Type
Crossword
Description

the thin layer of the brain that covers the outer portion (1.5mm to 5mm) of the cerebrum. Cerebral Cortex
A thick band of nerve fibers that divides the cerebral cortex lobes into left and right hemispheres. Corpus Callosum
The cerebellum receives information from the sensory systems, the spinal cord, and other parts of the brain and then regulates motor movements. Cerebellum
Are the two largest cavities of the ventricular system of the human brain and contain cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Lateral Ventricle
The medulla oblongata or simply medulla is a long stem-like structure which makes up part of the brainstem. Medulla Oblongata
The part of the brainstem that links the medulla oblongata and the thalamus. Pons
Midbrain, also called mesencephalon, region of the developing vertebrate brain that is composed of the tectum and tegmentum. Midbrain
a small structure within the brain located just above the brain stem between the cerebral cortex and the midbrain and has extensive nerve connections to both. Thalamus
a small region of the brain. It's located at the base of the brain, near the pituitary gland. Hypothalamus
(Latin, corpus amygdaloideum) is an almond-shape set of neurons located deep in the brain's medial temporal lobe. Amygdala
a complex brain structure embedded deep into temporal lobe. Hippocampus
The pituitary gland is a small pea-sized gland that plays a major role in regulating vital body functions and general wellbeing. Pituitary Gland
structure located in the forebrain of vertebrates that receives neural input about odours detected by cells in the nasal cavity. Olfactory Bulb
a bilateral bundle of afferent nerve fibers from the mitral and tufted cells of the olfactory bulb that connects to several target regions in the brain Olfactory tract
part of the brain where the optic nerves (CN II) partially cross. Optic chiasma
located near the center of the brain, sitting astride the thalamus. Caudate Nucleus
The cortex dominates the exterior surface of the brain Exterior Brain
the part of the brain that controls important cognitive skills in humans, such as emotional expression, problem solving, memory, language, judgment, and sexual behaviors. Frontal Lobe
involved in the expressive aspects of spoken and written language (production of sentences constrained by the rules of grammar and syntax). Broca’s Area
region of the cerebral cortex involved in the planning, control, and execution of voluntary movements. Motor Cortex
one of the four main lobes or regions of the cerebral cortex. Parietal lobe
is defined as all cortical areas linked with sensory functions(1). Sensory Cortex
The temporal lobe is the region where sound is processed and, not surprisingly, it is also a region where auditory language and speech comprehension systems are located. Temporal Lobe
the region of the brain that is important for language development. Wernicke’s Area
located in the lateral part of Crus IIb. The size of the auditory area was approx. Auditory Receptive Area
one of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the brain of mammals. Occipital Lobe

Major parts of the brain Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain in mammals. It is composed of the frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes. cerebrum
This lobe lies between the occipital bone and the parieto-occipital sulcus. It functions to receive and interpret visual signals. Occipital lobe
These are the shallow groves in the surface of the cerebrum. Sulci
This lobe lies between the temporal bone and the lateral sulcus. It functions in memory, vison, learning, hearing, and emotional behavior. temporal lobe
These structures lie between the frontal bones and the central sulcus, and above the eye orbits. They have motor functions, but also deal with aggression, mood, foresight, motivation, and social judgements. frontal lobes
The spinal or nerve cord is located in the vertebral foramen. It begins at the foramen magnum and ends at the conus medullaris in the lumbar region. It conducts sensory impulses to the brain and motor impulses from the brain to the body spinal cord
These structures lie between the parietal bones and the central sulcus. They function in integration of sensory information with the exception of vision, hearing, and smell. parietal lobes
These are the thick folds in the surface of the cerebrum. gyri
The second largest part of the brain in mammals and the largest part of the brain in birds. The cerebellum is involved in the regulation of posture and balance, fine motor control of skeletal muscles, and repetitive movements. cerebellum
This fissure is a deep groove separating the cerebrum into right and left halves. Longitudinal fissure
An endocrine gland directly attached to the hypothalamus. It is divided into anterior and posterior portions. Anterior pituitary produce hormones which regulate other endocrine glands, and directly affects target cells. Posterior pituitary functions to store and release hormones produced by the hypothalamus. pituitary gland
The longitudinal fissure divides the cerebrum into right and left cerebral hemispheres. Cerebral hemisphere
The region that regulates the day/night cycle. Secretes the hormone motion melatonin, which effects sleepiness. pineal body
The structure that is the major integration system between various organ systems and the nervous system. It coordinates activities of both the nervous and endocrine systems, and between voluntary and autonomic activities. It is attached directly to the pituitary gland. hypothalamus
The part of the brain that contains the nerve tracts and physically joins the two cerebral hemispheres. Corpus callosum
This structure functions to integrate all sensory information (with the exception of smell) from the body, and channels it into proper processing regions in the cerebrum. thalamus
A structure that processes olfactory information and contains centers for reflex movements involved in eating, such as chewing, licking, and swallowing. mammillary body
The medulla is at the base of the brain stem. It contains nerve centers for the regulation of heart rate, blood vessel diameter, respiration, swallowing, vomiting coughing, sneezing, and hiccoughing. Medulla oblongata
A region that is also called the “mesencephalon”. It is located above the pons and is the smallest part of the brain stem. The oculomotor, trochlear, and trigeminal cranial nerves originate in this area. midbrain
A structure that is located on the bottom-center of the brain where the two optic nerve cross. Optic chiasma
The pons is located just above the medulla, on the brain stem. It works with the medulla to control respiration and helps regulate sleep. It is the origin for the trigeminal, abducens, facial, and vestibulocochlear cranial nerves pons
These bulbs are located just below the frontal lobes. They function in the sense of smell. Olfactory bulbs

