Type
Crossword
Description

The movement of molecules from a high concentration to low concentration. passive transport
The movement of molecules from low concentration to high concentration. active transport
The movement of molecules across a concentration gradient. diffusion
The movement of water molecules across a concentration gradient. osmosis
The cell membrane is ______________ and allows certain things to enter and leave the cell. semipermeable
Every type of cell is surrounded by this. cell membrane
Cells that have a nucleus Eukaryota
Cells that do not have a nucleus prokaryote
Plant cells are surrounded by a cell membrane and this cell wall
The organelle that produces ATP for the cell mitochondria
Plants use this process to produce sugars for energy photosynthesis
Photosynthesis occurs in this organelle chloroplast
Organelle that packages and distributes proteins golgi bodies
Jelly like fluid inside the cell that holds the organelles in place cytoplasm
DNA is located here nucleus
This organelle holds proteins and is rough in appearance rough ER

Cell process Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

where cellular respiration takes place Mitochondria
processes in which plants make food photosynthesis
moving materials across the membrane Active transport
a small opening in the leaves stomata
converts glucose and oxygen into ATP with energy Cellular respiration
coverts materials across the cell membrane without energy passive transport
the diffusion of water across the cell membrane. osmosis
passive movement of particle form high to low concentration diffusion
moves particles that are to large transport proteins
Organelle that absorbs sunlight Chloroplast
When the gogli complex surrounds in a vesicle to be removed from the cell Exocytosis
Cell membrane surrounds a large particle in a vessel and carries it into cell Endocytosis
selectivley permiable covering of cell Cell Membrane
substances can pass through the cell membrane while others cannot selectively prmeable
how crowded something is or how much something is in something else concentration
diffusion with a transport protien that does not need ATP facilitated diffusion
the normal way materials flow gradient
energy for all life functions atp
the process of making ATP without the use of oxygen fermentation

Cell Membrane Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a movement across of ions and other molecular substances across the cel membrane without ATP Passive transport
the movement of particles from areas of high concentration (crowded) to areas of low concentration (not crowded). Diffusion
The diffusion of water across a membrane. Osmosis
An area that has a higher solute concentration than another location. Hypertonic
An area that has a lower solute concentration than another location Hypotonic
An area that has an equal solute concentration compared to another location. Isotonic
Allows only certain materials to enter (or cross if it's a cell membrane). Synonym for semipermeable. Selectively Permeable
The tendency of water to move locations; water moves from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration. Water Potential
Energy free transport across a membrane; includes diffusion and facilitated diffusion. Passive Transport
Movement across a membrane that requires the help of integral proteins; does not require energy because it follows the concentration gradient (high to low). Faciliated Diffusion
The movement of molecules following the "normal flow"; movement of molecules from high concentration to low concentration. Concentration Gradient

Cell Structure and Function Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

All living things are made of one or more cells cell theory
Long chains of amino acid molecules proteins
A fluid inside a cell that contains salts and other molecules cytoplasm
Formed by joining many small molecules together macromolecules
Macromolecules that form when long chains of molecules called nucleotides join together nucleic acids
A large macromolecule that does not dissolve in water lipid
A network of threadlike proteins that are joined together cytoskeleton
Structures that have specialized functions. They are surrounded by membranes organelles
Membrane-bound organelles that use light energy and make food-a sugar called glucose-from water and carbon dioxide chloroplasts
The movement of substances through a cell membrane without using the cell's energy passive transport
The movement of substances from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration diffusion
the diffusion of water molecules only through a membrane osmosis
Molecules pass through a cell membrane using special proteins called transport proteins facilitated diffusion
The movement of substances through a cell membrane only by using the cell's energy active transport
The process during which a cell takes in a substance by surrounding it with the cell membrane endocytosis
The process during which a cell'svesicles release their contents outside the cell exocytosis

Chapter 7 vocabulary crossword puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

The smallest unit of structure & function of living things Cell
Tiny organ which is a structure in a cell with a particular function Organelle
a minute cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cells, occurring in pairs and involved in the development of spindle fibers in cell division Centriole
Produces energy from breaking Mitochondria
the spreading of something more widely Diffusion
Water loving Hydrophilic
is a form of active transport in which a cell transports molecules Endocytosis
is any organism whose cells contain a nucleus and other organelles enclosed within membranes Eukaryote
Storage -> H2O and wastes ions Vacuole
Builds protein and reads DNA protection Ribosome
Rigid, keeps shape also protection Cell wall
Water movement Osmosis
Solution with equal concentration Isotonic
A big amount of trash that exits the cell Exocytosis
a microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a distinct nucleus with membrane nor other specialized organelles Prokaryote
Sac with enzymes to break down old parts Lysosome
Transport material within the cell Endoplasmic reticulum
Two phospholipid molecules arranged tail to tail Lipid bilayer
A membrane that allows some material IN & Out Selectively permeable
A solution with MANY particles, high concentration Hypertonic
Solution with low concentration Hypotonic
Is the process of spontaneous passive transport of molecules or ions across cell's membrane Facilitated diffusion
Control center and protects & holds DNA also is instructed to build and run organisms Nucleus
a microscopic network of protein filaments and tubules in the cytoplasm of many living cells, giving them shape and coherence Cytoskeleton
Uses sun energy to produce sugars "photosynthesis" Chloroplast
Transport material out of or into the cell Golgi apparatus
tending to repel or fail to mix with water Hydrophobic
the tendency toward a relatively stable equilibrium between interdependent elements Homeostasis

