Type
Crossword
Description

The Major Domo of the Franks, who stopped the spread of the Muslims into Europe Charles Martel
Also referred to as the Black Death and caused a ton of death in Europe Bubonic Plague
The Battle that William the conqueror won and Hector was killed Battle of Hastings
A ceremony in witch Kings and Nobles appointed Church officals Lay Investiture
People, who receive land Vassels
Landowners, who could grant land Lords
A document that King John was forced to sign and it weakened the power of kings Magna Carta
Mounted horsemen, who pledged to defend their lords lands in exchange for land Knights
Mock battles that Knights took place in to test their skills Tournaments
A war between the English and the French, where the longbow and cannon were invented Hundred Years War
Important religious ceremonies Sacraments
The economic system of Medieval Europe Manorialism
A teenage peasant girl, who worked to drive the English from France Joan of Arc
Common people, who work the land Peasents
People who could not lawfully leave their place of birth Serfs
Church Law that all Medieval Christians were subject to Canon Law
The battle that stopped the spread of Muslims into Europe Battle of Tours
An agreement that allowed the Church to appoint Bishops, but the King could decline the appointment Concordat of Worms
Charels the Great, who was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo Charlemagne

Medieval vocab crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Germanic people from Gaul (modern day France and Switzerland) The Franks
religious communities built by the church for women (nuns) Convents
religious communities built by the church for men (monks) Monasteries
Empire begun by Charlemagne Holy Roman Empire
social structure in medieval Europe including lords, knights, vassals, serfs and sometimes a king. Feudalism
(in feudalism) the lord’s estate Manor
complex set of ideals or code by which medieval knights followed. Chivalry
worldly (involved in politics and other social matters) Secular
church tax Tithe
the office of the Pope The Papacy
Different ranks of Church leaders including priests, bishops, cardinals, and the Pope. Clergy
a ceremony in which kings and nobles appointed church officials Lay Investiture
everyday language used by different regions Vernacular
selling of church positions Simony
Church law Canon Law
important religious ceremonies Sacraments
anyone who does not conform to an established attitude, doctrine, or principle Heretic
A holy war launched by Pope Urban II to reclaim the Holy Land for Christians Crusade
group of advisors who acted like a court for the pope Papal Curia
Unified body of law in England formed by England’s royal judges Common Law
Legislative group in England originally comprised of two burgesses (citizens of wealth and property) from every borough and two knights from every county Parliament
Document drawn up by English nobles and approved by King John which guaranteed certain political rights for the people Magna Carta
Meeting of the three estates in France: 1st was the Church leaders, 2nd was the great lords, and the 3rd was the commoners Estates-General
people who are sent out to teach their religion Missionaries
an agreement between the pope and the ruler of a country Concordat
To exclude a person from church membership Excommunicated
a noble who served a lord of higher rank Vassal
land granted a vassal by his lord Fief
vassals or warriors in armor who on horseback Knights
peasants who could not the manor, own property, or marry without the lord’s approval Serfs
the practice of planting crops at different times and leaving some fields unplanted Crop rotation
groups of businesses made up of tanners, carpenters, bakers and craftspeople Guilds
religious beliefs that conflict with the Church teachings Heresy

Middle Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

covering of iron worn by knights armor
chuirch official who oversaw the work of priest bishop
a high official of the catholic church appointed by pope cardinal
where the lord and his knights lived castle
people of the middle ages believed it represented god's rules and teachings Catholic Church
qualities of a good knight, bravery,respect for women chivalry
an official of the church such as priest, bishop clergyman
expeditions sent by the pope to capture the holy land crusades
a period of several hundred years during the dark middle ages dark ages
large piece of land owned by a lord estate
the act of removing a persons membership from church excommunication
arrangement between lord, vassal,, and serf for ownership of land feudalism
land given for military service fief
holding beliefs that the church felt were wrong heresy
court to punish heretics inquisition
clowns before a lord to make them laugh jesters
contest between knights on horseback joust
person who rules a country during middle ages king
man of honor in the military knight
well to noble who owns an estate lord
large piece of land owned by a lord manor
fall of the roman empire in 476 and ended with modern period 1400 medieval period
same as medieval period middle ages
singers and musicians who entertained the lords minstrels
deep, wide, water-filled ditch surrounding a castle moat
building where monks lived monastery
man who gives up property to serve god monk
class of rich people, nobles or lords nobility
poor people who worked on manors peasants
head of the roman catholic church pope
clergyman of the christian church priest
very poor people who worked for lords serfs
contest or joust beetween two knights or two groups of knights tournament
wandering minstrels who wrote poems about the love of a beautiful lady of noble birth troubadours
noble who was given land by the lord in return for military service vassal

