The beginnings of Islam Crossword

Type: Crossword

People who believe in the basic principle of Islam muslims
A building used for Muslim worship mosque
Successor, or religious leader of a Muslim community caliph
A group of people who resisted the rule of the Umayyads Shia
Accepted the elected caliphs and did not resist the Umayyads Sunni
Was elected Successor the year 632 when Muhammad died. Abu Bakr
Established the muslim empire Muhammad
The holy book of Muslims religion Qur'an
Teachings and practices of Muhammad used as guides for living Sunnah
A person who moves from place to place rather than settle permanently. nomad
A desert area that contains water oasis
Families of people related by blood or marriage clan
Arabic word for God Allah
The belief in only one God monotheism
A journey to a sacred place or shrine pilgrimage
I was elected caliph and ruled until 644 Umar
Was opposed by rebels in 656 Uthman
Was the last caliph befor the set up of hereditary dynasty Ali


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10.1-10.2 Vocabulary Crossword


meaning God in Arabic Allah
the holy book of Islam Quran
the last prophet Muhammad
a body of law governing all Muslims Sharia
a Monotheistic religion that developed in Arabia Islam
a follower of Islam Muslim
Muhammad's migration from Mecca to Yathrib Hijrah
an Islamic place of worship Mosque
an Islamic model of living based on Muhammad's teachings sunna
a title that means successor or deputy caliph
a dynasty that ruled the Muslim Empire from A.D 661-750 Umayyads
became the first Caliph in 632 Abu Bakr
Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law Ali
where the Umayyads moved their capital to Damascus
The branch of Islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful successors of Muhammad Shia
the branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad Sunni
A dynasty that ruled much of the Muslim Empire from A.D 750 to 1258 Abbasids
a member of a Muslim dynasty that traced its ancestry to Muhammad's daughter Fatima Fatimid
a city where the Abbasids moved their capital to Baghdad



In Islam, the "call to prayer" Adan
Arabic word for God Allah
Islamic leaders regarded as successors to Muhammad for Sunni Muslims Caliph
The foundational and practices of Islam that were set forth by Muhammad and are practiced by all Muslims Five pillars
Word meaning "story", the sayings and stories of Muhammad that are meant to form guidance for living out Islam Hadith
A Muslim who has memorized the Qur'an Hafiz
A term meaning "migration", it recalls the escape of Muhammad from his enemies in 622 C.E. And the beginning of the establishment of Islam. Marks the start of Islamic calendar Hijrah
The leader for prayer at a mosque who is chosen for his knowledge of Islam and his personal holiness Imam
The first Islamic shrine, which Muslims believe was built by Abraham. Destroyed by pagans, it was reclaimed by Muhammad when he captured Mecca in the seventh century. Ka'bah
Arabic that means "recite" or "recitation." In Muslim belief, God's final revelation superseding both Jewish and Christian Bibles. Qur'an
The Fourth Pillar of Islam, which is a month of prayer and fasting that commemorates the Night of Power. Ramadan
Chapters or sections in the Qur'an. Each surah is a separate revelation received by Muhammad. Surah
A Muslim scholar trained in Islam and Islamic Law. Ulama
The ritual washing of the face, hands, arms, top of head, and feet that a Muslim must perform before Salah. Wudu

Chapter 10 Crossword Puzzle


The aramic word for god Allah
The Islamic sacred book Quran
An Arabic word meaning "path" or "way" Sharia
The Arab founder of Islam Muhammad
The religion of the Muslim Islam
A follower of the religion of Islam Muslim
The migration of the Islamic prophet Muhammad Hijrah
A Muslim place of worhsip Mosque
the verbally transmitted record of the teachings, deeds and sayings, silent permissions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad Sunna
The chief Muslim civil and religious ruler Caliph
The first four leaders in the Islamic community Rightly Guided
A struggle or fight against the enemies of Islam. Jihad
A member of the Muslim dynasty Umayyads
Companion of 1st Muslim leader after Muhammad Abu-Bakr
Muhammad's successor Ali
A city of iraq Damascus
One of the two main branches of Islam Shia

