Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Largest particle dries quicl;y and texture is rough and gritty. Sand
Relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay texture
What the soil is composed of air, water, nutrients, and orgainic matter Composition
the proccess by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, ext. Erosion
How much water the soil will allow through permeability
Depends on how many pores and the size of the pores porosity
influenced by the amount of proteins present in the soil Color
used to identify different types of soil Soil Properties
the break down of rock and minerals by rain, acid, salt, wind, and temperature into sediments weathering
Medium sized particles, texture is smooth and powdery when dry and slippery when wet. silt
smallest particle; smooth and hard as stone when dry and sticky when wet clay
Mixture of sand, silt, and clay. Best type of soil for growing plants. Loam
soil layers; more mature soil has more horizons soil horizon
Mixture of rock, minerals, and organiz matter soil
living particles in soil organic
non living particles in soil inorganic
Mostly made of decaying leaves, twigs, and animal remains/waste Humus
loose soil that is rich in organic material needed by plants topsoil
rich in minerals that are wased down in minerals that are wased downfrom topsoil by rain subsoil
slightly broken up rock. plants roots cannot go through this layer. Mostly inorganic. weathered rock
also knowthe parent material. unweathered solid rock bneath all layers. bedrock
the extraction of valuable minerals or geological materials from the earth. mining
a natrual material with a high concentation of metals and valuable materials that can be extracted for a profit. Ore
when a mine is no longer being used, the land should be restored to its former state or better. Reclamation
minerals or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain. Natrual resource
a natural resource that can be replaced quickly enough so that we will not run out renewable resource
hydrocarbons created from the remains of formerly living organisms used for energy. fossil fuel
a natrual resource that we need to use carefully because it cannot be replaced quickly and we will run out. nonrenewable resource

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Soil, Argriculture Unit Vocabulary 1 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Three sided figure that represents increasing or decreasing percentages of sand, silt and clay particles Soil Triangle
a layer generally parallel to the soil crust, whose physical characteristics differ from the layers above and beneath soil horizon
the uppermost layer of soil containing humus, topsoil, and organic debris A Horizon
the layer of loose leaves and organic debris at the surface of soil O Horizon
the layer of a soil profile immediately below the A horizon, containing deposits of leached material B Horizon
the layer in a soil profile below the B horizon and immediately above the bedrock, consisting chiefly of weathered, partially decomposed rock. C Horizon
the layer of unconsolidated rocky material covering bedrock Rigolith
defined as the wearing away of topsoil Soil Erosion
wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the air Weathering
a way of growing crops or pasture from year to year without disturbing the soil through tillage No-till
make or form (sloping land) into a number of level flat areas resembling a series of steps Terracing
plowing along the contours of the land in order to minimize soil erosion Contour plowing
a thing, such as a row of trees or a fence, wall, or screen, that provides shelter or protection from the wind windbreak
the action of clearing a wide area of trees deforestation
occurs when the ground gets more water than it can absorb and it washes away. This is bad because it can contaminate water sources with undesirable algae and weeds. Fertilizer runoff
the process by which fertile land becomes desert, typically as a result of drought, deforestation, or inappropriate agriculture. Desertification
process by which water-soluble salts accumulate in the soil Soil Salinization
to become saturated with water Waterlogging

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Soil Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rocks or change them into different minerals Chemical Weathering
average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time; can be classified by temperature, humidity, precipitation, and vegetation Climate
planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion Contour farming
each layer in a soil profile horizon A (top layer of soil), horizon B (middle layer) and horizon C (bottom layer) Horizon
dark-colored, decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in topsoil. Humus
mechanical weathering process that occurs when water freezes in the cracks of rocks and expands, causing the rock to break apart. Ice wedging
removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water Leaching
twigs, leaves, and other organic matter that help prevent erosion and hold water and may eventually be changed into humus by decomposing organisms Litter
physical processes that break rock apart without changing its chemical makeup; can be caused by ice wedging, animals, and plant roots Mechanical weathering
method for reducing soil erosion; plant stalks are left in the field after harvesting and the next year’s crop is planted within the stalks without plowing No-till farming
chemical weathering process that occurs when some minerals are exposed to oxygen and water over time Oxidation
mixture of weathered rock and mineral fragments, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air that can take thousands of years to develop. Soil
vertical section of soil layers, each of which is a horizon Soil profile
farming method used to reduce erosion on steep slopes Terracing
mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into smaller and smaller pieces Weathering

