a small stone building in the court of the Great Mosque at Mecca that contains a sacred black stone and is the goal of Islamic pilgrimage and the point toward which Muslims turn in praying.
kaaba
migration or journey of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Yathrib
hijrah
complete trust or confidence in someone or something
faith
one of the two main branches of Islam, commonly described as orthodox, and differing from Shia in its understanding of the Sunna and in its acceptance of the first three caliphs
sunni
the chief Muslim civil and religious ruler, regarded as the successor of Muhammad
caliph
a solemn request for help or expression of thanks addressed to God or an object of worship
prayer
one of the two main branches of Islam, followed especially in Iran, that rejects the first three Sunni caliphs and regards Ali, the fourth caliph, as Muhammad's first true successor
shia
a pilgrim's journey
pilgrimage
a Muslim place of worship.
mosque
money or food given to poor people
alms
the Islamic sacred book
quran
a medieval military expedition, one of a series made by Europeans to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries
crusade