The Brain Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The upper part of the brain cerebrum
The lower part of the brain cerebellum
Connects the brain to the spinal cord brain stem
the cerebrum is divided into two hemispheres
The two brain hemispheres communicate through a mass of nerve fibers called corpus callosum
Much of the brain's gray matter is located in the cerebral cortex
The rear portion of the frontal lobes is called the motor area
The sense of vision is interpreted by the occipital lobes
Damage to the cerebral motor area is known as cerebral palsy
The lowest part of the brain stem is the medulla oblongata
Latin for "bridge" pons
Latin word meaning "small net" reticular formation
Acts as the switchboard for the brain thalamus
The control unit for your body's automatic systems hypothalamus
Helps generate emotions and processes emotional memories amygdala
A person's actions can be completely explained as responsises to particular stimuli Behaviorism
A number of complex brain structures lie clusted around the brain stem limbis system

Biology Nervous System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An electrochemical pulse that moves long the membrane of a neuron Nerve impulse
The protective coverings of the brain and spinal cord Meninges
The brain region that receives general sensations and relays impulses to a parietal lobe Thalamus
The region of the brain that controls involuntary activities Hypothalamus
Part of the neuron that receives nerve impulses and transmits them toward the cell body Dendrite
The series of neurons that produces a single reaction in response to a stimulus Reflex arc
The white fatty membrane that protects the neuron Myelin Sheath
The part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord Central Nervous System
The part of the neuron with the greatest diameter; contains the nucleus Cell Body
The junction between the axon and dendrite Synapse
The part of the brain containing motor and sensory centers: controls voluntary movement Cerebrum
Part of the brain that monitors and adjusts body activities Cerebellum
The gray matter of the cerebrum Cerebral Cortex
Part of the brain; Relay center between spinal cord and brain; reflex center Medulla oblongata
A rounded portion of the lower brain that relays information from one side of th brain to the other Pons
The nervous tissue that conducts messages between the brain and the peripheral body parts Spinal cord
The functional unit of the nervous system. The cell that receives and distributes nerve impulses. Neuron
The chemicals responsible for extending the nerve impulse from one cell to the next Neurotransmitters

Neuroanatomy Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The PNS that controls voluntary movement somatic nervous system
Group of axons that connects the two brain hemispheres Corpus Callosum
Medial most structure of the brain Pineal Gland
Rostral most portion of the brain, directly dorsal to the eye sockets. Orbitofrontal cortex
Portion of the thalamus that project information to the primary visual cortex Lateral geniculate nucleus
Cross section for optic nerves in the brain optic chiasm
Structure that signals the initiation of neurulation notochord
Fiber bundle that carries information from the hippocampus Fornix
A coronal plane that splits the frontal and parietal lobes Central sulcus
Structure connecting the third and fourth ventricles Cerebral aquaduct
Name for the fibers that convey sensory neurons to the brain Afferent fibers
Relays sensory info to proper portion of the brain Thalamus
Visual field attention area Posterior parietal cortex
Motor related structure located on ventral side of the brainstem pons
Layers that protect the brain and spinal cord meninges
Group of structures connecting the cerebellum to the midbrain cerebellar peduncles
Section of brainstem involved in processing auditory information inferior colliculus
Crossover area for upper motor neurons medulla
Positive regulator of the hypothalamus Amygdala
Learning and memory center Hippocampus
Structure derived from mesoderm that creates bones and muscles. Somite
Directly caudal from central sulcus Primary somatosensory cortex
GABA filled structure that is stimulated by the Primary motor cortex Substantia nigra
Structures connected to the fornix Mammillary bodies
Fiber bundle connecting the amygdala to the hypothalamus Stria terminalis
Connective structure were portal system begins Infundibulum
Term for "crossover" Decussation
Portion of the brain that contains tons of nerve fibers, discovered by White matter
Structure that controls speech Brocas area

