Type
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Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The revival of art and literature under the influence of classical models in the 14th-16th centuries (also known as the rebirth) Renaissance
art technique used for the first time in the renaissance, depth, life like perspective
Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet; full name Michelangelo Buonarroti. A leading figure of the High Renaissance Michelangelo
Dutch humanist and theologian who was the leading Renaissance scholar of northern Europe, praise of folly, criticized fasting, Churchs interpretation of the bible Desiderius Erasmus
English poet and dramatist considered one of the greatest English writers (1564-1616). William Shakespeare
A grant by the pope of remission of the temporal punishment in purgatory still due for sins after absolution. The unrestricted sale of indulgences by pardoners was a widespread abuse during the later Middle Ages indulgence
Written by Martin Luther in 1517 and widely regarded as the primary catalysts for the Protestant Reformation 95 Theses
Son of Henry VII and King of England from 1509 to 1547; his divorce from Catherine of Aragon resulted in his break with the Catholic Church in 1534 and his excommunication 1538, leading to the start of the Reformation in England (1491-1547)- crazy, henry left church and created anglican church Henry VIII
A council of the Roman Catholic Church convened in Trento in three sessions between 1545 and 1563 to examine and condemn the teachings of Martin Luther- acted to abolish the selling of indulgences, formed jesuits (society of jesus, started by Ignatius Layola). Council of Trent
theologians, churchmen, and statesmen whose careers, works, and actions brought about the Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century. Protestant reformers
A Spanish knight from a Basque noble family, hermit, priest since 1537, and theologian, who founded the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) and was its first Superior General Ignatius de Loyola
predicted weather, included calendars maps medical advice. almanacs
The early period when Italy was the center of the Renaissance. started ancient world to explore acheivements, emphasis on power of human reason, humanists and humanism, desidius erasmus Italian renaissance
Italian painter, scientist, and engineer. His paintings include The Last Supper (1498) and the Mona Lisa (1504-05). engineer, architect, scientists, inventor, artist. Leonardo da vinci
German printer who was the first in Europe to print using movable type and the first to use a press (1400-1468) Johannes Gutenberg
Irish poet who wrote nostalgic and patriotic verse (1779-1852). published utopia, criticized gov't, start of communism, was canonized as a saint for saying that henry wasn't the head of church because the pope is the head of the church.  Thomas Moore
German theologian who led the Reformation; believed that salvation is granted on the basis of faith rather than deeds (1483-1546) Martin Luther
The Peace of Augsburg was a treaty between Charles V and the forces of the Schmalkaldic League, an alliance of Lutheran princes, on September 25, 1555, at the imperial city of Augsburg Peace of Augsburg
Swiss theologian (born in France) whose tenets (predestination and the irresistibility of grace and justification by faith) defined Presbyterianism (1509-1564) John Calvin
a religious order in the Catholic Church, known for their open-mindedness and high regard for education, patholocism, related a lot to humanists, they believed in education and started colleges, very low life standards and maintenance. Jesuits

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The Renaissance and Reformation Crossword

Type
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Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

painted the Mona Lisa Da Vinci
important centers of trade citystates
common language vernacular
focused on achievements of the individual humanism
this made books cheaper and more abundant printing press
painted the Sistene Chapel Michaelangelo
wrote "The Praise of Folly" Erasmus
the act of loaning money at a high rate of interest usury
corruption in the Catholic church and the sale of indulgences led to this thereformation
a German monk who started the Reformation Martin Luther
Martin Luther nailed these to the Wittenburg Church ninetyfivetheses
Lutheran tradition: Justification by ______________ faith

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Protestant Reformation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

