Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

all the actions animals performs behavior
is a signal that causes an organism to react in some way. stimulus
without being taught instinct
is a learned behavior. imprinting
is the process that leads to change in behavior base on practice or experience. learning
a chemical released by one animal that affects the behavior of another animals of the same species. pheromone
is an area that is occupied and defended by an animal or group of animals. territory
is a group of closely related animals of the same species that work together in a highly organized way. society
is the state of greatly reduced body activity that occurs during the winter when food is scarce. hibernation
is a threatening behavior that one animal uses to gain control over another. aggression
is behavior in which males and females of the same species prepare for mating Courtship behavior
behavior cycles that occur over a period of approximately one day. circadian rhythm
is the regular, seasonal journey of an animal from one place to another and back again. migration
a device attached to an animal that sends out a signal in the form of radio waves, to keep track of the animals. transmitter
picks up radio signal from the transmitter on an animals neck, wing, or fin, to keep track of the animal. receiver
is a instrument in orbit thousands of miles above Earth to keep track of animals. satellite
the organism's reaction to the stimulus. response

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Animal Behavior Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

An action or series of actions performed by an animal in response to a stimulus behavior
trial and error learning occurs under highly controlled conditions operantconditioning
selection in which a mate is chosen based on a certain trait or set of traits sexualselection
ensures the survival of young parentalcare
scientist who carried out a classical conditioning experiment training a dog to associate a ringing bell with food pavlov
a pattern behavior that occurs when an action always occurs the same way without being taught fixedaction
when scientist study behavior, they investigate two kinds of questions, how and ______ why
genetically programmed behavior innate
learning that can ONLY occur during a specific period early in life and cannot be changed once it occurs imprinting
there are 2 major influences on animal behavior, reproductive success and ________ survival
a female "evaluating" the male before she decides whether to mate is a behavior referred to as ________ matechoice
person noticing males often have extreme characteristics that they display during courtship darwin
reproduction often has a greater metabolic cost and greater investment from the _________ female
Can be a sound, posture, movement, color, scent, or facial expression signal
man who observed imprinting when he raised a group of newly hatched goslings lorenz
Type of behavior protecting a resource for exclusive use territorial
vocal communication is likely most developed in primates
learning by association conditioning
scientists who study how animals behave and the adaptive significance of behavior ethologist
American psychologist that demonstrated operant conditioning skinner
behavior performed by an animal to locate, obtain, and consume food foraging
ability to analyze a problem and think of a possible solution reasoning
development of behaviors through experience is called learning
trial and error learning that occurs under highly controlled conditions operantconditioning

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Ecosystems Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The nonliving parts of an ecosystem Abiotic Factor
A predator that is at the top of a food chain and that is not preyed upon by any other animal Apex Predator
A living part of an ecosystem Biotic Factor
A relationship between two species in which one species benefits and the other is neither helped or harmed Commensalism
An interaction that occurs when organisms try to get the same resources Competition
All the populations of organisms in an ecosystem Community
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms Consumer
A helpful interaction among organisms living in a limited area that aids each organism's survival Cooperation
An organsim that gets energy by breaking down dead organisms and the wastes of living things Decomposer
The process in which fixed nitrogen compounds are converted back into nitrogen gas and returned to the atmosphere Denitrification
All the living and nonliving parts of an environment as well as the ineractions among them Ecosystem
An organism that a parasite lives in or on Host
An environmental factor that prevents a population from increasing Limiting Factor
A symbiotic relationship between two organisms in which both organisms benefit Mutualism
An organism's role in its environment Niche
The process that converts nitrogen in the atmosphere into compounds in the soil that are useful to a varity of organisms Nitrogen Fixation
An organism that lives in or on another organism and benefits at the other organism's expense Parasite
A symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is harmed Parasitism
A process by which plants use the sun's energy to make food Photosynthesis
A group of organisms of the same species living in the same place Population
A relationship in which one animal hunts, kills and eats another animal Predation
An organism that eats producers Primary Comsumer
An organism in a food web or food chain that makes its own food Producer
A close relationship between two species that benefits at least one of the species (3 types-mutualism, commensalism, parasitism) Symbiosis
A feeding level in an ecosystem Trophic Level

