a carbonate mineral and the most stable polymorph of calcium carbonate
a machine that collects oil
This chemical element has the symbol S and atomic number of 16
India is the largest producer of this mineral
A mineral usually made up of colorless or pale-colored crystals
a component of soil formed by the decomposition of leaves and other plant material
a fracture in rock containing a deposit of minerals or ore
a silvery-white metal in the actinide series of the periodic table
A fossil formed when sediment fills the inside or covers the outside of a dead organism
a soft finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud or clay
also known as common mica, isinglass, or potash mica
a hard, dark, glasslike volcanic rock formed by the rapid solidification of lava without crystallization
a clay mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate
The word from sweden directly translates to heavy stone
the process of scraping or wearing away
a metamorphic rock that may be foliated or nonfoliated
Made up of sodium chloride and colorless cubic crystals
a group of dark-colored amphibole minerals found in many types of igneous and metamorphic rocks
a mixture of hydrous aluminum oxides, aluminum hydroxides, clay minerals, and insoluble materials
extracting a metal from ore by BLANK
a low-grade iron ore consisting largely of chert
a reddish-black mineral consisting of ferric oxide
a name used for a large group of black mica minerals that are commonly found in igneous and metamorphic rocks
flammable gas, consisting largely of methane and other hydrocarbons
Rocks formed by extreme heat and pressure
Rocks formed by the cooling of magma
Rocks formed by weathering, layering, and compaction
This molten material cools inside a volcano
This igneous rock that cools slowly has large crystals and coarse grains
This igneous rock that cools quickly has small crystals and fine grains
This material cools on the exterior of a volcano
A mixture of minerals forms this
The Latin word meaning "igneous"
Sedimentary rocks often have layers that contain this
A specific type of sedimentary rock
A specific type of metamorphic rock
A specific type of igneous rock
Types of rock that are formed by the deposition of material at the earth surface.
sedimentary rocks being exposed to extreme weather.
Rocks formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava.
Hot fluid or semi fluid material below or within the earth's crust.
Hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano
Matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid
The solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the earth
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence
The change of minerals or geologic texture in pre-existing rocks.
The continuous physical force exerted on or against an object
A hard sedimentary rock, composed mainly of calcium
Sedimentary rock consisting of sand or quartz grains cemented together
A hard, solid, nonmetallic mineral matter of which rock is made
A metamorphic rock with a banded or foliated structure
A very hard, granular, crystalline, igneous rock consisting mainly of quartz.
A hard, non-foliated metamorphic rock which was originally pure quartz.
An aluminosilicate mineral typically occurring as fibrous masses.
A hard crystalline metamorphic form of limestone, typically white.
A various colored or transparent mineral.
A class of rock-forming silicate or aluminosilicate minerals.
All rocks form under the_______.
Rocks that are formed by lava or magma are called_______.
Sedimentary rocks have lots of_________.
All rocks have two or more________.
Igneous rocks that are formed underground are made from________.
What type of sedimentary rock forms under water?
What rock is made from sand layers are pushed together?
What helps make metamorphic rock other than soil?
What igneous rock is great for climbing?
What rock is made when rocks squeeze together by heat and other rocks?
Igneous rocks that cool on the outside of the earth are called________.
Igneous rocks that cool inside the earth are called_________.
What Igneous rock has lots of holes in it?
What sedimentary rock is held together by different types of rock?
What igneous rock has no crystals, is smooth, and is smooth?
Metamorphic rocks that are made of thin layers of minerals are called_______.
What metamorphic rock is made of minerals pressed together?
Extrusive rocks are made by what substance?
Rocks made from lava or magma are________ rocks.
Rocks are turned into sand by ocean_______.
cool, top layer of Earth
17 huge slabs of rock
tool to measure motion of ground
a naturally occurring solid that has a specific chemical make-up
2 or more minerals together.
formed from cooled magma or lava.
forms under the surface, cools slowly and forms big crystals.
forms above the surface, forms small crystals.
made of sand, rocks, minerals, and organic matter.
the compaction and cementation of sediments.
organisms (plants + animals) preserved in sedimentary rock.
formed when heat and pressure "RECYLCE" rock.
this law states that older rocks are at the bottom of the sequence, youngest at the top.
movement of Earths crust.
heat, ash, and lava released from vent forms "cones"
shaking caused when tectonic plates suddenly move and release pressure and stress.
acid rain eats away rock. Forms caves and sinkholes.
water and wind breaking down rocks.
weathered rock and organic matter.
sand, silt, clay
ability to transport H2O
gritty, H2O flows easily
sticky and clumpy (NO H2O flow)
best for plants, mix of all.
wind deposited silt
decomposing organic matter
Only mineral the hardness of 10
The softest mineral
Formed by sediment that is deposited over time
Formed by the cooling of molten magma on the earth's surface
A transformation of a pre existing rock
Any separation between rocks
A way to classify a mineral based on its ___ such as pink, grey, black etc
The __ of an object or how it feels
A way of describing how easy or difficult it is to scratch the mineral
The oldest known mineral
The way light interacts with the crystal
__ is the color of a mineral when it is crushed to a powder
__ and lava is formed to make, igneous rocks
a substance that grows off the minerals and depending on how much time it has to form its how big it turns out to be
Elements that occur in nature
Minerals containing the ion: CO3
A group of minerals that mainly contains salts
How a mineral breaks into flat surfaces
Mainly metal ores
Contains crystals and when mixed with another material it makes a igneous mineral
the largest and most important class and makes up 90 percent of the Earth's crust
The mass of a mineral
Forms from the combination of a metal with oxygen
A group or compound that has a low hardness scale
the solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the earth and other similar planets, exposed on the surface or underlying the soil or oceans.