During the 1500's, there was a ______________ in response to the Roman Catholic church reformation
He nailed his 95 thesis on the Wittenberg door Martin Luther
Swiss Reformation leader Zwingli
City in Germany where the Protestant Reformation originated Wittenburg
Pardons from the Church for certain sins in exchange for money indulgences
A former nun who became the wife of Martin Luther in 1525 Katherina von Bora
One who holds beliefs or opinions contrary to the established doctrines of his religion heretic
Pope who excommunicated Martin Luther in 1520 Leo X
Calvin's doctrine that the salvation or damnation of men had been determined by God since the beginning of time predestination
French Reformation leader John Calvin
Many of the officials in the Roman Catholic church were __________ corrupt
Who is the Catholic clergyman who is attributed to saying "As soon as a coin in the coffer rings, a soul from purgatory springs." Tetzel
Luther's Hymn _ ________ ______ is popularly known as the "battle hymn of the Reformation." A Mighty Fortress
Luther and the other reformers became the first to skillfully use the power of the _____ _______ to give their ideas a wide audience. printing press
In 1521, Martin Luther was summoned before the ____ __ ____ and excommunicated. Diet of Worms
which language did Martin Luther translate the New Testament German
Martin Luther promised to become a monk when he feared for his like while caught in a terrible ______ thunderstorm
an early English reformer/translator who translated the bible in 1382 Wycliffe
The 5 _________ are 5 Latin phrases that emerged from the reformation solas
the latin phrase for "scripture alone" is Sola ______ scriptura

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The Protestant and Counter Reformation Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

a German monk and the creator of the 95 theses Martin Luther
Martin Luther wrote 95 _______ theses
a Jesuit who avidly attacked the Position of Reformers Robert Bellarmine
the people of the religion that the 95 theses was directed to Catholics
a _______ is an opinion against what is generally accepted heresy
the Catholics created the Council of _______ to solve the problem of the Protestant Reformation Trent
the Christian Churches had different groups called ______ sects
the religion that Martin Luther helped create Protestantism
the Catholic Church made ________ to better themselves changes
the Catholic Church stopped the clergy's ________ indulgence
Lutheran and _________ were the 1st Protestant Denominatons and they both had similar beliefs Anglican
the __________ ________ was like the internet of its time Guttenberg Press

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The Protestant Reformation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Who was one of the foremost scholars of the Northern Renaissance? Johann Reuchlin
Who wrote the first Systematic Theology of the reformation? Philipp Melanchthon
What English scholar established St. Paul's School? John Colet
Who was the king's chancellor who worked to reform the church? Thomas More
who produced the first printed English translation of the Bible? William Tyndale
Who was the leading person of the French Reformation? Jacques Lefevre d'Etaples
Which scholar from the Netherlands wrote Handbook of a Christian Soldier?? Desiderius Erasmus
Who nailed 95 Thesis to a door in Germany? Martin Luther
Who traveled through Germany selling indulgences? Johann Tetzel
Who did Martin Luther appeal to at Augsburg? Frederick the Wise
Who did Luther debate? Johann Eck
What declared Luther a heretic? Edict of Worms
Who was the reformer in Switzerland? Ulrich Zwingli
Who was the reformer that had to flee from France? John Clavin
Who led the Anabaptists? Conrad Grebel

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The Reformation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Luther wrote the 95 _________ Theses
To declare a marriage invalid annul
Acceptance into heaven salvation
Bought to reduce time spent in Purgatory Indulgence
Luther's doctrine became ________________ Lutheranism
Leader of Calvinists and Calvinsim Calvin
Calvinists' doctrine of salvation predestination
Best known Christian Humanist Erasmus
Martin Luther was a professor at ____________ Wittenberg
Luther was made an outlaw by the Edict of _______ Worms
________ V was the Holy Roman Emperor Charles
The Peace of __________ ended the religious wars in Germany Augsburg
___________ of Loyola founded the Jesuits Ignatius
Ulrich Zwingli reformed the city of __________ Zurich
Northern Renaissance Humanism was also called _____________ Humanism Christian

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Renaissance Crossword Puzzle