Chapter 8 Islamic Civilization Crossword


A Muslim house of worship Mosque
Muslim marketplace Bazaar
A tool that helps sailors navigate by the position of the stars Astrolabe
The tower of a mosque from which Muslims are called to prayer Minarets
A Muslim leader Caliph
Group of Muslims who accepted the rule of the Umayyad caliphs Sunni
Group of Muslims who believed the descendants of Ali should rule Shia
Seljuk Leader Sultan
A religion based on the teachings of Muhammad Islam
A green area in a desert fed by underground water Oasis
The leader of an Arab tribe Sheikh
Groups of traveling merchants and animals Caravans
The Holy Book of Islam Quran
Islamic code of law Shariah
Profession of Faith 5 pillars Shahada
Prayers 5 pillars Salah
Giving of Alms 5 pillars Zakah
Fasting during the month of Ramadan 5 pillars Saum
Pilgrimage to Mecca 5 pillars Hajj
Creator and last prophet of Islam Muhammad

Islamic empire Crossword


Who is the Muslim god? Allah
What is a a Muslim man who was a religious and political leader in the past called? Caliph
What is one of many reports describes the words, actions, or habits of the Islamic prophet Muhammad? Hadith
What is the religion of the Muslims? Islam
What is a head Scarf worn by Muslim women called? Hijab
What is the small stone building in the court of the Great Mosque at Mecca called? Kaaba
Who is the founder of Islam? Muhammad
What is a follower of Islam called? Muslim
What a person Muslims believe was chosen by God to teach two core messages called? Prophet
What is the holy book of Islam? Qur'an
What is a Muslims guide to their lifestyle? Sunnah

10 Crossword


Muslims call their God ____ Allah
The Muslims holy book Qur'an
The Muslims body of law Shari'a
Muslims believe he was the last of the prophets Muhammad
Submission to the will of Allah Islam
Someone who has submitted to the will of Allah Muslim
Muhammads journey from Mecca to Medina Hijrah
Muslims holy place of worship Mosque
Known as Muhammads example Sunna
A title that means "successor" or "deputy" Caliph
Abu-Bkr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali are known as the _________ caliphs Rightly guided
means "striving" and refers to the inner struggle against evil Jihad
The family that moved the capital to Damascus Umayyads
He became the first caliph Abu-Bakr
___was the last caliph and was assassinated Ali
When the Umayyads came to power they moved the capital city to ________ Damascus
This group believed the caliphs should be a descendant of Muhammad Shi'a
Followers of Muhammads example that did not resist the Umayyads Sunni
When the Umayyads caliphate fell they took control of the empire Abbasids
The caliphate who claimed descent from Muhammads daughter Fatima Fatimid
The Abbasids moved the capital to this newly created city Baghdad

spread of islam Crossword


two weak empires that enabled Islam to spread byzantinepersian
spiritual and worldly leader after Mohammad's death Caliph
Who was the first Caliph? abubakr
majority Muslim group Sunni
minority muslim group shiite
Modern country with most Shiite muslims Iran
which group believes you can appoint the Caliph? Sunni
Shiites trace themselves to the fourth Rightly Guided Caliph (name?) ali
First Muslim Dynasty Umayyad
Capital of the Umayyad Dynasty Damascus
Dynasty during the Muslim Golden Age? Abbasid
capital of the Abbasid dynasty Baghdad
main college in the Abbasid capital house of wisdom
ran the government for the caliph vizier
ethnic group of muslims, favored in the Umayyad dynasty arabs
two places Abbasid dynasty wanted to control trade persian gulf central asia
who died in 632? Muhammad
Islams holiest city? Mecca
a muslims spiritual journey to Mecca haj
how is the 4th caliph related to the prophet cousin

The Rise of Islam Word Search

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Umayyad dynasty
Arabian Peninsula

