Type
Crossword
Description

A multicellular or single-celled organism (protists) that lives in the water and uses sunlight as an energy source ( for example: seaweed or diatoms). algae
The process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or any other natural agents. erosion
An area of land that water runoffs or snow melts that flow across or through on its way to a body of water. watershed
The lower end of a river that feeds into the salty, open ocean where the fresh water and salt water mix. estuary
a measurement of hydrogen ions concentration or how much acidity is in a solution, or in a liquid pH
air pollutants mix with water in the atmosphere to form acid droplets of rain, snow, or mist. acid rain
pollution is discharged from a single source EX: factory, wastewater treatment plant, leaking oil tanker, landfills, mines, storage tanks point source solution
the height above a given sea level. elevation
measure of all salts dissolve in the water. salinity
the role of an organism that takes part in an ecosystem including its habitat, feeding activities, and interactions with other species niche
Any resource that can be replaced naturally or by humans in a short amount of time, but they may run out if they are oversued or managed poorly EX: trees, water renewal resources
somewhat salty brackish
an effort to return degraded ecosystems to conditions as similar as possible to their natural state EX: replant trees after a forest fire restoration
Using resources in a wise, responsible manner. conservation
water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers. groundwater

Hydrology Unit Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

mass of water found on, under, and over the surface of a planet. HYDROSPHERE
water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations Ground water
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas. Watershed
study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets HYDROLOGY
of or found in fresh water; not of the sea FRESHWATER
all the waters on the earth's surface, such as lakes and seas HYDROSPHERE
an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials AQUIFER
may be anywhere on Earth that is covered by seawater OCEAN BASIN
a partly enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it estuary
oceanographic phenomenon that involves wind-driven motion of dense, cooler, and usually nutrient-rich water towards the ocean surface, UPWELLING
The integration and application of environmental values into the military mission in order to sustain readiness, improve quality of life STEWARDSHIP
biological conversion of one or more carbon molecules CHEMOSYNTHESIS
a single identifiable source of air, Water pollution, thermal, noise or light pollution POINT SOURCE POLLUTION
introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change POLLUTION
saltiness or dissolved salt content of a body of water SALINITY
water pollution affects a water body from sources such as polluted runoff from agricultural areas draining into a river, or wind-borne debris blowing out to sea. NONPOINTPOLLUTION
the cloudiness or haziness of a fluid caused by large numbers of individual particles that are generally invisible to the naked eye TURBIDITY
a rapid increase or accumulation in the population of algae ALGAL BLOOM
a numeric scale used to specify the acidity or basicity(alkalinity) of an aqueous solution pH
of, found in, or produced by the sea MARINE
may be anywhere on Earth that is covered by seawater OCEAN BASIN
a substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere POLLUTANT
species that can be used to monitor the health of an environment or ecosystem. BIO-INDICATOR
change of the physical state of matter from gas phase into liquid phase CONDENSATION
rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the ground. PRECIPITATION
the draining away of water (or substances carried in it) from the surface of an area of land, a building or structure, etc. RUNOFF
a type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the surface of a liquid into a gaseous phase EVAPORATION
process of water movement through a lant and its evaporation from aerial parts TRANSPIRATION

Pollution and the Environment Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

contamination of the earth pollution
excessive amount of noise or an unpleasant sound that causes ... noise pollution
rain that contains a high concentration of pollutants acid rain
an increase in the earth's average atmospheric temperature that causes changes in climate that may result from the greenhouse effect. global warming
caused by oil spills and factory waste water pollution
smoke and other pollutants combined with fog smog
harmful to humans and the environment hazardous
one that can be used again and again renewable resource
can only be used once nonrenewable resource
destroyed by CFCs ozone
another word for poisonous toxic
pollutants can affect the senses
Americans produce more _______________ than any other nation garbage

