Type
Crossword
Description

all the actions animals performs behavior
is a signal that causes an organism to react in some way. stimulus
without being taught instinct
is a learned behavior. imprinting
is the process that leads to change in behavior base on practice or experience. learning
a chemical released by one animal that affects the behavior of another animals of the same species. pheromone
is an area that is occupied and defended by an animal or group of animals. territory
is a group of closely related animals of the same species that work together in a highly organized way. society
is the state of greatly reduced body activity that occurs during the winter when food is scarce. hibernation
is a threatening behavior that one animal uses to gain control over another. aggression
is behavior in which males and females of the same species prepare for mating Courtship behavior
behavior cycles that occur over a period of approximately one day. circadian rhythm
is the regular, seasonal journey of an animal from one place to another and back again. migration
a device attached to an animal that sends out a signal in the form of radio waves, to keep track of the animals. transmitter
picks up radio signal from the transmitter on an animals neck, wing, or fin, to keep track of the animal. receiver
is a instrument in orbit thousands of miles above Earth to keep track of animals. satellite
the organism's reaction to the stimulus. response

Animal Behavior Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An action or series of actions performed by an animal in response to a stimulus behavior
trial and error learning occurs under highly controlled conditions operantconditioning
selection in which a mate is chosen based on a certain trait or set of traits sexualselection
ensures the survival of young parentalcare
scientist who carried out a classical conditioning experiment training a dog to associate a ringing bell with food pavlov
a pattern behavior that occurs when an action always occurs the same way without being taught fixedaction
when scientist study behavior, they investigate two kinds of questions, how and ______ why
genetically programmed behavior innate
learning that can ONLY occur during a specific period early in life and cannot be changed once it occurs imprinting
there are 2 major influences on animal behavior, reproductive success and ________ survival
a female "evaluating" the male before she decides whether to mate is a behavior referred to as ________ matechoice
person noticing males often have extreme characteristics that they display during courtship darwin
reproduction often has a greater metabolic cost and greater investment from the _________ female
Can be a sound, posture, movement, color, scent, or facial expression signal
man who observed imprinting when he raised a group of newly hatched goslings lorenz
Type of behavior protecting a resource for exclusive use territorial
vocal communication is likely most developed in primates
learning by association conditioning
scientists who study how animals behave and the adaptive significance of behavior ethologist
American psychologist that demonstrated operant conditioning skinner
behavior performed by an animal to locate, obtain, and consume food foraging
ability to analyze a problem and think of a possible solution reasoning
development of behaviors through experience is called learning
trial and error learning that occurs under highly controlled conditions operantconditioning

Ecosystems Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The nonliving parts of an ecosystem Abiotic Factor
A predator that is at the top of a food chain and that is not preyed upon by any other animal Apex Predator
A living part of an ecosystem Biotic Factor
A relationship between two species in which one species benefits and the other is neither helped or harmed Commensalism
An interaction that occurs when organisms try to get the same resources Competition
All the populations of organisms in an ecosystem Community
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms Consumer
A helpful interaction among organisms living in a limited area that aids each organism's survival Cooperation
An organsim that gets energy by breaking down dead organisms and the wastes of living things Decomposer
The process in which fixed nitrogen compounds are converted back into nitrogen gas and returned to the atmosphere Denitrification
All the living and nonliving parts of an environment as well as the ineractions among them Ecosystem
An organism that a parasite lives in or on Host
An environmental factor that prevents a population from increasing Limiting Factor
A symbiotic relationship between two organisms in which both organisms benefit Mutualism
An organism's role in its environment Niche
The process that converts nitrogen in the atmosphere into compounds in the soil that are useful to a varity of organisms Nitrogen Fixation
An organism that lives in or on another organism and benefits at the other organism's expense Parasite
A symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is harmed Parasitism
A process by which plants use the sun's energy to make food Photosynthesis
A group of organisms of the same species living in the same place Population
A relationship in which one animal hunts, kills and eats another animal Predation
An organism that eats producers Primary Comsumer
An organism in a food web or food chain that makes its own food Producer
A close relationship between two species that benefits at least one of the species (3 types-mutualism, commensalism, parasitism) Symbiosis
A feeding level in an ecosystem Trophic Level