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soil conservation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The area of the Great Plains where wind erosion caused soil loss during the 1930's. Dust bowl
The solid layer of rock beneath the soil. bed rock
The layer of soil that differs in color and texture from layers above or below it soil horizon
Plowing fields along the curves of a slope to prevent soil loss. contour plowing
A thick mass of grass roots and soil. sod
The planting of diffrent crops in a field each year to maintain the soils fertility crop rotation
A chemical change in which a substance combines with oxygen, as when iron oxides, forming rust. oxidation
The loose, weathered material on Earth's surface in which plants can grow. soil
Characteristics of a material that is full of tiny, connected air spaces that water can seep through. permeable
Soil conservation method in which the dead stalks from previos year's crop are left in the ground to hold the soil in place. conservation plowing
The managment of soil to prevent it's destruction. soil conservation
The grinding away of rock by other rock particles carried in water, ice, or wind. abrasion
The loose layer of dead plant leaves and stems on the surface of the soil. litter
Soil organism that breaks down the remains of organisms and digets them. decomposer
The chemical and physical process that can break down at Earth's surface weathering
Process that splits rock when water seeps into cracks, then freezes and expands. ice wedging
Anything in the environment that humans use. natural resource
Dark colored organic material in soil. humus
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken into smaller pieces. mechanical weathering
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes. chemical weathering
Rich, fertile soil that is made up of about equal parts of clay, sand, and silt. loam
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weathered rock or soil. erosion
Mixture of humans, clay, and other minerals that forms the crumbly, top most layer of soil. top soil
The geologic principle that the same geologic process that operate today, operated in the past to change Earth's surface. uniformitarianism
A measure of how well soil supports plant growth. fertility
The layer of soil beneath the top soil that contains mostly clay and other minerals. subsoil

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EARTH SCIENCE CROSSWORD PUZZLE

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location. EROSION
wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the air: WEATHERING
Waves of energy that travel through the Earth's layers, and are a result of an earthquake, explosion, or a volcano that gives out low-frequency acoustic energy SEISMIC WAVES
an instrument that measures and records details of earthquakes, such as force and duration. SEISMOGRAPH
the point on the Earth's surface that is directly above the hypocentre or focus, the point where an earthquake or underground explosion originates. EPICENTER
the great size or extent of something MAGNITUDE
a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface. volcano
is one of several very large landmasses on Earth continent
a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. magma
the line at which the earth's surface and the sky appear to meet horizon
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. mineral
the upper layer of earth in which plants grow, a black or dark brown material typically consisting of a mixture of organic remains, clay, and rock particles soil
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action. earthquake

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Soil Vocabulary Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rock or change them into different minerals Chemical Weathering
Average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time; can be classified by temperature, humidity, precipitation and vegetation Climate
Planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion Contour Farming
Each layer in the soil profile hoizon A (top layer of soil) horizon B (middle layer) and horizon C (bottom layer) Horizon
Dark colored decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in top soil Humus
Mechanical weathering processes that occurs when water freezes in the cracks of rocks and expands causing the rock to break apart Ice Wedging
Removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water Leaching
Twigs, leaves and other organic matter that help prevent erosion and hold water and may eventually be changed into humus by decomposing organisms Litter
Physical processes that break rock apart without changing its' chemical makeup; can be caused by ice wedging animals and plant groups Mechanical Weathering
Method for reducing soil erosion; plant stalks are left in the field after harvesting and the next year's crop is planted within the stalks without plowing No till farming
Chemical weathering process that occurs when some minerals are exposed to oxygen and water over time Oxidation
Mixture of weathered rock and mineral fragments, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air that can take thousands of years to develop Soil
Verical section of soil layers, each of which is a horizon Soil Profile
Farming method used to reduce erosion on steep slopes Terracing
Mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into smaller and smaller pieces Weathering

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Earth's Resources Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

a type of natural resource that cannot be replaced or can only be replaced after thousands or millions of years nonrenewable
protecting our natural resources and using them responsibly conservation
a type of natural resource that can be replaced renewable
a solid, non-living substance found in nature mineral
a non-living substance made of one or more minerals; there are 3 main types rock
a material that is burned for energy fuel
a mixture of minerals, weathered rocks, and decayed plants and animal matter soil
a type of resource found on Earth that is necessary or useful to people natural
the trace or remains of an organism that lived long ago fossil
type of energy from the sun solar
died out, leaving no more of that type of organism alive extinct
when harmful things get into the water, air, and land pollution
a type of energy that comes from moving air wind
energy made from moving or falling water hydroelectricity
a type of resource that can be used again and again reusable
energy from living things, plants or animals, or waste biofuels
a type of energy made from heat inside the earth geothermal
melted rock that is underground in the mantle layer of the Earth magma
combination of sand, silt, clay and humus; best soil for plants loam
tiny bits of weathered or broken-down rock and once-living animals and plants sediment