Hydrosphere Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

any process that improves the quality of water to make it more acceptable for a specific end-use Water treatment
the following of practices that protect Earth’s resources Stewardship
is water that is safe to drink or to use for food preparation Drinking water
a rule or directive made and maintained by an authority Regulations
pollution that comes from a single, identifiable site Point pollution
pollution that comes from many places or an unidentified source Nonpoint pollution
one of the longest rivers in North Carolina, several parts of the river are impounded by dams for water, power, and flood control Yadkin PeeDee
a living organism that gives us an idea of the health of an ecosystem Biological indicators
the saltiness of a body of water Salinity
an instrument or device used for observing, checking, or keeping a continuous record of a process or quantity Monitor
refers to the chemical, physical, biological, and radiological characteristics of water Water quality
in the solution, the substance that does the dissolving Solvent
the movement of cold, nutrient rich water from the deep layers of the ocean up to the surface Upwelling
an area of land designated for environmental protection Buffer zones
the deep sea of deep layer is the lowest layer in the ocean Deep ocean ecosystem
a microorganism, or a living thing that cannot be seen without a microscope Microbes
safe to drink; drinkable Potable
refers to microscopic bubbles of gaseous oxygen that are mixed in water and available to aquatic organisms for respiration Dissolved oxygen
a salt or ester of nitric acid Nitrates
a measure of how acidic or how basic a liquid is pH
a salt or ester of phosphoric acid Phosphates
a measure of how clear water is Turbidity
a shaft sunk into the ground to obtain water, oil, or gas Wells
a substance that an organism needs to carry out life functions Nutrients
a large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supply Reservoir
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence Minerals
gas in a simple physical solution Dissolved gases
a place where freshwater from a river meets and mixes with salt water from the ocean Estuaries
are among the largest of Earth's aquatic ecosystems Marine ecosystems
the continuous movement of water between Earth’s surface and its atmosphere Water cycle
water that collects on the surface of the ground Surface water
the area of land drained by a river and its branches River basins
water located below Earth’s surface Groundwater
a part of Earth’s surface that is covered by ocean water Oceans bains
all the water found on, above, and under Earth’s surface Hydrosphere

Air Pollution/Global Warming Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A type of rain that is caused by air pollution ACID RAIN
Methane, CO2, Hydrogen, and Fluorine are what type of gasses GREENHOUSE GASSES
This was enacted in 1963, by the 88th US Congress CLEAN AIR ACT
Can air pollution affect humans? True or False? TRUE
Can Air pollution affect animals? True or False? TRUE
40% premature deaths caused by air pollution were in ____? CHINA
China, along with India, contains over 50% of the world’s sources of ____ pollution AIR
Air pollution kills over _____ million people each year SEVEN
What is the abbreviation of the government agency that protects the environment? EPA
Acid rain harms vegetation and _____ life? WATER
Air pollution can affect your ______ system IMMUNE
The Pollution Prevention Act, is an act that limits the amount of ______ that the industries are releasing into the enviroment GASSES
The Clean Air Act works alongside the experts at ___ to reduce and regulate emission of greenhouse gasses RFF
Chronic respiratory disease, lung cancer, heart disease, damage to the brain, and COPD are examples of ____ term effects LONG
Acid rain is an effect on the __________ ENVIRONMENT
Would visability increase or decrease due to air pollution DECREASE
Burning ______ _____ is a cause of air pollution/global warming FOSSIL FUELS
Air pollution can cause us to have an upper respiratory disease called ______ ASTHMA
The government of the US and the world have enacted policies and created agencies to regulate the quality of the ___ AIR
Air Pollution/Global Warming can cause ozone _________ DEPLETION

