Russia's longest- ruling female leader _____.
The only son of Nicholas II and Alexandra was _____.
_____ he was the last Romanov emperor.
Was the last Imperial Dynasty of Russia:
___ was devoted to Rasputin.
1762 to 1796 was considered Russia's ____.
______he was the man that with his army defeated French troops.
_____ he was the first Romanov czar of Russia.
Tragic day when a lot of Russians died ____.
___ declared himself emperor of the Russian Empire.
Marxists who favored revolution by a small committed group
Government dominates every aspect of life.
Terror campaign against Stalin's perceived enemies
Name of the event where 200,000 workers protested outside the czar's palace and were fired upon.
Bolshevik leader of Russia
Marx's name for the working class
Name of Russia's first parliament
Mysterious "holy man" close to Czarina Alexandra
Name of the uprising that forced Czar Alexander to abdicate the throne.
Group that Stalin attacks and destroys
Committees of Socialist revolutionaries that control cities
Lenin's plan to restore Russia's economy through farms and factories/industry
Economy where the government makes all economic decisions
Name of Stalin's plans for developing the economy
New name of the Bolsheviks from Marx's writings
Communist leader of Russia
Ran against Stalin for leader of the Communist Party after Lenin's death
in Marxist theory, the group of workers who would overthrow the czar and come to rule Russia
a group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who took control of Russia’s government in 1917
a major leader of the Bolshevik Party, that had an engaging personality and was an excellent organizer, but was also known for being ruthless
an advisor to the Czarina Alexandra, that claimed to be a “holy man” with magical healing powers
one of the local representative councils formed in Russia after the down fall of Czar Nicholas II
a temporary government
what Bolsheviks renamed their party as, based on the word communism which meant having a classes society
a cold, hard, and impersonal man that became the head of the Communist party after the death of Lenin and the exile of Leon Trotsky, setting himself up as a dictator
government control over every aspect of public and private life
a campaign of terror in the Soviet Union during the 1930’s, in which Joseph Stalin sought to eliminate all Communist Party members and other citizens who threatened his power
plans outlined by Joseph Stalin in 1928 for the development of the Soviet Union’s economy
a large government-controlled farm formed by combining many small farms
an economic system in which the government makes all economic decisions
In Marxist theory, the group of workers who would overthrow the czar and come to rule Russia
A group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who took control of Russia's government in Nov. 1917
Major leader of the Bolsheviks
Self-described "Holy Man"
A temporary government
One of the local representative councils formed in Russia after the downfall of Czar Nicholas II
A political party practicing the ideas of Karl Marx and V.I. Lenin; originally the Russian Bolshevik Party
"Man of Steel" becomes Dictator
Government control over every aspect of public and private life
A campaign of terror in the Soviet Union during the 1930s, in which Joseph Stalin sought to eliminate all Communist Party members and other citizens who threatened his power
An economic system in which the government makes all economic decisions
Plans outlined by Joseph Stalin in 1928 for the development of the Soviet Union's economy
A large government-controlled farm formed by combining many small farms
First great leader of the Nationalist Party
Became China's greatest revolutionary leader
After Sun Yixian died, headed the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party)
A 6,000-mile journey made in 1934-1935 by Chinese Communists fleeing from Jiang Jieshi's Nationalist forces
Killing by British troops of nearly 400 Indians gathered at Amritsar to protest the Rowlatt Acts
Became the leader of the independence movement to free India of British rule
A deliberate and public refusal to obey a law considered unjust
A peaceful protest against the Salt Acts in 1930 in India in which Mohandas Gandhi led his followers on a 240-mile walk to the sea, where they made their own salt from evaporated seawater
He emancipated the serfs, allowed regional assemblies, and increased education and freedom of speech. These reforms backfired and allowed revolutionary groups to form.
After Alexander II was assassinated in 1881, who succeeded him?
He was son of Alexander III who became Czar of Russia and did not have the respect or fear of the people.
These workers believed a change of government was required to improve life. They worked in unsafe, unsanitary, low paying conditions.
The theory that owners (bourgeoisie) took advantage of the working class (proletariat) and drove them to poverty. Thus the workers must revolt and establish a socialist state.