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The World of Islam Crossword


monotheistic religion that emerged in the Arabian Peninsula during the 7th century AD Islam
a pilgrimage to Makkah, one of the requirements of the 5 Pillars of Islam hajj
the ruler of an Arabic tribe, chosen from one of the leading families by the council of elders sheikh
the holy scriptures of the religion of Islam Quran
a Muslim group that only accepts descendants of the Umayyads as the true rulers of Islam Sunni
"struggle in the way of God" jihad
a law code drawn up by Muslim scholars after Muhammad's death; it provided believers with a set of practical laws to regulate their daily lives shari'ah
a Muslim group that accepts only the decendants of Muhammad's son-in-law Ali as the true rulers of Islam Shiite
A Muslim house of worship mosque
A high government official in ancient Egypt or in Muslim countries Vizier
"Holder of power"; the military and political head of state under the Seljuk Turks and the Ottomans sultan
A successor of Muhammad as spiritual and temperoal leader of the Muslims caliph
A covered market in Islamic cities bazaar
Geometric patterns repeated over and over to completely cover a surface with decorations arabesque
The crier that calls the Muslim faithful to prayer from the minaret of a mosque muezzin
An instrument used by sailors to determine their location by observing the positions of stars astrolabe
The tower of a mosque from which the muezzin calls the faithful to prayer 5 times a day minaret
Arabic for "God"; the supreme god of Islam Allah
the journey of Muhammad and his followers to Madinah in 622, which became year 1 of the official calendar of Islam Hijrah
a successor of Muhammad as spiritual and temporal leader of the Muslims caliph
the tower of a mosque from which the muezzin calls the faithful to prayer five times a day minaret
Lasted from 750-1258 after the Umayyad dynasty and was a more prosperous time; Baghdad became the capital and both Arab and non-Arab Muslims could hold civil and military offices Abbasid dynasty
Islamic leader after Muhammad who expanded and united the Muslim world Abū Bakr
peninsula between Egypt and Mesopotamia; mostly desert land Arabian Peninsula
capital during the Abbasid dynasty Baghdad
site in Gaul (now France) that halted the Arab expansion in Europe Battle of Tours
Arabs living in the desert who were among the first to convert to Islam bedouin
sea north of Persia; Arab traders carried goods here and beyond Caspian Sea
capital of Umayyad, Spain; largest city in Europe after Constantinople in 750 Córdoba
dynasty that arose in Egypt after Abbasid dynasty; focus of trade shifted to Cairo, Egypt Fatimids
acts of worship of the Islam faith: belief, prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage Five Pillars of Islam
location in Spain where the Islamic palace Alhambra was built in the fourteenth century Granada
caliph of Abbasid dynasty; his reign is described as a golden age Hārūn al-Rashīd
Arabic historian in the fourteenth century who argued for a cyclical view of history Ibn Sīnā
Arabic philosopher in the twelfth century who wrote a commentary on Aristotle's surviving works Ibn-Khaldūn
Arabic philosopher and scientist who wrote a medical encyclopedia that among other things, stressed the contagious nature of certain diseases; also known as Avicenna Ibn-Rushd
Rich widow who became Muhammad's wife and became the first convert to Islam Khadija
"city of the prophet"; city to which Muhammad and his supporters went in 622 Madinah
Mecca, city in the Arabian Peninsula where Muhammad was born; location of the Kaaba, a holy shrine Arabs revered for its association with Abraham Makkah
Pastoral people who conquered much of the known world in the early thirteenth century with a destructive force Mongols
twelfth-century Persian poet, mathematician, and astronomer; wrote the Rubaiyat Omar Khayyám
sultan of Egypt who took control of Syria; his army invaded Jerusalem in 1187 and destroyed the Christian crusaders there Saladin
nomadic people from central Asia who converted to Islam and took command of the empire in 1055 Seljuk Turks
greatly expanded the Arab Empire, ruled from 661 to 750 Umayyad dynasty
city of the prophet Madinah
Those who practice the religion of Islam Muslims
The journey of Madinah is known as Hijrah
They perform prescribed prayers five times a day prayer
Give part of their wealth to the poor Charity
Muslims refrain from food and drink from dawn to sunset Fasting
belivers are expected to make a _____________ to Makkah at least once in their lifetime Pilgrimage
Muslims believe there is no deity but the One God, and Muhammad is his messenger Belief
Who conquered the entire Persian Empire by 650? Arabs
"holder of power" Sultan
Who took over most of Anatolian Turks