Hydrosphere Crossword Challenge

Type
Crossword
Description

All the waters on the earth's surface, such as lakes and seas, and sometimes including water over the earth's surface, such as clouds. Hydrosphere
The cycle of processes by which water circulates between the earth's oceans, atmosphere, and land, involving precipitation as rain and snow, drainage in streams and rivers, and return to the atmosphere by evaporation and transpiration. Watercycle
The top layer of a body of water. Surfacewater
The portion of land drained by a river and its tributaries. Riverbasins
Water that collects or flows beneath the Earth's surface, filling the porous spaces in soil, sediment, and rocks. Groundwater
They can be relatively inactive in areas where deposits of sediment slowly collect or active areas where tectonic plates meet. Oceanbasins
A shaft or hole sunk to obtain oil, brine, or gas. Wells
A chemical or food that provides what is needed for plants or animals to live and grow. Nutrients
A place or cavity for storage, for anatomical structures serving as a storage space for fluids. Reservoir
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. Minerals
Gas in a simple physical solution, as distinguished from gas that has reacted chemically with a solvent or other solutes and is chemically combined. Dissolvedgasses
The tidal mouth of a large river, where the tide meets the stream. Estuaries
The largest of Earth's aquatic ecosystems. Examples include salt marshes, inter tidal zones, estuaries, lagoons, mangroves, coral reefs, the deep sea, and the sea floor. Marineecosystems
A process in which deep, cold water rises toward the surface. Upwelling
A zone or an area that is a conserved natural habitat where plants and animals can thrive. They are also necessary to minimize the impacts of an adjacent land use. Bufferzones
An area deep within the ocean that serves as other animals and plants habitat. Deepoceanecosystems
A microorganism, especially a bacterium causing disease or fermentation. Microbes
Drinkable. Potability
Refers to microscopic bubbles of gaseous oxygen that are mixed in water and available to aquatic organisms for respiration. Dissolvedoxygen
A salt or ester of nitric acid, containing the anion NO3 Nitrates
A measure of hydrogen ion concentration; a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution. PH
A salt of phosphoric acid. Phosphates
The cloudiness or haziness of a fluid caused by large numbers of individual particles that are generally invisible to the naked eye. Turbidity
Refer to organisms, species or community whose characteristics show the presence of specific environmental conditions. Other terms used are indicator organism, indicator plant and indicator species. Biologicalindicators
The measure of all the salts dissolved in water. Salinity
An instrument or device used for observing, checking, or keeping a continuous record of a process or quantity. Monitor
Refers to the chemical, physical, biological, and radiological characteristics of water. Waterquality
A liquid in which substances (or solutes) are dissolved forming a solution. Solvent
Is often a secondary treatment process, used to remove any materials remaining in water. Watertreatment
The conducting, supervising, or managing of something. Stewardship
A liquid suitable for swallowing. Drinkingwater
The mechanism by which an early embryo maintains normal development. Regulations
A single identifiable source of air, water, thermal, noise or light pollution Pointpollution
Is pollution that enters a waterway from diverse sources. Runoff from precipitation and atmospheric deposition are two of the most common forms of this type of pollution. Nonpointpollution

Watershed Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An example of this is the sun. Renewable resource
An example of this is coal. Nonrenewable resource
Animals or plants that are at risk of becoming extinct. Endangered species
A single source that is identifiable Point source pollution
A species that causes harm to the environment or humans. Invasive species
The measure of salt that has dissolved in water. Salinty
Describing networks of streams. River System
Precipitation that contains acid-forming chemicals. Acid Rain
An example of this is concrete. Impervious Surface
A sewer that carries away water from heavy rain. Storm drain
Gradual wearing away of soil, rocks, etc. through wind or water Erosion
Water held underground. Groundwater
Where a tide meets a stream. Estuary
A river or stream that flows into a larger river. Tributary
Richness of nutrients in bodies of water. Eutrophication

Hydrosphere Crossword Challenge

Type
Crossword
Description

All the water found on, above, and under Earth’s surface. Hydrosphere
The continuous movement of water between Earth’s surface and its atmosphere Water Cycle
Water that collects on the surface of the ground; the top layer of a body of water Surface Water
The land that water flows across or under on its way to a river River Basins
Water located below Earth’s surface Groundwater
A part of Earth’s surface that is covered by ocean water Ocean Basins
A shaft sunk into the ground to obtain water, oil, or gas Wells
A substance that an organism needs to carry out life functions Nutrient
A large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supply Reservoir
A solid inorganic substance if natural occurrence Minerals
A mixture of gas and a solute, which can be either other gases or water Dissolved Gases
A place where freshwater from a river meets and mixes with salt water from the ocean Estuary
All living and nonliving parts of a water based environment (ocean, swamp etc.) Marine Ecosystems
The movement of cold, nutrient rich water from deep layers of the ocean up to the surface Upwelling
An area of land designated for environmental protection Buffer Zones
All living and nonliving parts of the deep ocean Deep Ocean Ecosystems
A microscopic organism Microbe
How safe something is to drink Potability
The amount of gaseous oxygen dissolved in water Dissolved Oxygen
A salt or ester of nitric acid containing the anion NO3 Nitrates
A measure of how acidic or how basic a liquid is pH
A salt or ester of nitric acid containing PO43 Phosphate
A measure of how clear water is Turbidity
An organism used to monitor the health of an ecosystem Bioindicator
The saltiness of a body of water Salinity
An instrument or device used for observing, checking, or keeping a continuous record of a process or quantity Monitor
The chemical, physical, biological, and radiological characteristics of water. It is a measure of the condition of water Water Quality
In a solution, the substance that does the dissolving Solvent
Any process that makes water more acceptable for a specific end-use. Water Treatment
The following of practices that protect Earth’s resources Stewardship
Water that is safe to drink Drinking Water
A rule or directive made and maintained by an authority Regulations
Pollution that comes from a single, identifiable source Point Pollution
Pollution that comes from many sources or an unidentified source Nonpoint Pollution
North Carolina’s second largest basin Yadkin Pee-Dee River

