properties that describe matter including color, feel ,smell, boiling point, melting point, and density
Physical Property
properties that include all of the possible chemical changes that a sample of matter can go through
Chemical Property
property of a substance that do not depend on the amount of the substance present
Intensive Property
properties of a substance that are dependent on the amount of a substance present
Extensive Property
a mixture with a non uniform composition in which the individual components are distinct and visible
Heterogeneous mixture
a mixture with a uniform composition
homogeneous mixture
a homogeneous aqueous mixture
solution
a substance compsed of multiple elements combined in fixed proportions
compound
one of the primary substances that make up matter and cannot be chemically broken sown or converted into other substances; defined by the atomic number
element
a change that does not change the chemical identity of a substance, such as changes of phase, temperature, shape or concentration
physical change
a change that occurs when a new substance is created with different properties; observable as a color change, the production of a gas or a precipitate, or the realease of heat or light
chemical change
anything that has volume or mass
matter
the amount of matter in a oblect
mass
the physical and chemical characteristics of a substances or element
property
elements or compounds that can only be seperated or combined to make substances with new properties by means of chemical reaction
substance
the smallest unit of an element that has all the properties of that element containing a nucleus within an electron cloud
atom
a homogeneous mixture in which the paricles are indefinitly suspended in the medium which may be a gas, a liquid, or a solid
colloid
a heterogeneous mixture containing particles large enough to settle
suspension
the effect that occurs when light is scattered through a colloid, causing the light beam light beam to become visible as it travels through the mixture
tyndall effect
related to the description of something in non numerical terms
qualitative
related to the description of something in numerical terms
quantitave
the mass of a single atom
atomic mass
a state of matter where the shape is constant and rigid, where the volume is constant, and where the particles vibrate in a fixed position
solid
a state of matter where the shape is variable and dependent on the shape of the container, the volume is constant, and the particles move independently within the substance
liquid
a state of matter where the shape and volume are variable and dependent on the shape of the closed container and where the particles are completely independent of an alter
gas
a state of matter that has no fixed shape or structure, such as a liquid or gas
fluid
the quantity of mass per unit volume
density
the gaseuous of a sample of matter that would other wise be a liquid or gas at room temperature
vapor
the process by which a sample of matter changes from a gasous state to a liquid state
condensation