engagement in business transactions involving considerable risk but offering the chance of large gains, especially trading in commodities, stocks
speculation
when panicked sellers traded nearly 16 million shares on the New York Stock Exchange
Blacktuesday
The period of declining and lower economic activity in the worldwide economy from the late 1920s through the 1930s
Greatdepression
a shanty town built by homeless people in the US during the Great Depression
hooverville
A parched region of the Great Plains, including parts of Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Texas, where a combination of drought and soil erosion created enormous dust storms in the 1930s
dustbowl
to bring or send back (a person, especially a prisoner of war, a refugee, etc.) to his or her country or land of citizenship.
repartriation
A group of government programs and policies established under President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930s;
Newdeal
used to describe a series of 30 evening radio conversations (chats) given by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1944.
firesidechats
the U.S. corporation insuring deposits in the United States against bank failure
fdic
was a public work relief program that operated from 1933 to 1942 in the United States for unemployed, unmarried men from relief families as part of the New Deal
ccc
was a prime New Deal agency established by U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) in 1933. The goal was to eliminate "cut-throat competition" by bringing industry, labor, and government together to create codes of "fair practices" and set prices
nra
the largest and most ambitious American New Deal agency, employing millions of unemployed people
WPA
law enacted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1935 to create a system of transfer payments in which younger, working people support older, retired people.
SSA
Tariff that that raised import duties to protect American businesses and farmers, adding considerable strain to the international economic climate of the Great Depression.
HAWLEY-SMOOT
was a large-scale public works construction agency in the United States headed by Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes.
PWA