substances in food that your body needs to function
nutrients
small units that make up protein
amino acids
what type of carbohydrates are starches?
complex
a unit of heat that measures the energy available in food
calorie
the study of nutrients and how the body uses them
nutrition
the starches and sugars found in foods
carbohydrates
tough, stringy part of raw fruits, raw vegetables, and whole wheat
fiber
nutrients that promote normal growth, give you energy, and keep your skin healthy
fats
the nutrients used to build and repair cells
proteins
compounds that help to regulate body functions
vitamins
elements in foods that help your body work properly
minerals
essential to every body function you have
water
helps maintain your body's fluid balance
potassium
helps build strong bones and teeth
calcium
visual reminder to help consumers make healthful food choices
myplate
the emotional desire for food
appetite
the body's physical need for food
hunger
teens need three cups of what per day to meet their nutrient needs
milk
have a high amount of nutrients relative to their number of calories
nutrient dense
weighing more than is healthy for a person of your gender, height, age, and body type
overweight
weighing less than is healthy for a person of your gender, height, age, and body type
underweight
the way you see your body
body image
an eating disorder in which a person repeatedly eats large amounts of food and then purges
bulimia nervosa
extreme eating behaviors that can lead to serious illness or death
eating disorders
eating disorder in which a strong fear of weight gain leads people to starve themselves on purpose
anorexia nervosa
a disorder in which a person repeatedly eats too much food at one time
binge eating
how many categories of nutrients are there
six
method for assessing your body size based on your height and weight
body mass index