The tendency of a mineral to break along flat surfaces as determined by its structure
Cleavage
Measures the resistance which a smooth surface offers to scatching
Hardness
The color of the powder produced when it is dragged across a surface
Streak
The way light interacts with the surface of a crystal, rock or mineral
Luster
The interactions between Earth's water, air, land, and living things that cause rocks to change from one type to another
RockCycle
Metamorphism due to contact with or proximity to an igneous intrusion
Contact Metamorphism
Metamorphism affecting rocks over an extensive area as a result of the large-scale action of heat and pressure
RegionalMetamorphism
Rocks formed by the crystallization of molten magma or lava
IgneousRock
Igneous and sedimentary rocks that change at elevated temperatures and pressures deep within the Earth or during mountain building
MetamorphicRock
Rocks composed of weathered bits of other rocks and minerals
SedimentaryRock
A piece of a pure solid substance having a natural form with symmetrical faces
Crystal
A naturally occurring chemical compound
Mineral
Igneous rocks formed when lava hardens above the Earth's surface
Extrusiverock
Process that nvolves the weathering and the removal of rock
Erosion
Igneous rocks formed when magma hardens beneath Earth's surface
Intrusiverock
has a banded or layered appearance
Foliatedmetamorphism
to change form
Metamorphism
the ratio of an object's mass to its volume
Density
glow under some conditions
Fluorescence
Coarse-grained, fine grained and glassy are examples of________.
Texture
what minerals the rock is made up of
composition
state of matter characterized by particles arranged such that their shape and volume are relatively stable
solid
rock consisting of angular fragments cemented together.
Breccia
soft, finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud or clay and can be split easily into fragile slabs
shale
a system of subparallel wavy ridges and furrows left on sand or mud by the action of water or wind, and sometimes fossilized
ripplemarks
sedimentary structures formed as muddy sediment dries and contracts. Crack formation also occurs in clayey soils as a result of a reduction in water content.
mudcracks
preserved remains of a prehistoric organism or is slang for someone or something that is old and outdated
fossils
soft, finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud or clay and can be split easily into fragile slabs
shale
fine-grained sedimentary rock consisting of consolidated silt
siltstone
a number of different things or parts that are put or grouped together to form a whole but remain distinct entities
conglomerate
not consisting of or deriving from living matter
inorganic