Hydrosphere Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Drinkable potable
When a gas changes into a liquid condensation
Saltiness of water salinity
Water that flows from the land into rivers and lakes runoff
Water is called this due to its ability to dissolve many things universalsolvent
All of the water on Earth hydrosphere
The "skin" or "film" on top of water surfacetension
Property where something sticks to other things adhesion
A factory dumping waste into a river would be this type of pollution pointsource
Evaporation from plants transpiration
Cloudiness of water turbidity
Rain, sleet, snow, and hail precipitation
The place where salt water and fresh water mix estuary
When a liquid changes to a gas evaporation
Water within the earth groundwater
How easily water can travel through rock permeability
The portion of land drained by a river riverbasin
Oxygen in water dissolvedoxygen
97% of Earth's water is this type saltwater
Most of Earth's freshwater is found here glaciers
The process of water seeping into the ground infiltration
3% of Earth's water is this type freshwater
Property where something sticks to itself cohesion
Pockets of water that feed wells and springs aquifer
The size of the spaces between rock porosity

Watershed Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A body of water that is mostly surrounded by land Bay
A species of plants or animals that is at serious risk of extinction Endangeredspecies
The amount of salt in the water Salinity
When it rains and water doesn't have a place to go it creates its own path Runoff
A area of land that drains into a common body of water Watershed
When land gradually gets destroyed by natural forces (water,wind,ice) Erosion
A salt or compound that has phosphorus in it and is usually in products like fertilizers Phosphates
A drain where all the water goes when it rains Stromdrain
To keep something in its original state Preservation
A surface that does not collect water Impervioussurface
Species that aren't from here Invasivespecies
Species that are from here Nativespecies
A environment that has all the things a particular plant or animal needs to survive Niche
A natural environment that has the ability to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere Carbonsink
The water is slightly salty (mixture of river water and seawater) Brackish
A area that keeps 2 things separated Bufferzone
A river or stream flowing into a larger river or lake Tributary

Ecology/Environmental Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Precipitation that is more acidic than normal because of air pollution. Acid Rain
Capable of being broken down by bacteria and other decomposers. Biodegradable
Fuel made from living things. Biomass Fuel
Human-made gases containing chlorine and fluorine Chlorofluorocarbons
The process of helping biodegradable wastes to decompose naturally. Composting
A period of less rain than usual Drought
The study of how living things interact with each other and their environment Ecology
The community of organisms that live in a particular area, along with their nonliving surroundings Ecosystem
Pollutants that are released into the air Emissions
An energy-rich substance (such as coal, oil, or natural gas) Fossil fuels
The theory that increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere will raise Earth's temperature. Global Warming
The trapping of heat near Earth's surface by certain gases in the atmosphere. Greenhouse Effect
The breaking of a habitat into smaller, isolated pieces. Habitat Fragmentation
An energy-rich chemical compound that contains carbon and hydrogen atoms. Hydrocarbon
A species that influences the survival of many others in an ecosystem. Keystone Species
A thick, brownish haze formed when certain gases react with sunlight Photochemical Smog
A resource that is either always available or is naturally replaced in a relatively short time. Renewable Resource
A close relationship between two species that benefits at least one of the species. Symbiosis
A condition in which a layer of warm air traps polluted air close to Earth’s suface Temperature Inversion
A species that could become endangered in the near future. Threatened Species