Parts and Processes of the Brain Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Synapses
Neurones
Pons
Spinal Cord
Nervous System
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Frontal Lobe
Medulla Oblongata
Hippocampus
Cerebral Cortex
Brain Stem
Pituitary
Hypothalamus
Fornix
Inferior Colliculus
Superior Colliculus
Thalamus
Pineal Gland
Cerebellum

Anatomy: The Nervous System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Lobe; language, speech FRONTAL
Eliminates wastes from neurons in CNS MICROGLIAL
The sensory neuron AFFERENT
Lobe; auditory, olfactory (smell) TEMPORAL
Shapes and supports neuron CELL BODY
Part of the brain that controls blood pressure, heart rate, swallowing MEDULLA
Diencephalon; hormones, body temp, water balance, metabolism HYPOTHALAMUS
Forms myelin sheath in CNS OLIGODENDROCYTE
Forms myelin sheath in PNS SCHWANN
Part of the brain that controls balance CEREBELLUM
Impulses in between afferent and efferent neurons INTERNEURON
Blood-brain barrier in CNS ASTROCYTE
Slows down cardiac in PNS PARASYMPATHETIC
Lobe; vision OCCIPITAL
Involuntary in PNS; cardiac & smooth muscles AUTONOMIC
Forms myelin to support neurons in PNS SATELLITE
Lobe; sensory, taste PARIETAL
Receives message from neurons DENDRITE
Speeds up cardiac in PNS SYMPATHETIC
Wraps around axon MYELIN SHEATH
The motor neuron EFFERENT
Sends message to neurons AXON
Part of the brain that controls breathing only PONS
Voluntary in PNS; skeletal muscles SOMATIC
Cushions neuron in CNS EPENDYMAL

Biological Bases of Behavior Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A neural center located in the limbic system; helps process for storage memories of facts and events. Hippocampus
Small structure helps keep the body's internal environent in a steady state. Controls the pituitary gland. Hypothalamus
Neural system located below the cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions and drives. The Limbic System
Two lima bean sized neural clusters; linked to emtion Amygdala
The little brain at the rear of the brainstem; functions include processing sensory input, coordinating movement output and balance, and enabling nonverbal learning and memory. Cerebellum
A nerve network that travels through the brainstem into the thalamus and palys a role in controlling arousal. Reticular Formation
The brain's sensory control center located on the top of the brainstem; directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla Thalamus
The oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning where the spinal cord swells as it enters the skull. Brainstem
Base of the brainstem; controls heatbeat is responsible for automatic survival Medulla
Amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity sweeping across the brain's surface. EEG
Brian imaging technique that measures magnetic field's from the brain's natural electrical activity. MEG
A visual display of brain activity that detects radioactive form of glucose goes while the brain performs a given task. PET
Tissue destruction. Naturally of experimentally cause destruction of brain tissue Lesion

Central Nervous System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

nerve impulse, membrane potential of an active neuron Action potential
in a neuron, the single process that extends from the axon hillock and transmits impulses away from the cell body Axon
division of the nervous system composed of the brain and spinal cord Central nervous system
branching or tree-like nerve cell process that receives input from other neurons and transmits impulses toward the cell body (or toward the axon in unipolar neurons) Dendrite
nonexciteable supporting cells of nervous tissue; formerly called neruoglia glia
difference in electrical charge between inside and outside of the plasma membrane membrane potential
lipoprotein substance in the myelin sheath around many nerve fibers that contribute to high speed conductivity of impulses myelin
bundle nerve fibers, plus surrounding connective tissue, located outside the brain and spinal cord nerve
nerve cell, including its processes (axons and dendrites) neuron
nerves connecting the brain and spinal cord to other parts of the body peripheral nervous system
impulse conduction route to and from the central nervous system; smallest portion of nervous system that can receive a stimulus and generate a response reflex arc
membrane-to-membrane junction between a neuron and another neuron, effector cell, or sensory cell; function to propagate action potential synapse
part of the brain containing the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata brainstem
second largest part of the human brain; plays an essential role in the production of normal movements cerebellum
plasma-like fluid that fills the subarachnoid space in the brain and spinal cord and in the cerebral ventricles cerebrospinal fluid
largest and uppermost part of the human brain that controls consciousness, memory, sensations, emotions, and voluntary movements cerebrum
“between” brain; parts of the brain between cerebral hemispheres and the mesencephalon, or midbrain diencephalon
graphic representation of voltage changes in the brain tissue used to evaluate nerve tissue function electroencephalogram
important autonomic and neuroendocrine control center located inferior to the thalamus in the brain hypothalamus
parts of the brain involved in emotions and sense of smell; plays key role in coupling sensory inputs to short- and long-term memory; consists of the hippocampus, the hypothalamus and several other structures limbic system
fluid-containing membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord meninges
located in the medulla where bits of gray and white matter mix intricately, this structure is involved in regulating input from sensory neurons, arousal, and motor control Reticular formation
mass of gray matter located in diencephalon just above the hypothalamus; helps produce sensations, associates sensations with emotions, and plays a part in the arousal mechanism thalamus
a cavity, such as the large, fluid-filled spaces within the brain or the chambers of the heart ventricle