Ecology crossword puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Organisms that make their own food autotroph
The variety of species in an ecosystem biodiversity
Organic matter that derives from living or recently living organisms biomass
The area on earth were organisms live biosphere
An organism that only gains energy from other animals carnivore
The maximum quantity of organisms in an area carrycapacity
All the organisms in a habitat working together community
An organism that gains energy from deceased organisms decomposer
Form of biology ecology
Representation of energy flow energy pyramid
A simple diagram that represents the consumption of organisms in an ecosystem foodchain
Complex combination of food chains foodweb
An organism that only gains energy from plants herbivore
Animal that gets it's energy from autotrophs heterotroph
An object or organism the limits the growth of a population limiting factor
Organism that eats meat and plants omnivore
amount of organisms in one species population
An organism that hunts another organism predator
An organism that is hunted by a predator prey

PSYC 101 Chapter 6 Keywords Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

period of initial learning in classical conditioning in which human or animal begins to connect a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus will begin to elicit the conditioned response. acquisition
form of learning that involves connecting certain stimuli or events that occur together in the environment. associative
____________________ conditioning a type of learning in which the stimulus or experience occurs before the behavior and then gets paired or associated with the behavior. classical
a mental picture of the layout of the environment is a _____________ map. cognitive
___________ response is a response caused by the conditioned stimulus conditioned
The conditioned __________ elicits a response due to its being paired with an unconditioned stimulus stimulus
a type. of reinforcement that rewards behavior everytime it occurs continuous
the decrease in the conditioned response when the unconditioned stimulus is no longer paired with the conditioned stimulus. extinction
when we learn not to respond to a stimulus that is presented repeatedly without change habituation
unlearned knowledge, involving complex patterns of behavior; thought to be more prevalent in lower animals than in humans instinct
a type of learning that may not be evident until there is a reason to demonstrate it. latent
change in behavior or knowledge that is the result of experience learning
person who performs a behavior that serves as an example model
taking away a pleasant stimulus to decrease or stop a behavior is an example of negative _________________. punishment
taking away an undesirable stimulus to increase a behavior is ____________ reinforcement negative
type of stimulus that does not initially elicit a response neutral
type of learning that occurs by watching others observational
____________ conditioning is a form of learning in which the stimulus/experience happens after the behavior is demonstrated operant
rewarding behavior only some of the time is _____________ reinforcement partial
adding a desirable stimulus to increase a behavior is positive ________________. reinforcement
_________________ punishment is adding an undesirable stimulus to stop or decrease a behavior positive
Food, water, shelter and sex are examples of _______________ reinforcers primary
implementation ofo a consequence in order to decrease a behavior punishment
implementation of a consequence in order to increase a behavior reinforcement
unlearned, automatic response by an organism to a stimulus in the environment reflex
A ___________________ reinforcer has no inherent value unto itself and only has reinforcing qualities when linked with something else (poker chips, money, gold stars) secondary
rewarding successive approximations toward a target behavior. shaping
stimulus ______________ is the ability to respond differently to similar stimuli discrimination
stimulus __________________ demonstrates the conditioned response to stimuli that are similar to the conditioned stimulus. generalization
Type of punishment where the observer sees the model punihed, making the pbserver less likely to imitate the model's behavior vicarious