Medieval times "The Dark Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An economic and Political system that was developed in the middle ages Fuedalism
Lowest rank of people on a manor also known as a peasant Serf
Being expelled or kicked out of the church Excommunicated
The Bubonic Plague Black Death
Leader of the Roman Catholic Church Pope
An estate including peasants and lords manor
lord or son of a lord knight
medieval institution of knighthood where they learned bravery, courtesy, honesty, and manners chivalry
symbolic bade a knight wears to show what family he is from coat of arms
Religious wars between Christian and Muslim fighting over the holy land The crusdes
A tower moved up against the walls of a castle so attackers could get in Siege tower
A machine that projects (Catapults) large stone or other objects Trebuchet
A piece of land given to you by the king and in return you gave people to fight at war fief
Under lord or feudal tenant Vassal
A period of time when there was a lot of starvation, death, and the plague (black death) Dark ages
a knight in training Squire
A defensive fort where the King or a lord lives Catsle
a document that says the king is not above the law and ensures rights for the people Magna Carta
A young boy who acts as a servant for a knight page
A German tribe who settled in the land we know know as France Franks

Feudal System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Served in military after receiving land Vassal
Owned the land Lord
Vassal to the Lords Knight
Class of rich people who owned land Aristocracy
Code that Knights were expected to live by Chivalry
Most Common form of Government in Medieval Europe Feudalism
Unwritten agreement between vassals and lords Feudal Contract
land granted to a vassal by a lord Fief
agricultural estate ran by the lord and where the peasants worked Manor
The fear of __________ Promoted feudalism Invasion
Continent where this feudalism was mostly found Europe
knights Armour was very ________ Expensive
This document limited the kings power Magna Carta
Census taken by William the Conqueror Domesday
Business organization that set standards Guild
middle class Bourgeoisie
worker who was bound to land Serf
Main attraction at tournaments Joust
King who signed the Magna Carta John
Richard the First nickname Lionheart
Large stone fortresses Castle
battle strategy where a city is surrounded and the starved into surrender Siege
The Plague that was in Europe at the same time as feudalism Black Death
large plow carruca
type of society that was man centered Patriarchy

Dark Ages Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Greatest king of the middle ages Charlemagne
Disease that ravaged the Byzantine Empire and most of Europe Bubonic plague
Date of the Fall of Rome 476 AD
A holy war; military expeditions undertaken by European Christians in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims Crusade
led by the Pope; this institution was the stable force that unified Europe Catholic Church
To be barred (or kicked out) of the church excommunicated
political system of local government based on the granting of land in return for loyalty, military assistance, and other services Feudalism
"Great Charter" ...outlines basic rules and rights of the people Magna Carta
made a deal with Byzantine emperor to retake the Holy Land Pope Urban II
fought Christians for the Holy Land Muslim Turks
served and fought for the king Knights
Relating or belonging to the Middle Ages Medieval
defeated the Muslim Moors at Tours in 732 AD Charles martel
religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities Monks
First Germanic king to convert to Christianity Clovis
Invaders from Scandinavia Vikings
the abbreviation for anno domini; which means in the year of our lord AD
a body of laws developed by the medieval Church Canon Law
Method used by the church to force governments to abide by their wishes interdict
Capital of the Eastern Roman Empire Constantinople
Former Greek city that was the location of Constantinople Byzantium
The estate or domain of a feudal lord Fief
Document that declared religious tolerance for Christianity in the Roman empire Edict of milan
First Roman emperor to convert to Christianity Constantine
Splitting of the church into the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church Great schism
Government rule where one person has all the power autocracy
Word that means non-religious secular
A rite or ritual performed in the church that allows for salvation sacrament
People who did not follow or adhere to religious ways pagan
City where three major religions began Jerusalem

Middle Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A leader in the church, the bishop was often the top leader in a kingdom Bishop
The top ruler in a monarchy King
The center of life during middle ages the manor was the local lords house or castle Manor
A boy who worked for a guild master in order to learn to trade or craft Apprentice
An area of land given to a lord or baron by a king to rule Fief
A symbol used by knights on their shield, banner, and armor. It helped to distinguish one knight from another Coat of arms
Germanic tribes who settled in the land that is now France today Franks
A defensive fortfication where a lord or a king would live. The local people wuld flee to the castle if they were at attack. Castle
A deadly disease that spread through much of Europe during the Middle Ages. It is estimated that it killed at least one third of all the people in Europe. Black death
A position in a guild above the apprentice, a journeyman worked for a master craftsman and earned a wage. Journeyman
An empirefounded by the Vikings in the city of Kiev. It was ht forunner of Russia Kievan Rus
A document forced upon King John of England by his barons. It said that the king was not above the law and that the people had the right to a fair trial. Magna Carta
A ditch around a castle filled with water. Moat
A young boy that acts as a servant for a kinght while training to become a knight one day. Page
A knight in training, the squire would take care of the knight's armor and weapons. He would also accompany the knight into battle. Squire
The wars where the Christan nations took back control of the liberian Peninsula form the Muslim Moors. Reconquista
The code by which knights pledge to live. It involved honor, being courageous, and one knight from another. Chivalry
A ruler below the king in the fudal system, the baron ruled an area of land called a fief. He would pledge his loyalty to the king in return for the land. Baron
A system of government where the king allotted land to his lords and barons. The lords and barons would then pledge their loyalty to the king and promise to protect his rule. Fudal System
religious wars between the Christians and Muslms for control for holy land, especially Jerusalem Crusades