Type
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Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

an intellectual movement of the Renaissance based on the study of the humanities, which included grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy, and history HUMANISM
often called the father of Italian Renaissance humanism. Francesco Petrarch
the language of everyday speech in a particular region vernacular
Dante wrote his masterpiece, the _________, in the dialect of his native Florence. Divine Comedy
pioneered by the German printer Johannes Gutenberg movable type
a painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water-based paints fresco
Using this law, Masaccio could create the illusion of three dimensions, leading to a new, realistic style laws of perspective
was the model "Renaissance man." He was an artist, scientist, inventor, and visionary. Leonardo da Vinci
drew the "School of Athens" (Write his first name) Raphael
this was the core of humanist schools. Humanists believed this enabled humanists to reach their goal liberal studies
This is the final stage of the Renaissance. this period is associated with da Vinci, Raphael Sanzio, Michelangelo High Renaissance
The cultural rebirth that occurred in Europe from roughly the fourteenth through the middle of the seventeenth centuries, based on the rediscovery of the literature of Greece and Rome. Renaissance
technique that allows an artist to show objects as they appear at various distances from the viewer Perspective
Title for ruler of Venice (leader) doge
Most important writer of the Spanish Renaissance (last name) cervantes
the habit or principle of being independent and self-reliant. Individualism
Country where Renaissance started italy
soldiers who fought primarily for money mercenary
This family took control of Florence Medici
Dominated society and held important political posts and served as advisers to the king. nobility
the shopkeepers, artisans, guild masters, and guild members. Burghers
Who was the most important member of the Italian family during the Renaissance Father
Wrote "The Prince", and believed human beings were motivated by self-interest Machiavelli
Someone who supports or champions something patron
Florentine sculptor and painter and architect michelangelo

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REN CROSSWORD PUZZLE

Type
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Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk[2] and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation. MARTINLUTHER
a Scottish clergyman, theologian, and writer who was a leader of the Protestant Reformation and is considered the founder of the Presbyterian denomination in Scotland. JOHNKNOX
a leader of the Reformation in Switzerland. HULDRYCHZWINGLI
an early Baptist minister of England and a defender of the principle of religious liberty. JOHNSMYTH
a major figure of the Counter-Reformation, a Spanish mystic, a Roman Catholic saint, a Carmelite friar and a priest who was born at Fontiveros, Old Castile. JOHNOFTHECROSS
Pope from 19 November 1523 to his death in 1534. The Sack of Rome and English Reformation occurred during his papacy. POPCLEMENTVII
known as the Apostle of Rome and was an Italian priest noted for founding a society of secular clergy called the Congregation of the Oratory PHILIPNERI
an Italian banking family, political dynasty and later royal house that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence during the first half of the 15th century. DEMEDICIFAMILY
the Queen of England from June 1509 until May 1533 as the first wife of King Henry VIII; she was previously Princess of Wales as the wife of his elder brother Arthur. CATHERINEOFARAGON
He was the first English King of Ireland, and continued the nominal claim by English monarchs to the Kingdom of France. KINGHENRYVIII
an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman and noted Renaissance humanist. THOMASMORE
an Italian religious educator, who is honored as a saint by the Catholic Church. She founded the Company of St. Ursula in 1535 in Brescia, in which women dedicated their lives to the service of the Church through the education of girls. ANGELAMERICI
Pope from 13 October 1534 to his death in 1549. He came to the papal throne in an era following the sack of Rome in 1527 and rife with uncertainties in the Catholic Church following the Protestant Reformation. POPEPAULIII
a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe. His introduction of mechanical movable type printing to Europe started the Printing Revolution JOHANNESGUTENBURG
also called Saint Teresa of Jesus, baptized as Teresa Sánchez de Cepeda y Ahumada, was a prominent Spanish mystic, Roman Catholic saint, Carmelite nun, author during the Counter Reformation, and theologian of contemplative life through mental prayer. She was a reformer in the Carmelite Order of her time and the movement she initiated, later joined by Saint John of the Cross, eventually lead to the establishment of the Discalced Carmelites. TERESAOFAVILA
best remembered for granting indulgences for those who donated to reconstruct St. Peter's Basilica, which practice was challenged by Martin Luther's 95 Theses. He seems not to have taken seriously the array of demands for church reform that would quickly grow into the Protestant Reformation. POPELEOX
an influential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism, aspects of which include the doctrine of predestination and the absolute sovereignty of God in salvation of the human soul from death and eternal damnation. JOHNCALVIN
a tertiary of the Dominican Order and a Scholastic philosopher and theologian. CAHERINEOFSIENA
an English Catholic bishop and theologian. He was a man of learning, associated with the intellectuals and political leaders of his day, and eventually became Chancellor of the University of Cambridge. BISHOPJOHNFISHER
a Spanish knight from a local Basque noble family, hermit, priest since 1537, and theologian, who founded the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) and, on 19 April 1541, became its first Superior General. IGNATIUSOFLOYOLA