Psychology Chapter 5 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A relatively enduring change in behavior or thinking that results from experiences Learning
A basic form of learning evident when an organism does not respond as strongly or as often to an event following multiple exposures to it. Habituation
An event or occurance that generally leads to a response Stimulus
a stimulus that does not cause a relevant automatic or reflexive response. Neutral Stimulus
A stimulus that automatically triggers an involuntary response without any learning needed. Uncondition Stimulus
Learning process in which two stimuli become associated with each other; when an originally neutral stimulus is condition to elicit an involuntary response. Classical Conditioning
A reflexive, involuntary response to an unconditioned stimulus. Unconditioned Response
A previously neutral stimulus that an organism learns to associate with an unconditioned stimulus. Conditioned Stimulus
A learned response to a conditioned stimulus Conditioned Response
The initial learning phase in both classical and operant conditioning Acquisiton
The tendency for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit the conditioned response. Stimulus Generalization
The ability to differentiate between a conditioned stimulus and other stimuli sufficiently different from it. Stimulus Discrimination
In classical conditioning the process by which the CR decreases after repeated exposure to the CS in the absence of the US; in operant conditioning the disappearance of the learned behavior through the removal of it’s reinforce. Extinction
The reappearance of a conditioned response following its extinction Spontaneous Recovery
With repeated pairings of a conditions stimulus and a neutral stimulus, the second neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus as well. Higher Order Conditioning
A form of classical conditioning that occurs when an organism learns to associate the taste of a particular goof or drink with illness. Conditioned Taste Aversion
The degree to which a trait or behavior helps an organism survive. Adaptive Value
The tendency for animals to be predisposed or incline to from associations Biological Preparedness
An emotional reaction acquired through classical conditioning; process by which an emotional reaction becomes associated with a previously neutral stimulus. Conditioned Emotional Response
Thorndike’s principle stating that behaviors are more likely to be repeated when followed by pleasurable outcomes, and those followed by something unpleasant are less likely to be repeated. Law of Effect
Consequences, such as events or objects, that increase the likelihood of a behavior reoccurring. Reinforcers
Process by which an organism learns to associate a voluntary behavior with its consequences. Reinforcement
the scientific study of observable behavior Behaviorism
the use of reinforces to guide behavior to the acquisition of a desired, complex behavior Shaping
A method of shaping that uses reinforces to condition a series of small steps that gradually approach the target behavior. Successive Approximations
The tendency for animals to revert to instinctual behaviors after a behavior pattern has been learned. Instinctive Drift
The process by which reinforces are added or presented following a targeted behavior, increasing the likelihood of it occurring again. Positive Reinforcement
The removal of an unpleasant stimulus following a target behavior, which increases the likelihood of it occurring again. Negative Reinforcement
A reinforce that satisfies a biological need, such as food, water, physical contact; innate reinforce. Primary Reinforcer
Reinforces that do not satisfy biological needs but often gain their power through their association with primary reinforces. Secondary Reinforcer
A schedule of reinforcement in which every target behavior is reinforced Continuous Reinforcement
A schedule of reinforcement in which target behaviors are reinforced intermittently, not continuously. Partial Reinforcement
The tendency for behaviors acquired through intermittent reinforcement to be more resistant to extinction than those acquired through continuous reinforcement. Partial Reinforcement Effect
A schedule in which the subject must exhibit a predetermined number of desired behaviors before a reinforcer is given. Fixed-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the number of desired behaviors that must occur before a reinforcer is given changes across trials and is based on an average number of behaviors to be reinforced. Variable-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the number of desired behaviors that must occur before a reinforcer is given changes across trials and is based on an average number of behaviors to be reinforced. Variable-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the reinforcer comes after a pre-established interval of times goes by: the behavior is only reinforced after the given interval is over. Fixed-Interval Schedule

Environmental science crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The study of how organisms interact with each other Ecology
All living things and their physical environments within a particular area Ecosystem
Change over time Evolution
An organisms habitat resource use and fundamental role in a community Niche
The variety of organisms in an area Biodiversity
Able to meet current demand for a resource without depending the future supply Sustainable
Largest group of organisms In which 2 individuals can produce fertile offspring Species
The process by which new species are generated Speciation
The Disappearance of a species from Earth Extinction
The extinction of an organism or species in one area Extirpation
Anything an organism needs to survive Resources
Killing of an animal illegally Poaching
Any part of an ecosystem that is living or used to be living Biotic factor
Members of a species that live in the same area at the same time Population
Matter that makes up earth and it's atmosphere Geosphere

Ecology Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A diagram showing all of the interconnected food chains in an ecosystem Food web
Large variety of organisms and species in an ecosystem Biodiversity
An organism that breaks down dead organisms Decomposer
A diagram that shows how energy decreases as it travels through the trophic levels of a food chain Energy Pyramid
A diagram showing a single pathway of energy transfer an ecosystem Food Chain
An organism that eats both plants and animals Omnivore
An organism that eats only other animals Carnivore
An organism that eats only other plants Herbivore
When two organisms fight over the same resource Competition
All of the different populations of organisms living in an area Community
All of the living space on earth Biosphere
Living and nonliving things interacting in an area Ecosystem
All of the members of the same species in an area Population
The organism that is hunted Prey
The organism that hunts others for food Predator
A trait that helps an organism survive Adaptation
The scarcest resource that limits a population's size Limiting Factor
The largest population size an ecosystem can hold Carrying Capacity
A type of relationship where one organism benefits while the other organism is harmed Parasitism
A type of symbiosis where one species benefits and the other is not helped or harmed Commensalism
A type of symbiosis where two organisms benefit from their relationship with each other Mutualism
A relationship where to species interact and one is benefitted Symbiosis
Living part of the environment; includes anything made by a living organism Biotic
Non living part of the environment Abiotic
Any organism able to make its own food (aka Producer) Autotroph
An organism that has to eat other living things to survive (aka consumer) Heterotroph
Used by organisms to do everything it needs to live Energy
Third level consumer. Often top of the food chain Tertiary Consumer
The 1st level consumer. Eats producers Primary Consumer

