Type
Crossword
Description

Use of objects or people to draw attention to the center of visual interest Framing
Candids capturing peak of action Action Photo
Candids that illuminate an emotional response Reaction Photo
A photo that is taken from the top, looking down. Birds eye view
Photos that are taken from the bottom, looking up Worms eye view
posed, yet storytelling or personality images Scrapbook photo
Photos that produces a shallow depth of field to creatively place parts of an image out of focus and emphasize other parts of the image Selective Focus
an object that is used over and over in a photo Repetition
Photo is divided into thirds and the subject is placed on intersecting lines Rule of thirds
Imaginary or real lines that lead the reader to the subject and heighten interest Leading lines
created by placing strong lighting on the opposite side of the subject from the photographer. Silhouette
These types of lines suggest energy or action Diagonal
These lines indicate rest and quiet Horizontal
These lines express strength and stability Vertical
These lines suggest calm and serenity Curved
The company that prints and publishes the yearbook Jostens
Allows access to tools to create, sell, and promote the yearbook Yearbook avenue
The ability to mark photos with names of the individuals Tag
An option that shows the number of times someone is in the Yearbook Coverage report
An imaginary, horizontal line of spacing used as a unifying device linking a spread. Eyeline
The opening of the yearbook. Displays info about the school Title page
A secondary headline Subhead
provides guidelines on how your yearbook should be presented, and covers two major areas: design and writing Style Guide
Two facing or side by side pages in the yearbook. Spread
A yearbook is actually many little 16-page booklets Signature
Each signature begins as a big sheet of paper with eight pages printed on each side Multiple
A page by page listing of the yearbook's contents Ladder
Usually one photo or a grouping of photos are the largest element on the spread Dominant Element
A line of large type used to tell the reader what is to follow Headline
The page number and the topic of the spread Folio Tabs
Heavier sheets of paper that hold of pages to the cover End Sheets
A spread used to separate each of the sections of the yearbook Divider
Used to create unity. Every element should line up with at least one other element Alignment
Getting multiple ideas in the yearbook to cover the whole year Coverage
A verbal statement and a visual look that tie all parts of the yearbook together Theme

Yearbook Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The title of the story Headline
Additional detail to the title Subhead
The story Copy
A brief description of a photo Caption
Invisible line that divides the pages Gutter
Page numbers Folio
Questions you ask someone to discover their opinion or experience Interview
First couple of sentences used to hook or lure readers Lede
Information obtained from someone Source
A photo not posed for Candid Photo
A photo posed for Posed Photo
A photo of someones head and sholders Mugshot
Extra content on the side Sidebar
A survey is one type of these Poll
Two facing pages on the same topic Spread
When something is do Deadline
A page-by-page diagram showing yearbook content Ladder
Table of contents Index
Photo that crosses the gutter Dominant Photo
An area of space where nothing is White Space

Yearbook Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Final Pages of the yearbook Closing
A list of the technical printing information about the yearbook, including price, number of copies, colors, fonts, photography company and awards won by previous year's book. Colophon
Listing of the pages containing the opening, sections, index and closing. The contents is usually printed on the front end sheet or in the opening, but not on the title page Contents
The story. Every spread should contain a story, also called a copy block. Alternatives to traditional narrative copy include lists, quotes, personal narratives, surveys and other material that accurately tells the story Copy
Outside of the yearbook which protects the printed pages Cover
Refers both to the topics featured on individual spreads and on the topics are highlighted Depth Coverage
A spread used to separate each of the sections of the yearbook Divider
Heavier sheets of paper which hold the pages of the yearbook to the cover Endsheet
Eight pages on one side of a signature. Flat
The page number and the topic of a spread placed as a unit traditionally at the bottom left and bottom right of the spread Folio Tabs
Printing in magenta, cyan, yellow, and black Four Color
Front cover of the yearbook which includes the name of the book Front Lid
Elements such as color, white space, rule lines, gray screens, large initial letters and special type treatments which enhance the books design Graphics
A complete alphabetical listing of all students, teachers, advertisers, topics and events covered in the yearbook. Index
A page-by-page listing of the yearbook's contents. Ladder
The first two or four pages of the yearbook which introduce the theme Opening
A traditional yearbook is typically broken into six sections: student life, academics, organi section
A 16 page grouping made up of two 8 page flats Signature
Area of the yearbook connecting the front and back covers Spine
A "mini-theme" used as a section title Spin-off
Printing in one additional color besides black spot color
Two facing or side by side pages in the yearbook such a 2 and 3, 4 and 5, 6 and 7, etc Spread
A verbal statement and a visual look which tie all parts of the yearbook together. Theme
Page one of the yearbook Title Page

