The chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or other microorganisms, typically involving effervescence and giving off of heat
Fermentation
The sequence of reactions by which most living cells generate energy during the process of aerobic respiration. It takes place in the mitochondria, consuming oxygen,producing carbon dioxide and water as waste products, and converting ADP to engery-rich ATP
Krebs Cycle
The breakdown of glucose by enzymes, releasing energy and pyruvic acid
Glycolsis
Relating to, involving, or requiring free oxygen
Aerobic
Relating to, involving, or requiring an absense of free oxygen
Anaaerobic
A projectio on a rotating part in machinery, designed to make sliding contact with another part while rotating and to impart reciprocal or variable motion to it
CAM
A plant that cycles carbon dixoide into four-carbon sugar compounds to enter into the calvin cycle. These plants are very efficient in hot, dry climates and make a lot of energy.
C4 Plants
The set of chemical reaactions that take place in chloroplasts during photosynthesis. The cycle is light-independent because it takes place after the energy has been captured from sunlight
Calvin Cycle
The oxidized form of NADP
NADP+
The natural coloring matter of animal or plant tissue
Pigment
The supportive tissue of an epithelial organ, tumor, gonad, etc. ,consisting of connective tissues and blood vessels
Stroma
A stcack of thylakoids embedded in the stroma of a chloroplast
Granum
Each of a number of flattened sacs inside a chloroplast, bounded by the pigmneted membranes on which the light reactions of photosynthesis take place, and arranged in stacks or grana
Thylakoid
(Adenosine Triphosphate) A high-energy molecule found in every cell. It's job is to store and supply the cell with needed energy
ATP
A set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells oforganisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into ATP, and then release waste products
Cellular Respiration
The process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water
Photosynthesis