- Created
- Oct 31, 2016

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The entire group of individuals about whom we hope to learn. population

Any systematic failure of a sampling method to represent its population. bias

A sample that consists of the entire population. census

A sampling design which divides the population and takes random samples of each. stratefied random

A design in which an entire subsection is surveyed. cluster

A study where factors are manipulated to create treatments. experiment

A study based on data with no manipulation of factors. observational study

An observational study in which data is collected fromthe past. retrospective

A treatment known to have no effect, to the control group. placebo

A ____________ models real world situations by using random-digit outcomes. simulation

Outcomes that are unlikely to occur by chance are called __________significant. statistically

___________ and effect cannot be determined with observational studies. Cause

A ________ outcome has known values, but cannot be predicted. random

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- Created
- Feb 17, 2017

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis Data

Practice or science of collecting and analyzing numerical data in large quantities Statistics

The entire pool from which a statistical sample is drawn Population

Official count or survey of a population Census

A small part or quantity intended to show what the whole is like Sample

A numerical or other measurable factor forming one of a set that defines a system or sets the conditions of its operation Parameter

A fact or piece of data from a study of a large quantity of numerical data Statistic

Data expressing a certain quantity, amount or range Quantitative Data

Is typically descriptive data and as such is harder to analyze than Quantitative data Qualitative Data

Results from either a finite number of possible values or a countable number Discrete

Results from infinitely many possible values that can be on a continuous scale without gaps or interruptions Continuous

Level if measurement of data; characterizes data that consists of names, labels ,or categories only. Nominal

Characterizes data that may be arranged in order, but differences between data values either cannot be determined or are meaningless Ordinal

Characterizes data that can be arranged in order, but differences between data values are meaningful Interval

Characterizes data that can be arranged in order, for which differences between data values are meaningful, and there is an inherent zero starting point. Ratio

Study in which we observe and measure specific characteristics, but dont attempt to manipulate or modify the subjects being studied Observational Study

Study in which data are observed, measured, and collected at one point in time Cross Sectional Study

Longitudinal cohort study that follows over time a group of similar individuals who differ with respect to certain factors under study, to determinehow these factors affect rates of certain outcome Prospective Study

Studies a cohort of individuals that share a common exposure factor to determine its influence Retrospective Study

a variable in a statistical model that correlates (directly or inversely) with both the dependent variable and an independent variable. Confounding

The practice of keeping patients in the dark as to whether they are receiving a placebo or not. Blinding

noun: placebo effect; plural noun: placebo effects a beneficial effect, produced by a placebo drug or treatment, that cannot be attributed to the properties of the placebo itself, and must therefore be due to the patient's belief in that treatment. Placebo Effect

denoting a test or trial, especially of a drug, in which any information that may influence the behavior of the tester or the subject is withheld until after the test. Double Blind

With a randomized block design, the experimenter divides subjects into subgroups called blocks, such that the variability within blocks is less than the variability between blocks. Then, subjects within each block are randomly assigned to treatment conditions. Blocks

the repetition of an experimental condition so that the variability associated with the phenomenon can be estimated. Replication

type of probability sampling method in which sample members from a larger population are selected according to a random starting point and a fixed periodic interval. Systematic Sampling

One of the non-probability sampling methods Convenience Sampling

Type of sampling method where the researcher divides the population into seperate groups, called strata Stratified Sampling

sampling technique used when "natural" but relatively heterogeneous groupings are evident in a statistical population Cluster Sampling

the error caused by observing a sample instead of the whole population Sampling Error

the deviations of estimates from their true values that are not a function of the sample chosen, including various systematic errors and random errors that are not due to sampling. Nonsampling Error

a method of selecting a sample (random sample) from a statistical population in such a way that every possible sample that could be selected has a predetermined probability of being selected Random Sample

subset of a statistical population in which each member of the subset has an equal probability of being chosen. Simple Random Sample

Subjects that are very carefully chosen Rigorously Controlled Design

subjects are put into blocks through a process of random selection Completely Randomized Design