The Middle Ages in Europe Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

an empire referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire Byzantine Empire
was the capital city of the Roman Empire constantinople
was one of Byzantine Empire Justinian
the period of European history from the fall of the Roman Empire in the West middle ages
also known as Charles the Great charlemange
the dominant social system in medieval Europe feudalism
an appellation for a person or deity who has authority lord
a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch knights
an agricultural laborer bound under the feudal system to work on his lord's estate. serfs
a unit of land originally a feudal lordship consisting of a lord's demesne and lands rented to tenants. manor
a unit of land, originally a feudal lordship, consisting of a lord's demesne and lands rented to tenants. manor
the faith, practice, and church order of the Roman Catholic Church. catholicism
the bishop of Rome as head of the Roman Catholic Church. pope
a medieval military expedition, one of a series made by Europeans to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries. crusades
is one of the towering figures in Western philosophy and theology thomas Aquinas
a charter of liberties to which the English barons forced King John to give his assent in June 1215 magna carta
the male head of a family or tribe patriarch
a member of the branch of the Goths who invaded the Roman Empire between the 3rd and 5th centuries visigoths
a medieval association of craftsmen or merchants, often having considerable power. guilds
a poor farmer of low social status peasants

Early Middle Ages Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and a number of individual states. Feudal System
An estate granted to a vassal by a lord under the feudal system in medieval Europe. Fief
A person who received a grant of land from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services Vassal
An armored warrior who fought on horseback. Knight
A lords estate, supported the lord economically from his land and from contributions from the peasant population under his authority. Manorial System
Medieval peasant legally bound to lie on a lords estate. Serfs
King of the Franks from 768, He united much of Europe during the early Middle ages. Charlemagne
A document, written by English nobles, as a way to present their demands to the king. Magna Carta
Medieval Christian warriors sought to recover control of the holy land from the muslims. Crusades
An empire founded in 1299 and dissolved in 1922. Ottoman Empire
A region that included Jerusalem and the area around it. Included Jews, Christians, and muslims. Holy Land
Ruled most of India and Pakistan.It consolidated Islam in South Asia and spread Muslim arts and culture as well as the Mughal Empire
King of England from 6 July 1189 until his death April 6, 1199. He also ruled Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine, and Richard The Lion Hearted
A denial of church teaching Heresy
A decline in the value of money, A rise in the prices of goods and services. Inflation
The taking away of a persons right of membership in a Christian church Excommunication

Medieval Europe Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A narrow inlet of the sea between cliffs or steep slopes fjords
People who are sent by a religious leader to spread the faith Missionaires
Agreement between the pope and the ruler of a country Concordat
Political Order, Under feudalism, nobles governed and protected people in return for services Feudalism
A low-ranking noble under the protection of a feudal lord Vassal
A feudal estate belonging to a vassal Fief
A mounted man-at-arms serving a lord Knight
The system, spirit, or customs of medieval knighthood Chivalry
A member of the peasant class tied to the land and subject to the will of a landowner Serf
A group of merchants or craftspeople Guild
A group of citizens that meets to decide whether people should be accused of a crime GrandJury
A group of citizens that decides whether an accused person is guilty Trial-Jury
The study of religious faith, practice, and experience Theology
A way of thinking that combined faith and reason Scholasticsism
The everyday spoken language of a region Vernacular
Religious worship service for Christians Mass
Ideas that go against the church teachings Hersey
Hostility toward or discrimination against Jews AntiSemitism
A disease that spreads quickly and kills many people plague
The christian reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula Reconquista

Medieval Europe Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A social system that has monarchs at the top and serfs at the bottom Fuedalism
A ruler or a powerfull landholder Lord
Armed warriors Knight
The people who worked the land Peasant
Peasents who were not allowed to leave their lords land Serf
Early leader of the Franks who converted to christianity Clovis
Leader of the Franks who united all of the lands of Europe Charlemagne
The christian church headed by the pope in rome Roman Catholic Church
Large estates ruled by a lord that contained a castle, villages, and farmland Manor
The idea that god had given them the right to rule Divine right of kings
Asystem of organizing people into ranks; higher the rank = more power Hierarchy
The medieval knights code of behavior, including bravery, loyalty, and respect Chivarly