ECOLOGY Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

non living factors that effect an organism ABIOTICFACTOR
an organism that eats only meat CARNIVORE
the number of people, other living organisms, or crops CARRYINGCAPACITY
a group of interdependent organisms of different species growing or living together in a specified habitat COMMUNITY
an organism, especially a soil bacterium, fungus, or invertebrate, that decomposes organic material. DECOMPOSER
an animal that feeds on dead organic material DETRITIVORES
The ecological role and space that an organism fills in an ecosystem. ECOLOGICALNICHE
The progressive replacement of one dominant type of species or community by another in an ecosystem until a stable climax community is established. ECOLOGICALSUCCESSION
the scientific analysis and study of interactions among organisms and their environment ECOLOGY
to represent the flow of food energy and the feeding relationships between organisms FOODCHAIN
A graphical model showing the interconnecting food chains in an ecological community FOODWEB
an organism that eats only plants HERBIVORE
Non-native species disrupting and replacing native species INVASIVESPECIES
A factor present in an environment that controls a process, particularly the growth, abundance or distribution of a population of organisms in an ecosystem. LIMITINGFACTORS
both benefits MUTUALISM
an organism that eats plants and animals OMNIVORE
the amount of organisms of the same species in an area POPULATION
one is predator, one is prey PREDATION
an organism that makes its own food PRODUCER
A position in a food chain or Ecological Pyramid occupied by a group of organisms with similar feeding mode. TROPHICLEVEL
a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment ECOSYSTEM
the increasing concentration of toxic substances within each successive link in the food chain. BIOTICFACTORS
a species that has a disproportionately large effect on its environment relative to its abundance KEYSTONESPECIES
An organism that generally obtains food by feeding on other organisms CONSUMER

Life Science Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

All living and nonliving things that exist and interact in one place. Ecosystem
The remains of plants and animals. Organic Matter
All the organisms that live in the same ecosystem and interact with each other. Community
All the organisms of the same kind that live in the ecosystems. Population
An organism that eats living things to get energy. Consumer
An animal such as an insect or bird, that helps plants make seeds by moving pollen from one part of the plant to another. Pollinator
Any organism that makes its own food. Producer
The process of making more of one's own kind. Reproduction
The scattering or carrying away of seeds from the plant that produced them. Seed Dispersal
An animal that only eats other animals. Carnivore
An animal that only eats plants. Herbivore
An animal that eats both plants and other animals. Omnivore
The process plants use to make food. Photosynthesis
An animal that hunts other animals for food. Predator
An animal that is hunted for food by a predator. Prey
To break down into simpler materials. Decay
An orgaism that breaks down the remains of dead organisms. Decomposer
A tiny living thing that can only be seen with a microscope. Microorganism
The process of breaking down materials into a different form for a new use. Recycling
An animal that feeds on the remains of dead animals. Scavenger
A physical feature or behavior that helps an organism survive in its habitat. Adaptation
The coloring, marking, or other physical appearance of an animal that helps it blend in with its surroundings. Camoflauge
The place where an organism lives. Habitat
To go into deep sleep during which an animal uses very little energy and usually does not need to eat. Hibernate
An adaptation that allows an animal to protect itself by looking like another kind of animal or like a plant. Mimicry
The role a plant or an animal plays in its habitat. Niche
A group of organisms that produce organisms of one kind. Species
No longer living Extinct
To move to another region when seasons change and food supplies become scarce. Migrate
A major division of geologic time defined by events that took place during that time. Era
The preserved traces and remains of an organism that lived long ago Fossil
A scientist who studies fossils. Paleontologist

Genetics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Factors that control a trait Allele
A person's genetic makeup Genotype
A person's physical appearance Phenotype
A change in a gene or chromosome Mutation
A chart that tracks which members of a family have a particular trait Pedigree
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell Karyotype
An organism that has the same genes as the organism it was produced from Clone
Breeding two individuals with similar traits Inbreeding
Same alleles for a single trait Homozygous
Different alleles fo a single trait Hetrozygous
The science behind heredity Genectics
The chance of something occuring Probability
When two alleles are equal and present in both the phenotype and genotype of an organism Codominance
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of two genotypes Punnet Square
The process that produces 4 sex cells Meiosis
Breeding two individuals with different traits Hybridization
Moving healthy genes into cells to replace missing or abnormal genes in order to correct a genetic disorder Gene therapy
A genetic problem caused by an issue in an organism's genes Genetic disorder
A trait controlled by three or more alleles is said to have ________________ Multiple alleles
Choosing two organisms with desired traits to be bred Selective breeding