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
the stratification or layering of rocks or other geological materials.
hot fluid or semifluid material below or within the earth's crust
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this.
igneous rocks that form from crystallized magma beneath the earth's surface
igneous rocks formed on the surface
occurs when only a portion of a solid is melted
formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava
Veins of extremely large-grained minerals
large, well-formed crystals surrounded by fine-grained crystals of the same or different minerals
size, shape, and distribution of crystals or grains that make up a rock
when mineral growth cements sediment grains together into rock
chemical sedimentary rocks that form as a result of crystal grains precipitating out of a supersaturated body of water
a subsurface area of rock that has enough porosity to allow for the accumulation of oil, natural gas, or water
the percentage of open spaces between grains in a rock
sediments having particles ranging in size from boulders to microscopic particles, which often have worn surfaces and rounded corners.
a naturally occurring solid material from which a metal or valuable mineral can be profitably extracted.
This rock is made under heat and pressure
This rock in made on the earths surface .Also layers build up over time.
This rock is formed when lava cools and hardens.
Can be shelly but isn't always .the colors for it are yellow, light gray or dark grey.
A family rich in silicate, magnetism ,and water. the color are usually light to dark green.
particles in this rock are ,clay minerals mixed with tiny grains of quartz eroded from pre-existing rocks
Is formed when fine-grained sedimentary rock is buried and exposed to high pressure deep beneath the Earth's surface.
The earths crust is made up of ______.
This is soft, and white from limestone.
hard sedimentary form of the mineral quartz
The colors for _______ are white, pink, or gray in color, depending on their mineralogycontaining potassium feldspar, plagioclase feldspar, quartz, and biotite and/or amphibole
The colors for this rock is black .Its also an extrusive igneous rock .Its very glossy.
They formed from chemical reactions that combined iron and oxygen in marine and fresh waters. The two most important minerals in these deposits are iron oxides: hematite (Fe2O3) and magnetite (Fe3O4)
forms from the accumulation and preservation of plant materials, usually in a swamp environment.
rich in plagioclase feldspar minerals and may contain biotite, pyroxene, or amphibole.
This is a type of igneous rock that is made below the earth surface.
This typr of igneous rock is made when lava cool on the earths suface.
Minerals are arangend in strips or bands.
It is composed primarily of the mineral calcite (CaCO3) and usually contains other minerals, such as clay minerals, micas, quartz, pyrite, iron oxides, and graphite
identified by its bands and lenses of varying composition, while other bands contain granular minerals with an interlocking texture.durable enough to perform well as a dimension stone..
The tendency of a mineral to break along flat surfaces as determined by its structure
Measures the resistance which a smooth surface offers to scatching
The color of the powder produced when it is dragged across a surface
The way light interacts with the surface of a crystal, rock or mineral
The interactions between Earth's water, air, land, and living things that cause rocks to change from one type to another
Metamorphism due to contact with or proximity to an igneous intrusion
Metamorphism affecting rocks over an extensive area as a result of the large-scale action of heat and pressure
Rocks formed by the crystallization of molten magma or lava
Igneous and sedimentary rocks that change at elevated temperatures and pressures deep within the Earth or during mountain building
Rocks composed of weathered bits of other rocks and minerals
A piece of a pure solid substance having a natural form with symmetrical faces
A naturally occurring chemical compound
Igneous rocks formed when lava hardens above the Earth's surface
Process that nvolves the weathering and the removal of rock
Igneous rocks formed when magma hardens beneath Earth's surface
has a banded or layered appearance
to change form
the ratio of an object's mass to its volume
glow under some conditions
Coarse-grained, fine grained and glassy are examples of________.
what minerals the rock is made up of
state of matter characterized by particles arranged such that their shape and volume are relatively stable
rock consisting of angular fragments cemented together.
soft, finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud or clay and can be split easily into fragile slabs
a system of subparallel wavy ridges and furrows left on sand or mud by the action of water or wind, and sometimes fossilized
sedimentary structures formed as muddy sediment dries and contracts. Crack formation also occurs in clayey soils as a result of a reduction in water content.
preserved remains of a prehistoric organism or is slang for someone or something that is old and outdated
soft, finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud or clay and can be split easily into fragile slabs
fine-grained sedimentary rock consisting of consolidated silt
a number of different things or parts that are put or grouped together to form a whole but remain distinct entities
not consisting of or deriving from living matter
What is formed by deposition
What is a inorganic substance
What is from magma or lave
What is called the process of rocks
What is a solid mineral material that to form on the surface of earth
The process of eroding by wind
What is a rock that transform by heat or pressure
What are the metamorphic process
Different type of sedimentary rocks
What cause a igneous rock
What is called when magma reached earth surface and turned in a rock surface
What wears away and change things
What is another metamorphic process
What are intrusive igneous rocks
What breaks down things
When rocks are stick together what is that called