Introduction to Biology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A prokaryotic organism. Bacteria
Animal, fungi and _________ cells are all eukaryotic cells. Plant
A feature common to prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Cytoplasm
Organelle that contains the genetic information in a cell. Nucleus
Organelle that provides energy for the cell to use. Mitochondria
Adenosine Triphosphate is abbreviated to _____ and is the energy utilized by cells. ATP
Plant organelle that stores wastes, water and other materials. Vacuole
Structure that enables a cell to move. Flagella
Form of genetic material found in cells. DNA
The movement of water from an area of high water concentration to low water concentration. Osmosis
Active transport is the only transport mechanism that requires _________. Energy
A specific type of diffusion which employs the use of protein channels. Facilitated
A particle composed of genetic material that is capable of causing illness. Virus
Rough endoplasmic reticulum is classed as ‘rough’ due to the presence of ___________. Ribosomes
Structures responsible for packaging materials and exporting them out of the cell. Golgibodies
Organelles responsible for photosynthesis. Chloroplasts
Structure common to plant, bacteria and fungi cells. Cellwall

Osmosis and Active Transport Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The diffusion of water molecules from high to low concentration. Osmosis
They let some substances pass through them, but not others. SemiPermeable Membrane
The movement of dissolved molecules into or out of a cell through the cell membrane, from low to high concentration (up the gradient) . Requires ATP. Active Transport
Effected by temperature, steepness of the gradient, size of the solute and electric or pressure gradients. Diffusion Rate
The difference between the concentration inside and outside of the cell. Concentration Gradient
They pick up specific molecules and take them through the cell membrane against the concentration gradient. Carrier proteins
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell. Cell membrane
A dilute solution contains a ____ ____________of water molecules. High concentration
A concentrated solution contains a ____ _____________of water molecules. Low concentration
The type of transport that requires no ATP, goes from high to low concentration (down the gradient) Passive Transport

Cell Transport Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An organism's ability to maintain steady internal conditions when outside conditions change Homeostasis
Hydrophobic tails are facing inward and their hydrophilic heads are outward Phospholipid Bilayer
The movement of substances through a cell membrane without using the cell's energy Passive Transport
The movement of substances from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration Diffusion
The diffusion of water molecules only through a membrane Osmosis
When molecules pass through a cell membrane using special proteins called transport proteins Facilitated Diffusion
The movement of substances through a cell membrane only by using the cell's energy Active Transport
Cells energy ATP
The process during which a cell takes in a substance by surrounding it with the cell membrane Endocytosis
The process by which certain living cells called phagocytes ingest or engulf other cells or particles Phagocytosis
a process by which liquid droplets are ingested by living cells Pinocytosis
The process during which a cell’s vesicles releases their contents outside the cell Exocytosis
The maximum pressure that develops in a solution separated from a solvent by a membrane permeable only to the solvent Osmotic Pressure
Having a lower osmotic pressure than the surrounding environment is called Hypotonic
Having a higher osmotic pressure than the surrounding environment is called Hypertonic
Having equal osmotic pressure with the surrounding environment is called Isotonic

TRANSPORT ACROSS MEMBRANES Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A solution that contains more solute and has a lower water potential. Hypertonic
it is 7nm thick Phospholipidbilayer
Protein that has polysaccharide chains attached glycoproteins
type of lipid cholesterol
the name of the process for the movement of water osmosis
the process in which the molecules ,eve against a concentration gradient Active transport
what type of energy does active transport require ATP
what solution contains the highest water potential pure water
Diffusion is a p_ _ _ _ _ _ process passive
the thinner the exchange surface, the _ _ _ _ _ _ the rate of diffusion faster
ATP is produced by respiration
net movement of water into a cell causes the cell to be turgid
cell membranes have a _ _ _ _ _/ _ _ _ _ _ _ structure Fluid Mosaic
when channel proteins and carrier proteins deform, this increases the _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ of the cell permeability

Chapter 5 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a protein that transports specific substance through intracellular compartments, into the extracellular fluid, or across the cell membrane carrierprotien
difference in concentration of solutes on two sides of a membrane. Molecules ALWAYS move from HIGH concentration to LOW concentration CONCENTRATIONGRADIENT
a vacuole in some protozoans that expels excess liquid on contraction. CONTRACTILEVACUOLE
the passive movement of particles from an area of high concentration to low concentration. Particles pass right through the cell membrane. DIFFUSION
the concentration of molecules is equal or evenly dispersed throughout a space. EQUILIBRIUM
process of spontaneous passive transport of molecules or ions across a biological membrane via specific transmembrane integral proteins FACILITATED
environment (around cell) with higher concentration of solute than that inside the cell. Solvent is lower outside the cell than inside. HYPERTONIC
pore-forming membrane proteins that allow ions to pass through the channel pore ionchannel
environment with conditions exactly matching that of inside the cell. ISOTONIC
the diffusion of water across a semi-permeable cell membrane OSMOSIS
the movement of materials across a cell membrane that uses NO energy. PASSIVETRANSPORT
the force within the cell that pushes the plasma membrane against the cell wall TURGORPRESSURE

Cell Transport: Osmosis & Diffusion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The _______________ controls what enters and leaves the cell cell membrane
The movement of materials into and out of a cell is the life process called transport
Two types of transport are passive & active
The cell membrane is made mostly of lipid
The cell membrane allows some materials through but not others, this is called selectively permeable
The movement of molecules is called diffusion
The movement of water is called osmosis
Movement of molecules from HIGH to LOW concentration does _______ require _______- not energy
The movement of molecules from LOW to HIGH concentration that does require energy is called active transport
A cell placed in pure water will ___________ swell
A cell placed in salt water will shrink
Cells will swell because they gain water
Cells will shrink because they lose water
When the concentration in and outside a cell are equal the cell is said to be at equilibrium