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Ecology crossword puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Organisms that make their own food autotroph
The variety of species in an ecosystem biodiversity
Organic matter that derives from living or recently living organisms biomass
The area on earth were organisms live biosphere
An organism that only gains energy from other animals carnivore
The maximum quantity of organisms in an area carrycapacity
All the organisms in a habitat working together community
An organism that gains energy from deceased organisms decomposer
Form of biology ecology
Representation of energy flow energy pyramid
A simple diagram that represents the consumption of organisms in an ecosystem foodchain
Complex combination of food chains foodweb
An organism that only gains energy from plants herbivore
Animal that gets it's energy from autotrophs heterotroph
An object or organism the limits the growth of a population limiting factor
Organism that eats meat and plants omnivore
amount of organisms in one species population
An organism that hunts another organism predator
An organism that is hunted by a predator prey

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Environmental science crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The study of how organisms interact with each other Ecology
All living things and their physical environments within a particular area Ecosystem
Change over time Evolution
An organisms habitat resource use and fundamental role in a community Niche
The variety of organisms in an area Biodiversity
Able to meet current demand for a resource without depending the future supply Sustainable
Largest group of organisms In which 2 individuals can produce fertile offspring Species
The process by which new species are generated Speciation
The Disappearance of a species from Earth Extinction
The extinction of an organism or species in one area Extirpation
Anything an organism needs to survive Resources
Killing of an animal illegally Poaching
Any part of an ecosystem that is living or used to be living Biotic factor
Members of a species that live in the same area at the same time Population
Matter that makes up earth and it's atmosphere Geosphere

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PSYC 101 Chapter 6 Keywords Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

period of initial learning in classical conditioning in which human or animal begins to connect a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus will begin to elicit the conditioned response. acquisition
form of learning that involves connecting certain stimuli or events that occur together in the environment. associative
____________________ conditioning a type of learning in which the stimulus or experience occurs before the behavior and then gets paired or associated with the behavior. classical
a mental picture of the layout of the environment is a _____________ map. cognitive
___________ response is a response caused by the conditioned stimulus conditioned
The conditioned __________ elicits a response due to its being paired with an unconditioned stimulus stimulus
a type. of reinforcement that rewards behavior everytime it occurs continuous
the decrease in the conditioned response when the unconditioned stimulus is no longer paired with the conditioned stimulus. extinction
when we learn not to respond to a stimulus that is presented repeatedly without change habituation
unlearned knowledge, involving complex patterns of behavior; thought to be more prevalent in lower animals than in humans instinct
a type of learning that may not be evident until there is a reason to demonstrate it. latent
change in behavior or knowledge that is the result of experience learning
person who performs a behavior that serves as an example model
taking away a pleasant stimulus to decrease or stop a behavior is an example of negative _________________. punishment
taking away an undesirable stimulus to increase a behavior is ____________ reinforcement negative
type of stimulus that does not initially elicit a response neutral
type of learning that occurs by watching others observational
____________ conditioning is a form of learning in which the stimulus/experience happens after the behavior is demonstrated operant
rewarding behavior only some of the time is _____________ reinforcement partial
adding a desirable stimulus to increase a behavior is positive ________________. reinforcement
_________________ punishment is adding an undesirable stimulus to stop or decrease a behavior positive
Food, water, shelter and sex are examples of _______________ reinforcers primary
implementation ofo a consequence in order to decrease a behavior punishment
implementation of a consequence in order to increase a behavior reinforcement
unlearned, automatic response by an organism to a stimulus in the environment reflex
A ___________________ reinforcer has no inherent value unto itself and only has reinforcing qualities when linked with something else (poker chips, money, gold stars) secondary
rewarding successive approximations toward a target behavior. shaping
stimulus ______________ is the ability to respond differently to similar stimuli discrimination
stimulus __________________ demonstrates the conditioned response to stimuli that are similar to the conditioned stimulus. generalization
Type of punishment where the observer sees the model punihed, making the pbserver less likely to imitate the model's behavior vicarious