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Geology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

molten rock magma
cool, top layer of Earth crust
17 huge slabs of rock tectonic plates
tool to measure motion of ground seismometer
a naturally occurring solid that has a specific chemical make-up Mineral
2 or more minerals together. Rock
formed from cooled magma or lava. Igneous
forms under the surface, cools slowly and forms big crystals. Intrusive
forms above the surface, forms small crystals. Extrusive
made of sand, rocks, minerals, and organic matter. Sedimentary
the compaction and cementation of sediments. lithification
organisms (plants + animals) preserved in sedimentary rock. fossils
formed when heat and pressure "RECYLCE" rock. Metamorphic
this law states that older rocks are at the bottom of the sequence, youngest at the top. Law of Superposition
movement of Earths crust. Plate Tectonics
heat, ash, and lava released from vent forms "cones" volcanoes
shaking caused when tectonic plates suddenly move and release pressure and stress. Earthquakes
acid rain eats away rock. Forms caves and sinkholes. chemical weathering
water and wind breaking down rocks. physical weathering
weathered rock and organic matter. Soil
organic material Humus
nutrient rich Topsoil
sand, silt, clay Subsoil
Least Permeable Bed Rock
air spaces Porosity
ability to transport H2O Permeability
gritty, H2O flows easily Sand
powder Silt
sticky and clumpy (NO H2O flow) Clay
best for plants, mix of all. Loam
wind deposited silt Loess
decomposing organic matter Humus

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Rocks and minerals Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

a carbonate mineral and the most stable polymorph of calcium carbonate Calcite
a machine that collects oil Guahers
This chemical element has the symbol S and atomic number of 16 Sulphur
India is the largest producer of this mineral Mica
A mineral usually made up of colorless or pale-colored crystals Feldspar
a component of soil formed by the decomposition of leaves and other plant material Humus
a fracture in rock containing a deposit of minerals or ore Vein
a silvery-white metal in the actinide series of the periodic table Uranium
A fossil formed when sediment fills the inside or covers the outside of a dead organism Mold Fossil
a soft finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud or clay Shale
also known as common mica, isinglass, or potash mica Muscovite
a hard, dark, glasslike volcanic rock formed by the rapid solidification of lava without crystallization Obsidian
a clay mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate Talc
The word from sweden directly translates to heavy stone Tungsten
the process of scraping or wearing away Abrasion
a metamorphic rock that may be foliated or nonfoliated Marble
Made up of sodium chloride and colorless cubic crystals Halite
a group of dark-colored amphibole minerals found in many types of igneous and metamorphic rocks Hornblende
a mixture of hydrous aluminum oxides, aluminum hydroxides, clay minerals, and insoluble materials Bauxite
unrefined petroleum Crude Oil
extracting a metal from ore by BLANK Smelting
a low-grade iron ore consisting largely of chert Taconite
a reddish-black mineral consisting of ferric oxide Hematite
a name used for a large group of black mica minerals that are commonly found in igneous and metamorphic rocks Biotite
flammable gas, consisting largely of methane and other hydrocarbons Natural Gas

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Soil Horizons Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

This word search contains the following answers:

workability
soil depth
soil probe
soil texture
particles
color
soil sample
mineral fragments
iron
silt
sand
clay
weathering
leaching
mineral horizon
surface horizon
eluvium
organisms
humus
organic matter
bedrock
parent material
subsoil
topsoil

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SOIL CONSERVATION Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The chemical and physical processes that break down rock at earth's surface Weathering
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weathered rock or soil Erosion
The geologic principle that the same geologic process that operated in the past to change Earth's surface Uniformitarianism
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken into smaller pieces Mechanical weathering
The loose, weathered material on Earth's surface in which plants can grow soil
The solid layer of rock beneath the soil Bedrock
Dark-colored organic material in soil Humus
A measure of how well soil supports plant growth Fertility
Anything in the environment tha humans use Natural Resource
Rich, fertile soil that ismade up of about equal parts of clay, sand, and silt Loam
The layer of soil that differs in color and texture from the layers above or below it Soil Horizon
Soil organism that breaks down the remains of organisms and digests them decomposer
A thick mass o grass roots and soil sod
The management of soil to prevent its destruction Soil Conservation
Plowing fields along the curves of a slope to prevent soil loss Contour Plowing
The loose layer of dead plant leaves and stems on the surfaceof the soil litter
The grindimg away of rock by other rock particles carried in water, ice, or wind Abrasion
Process that splits rock when water seeps into cracks, then freezes and expands Ice Wedging
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes Chemical Weathering
A chemical change in which a substance combines with oxygen, as when iron oxidizes, forming rust Oxidation
Characteristic of a material that is full of tiny, connected air spaces that water can seep through Permeable
Mixture of humans, clay, and other minerals that forms the crumbly, topmost layer of soil Topsoil
The area of the Great Plains where wind erosion caused soil loss during during the 1930's Dust Bowl
Soil conservation method in which the dead stalks from the previous year's crop are left in the ground to hold the soil in place Conservation Plowing
The planting of different crops in a field each year to maintain the soil's fertility Crop Rotation
The layer of soil beneath the topsoil that contains mostly clay and other minerals Subsoil

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