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Renaissance and Reformation Crossword

Type
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Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

One of the major religions during the Renaissance and Reformation Christianity
Where Michelangelo painted the ceiling Sistine
Worldly and concerned with the here and now Secular
What was at the front of girl`s education Religion
A famous sculpture by Michelangelo The David
85-90% of population in Middle Ages Peasants
2-3% of population in Middle Ages Nobles
What the church sold for salvation Indulgences
Declare invalid Annul
A guy who had 6 wives Henry VIII
A monk that studied the bible Luther
One of Raphael`s paintings Madonna
Gutenberg`s first full size book printed Bible
The focus on human potential and achievements Humanism
Sum of money that the wife`s family gave to the husband upon marriage Dowry
One of the greatest painters of all time da Vinci
Invented the printing press Gutenberg
An authors native language Vernacular
Rebirth Renaissance
Acceptance to heaven Salvation

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The Reformation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

period of time where art and literature became more popular Renissance
began reformation and made the ninety- five theses Martin Luther
a movement which caused thousands of Roman Catholics to become Protestants Reformation
people who protested against certain church practices Protestants
to reduce or eliminate the punishment for sin indulgence
church officials clergy
officialy kicked out of the church excommunicated
goes against church teachings heretic
summarized the religious teachings of Martin Luther Augsbergconfession
Holy Roman Emporer, he declared war on Lutheran Kings CharlesV
Charles let each prince decide if he wanted Lutheran Princes peaceofaugsberg
made reforms in Switzerland. ended Catholic Mass, Confessions, and Indulgences UlrichZwingli
Disagreed with Luther's contention that an individual could work toward salvation through faith in God. JohnCalvin
Broke away from Catholic Church because he wanted a divorce and couldn't get one HenryVIII
respect for an individuals right to worship in his own way religioustoleration
period of reform that strengthened the Catholic Church counterreformation
an attitude that encouraged hard work and careful managment of money and materials, contributed to the growth of buisness and industry in Europe. protestantethic
a feeling of pride in ones country Nationalism
kidnapped the pope after the pope ordered the clergy not to pay taxes PhilipIV
69 years were popes remained under the control of French Kings BabylonianCaptivity

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Renaissance & Reformation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

who wanted full reformation of the church Luther
_________ believed in the ability of human beings to reason and improve themselves Humanists
who becomes queen in 1553 Mary
witch group believed that the Church and State should be separated Anabaptists
what did the Anabaptists believed that adults could only hae done to them baptized
who saw Lutheran disrupting the Holy Roman Empire Charles V
Renaissance movement North focused on reforming the ________ Church Catholic
who was a monk and a professor in Germany Luther
how many formal statements attaching the "pardon-merchants" 95
who thinks Luther is "some drunk German who will amend his ways when he sobers up" Pope Leo X
what comes after the Fall of the Roman Empire Middle Ages
what does Renaissance mean Rebirth
who thinks people are selfish, fickle, and corrupt Niccolo Machiavelli
_________ were arranged Marriages
what means the focus on human potential and achievements Humanism
_____ are cheaper books
who created the supreme printer Raphael
who was one of the greatest painters of all time Leonardo Da Vinci
He was a painter, sculpture, architect Michelagelo
who reinvented the movable type and printing press Gutenberg

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