yearbook terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

line at the beginning or end of copy giving name of a person byline
a page usually containing the title and important school information title page
the inner space between the two pages of a spread where the paper meets the spine gutter
explanatory material that identifies the who, what, when, where and why of a photo caption
a central idea or concept theme
the complete set of all letters, numerals and punctuation marks of a type face font
the words written to tell a story or describe an event copy
a column of text that flows around a photo or graphic text wrap
the layout space allocated for written text text block
a master page that maintains consistency with a design or section template
a line of large type used to tell the reader what is to follow headline
a page number best located at the bottom and outside of a page folio
editing and marking of a photo to indicate to the printer the area to be included cropping
words "pulled" from the text and displayed as a quotation pull quote
an artistic rendering of facts gathered from a poll or survey infographic
a page or double page spread that separates sections of the book divider page
the opening paragraph of a story that tells purpose and direction lead
to unite a spread, a horizontal line established across a spread above or below the center eyeline
heavy sheet of paper that attaches the book to its cover endsheet
a chart representing the pages in a signature or a book used for planning ladder

Yearbook Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Photos, artwork or graphics that extend off of the trim area of a spread Bleed
An unposed photograph, often taken without the subject’s knowledge. _________ photos usually catch someone in the act of doing something. Candid
The copy that explains the Who, What, When, Where, Why and How of action in a photo; plan space for every photo to have a __________ Caption
The last page of the yearbook. If your book has a theme, this is the place to wrap it up. Closing
Stands for printer's inks of cyan, magenta, yellow and black used in 4-color processing. CMYK
The last page of the book that shows all the mechanical details of the year's book such as fonts used, paper weight, publisher, yearbook staff, etc. Colophon
Refers to all text on a spread; ___________ includes captions, stories, headlines. Copy
The outside of the yearbook which protects the printed pages. Cover
Refers to the topics featured in the yearbook and how they are covered. Coverage
A photo where the background is removed COB
The largest eye-catching photo or collection of photos or elements on a spread Dominant
Two facing pages; the left page is an even number. Usually simply called a “_______.” Spread
A margin of white space that will frame the edges of the spread External Margin
A one-pica line that connects the left and right pages; all design elements should sit on or hang from this line Eyeline
8 pages, not necessarily consecutive, of a yearbook in layout form. One side of a publisher's printed giant sheet that equals 8 pages of the book. Flat
A family of alphabetic characters, numbers, punctuation marks and other symbols that share a consistent design; often used synonymously with typeface. Font
Page number on a yearbook spread; accompanying words or phrases identifying the content are called _______ tabs Folio
The place where the left and right pages meet; the _________ is often one or two picas wide and is folded as the book comes together. Gutter
Word or words set in large type that attract the reader to the spread; ___________ traditionally are placed above copy blocks Headline
A consistent amount of white space between elements; traditionally, this has been one pica. Internal Margin
The overall map which shows the placement of every layout in the yearbook. Ladder
Arrangement of pictures, captions, headlines and copy on two facing pages. Layout
Only two pages in a flat that are printed side-by-side on the press sheet. Natural Spread
A journalistic unit of measurement; one ______ = 1/6 of an inch Pica
Unit of measurement used primarily for fonts; approximately 1/72 of an inch; twelve _______ = one pica Point
A posed photo of a person that usually only includes the person’s head and shoulders. Also referred to as “mug shots.” Portrait
These are the galley pages that return to us from the printer allowing us one last chance to make changes to that set of pages. Proof
A font that does not have end strokes or feet; used mainly for headlines and large-sized text. Sans Serif
Fonts that have a tail or stroke (sometimes known as "feet") at the end of some characters. Serif
16 consecutive pages of a yearbook in layout form. Two sides of a publisher's printed giant sheet that equals 16 pages of the book. Signature