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- Created
- Sep 27, 2016

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

numbers or information describing some characteristic data

collection of data from every element of a population census

measured characteristic of a sample stastistic

data where the number of possibilities is finite discrete

characterizes data may be arranged in order ordinal

data you find and observe observational

situation occurs when effects of 2 or more variables can not be distinguished from each other confounding

groups of subjects that are similar blocks

data is readily available convience

difference between population result and true population samplingerror

sample of particular size simplerandomsample

methods for planning experiments, obtaining data, summerizing, etc. statistics

subset of a population sample

observations made by counting quantitative

infinatley many possible values continuous

level of measurement interval

data is observed from one point of time crosssectional

experiments undergo a placebo blinding

repetition of an expiriment replication

samples are drawn from groups stratified

untreated subject believes they are under treatment placeboeffect

entire collection of elements to be studied population

measured characteristics parameter

observation using senses qualitative

characterizes data by names and labels nomial

data that can be arranged in order like a fraction ratio

data is collected from the past retrospective

subject and person giving subject treatment are under a placebo doubleblind

every (x) element is selected systematic

randomly selecting subjects in a population cluster

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- Created
- Jul 11, 2016

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A characteristic that changes between individuals, such as gender, age, intelligence, weight) Variable

A study design in which a psychologist or therapist observes one person over a long period of time Case study

An observational study in which the researcher unobtrusively observes and records behavior in the real world naturalistic

A research sample that accuratel reflects the population of people one is studying Representative

A study which does not show causation, but does measure 2 or more variables and their relationship with one another correlational

A research technique for combining all research results on one question and drawing a conclusion meta-analysis

(2 words seperated by a space)A measure of the strength of the relationship between two variables or the extent of an experimental effect effect size

In an experiment, the outcome or response to an experimental manipulation dependent variable

A variable that is manipulated by an experimenter under controlled conditions to determine whether it is caused by the predicted outcome of an experiment independent

A variable whose influence cannot be separated from the independent variable being manipulated confounding

A substance or treatment that appears identical to the actual treatment but lacks the active substance placebo

The method used to assign participants to different research conditions so that all participants have the same chance of being in any specific group random

A group of research participants who are treated exactly the same way as the experimental group, except that they do not receive the independent variable or treatment. control

A study ub which neither the participants nor the researchers administering the treatment know who has been assigned to the experimental or control group double-blind

An explanation of the purposes of the study following data collection debriefing

The score that separates the lower half of the scores from the upper half median

(2 words) A statistical measure of how much the scores in a sample vary around the mean standard deviation

The most commonly occurring score or value mode

A plotted curve that shows a normal distribution of scores Bell

A statistic that compares two means to see whether they could come from the same population t-test

The arithmetic average of a series of numbers mean

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- Created
- Sep 27, 2017

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Consists of information coming from observations, counts, measurements, or responses. Data

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpreting data in order to make decisions Statistics

The collection of all outcomes, responses, measurements, or counts that are of interest Population

A subset of a population Sample

A numerical description of a population characteristic Parameter

A numerical description of a sample characteristic Statistic

The branch of statistics that involves the organization, summmarization, and display of data Descriptive Statistic

Consists of attributes, labels, or nonnumerical entries Qualitative Data

Consist of numerical measurements or counts Quantitative Data

Occurs when an experiment cannot tell the difference between the effects of the different factors on a variable. Confounding Variable

A technique where the subject does not know whether he or she is receiving a treatment or a placebo Blinding

A process of randomly assigning subjects to different treatment groups. Randomization

The repetition of an experiment using a large group of subjects. Replication

A count or measure of an entire population. Census

On in which every member of he population has an equal chance of being selected. Random Sample

Depending on the focus of the study, members of the population are divided into two or more subsets Stratified Sample

Divide the population into groups and select the members in one or more groups Cluster Sample