Basic Brain Structure and Function Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The membrane that covers and protects the central nervous system, forms partitions, contains cerebral fluid, protects blood vessels and encloses the venus sinuses. Meninges
The _______________ nervous system serves to stimulate nervous system activity such as accelerating the heart rate, constricting blood vessels, raising the blood pressure, and facilitating a muscle contraction Sympathetic
The outermost layer of the cerebral hemispheres are composed of ________matter Gray
The neuroendocrine ________________ is associated with mood, appetite, vomiting, limbic system functions, pain and sleep. The drug Prozac mimics this Serotonin
In the architecture of the brain there area three basic units based on location. The that includes the upper spinal cord, brain stem and cerebellum is the ___________________ Hindbrain
The brain is divided into two ______________ Hemispheres
The parietal lobe is known as the primary ______________ area where impulses related to temperature, pain, touch, taste, smell are interpreted Sensory
The area of the brain responsible for receiving information from the ears is the ____________ lobe Temporal
Damage to the occipital lobes can cause _____________________ Blindness
Superior, Straight or Cavernous __________ Sinus
Sensory information received from the outside world is processed; controls voluntary movement & regulates conscious thought & mental activity in the ____________________ hemispheres Cerebral
In development of the brain, the ______________ is responsible for the evolution of intelligence Neocortex
The lobe of the brain involved in planning a schedule, imagining the future or reasoning during an argument is the __________lobe Frontal
The _____________ is the structure that receives sensory and limbic information and sends this information to the brain Thalamus
A neuroendocrine associated with concentration, socializing, food-seeking, sexual desire and motor neuron control and associated with Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and Lewy Body dementia Dopamine
Short term memories and converted to long-term memories in the ___________________ Hippocampus
The ______________ are chemical messengers in the nervous system Neurotransmitters
The _________side of the cerebrum specializes in language, calculation and sequential thought processes Left
The ____________ nervous system is part of the involuntary nervous system that serves to slow the heart rate, increase intestinal and glandular activity, relax the sphincter muscles and allow a muscle to rest Parasympathetic
The ___________ is the regions of the embryonic vertebrate neural tube that gives rise to posterior forebrain structures Diencephalon
The sixth cranial nerve, responsible for the control of lateral eye movement is the ___________ nerve Abducens
An excitatory neurotransmitter that governs muscle contractions and is associated with memory formation and diseases like Alzheimer’s is ______________________ Acetylcholine
The _____________ ___________ is a set of interconnected nuclei located throughout the brainstem and play a crucial role in maintaining behavioral arousal and consciousness (2 weeks) Reticular formation
Cranial nerve #1, responsible for smell is called the ______________ nerve Olfactory
The _____________ ______________ helps to refine movement so it isn’t clumsy or erratic (2 words) Cerebral Peduncle
Substance that reduces the weight of the brain, supplies nutrients, transports hormones and prevents head injury (3 word) Cerebral Spinal Fluid
The Eleventh cranial nerve which controls the trapezius and sternocleidomastoid and controls swallowing movement is the ____________ nerve Accessory
The _______________ functions to control autonomic, emotional, and sexual behavior (regulates visceral motor activity) Amygdala

Parts of the Brain Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

wernickes area
brocas area
basal ganglia
thalamus
pineal gland
pituitary gland
hypothalamus
temporal lobe
occipital lobe
parietal lobe
frontal lobe
brainstem
cerebellum
cerebrum