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Ecology Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A diagram showing all of the interconnected food chains in an ecosystem Food web
Large variety of organisms and species in an ecosystem Biodiversity
An organism that breaks down dead organisms Decomposer
A diagram that shows how energy decreases as it travels through the trophic levels of a food chain Energy Pyramid
A diagram showing a single pathway of energy transfer an ecosystem Food Chain
An organism that eats both plants and animals Omnivore
An organism that eats only other animals Carnivore
An organism that eats only other plants Herbivore
When two organisms fight over the same resource Competition
All of the different populations of organisms living in an area Community
All of the living space on earth Biosphere
Living and nonliving things interacting in an area Ecosystem
All of the members of the same species in an area Population
The organism that is hunted Prey
The organism that hunts others for food Predator
A trait that helps an organism survive Adaptation
The scarcest resource that limits a population's size Limiting Factor
The largest population size an ecosystem can hold Carrying Capacity
A type of relationship where one organism benefits while the other organism is harmed Parasitism
A type of symbiosis where one species benefits and the other is not helped or harmed Commensalism
A type of symbiosis where two organisms benefit from their relationship with each other Mutualism
A relationship where to species interact and one is benefitted Symbiosis
Living part of the environment; includes anything made by a living organism Biotic
Non living part of the environment Abiotic
Any organism able to make its own food (aka Producer) Autotroph
An organism that has to eat other living things to survive (aka consumer) Heterotroph
Used by organisms to do everything it needs to live Energy
Third level consumer. Often top of the food chain Tertiary Consumer
The 1st level consumer. Eats producers Primary Consumer

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ECOLOGY Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

non living factors that effect an organism ABIOTICFACTOR
an organism that eats only meat CARNIVORE
the number of people, other living organisms, or crops CARRYINGCAPACITY
a group of interdependent organisms of different species growing or living together in a specified habitat COMMUNITY
an organism, especially a soil bacterium, fungus, or invertebrate, that decomposes organic material. DECOMPOSER
an animal that feeds on dead organic material DETRITIVORES
The ecological role and space that an organism fills in an ecosystem. ECOLOGICALNICHE
The progressive replacement of one dominant type of species or community by another in an ecosystem until a stable climax community is established. ECOLOGICALSUCCESSION
the scientific analysis and study of interactions among organisms and their environment ECOLOGY
to represent the flow of food energy and the feeding relationships between organisms FOODCHAIN
A graphical model showing the interconnecting food chains in an ecological community FOODWEB
an organism that eats only plants HERBIVORE
Non-native species disrupting and replacing native species INVASIVESPECIES
A factor present in an environment that controls a process, particularly the growth, abundance or distribution of a population of organisms in an ecosystem. LIMITINGFACTORS
both benefits MUTUALISM
an organism that eats plants and animals OMNIVORE
the amount of organisms of the same species in an area POPULATION
one is predator, one is prey PREDATION
an organism that makes its own food PRODUCER
A position in a food chain or Ecological Pyramid occupied by a group of organisms with similar feeding mode. TROPHICLEVEL
a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment ECOSYSTEM
the increasing concentration of toxic substances within each successive link in the food chain. BIOTICFACTORS
a species that has a disproportionately large effect on its environment relative to its abundance KEYSTONESPECIES
An organism that generally obtains food by feeding on other organisms CONSUMER

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Life Science Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