Each member of the population is assigned a number Systematic Sample

Convenience Sample Convenience Sample

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- Created
- Oct 19, 2017

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

x variable (2 words) explanatoryvariable

y variable (2 words) response variable

all the explanatory variables factors

the choices you have for each factor levels

the combinations you will test treatments

used for comparison (can get no treatment or old treatment (2 words) controlgroup

scientists only observe, no treatment is imposed (2 words) observationalstudy

when a study systematically favors one outcome over another bias

when subjects voluntarily choose to be in the sample (3 words) voluntaryresponse

some groups of people are ignored undercoverage

some subjects that are chosen do not answer (3 words) nonresponse

when subjects give incorrect answers because they forgot or are lying (2 words) responsebias

a type of sampling that gives every individual and every group of size n an equal chance of being chosen simplerandomsample

when you select some subjects from each subgroup stratified

when you select whoever you run into to be in the sample convenience

choosing every nth person systematic

the subject nor the person handing out the treatments know if the subjects are getting the treatment or placebo doubleblindexperiment

a special case of block design in which each block consists of only 2 subjects (3 words) matchedpairdesign

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- Created
- Aug 24, 2016

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interpret numerical information from data Statistics

A type of sample that uses data from population members that are readily available Convenience

A list of individuals from which a sample is actually selected Sampling frame

Dividing the entire population into distinct subgroups called strata Stratified

A type of sampling that divides the entire population into pre-existing segments or clusters Cluster

A numerical facsimile or representation of a real-world phenomenon Simulation

The people or objects included in the study Individuals

A characteristic of the individual to be measured or observed Variable

The type of data from only some of the individuals of interest Sample

A numerical measure that describes an aspect of a population Parameter

A numerical measure that describes an aspect of a sample Statistic

The study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interpret numerical info from data Statistics

The level of measurement where the differences between data values are meaningful Interval

Results from omitting population members from the sample frame Undercoverage

Use a simple random sample from the entire population Random sampling

The result of poor sample design, sloppy data collection, faulty measuring instruments and so on Nonsampling error

Measurements or observations from the entire population are used Census

Measurements or observations from part of the population are used Sample

A group of individuals sharing some common features that might affect the treatment Block

Occurs when a subject receives no treatment but (incorrectly) believes he or she is in fact receiving treatment and responds favorably Placebo effect

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- Created
- Sep 26, 2016

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

numbers or information describing some charactristics data

collection of data from every element in a population census

Measured characteristic of a sample statistic

Data with the property that the number of possible values is either a finite number or a "countable" number discrete

level of measurement of data Ordinal

A situation that occurs when the effects from two or more variables cannot be distinguished from each other Confounding

A group of subjects that are similar in the ways that might affect the outcome of an experiment Blocks

a sample of the most available subjects in the population used to obtain quick results. convenience

difference between a sample result and the true population result Sampling Error

sample of a particular size selected so that every possible sample of the same size has the same chance of being chosen simple random sample

collection of methods for planning experiments, obtaining data, organizing, ...etc based on data Statistics

Subset of a population Sample

Data consisting of numbers representing counts or measurements Quantitative

data that covers a range of values without gaps continuous

Level of measurement of data Interval

data is observed, measured, and collected at one point in time Cross sectional

Procedure used in experiments where the subject doesnt know they sare being tested on Blinding

Repition of an experiment replication

samples are drawn from each stratum stratified

Errors from external factors not related to sampling Non sampling error

effect that occurs when an untreated subject incorrectly believes that he or she is receiving a real treatment Placebo effect

complete and entire collection of elements to be studied population

measured characteristic of a population parameter

Data that can be seperated into different categories distinguished by some nonnumeric characteristic Qualitative

Level of measurement of data Nominal

Level of measuremtn of data Ratio

data collected by going back in time retrospective

treatment where the person does not know that are getting it double blind

every kth element is selceted systematic

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- Created
- Sep 28, 2016

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Numbers or information describing some characteristic Data

Collection of data from every element in a population Census

Measured characteristic of a sample Statistic

Data with the property that the number of possible values is either a finite number or a “countable” number, which results in 0 possibilities, or 1 possibility, or 2 possibilities and so on Discrete