Yearbook Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

photos captured without posing candids
main story on yearbook spread copy
spread separating the yearbook sections divider
Introduction of the theme opening copy
text describing a picture caption
sheets of paper that hold the pages to the cover endsheets
outside of yearbook cover
page number, contributor and spread topic folio
eight pages on one side of signature flat
large type identifying main idea of spread headline
alphabetical listing of students index
conversation between staff member and source interview
page by page listing of yearbook contents ladder
16 page grouping signature
mini sections that play off theme spinoffs
verbal statement and visual look tying book together theme
area where two pages meet in the middle gutter
blank area where nothing is placed white space
unit of measure equal to 1/6 pica

Yearbook Terms: Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A design plan for a page or spread in a yearbook. Accounts for the size and position of all elements on a page. Layout
Refers to two pages that face each other in a yearbook. Spread
An idea or concept that is used to tie together the various sections and stories found throughout a yearbook. Theme
A predesigned layout that helps maintain visual consistancy throughout a book. Template
A set of standards used to create consitancy in your yearbook. Style Guide
The empty area around an object. Used to draw the veiwer into a particular spot in the design. White Space
The element on a page that immediatly attracts a readers attention Dominant Element
A line of large type used to introduce the most important fact to the reader Headline
A page element that explains the who, what, when, where, and why of a photo. Caption
Photos that are captured without posing your subjects Candid
Posed photographs Portrait
The sharpness of an image Resolution
dots per inch DPI
A minute area of illumination on a display screen, one of many used to compose and image Pixel

YEARBOOK VOCABULARY Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A type of a book published annually used to record, highlight, and commemorate the past year of a school. It is often the only permanent record of the students, staff and events of a given school and year. YEARBOOK
Blank area where no elements are placed. Planned white space is an important part of the spread. WHITE SPACE
Page one of the yearbook. It usually contains at least one photo the name of the school, school address, school phone number and year. If a theme is used, it should be introduced here as well. TITLE PAGE
This goes along with the theme. This is the name of the book that the staff decides together. The name is on the front cover and is continually expressed throughout the book. TITLE
The overall idea of the book. This can be a design element, and group of colors, a certain shape, etc. Theme can also help decide the yearbook title. A theme unifies the message of the yearbook. THEME
A basic layout design that you can plug images and copy into. You can create your own or use editable ones provided by Jostens. If necessary you can use these but try to be as original as possible. TEMPLATE
Two facing pages in a yearbook, such as 2 and 3, 4 and 5, 6 and 7, and so on. SPREAD
A small feature story which complements the main story on a spread. SIDEBAR
Direct statements obtained through the interviewing process by the reporter, to be included word-for-word in copy or captions. QUOTES
A phrase or quote pulled from a story and used as a graphic element. It highlights a key topic or point in a story and is usually placed in larger, more distinctive type. POPOUT QUOTE
Part of the photo caption that states the name of the photographer or the organization responsible PHOTO CREDIT
The standard measurement in yearbook. Equals 1/6 inch. Typically there is one or 1/2 of space between photos and copy. PICA
An ad purchased by a family member to recognize a senior student. The ad typically includes a photo and a personal message from the family member. SENIOR AD
The beginning and end of the book. Usually they wrap up and introduce the theme. Each page has a short poetic paragraph about the theme and about the book in general. OPENING AND CLOSING
Areas of secondary coverage in the yearbook that include "packages" of elements such as quote boxes, lists, photos, secondary sources, etc. that relate to the spread, but are different from the main copy MOD
the opening paragraph of a story; it sets the tone for the story, giving it purpose and direction. LEAD
Arrangement of pictures, captions, headlines and copy on two facing pages. LAYOUT
A page-by-page listing of the yearbook’s contents that is used to plan and track coverage. LADDER
The author of the story BYLINE
Used to make a blend between headline and story. SECONDARY HEADLINE
A line of larger type used to tell the reader what is to follow, introducing the topic and main point of interest of the copy. HEADLINE
The center of the spread where the two pages meet. Text and faces in a photo should not cross over this as they will likely disappear when the pages are bound together. Yearbook Avenue doesn't not allow text to cross over. GUTTER
The page number. If desired, the topic of the page can be placed near the page number. FOLIO
A spread used to separate each o f the sections o f the yearbook. Usually theme-related. DIVIDER
The staff members that are not assigned any pages or have finished their assignments and are tasked with going to take photos or get quotes. FLOATER
Type of story written focused on one or more persons FEATURE
The first picture to be placed on the layout. Should be two to two and half times larger than any other picture on the spread. DOMINANT PHOTO
The list of all students in our school and how many times they are tagged in the book. Our goal is 3x coverage for at least 50% of the student body COVERAGE REPORT
Refers to the topics featured in the yearbook and how they are covered. COVERAGE
The outside of the yearbook which protects the printed pages. COVER
Refers to all text on the page. It may be a traditional story or less formal text such as quotes, surveys, top ten lists, etc. COPY
A statement recording the names of the staff and printer, book specifications, size of the edition, and other information about the production of the yearbook. COLOPHON
Relatively short copy (text) used to describe a photo. Should clearly identify the subject of the picture, without detailing the obvious, and should be placed as close to its corresponding photo as possible. CAPTION
An unposed photograph, often taken without the subject’s knowledge. Usually catch someone in the act of doing something. CANDID
The bold pink line on the outside of the page area. Bleed photos need to extend to the outside edge of this line. BLEED LINE
Photo or other content (graphics, clip art, lines, etc.) that extends past the page’s edge. BLEED
The approach a writer takes in a story, which results in a more interesting copy ANGLE

