen and _________. (two words, no spaces)
The plasma membrane is responsible for deciding what can enter or leave the cell. This is called
Where the DNA is located
This organelle makes proteins
This organelle makes ATP or energy
These help the cell move things
The plasma membrane is made of proteins, cholesterol and
This part of a phospholipid is hydrophillic
This type of movement is from a lower concentration to a higher concentration and requires energy
An ion goes through a doorway. This type of passive movement is called
Movement of water is called
The solution around a red blood cell has a higher concentration of substances
To make an identical copy of a cell is called
This part of the cell cycle is where we make a copy of the ogranelles
Programmed cellular death. To kill a cell we don't need is called
The phase of mitosis that the chromosomes pull apart
The study of diseased tissues is called
This type of tissue is found on free surfaces and has tight junctions
This cell shape has an irregular border
this type of epithelium is found in the respiratory tract
This type of cell makes mucous
Type of connective tissue that is avascular
Type of liquid connective tissue that helps with filtering of infections
the medical term for swelling
Connective tissue found in tendons and ligaments
Fat in our body is called
The name for a white blood cell
This organelle makes lipids
the control center of the cell: contains DNA as chromatin
the fluid boundary surrounding all cells: made primarily of lipids
the rigid, protective outer barrier of some cells. in plants the cell wall is made of cellulose
the powerhouse of the cell. the site of cellular respiration.
areas of the cell used for storage of water and waste
the site of protein synthesis. found free in the cytoplasm as well as attached to the Rough ER. found in ALL CELLS
the site of photosynthesis in plant cells
a network of membranes used for intracellular transport of molecules
the gel-like substance that supports the organelles within the cell
organelles containing digestive
a cell without a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles
a cell with a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles
two kingdoms of organisms made up of prokaryotic cells
a circular piece of DNA, separate from the main genome found in bacteria and often used in bacterial transformation
the fact that certain cells have structures that allow them to carry out their intended function
the turning on and off of genes that allows cells to become specialized
a cell with many branching projections
cells that are specialized to contract and cause movement
cells that are specialized to carry oxygen within the body
cells that are specialized to attack and engulf pathogens that enter the body
male reproductive cells. they are haploid and have flagellum to allow for movement
stem cells that have had some genes turned off, so they can become only certain types of cells within the body
stem cells with the complete genome, still able to become any type of cell within the body
It is a fat-like substance that is present in all body cells and is needed for many essential body processes
These are the nutrients that help the body grow, maintain, and repair cells and tissues
Sugar that occurs naturally in fruits
Provides heat and energy for the body
It takes cholesterol from the liver, to wherever it is needed in the body
This type of fiber increases the thickness of the stomach contents and has been shown to reduce levels of cholesterol in the blood
It picks up excess cholesterol and returns it to the lover, where it does not harm the body.
Sugar that occurs naturally in milk
These are the main source and the most easily digested source of energy.
Sugar that occurs naturally in grains
This type of fiber absorbs water like a sponge
The substance in your red blood cells that carries oxygen to all parts of your body
These are the main source of carbohydrates
These carbohydrates are quickly broken down into a usable from by the body
Sugar that are extracted from plants and used to sweeten foods
These are made up of large molecules of simple carbohydrates joined together
This comes from plant sources such as: Vegetables, Fruit, Grain Products and Legumes
As with naturally occurring sugars, these bring other nutrients with them, providing good food value
This type of fat inreases LDL cholesterol and is also known as bad fats
This type of fat found when vegetable oils are partially hydrogenated
This type of iron is found in animal sources, and is highly available for absorption.
This type of iron is found in plant sources
This is the condition that results when a person does not get enough iron.