Level of measurement of data; characterizes data that may be arranged in order, but differences between data values either cannot be determined or are meaningless Ordinal

Study in which we observe and measure specific characteristics, but don’t attempt to manipulate or modify the subjects being studied Observational

A situation that occurs when the effects from two or more variables cannot be distinguished from each other Confounding

A group of subjects that are similar in the ways that might affect the outcome of an experiment Block

Sampling in which data are selected because they are readily available Convenience

Difference between a sample result and the true population result; results from chance sample fluctuations Sampling error

Sample of a particular size selected so that every possible sample of the same size has the same chance of being chosen Simple random sample

Collection of methods for planning experiments, obtaining data, organizing, summarizing, presenting, analyzing, interpreting, and drawing conclusions based on data Statistics

Subset of a population Sample

Data consisting of numbers representing counts or measurements Quantitative

Data resulting from infinitely many possible values that correspond to some continuous scale that covers a range of values without gaps, interruptions, or jumps Continuous

Level of measurement of data; characterizes data that can be arranged in order and for which differences between data values are meaningful Interval

Study in which data are observed, measured, and collected at one point in time Cross Sectional

Procedure used in experiments whereby the subject doesn’t know whether he or she is receiving a treatment or a placebo Blinding

Repetition of an experiment Replication

Sampling in which samples are drawn from each stratum (class) Stratified

Errors from external factors not related to sampling Non Sampling error

- Effect that occurs when an untreated subject incorrectly believes that he or she is receiving a real treatment and reports an improvement in symptoms placebo effect

Complete and entire collection of elements to be studied population

Measured characteristic of a population parameter

Data that can be separated into different categories distinguished by some nonnumeric characteristic Qualitative

- Level of measurement of data; characterizes data that consist of names, labels, or categories only nominal

Level of measurement of data; characterizes data that can be arranged in order, for which differences between data values are meaningful, and there is an inherent zero starting point ratio

Study in which data are collected from the past by going back in time (through examination of records, interviews and so on) retrospective

Procedure used in an experiment whereby the subject doesn’t know whether he or she is receiving a treatment or placebo, and the person administering the treatment also does not know double blind

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- Created
- Aug 25, 2016

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A ______ is a numerical facsimile or representation of a real-world phenomenon. simulation

_____ are measurements or observations from which the entire population are used. census

A _____ is a group of individuals sharing some common features the might affect the treatment. Block

A ____ is a list of individuals from which a sample is actually selected. Sampling Frame

A ____ is the result of poor sample design, sloppy data collection, faulty measuring instruments, bias in questionaries and so on. Non sampling Error

____ results from omitting population members from the sample frame. Over coverage

In _____, are only from some of the individuals of interest. sample data

A ____ is a numerical measure that describes an aspect of the population. parameter

____ sampling uses a variety of smapling methods to create successively smaller groups at each stage. multistage clustering

Population divided into subgroups. Stratified

A measurement or observation from which only a part of the population is used. sample

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- Created
- May 13, 2016

- Type
- Crossword Puzzle

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the entire set of items from which data can be selected Population

divide an ordered data set into 4 equal parts Quartiles

a numerical description of a sample characteristic Statistic

information about a product or process, usually in numerical order Data

score that occurs most often Mode

middle score when listed in numerical order Median

average Mean

a subset, or portion, of the population. Sample

the square root of variance Standard Deviation

a census occurs when everyone in the population is contacted Census

a mistake causing results that are not representative of the population Bias

have a finite number of distinct values or counts DiscreteRandom

consists of attributes, labels, or non-numerical entries Qualitative Data

consist of numerical measurements or count Quantitative Data

the difference between the greatest data element and the least data element Range

data that are far away from most of the data points Outliers

the fact that the value of a statistic varies in repeated random sampling Sampling Variability

a symmetric distribution can be divided at the center so that each half is a mirror image of the other Symmetry

he average of the squares of the deviations of the observations from their mean Variance

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