A hydrogen bond is the electrostatic attraction between polar groups that occurs when a hydrogen (H) atom bound to a highly electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O) or fluorine (F) experiences attraction to some other nearby highly electronegative atom.
H-bonding
An organic compound is any member of a large class of gaseous, liquid, or solid chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon.
organicmolecule
large molecule, such as protein, commonly created by polymerization of smaller subunits
macromolecule
a molecule that may bind chemically or supramolecularly to other molecules to form a polymer
monomer
a substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly or entirely of a large number of similar units bonded toget many synthetic organic materials
polymer
biological molecule consisting of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1
carbohydrate
called simple sugars
monosaccharide
polymeric carbohydrate molecules composed of long chains of monosaccharide units bound together by glycosidic linkages and on hydrolysis give the constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides.
polysaccharide
macromolecular biological catalysts
enzyme
surface on which a plant or animal lives
substrate
large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
protein
covalent chemical bond formed between two amino acid molecules.
peptidebond
biologically important organic compounds containing amine and carboxylic acid functional groups,
aminoacid
a group of naturally occurring molecules that include fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins, monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides, phospholipids, and others
lipid
amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds
starch
a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi.
glycogen
an insoluble substance that is the main constituent of plant cell walls and of vegetable fibers such as cotton.
cellulose
holding as much water or moisture as can be absorbed; thoroughly soaked.
saturated
having carbon–carbon double or triple bonds and therefore not containing the greatest possible number of hydrogen atoms for the number of carbons.
unsaturated
the region of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and undergo a chemical reaction.
activesite
uncommon in nature but became commonly produced industrially from vegetable fats for use in margarine, snack food, packaged baked goods and frying fast food
transfat
simple polyol compound. It is a colorless, odorless, viscous liquid that is sweet-tasting and non-toxic.
glycerol
is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated
fattyacids
biopolymers, or large biomolecules, essential for all known forms of life.
nucleicacids
organic molecules that serve as the monomers
nucleotides
inorganic chemical and a salt of phosphoric acid.
phosphate
carbohydrate with the formula C5H10O5;
ribose
Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule that carries the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses
DNA
Ribonucleic acid is a polymeric molecule implicated in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes
RNA
minimum energy which must be available to a chemical system with potential reactants to result in a chemical reaction.
activationenergy

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