Yearbook Vocabulary Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Column
White space
Eyeline
Candids
Pica
Gutter
Theme
Layout
Spread
Sidebar
Spine
Spot color
Graphics
Dominant photo
Title page
Contents
Copy
Cover
Coverage
Divider
Section
Endsheet
Four color
Mugs
Folio
Index
Ladder
Closing
Opening
Bleed photo
External margin
Internal margin
Caption
Subhead
Headline

Yearbook Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Extra space around your page that is intentionally printed, then trimmed by the printer. BLEED
A line that gives credit to the author of a story. BYLINE
Photos that are captured without posing your subjects or distracting them from what they’re doing. CANDIDS
A page element that explains the who, what, when, where, and why of a photo. CAPTION
The content of an article or news element. COPY
Work done to improve the format, style, and accuracy of a story. COPYEDITING
The element on a page that immediately attracts a reader’s attention. DOMINANTELEMENT
A page numbering that appears on the outside portion of pages, usually at the bottom. FOLIO
The space between two facing pages (an important place to keep clear, because, when a yearbook is bound, the space between the pages shrinks). GUTTER
The line (or lines) of large type used to introduce the most important fact to the reader. HEADLINE
A chart that represents the pages in a yearbook. It can be helpful when planning section placement and page content. LADDER
The design plan for a page or spread in a yearbook. It accounts for the size and position of all elements on a page. LAYOUT
The introductory portion of a news story; usually the first sentence or paragraph. LEAD
The space between lines of text. LEADING
The yearbook equivalent of a sidebar. It is a smaller amount of text with accompanying photos that supports a page’s main story. MODULES
The space between two letters that are next to one another. KERNING
The posed photographs of individuals known as someone’s “yearbook photo” or “mug shot.” PORTRAIT
The copy of the yearbook’s final pages that are sent to the staff for a final review and approval. PROOF
Used to catch any typos before sending a yearbook to print. It’s the last read of the yearbook and should be done on a printed proof. PROOFREAD
A phrase or quote pulled from a story and used as a graphic element. PULLQUOTE
Two pages that face each other in a yearbook. SPREAD
The idea or concept that’s used to tie together the various sections and stories found throughout the yearbook. THEME
A predesigned layout that helps maintain visual consistency throughout a book. TEMPLATE
A color model traditionally used in printing. Printers use subtractive color, or CMYK, where cyan, magenta, yellow, and black inks are applied to paper. CMYK
The abbreviation for a measurement of an image’s resolution. The higher the dots per inch of an image, the clearer and more detailed that image will print. DPI
A mathematical rule that’s used to repeatedly create visually pleasing designs. In yearbooks, you can use it to create different layouts, and it’s best to visualize it as a rectangle with its length (side B) being roughly one and a half (1.618) times its width (side A). GOLDENRATIO
A word, part of a word, or a small line of text that falls at the end of a paragraph on a line by itself. These create unwanted white space and are distracting to readers. ORPHANS
A unit of measurement, often used to determine the width of an element on a yearbook page. It is equal to ⅙ inch (or 12 points). PICA
The sharpness of an image, in print it is measured by DPI, digitally it is measured in pixels. RESOLUTION
The color model traditionally used in digital publishing. Colors are created in the color model by adding red, green, and blue pixels to a black base. RGB
A guideline in photography that encourages a photographer to move the primary subject of the photograph away from the center. RULEOFTHIRDS