The cholesterol that circulates in the bloodstream in chemical groupings
Proteins that are made up of chains chemical building blocks
lymph is pulled from
Lymphatic vessels have these to keep lymph going one direction-
Intestinal lymphatic tissue
where t cells mature
micro-organisms and invaders in the blood are called
stores blood in the body, and is located in the upper left quadrant of the stomach
largest percent of blood cells in the body
white blood cells
proteins produced by B cells that destroy antigens
white blood cells that destroy debris
axillary, inguinal, popliteal, terminus and cisterna, chyli
liquid connective tissue
clear watery fluid that surrounds cells
gland that provides immune support early in life
these remove and filter pathogens and debris from lymphatic fluid
where ALL lymph nodes drain
lymphatic massage starts here
example of specific immunity
lymphocytes are formed in
fluid between tissue cells
where the largest amount of lymph fluid drains
lymphatic massage strengthens the
white blood cells that filter out old red blood cells
number of superficial lymph node locations
A chemical that prohibits clotting
The liquid component of whole blood that is made up predominantly of water
A condition of increased numbers of lymphocytes
A deficiency of all cells
An immature erythrocyte nearly ready to lose its nucleus
Pertaining to a large cell
The cell from which platelets are formed
A deficiency of monocytes
The process of blood production
Malignancy of white blood cells
A clot cell
A granulocyte whose granules stain red
The hormone that stimulates bone marrow production of erythrocytes
An erythrocyte stem cell
Pertaining to a multishaped nucleus
A granulocyte whose granules stain blue
Excessive bilirubin in circulating blood
A white cell
A granulocyte whose granules do not readily accept stain
Multiple staining qualities of erythrocytes
A "ball" cell
The study of blood
The study of form
System that consists of nerves, brain and spinal cord
helps movement of the body, maintaining posture, and circulating blood throughout the body
system that contains voluntary and involuntary muscles
this system starts in the mouth
the heart and blood vessels that circulate blood throughout the body
disposing of the body's waste
brings air into the body and removes carbon dioxide
system that protects major internal organs and provides overall support
system that transmits signals from the body to the brain
this is also known as the urinary system
includes bone, cartilages, ligaments
skeletal muscles, smooth muscles, cardiac muscles
Breaks down food
skin, hair, regulates temperature
esophagus, stomach, intestines
the fluid portion of the blood
red blood cells
the oxygen-transporting pigment of erythrocytes
white blood cell
a white blood cell with secretory granules in its cytoplasm (ex. eosinophil/basophil)
the most abundant of the white blood cells
granular white blood cells whose granules readily take up a stain called eosin
white blood cells whose granules stain deep blue with basic dye; have a relatively pale nucleus and granular-appearing cytoplasm
white blood cells with a one-lobed nucleus. no granules in cytoplasm
agranular white blood cells formed in the bone marrow that mature in the lymphoid tissue
large single-nucleus white blood cell; agranular leukocyte
one of the irregular cell fragments of blood; involved in clotting
formation of blood cells
stem cells that give rise to all the formed elements of the blood
the stopping of a flow of blood
the stout wall separating the lower chambers of the heart from one another
begins at the base of the right ventricle, branches into two pulmonary arteries which deliver deoxygenated blood to the corresponding lung
bicuspid and tricuspid
cord-like tendons that connect the papillary muscles to the tricuspid valve and the mitral valve in the heart (heart strings)
lub dub, lub dub
a condition in which the heart produces or is apt to produce a recurring sound indicative of disease or damage
abnormally high blood pressure
a disease of the arteries characterized by the deposition of plaques of fatty material on their inner walls
the membranous sac enveloping the heart
a chamber of the heart receiving blood from the veins; superior heart chambers
discharging chambers of the heart
system of blood vessels that carry blood to and from the lungs for gas exchange
major systemic artery; arises from the left ventricle of the heart
systems of blood vessels that carries nutrient- and oxygen-rich blood to all the body organs
valves that prevent blood return to the ventricles after contraction
the contraction phase of heart activity
a period (between contractions) of relaxation of the heart during which it fills with blood
a volume of blood ejected by a ventricle during systole
sequence of events encompassing one complete contraction and relaxation of the atria and ventricles of the heart
Where do Granulocytes mature?
Which cell types have no nucleus when mature?
A White Blood cell is also called what?
These cells aid in the coagulation process.
What cells lack Granulocytes?
What do monocytes become in the tissues?
What is the formation of platelets called?
An immature red blood cell is known as what?
These white blood cells are defined by their round nucleus.
These white blood cells have an indented nucleus.
What cell is associated with cell mediated immunity?
What cell is associated with humoral immunity?
What is the balance between coagulation and anticoagulation?
The fist step to coagualtion is what?
This prevents excessive clotting/thombus formation.
Fibrinogen and what other plasma protein are involved in the clotting of blood?
This Granulocyte stains pink.
Which Granulocytes pick up a blue/purple stain?
These granulocytes do not take up any stain.
refers to blood, stem cells, bone marrow, or other tissue that is transferred from one person to another
a drug that prevents blood clots from forming
refers to blood or other tissue derived from a person's own body
refers to a non-cancerous disease that does not spread throughout the body
the soft, spongy tissue inside of bones where blood cells are produced
the process by which blood clots
a test that provides information about the types and numbers of cells in one's blood
a type of white blood cell that mediates allergic reactions and defends the body from infection by parasites and bacteria
also called the red blood cell
a type of white blood cell that includes neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils
the percentage of the whole blood volume that is made up of red blood cells
blood that is circulating through the body's blood vessels and heart
part of the complete blood count, a blood test used to evaluate bleeding and clotting disorders
Another name for formed elements
Clear yellowish portion of whole blood
Involved in stopping blood flow from a wound
The study of blood
Molecule important to transporting oxygen
Prime function of this cell is to carry oxygen to all parts of the body
The blood cell can leave the circulatory system
When two blood types can be safely mixed
a type of granular leukocyte
the process of stopping the loss of blood
disease where bleeding can be difficult to stop
blood disease that the woman in the film Blood was diagnosed with
blood disease caused by a pathogen
a type of agranulocyte
substances that can trigger a protective defense mechanism
Type of blood that contains both anti-A and anti-B antigens
Type of blood that contains neither anti-A or anti-B antigens
red blood cell formation
an immature rbc
this allows a rbc to fit into and go thru very tight spaces
The state of low oxygen levels in tissues is referred to as
What type of cell is responsible for most types of blood cell production