commonly shared attitude and beliefs about how government should opperate
One who believes in limited gov. interference in personal and economic liberites
one who favors greater gov. intervention, particularly in economic affairs and in the provisions of social services
This person challenged the Mass. Bay colony and became expelled from the colony. She went on to found a new settlement at Portsmouth, Rhode Island
an army of disgruntled and angry farmers forcibly restrained the state court from foreclosing mortgages on their farms
first general plan for the US constitution. key points: Bicameral legislature, executive and judiciary chosen by national legislature.
powers the national government specifically grants to congress
enumerated powers
system of gov. in which local and regional governments derive all authority from a strong national gov.
unitary system
the powers not delegated to the national gov. are reserved to the states or the people
law that makes an act punishable as a crime even if the action was legal at the time it was comitted
basic administrative unit of a local gov.
local gov. that is restricted to a particular function
special district
premise stating that local governments do NOT have any inherent sovereignty and instead must be authorized by state governments that create or abolish them
Dillons rule
court case in which broad congressional power to regulate interstate commerce was upheld. This broad interpretation led to later rulings upholding expansive federal powers
court ruled that due process clause of the 5th amendment did not apply to the actions of the states. This action limited the Bill of Rights to the actions of Congress alone
right of a state to declare void a federal law
program for relief recovery and reform
grant given to state by federal gov. with only general spending guidelines
block grant
allows national gov. to override state or local actions in certain policy areas
the ability of one person to cause another person to act in accordance with the first persons intentions
a disproportionately small number of people with a disproportionately large amount of power
interest group arising from an unequal distribution in wealth or property