These fonts lack the decorative elements found on serif fonts. SANSSERIF
These fonts have small decorative elements at the end of letter strokes. SERIF
Negative space or the empty area around an object, used to draw the viewer into a particular spot in the design. WHITESPACE
A widow is A word or line of text that sits alone at the start of a column or page, also distracting to readers. WIDOWS
The last page of the yearbook. CLOSING
An ad purchased by a family member to recognize a student – only for 8th graders at THMS. DEDICATIONAD
Refers to the topics featured in the yearbook and how they are covered. COVERAGE
Page one of the yearbook. It usually contains at least one photo (often a photo of the school building) the name of the school, school address, school phone number and year. If a theme is used, it should be introduced here as well. TITLEPAGE
A type of a book published annually used to record, highlight, and commemorate the past year of a school. It is often the only permanent record of the students, staff and events of a given school and year. YEARBOOK

Basic Yearbook Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a picture that extends beyond the margin of the page, extending off the page Bleed
An element used to connect areas separated by a grid of white space. Headlines and quote boxes are commonly used as bridges. Bridge
line at beginning or end of copy giving name of person who wrote it. Byline
Should tell the reader something s/he does not know from looking at the picture. Always written in present tense. Caption
A statement giving publishing credit and technical information: type faces and sizes used, paper stock, layout styles, graphic devices, number of copies, cost to students, printer, professional photography and honors earned, membership in professional organizations. Colophon
To a journalist, the words written to tell a story or describe an event; to a printer, all written materials and photos to be printed. Copy
The processing of proofreading copy and making necessary corrections and changes. Copy editing
A page or double-page spread that separates different sections of the book Divider Page
When an element or elements attract immediate reader attention. Usually achieved by making a photo or visual package two-and-one-half to three-times larger than any other element on the spread; also occurs with use of color, isolation and extreme shape or cropping. Dominant Photo
Two facing pages in a publication. Spread
Heavy sheet of paper that attaches the book to its cover. There is an endsheet in the front and back of the book. Endsheet
A page number, best located at the bottom of each page to the outside and parallel to the bottom of the page. Folio
The inner space between the two pages of a spread where the paper runs into the spine. Gutter
A line or large type used to tell the reader what is to follow, introducing the main point of interest of the copy. Headline
A chart representing the pages in a signature or a book, used for planning book sections, page content and color placement. Ladder
A plan or drawing which shows size and position of all elements. Layout
The opening paragraph of a story which sets the tone for the article giving it purpose and direction. Lead
The first words of a caption or story which draw attention to the copy and which are often set apart typographically for emphasis. Lead-in
The sharpness or clarity of an image. Resolution
A master page that maintains consistency within a design or section. Template
a central idea or concept. Theme
a page (usually page one) containing the title, year of publication, school name, location (address, city, state and zip code), phone and fax, student and staff population of the school and volume number in Arabic numbers. Title page