A solid where the atoms or molecules are arranged in random or disordered positions
Amorphous solid
A physical property of matter that is equivalent to the mass per unit volume of a substance
Density
A property that is not dependent on the size of an object
intensive property
A constant property that refers to the amount of matter an object contains
Mass
The temperature scale that defines the melting point of ice as 32 degrees
Fahrenheit scale
The temperature scale that defines the melting point of ice as 0 degrees
Celsius scale
An acronym for light amplification by simulated emmission of light
laser
a discrete particle of electromagnetic radiation
photon
the separation of light
dispersion
the bending of a light wave caused by a velocity change
refraction
colored light ranging from red to violet in the electromagnetic spectrum
visible light
a high-energy, short-wavelength form of electromagnetic radiation
X-Ray
The distance between crests of adjacent waves
wavelength
the number of waves that pass a given point per unit of time
frequency
a uniform substance searated from other substances by definite visible boundaries
phase
a change of state from a solid directly into a gas
sublimation
a state of matter where the molecules move freely
gas
a state of matter where the molecules are close together but moving
liquid
a state of matter where molecules are closely together
solid
the physical form taken by matter
physical state
a pure substance composed of two or more elements
compound
a fundemental particle of matter that cannot be broken down
element
a chart of all the elements
periodic table
anything that has mass and occupies space
matter
describes the behavior of a substance without the reference to any other substance
physical property
describes the behavior of a substance when it reacts or combines with another substance
chemical property