Karl Marx believed the final state of revolution would be a classless society in which people live cooperatively without the need for government, which he called ____________.
Professional revolutionaries from the intelligentsia led by Vladimir Lenin.
The 1905 Revolution broke out after protestors were killed on ___________(2 words no space)
What were the councils of elected delegates from factories called?
Czar Nicholas II, in an attempt to reform Russia, allowed for an elected national legislature called the ______. He later dissolved it.
Began in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) when women factory workers protested bread shortages. (date and two words no spaces)
After Czar Nicholas II stepped down from power, a dual power system ruled Russia. They were the All Russia Soviet (working class) and the _______ Government (middle class).
Overnight, Bolshevik soldiers secretly took control of key parts of the city and Lenin announced on Oct. 25, 1917 to the Congress of Soviets they had taken power. The Provisional Government surrendered. (2 words no space)
Lenin forced the first elected national assembly, because less than 25% were Bolsheviks which led to _________(2 words no space)
Lenin's Bolsheviks (now called Communists) forces were called the _______.
The anti-communist groups supported by the U.S.A. were called the ______.
Lenin's secret police arrested and executed anyone suspected of being against the revolution. 300,000 were killed. This is known as the ______(2 words no space)
Last Tzar of Russia...was killed by the Bolsheviks.
A philosopher who saw the struggles of the working class and came up with a theory advocating class war.
A manifesto written by Karl Marx and Frederick Engles describing the history of the working-class movement according to their views.
Founder of the Russian Communist Party and leader of the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution.
Radical Marxist political party founded by Vladimir Lenin who seized power in Russia in 1917.
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
A member of a class of persons who are small farmers or farm laborers of low social rank/class.
Marx's term for the exploited class, the mass of workers who do not own the means of production.
Year the Russian Revolution took place.
The violent overthrow that occurred when the Tzar Nicholas II was murdered and Lenin took control.
Bolsheviks who fought a civil war to decide who should control Russia after the October 1917 revolution.
Anti-Bolshevik coalition who fought to decide who should control Russia after the October 1917 revolution.
A legislative body in the ruling assembly of Russia and some of the other republics of the former Soviet Union.
A system of ideals especially one that forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy.
Political theory advocating class war and leading to a society in which the government owns all property and dominates all aspects of life in a country.
A system of government by one person with absolute power.
Became head of the Soviet Communists in 1924 and ruled with an iron fist.
A campaign of terror directed at eliminating anyone who threatened Stalin's power.
A man-made famine-genocide in which Stalin (USSR) starved the people of Ukraine, Soviet Russia, and Kazakhstan and killed millions.
the deliberate killing of a large number of people with the aim of destroying that group.
Catherine the Great
Vladimir the Saint
Ivan the Terrible
Czar Nicholas I
Peter The Great
The Great Purge
Marxists tried to ignite revolution among this group, who were the growing class of factory and railroad workers, miners, and urban wage earners.
Councils of workers and soldiers.
Communist party officials assigned to the army to teach party principles and ensure party loyalty.
The Soviet Union developed this type of economy, in which government officials made all basic economic decisions.
State owned farms, large farms owned and operated by peasants as a group.
Wealthy peasants who Stalin sought out to destroy.
In this form of government, a one-party dictatorship attempts to regulate every aspect of the lives of its citizens.
The belief that there is no God, an official state policy regarding religion.
This was instated to boost socialism by showing Soviet life in a positive light.
This man set up 5 year plans to make Russia into a modern industrial power.
This man was the leader of the Russian Bolshevik Party. He promised peace, bread, and land.
Counterrevolutionaries who remained loyal to the czars.
In this reign of terror, Stalin and his secret police cracked down and killed many. Old Bolsheviks party activist from the early days. Stalin and his secret police did this due to Stalin's obsessive fears that rival party leaders were plotting against him.
This was the name of the communist party newspaper. This word also means Truth.
A group led by Lenin who soon became the dominant political power.
A man convicted in a seven-minute trial for being accused of drawing anti-Stalin caricature.
This represented industrial workers to the Soviet Union.
This represented agricultural worker to the soviet union.