All living and nonliving things that exist and interact in one place. Ecosystem
The remains of plants and animals. Organic Matter
All the organisms that live in the same ecosystem and interact with each other. Community
All the organisms of the same kind that live in the ecosystems. Population
An organism that eats living things to get energy. Consumer
An animal such as an insect or bird, that helps plants make seeds by moving pollen from one part of the plant to another. Pollinator
Any organism that makes its own food. Producer
The process of making more of one's own kind. Reproduction
The scattering or carrying away of seeds from the plant that produced them. Seed Dispersal
An animal that only eats other animals. Carnivore
An animal that only eats plants. Herbivore
An animal that eats both plants and other animals. Omnivore
The process plants use to make food. Photosynthesis
An animal that hunts other animals for food. Predator
An animal that is hunted for food by a predator. Prey
To break down into simpler materials. Decay
An orgaism that breaks down the remains of dead organisms. Decomposer
A tiny living thing that can only be seen with a microscope. Microorganism
The process of breaking down materials into a different form for a new use. Recycling
An animal that feeds on the remains of dead animals. Scavenger
A physical feature or behavior that helps an organism survive in its habitat. Adaptation
The coloring, marking, or other physical appearance of an animal that helps it blend in with its surroundings. Camoflauge
The place where an organism lives. Habitat
To go into deep sleep during which an animal uses very little energy and usually does not need to eat. Hibernate
An adaptation that allows an animal to protect itself by looking like another kind of animal or like a plant. Mimicry
The role a plant or an animal plays in its habitat. Niche
A group of organisms that produce organisms of one kind. Species
No longer living Extinct
To move to another region when seasons change and food supplies become scarce. Migrate
A major division of geologic time defined by events that took place during that time. Era
The preserved traces and remains of an organism that lived long ago Fossil
A scientist who studies fossils. Paleontologist

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AP Biology Ecology Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water during some or all of the year Wetland
A permanently frozen soil layer Permafrost
behavior that reduces an individual's fitness while increasing the fitness of another individual Altruism
A symbiotic relationship in which both participants benefit Mutualism
An extremely cold, dry biome Tundra
Any form of behaviour associated with aggression, including threat, attack, appeasement, or flight Agnostic Behavior
The study of social behavior based on evolutionary theory Sociobiology
a sequence of unlearned acts that is essentially unchangeable and, once initiated, usually carried to completiona sequence of unlearned acts that is essentially unchangeable and, once initiated, usually carried to completion Fixed Action Patterns
A species that is not necessarily abundant in a community yet exerts strong control on community structure by the nature of its ecological role or niche Keystone Species
Referring to a type of relationship in which one male mates with just one female Monogamous
The number or individuals per unit area or volume Density
A group of individuals of the same species that live in the same area and interbreed, producing fertile offspring Population
All the organisms that inhabit a particular area; an assemblage of populations of different species living close enough together for potential interaction Community
awareness, reasoning, recollection, and judgment Cognition
The science of animal behavior Ethology
Dead organic matter Detritus
The area where a freshwater stream or river merged with the ocean Estuary
Any of the world's major ecosystem types Biomes
A type of ecological succession that occurs in an area where there were originally no organisms present and where soil has not yet formed Primary Succession
A scrubland biome of dense, spiny evergreen shrubs Chapparral
The maximum population size the can be supported by the available resources, symbolized as K Carrying Capacity
A symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits but the other is neither helped not harmed Commensalism
The study of changes over time in the vital statistics of populations, especially birth rates and death rates Demography
All the organisms in a given area as well as the abiotic factors with which they interact Ecosystem
In animal behavior, the formation at a specific stage in life of a long lasting behavioral response to a specific individual or object Imprinting
A group of individuals of the same age in a population Cohort
A gradual reduction in the strength of a response when a stimulus event is presented repeatedly Habituation
A change in activity or turning rate in response to a stimulus Kinesis
In a lake, the well-lit, open surface waters far from shore Limnetic zone
A polygamous mating system involving one female and many males Polyandry

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evolution Crossword

Type
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Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

is a trait with a current functional role in the life of an organism that is maintained and evolved by means of natural selection. adaptation
is the relative frequency of an allele (variant of a gene) at a particular locus in a population, expressed as a fraction or percentage allele frequency
evolutionary mechanism that helps members of the same species identify each other as proper mates. behavioral isolation
different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth evolution
the ability to survive to reproductive age, find a mate, and produce offspring. fitness
the set of all genes, or genetic information, in any population, usually of a particular species gene pool
The separation of two populations of the same species or breeding group by a physical barrier, such as a mountain or body of water. geographic isolation
characteristic of an individual that allows it to survive to produce more offspring natural selection
A group of organisms of one species that interbreed and live in the same place at the same time population
splitting of a single evolutionary lineage into two or more genetically independent lineages speciation
any difference between cells variation
genetic isolation achieved due to temporal differences in breeding. temporal isolation

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