Type
Crossword
Description

Originally someone who studied antiques largely for the sake of the objects themselves, not to understand the people or culture that produced them antiquarian
Any movable object that has been used, modified, or manufactured by humans; examples include stone, bone, metal tools; beads and other ornaments; pottery; artwork; religious and sacred items. artifact
The branch of archeology that studies the "classical" civilizations of the Mediterranean, such as Greece and Rome, and the Near East. classical archaeology
The kind of archaeology practiced mainly in the early to mid-twentieth century; it "explains" differences or changes over time in artifact frequencies by positing the diffusion of ideas between neighboring cultures or the migration of a people who had different mental templates for artifact styles. cultural history
Refuse deposit resulting from human activities, generally consisting of sediment; food remains such as charred seeds, animal bone, and shell; and discarded artifacts. Pretty much old trash. midden
An approach to archaeology that arose in the 1960s, emphasizing the understanding of underlying cultural processes and the use of the scientific method; modernly called processual archeology. new archaeology
Fragment of pottery potsherd
A sites physical structure produced by the deposition of geological and/or cultural sediments into layers, or strata stratigraphy
BC, For instance, 3200 BC; the letters follow the date BEFORE CHRIST
AD, Meaning "in the year of our Lord," "anno Domini,"
CE Common Era
BCE Before the Common Before the Common Era
BP, AD 1950 is the zero point Before Present
(died in 538 BC) Last King of the Babylonian Empire, often named the "first archaeologist" Nabonidus
(1304-1374) scholar during the Renaissance who saw a difference between the present and the past. " Father of humanism" Francesco Petrarch
(1391-1455), an Italian scholar who established the modern discipline of archaeology. Ciriaco de'Pizzicolli
(1788-1868), found ancient ax heads in the Somme River and said they proved the existence of very ancient man. Boucher de Perthes
(1581-1656) Archbishop of Armagh, Primate of All Ireland, and Vice Chancellor of Trinity College in Dublin. Theorized from studies of biblical genealogies and Mediterranean and Middle Eastern histories that Creation began at sunset on Saturday, October 22, 4004 BC. James Ussher
(1778-1823) One of the earliest antiquarians. A leader and major part of "the rape of the Nile." Took notes, made illustrations, and observations of the places visited. Giovanni Battista Belzoni
(1821-1885) the first professional archaeologist. wrote the book "Primeval Antiquities of Denmark," excavated to answer questions. Thinking from things. Jens J. A. Jens J. A. Worsaae
(1885-1963) early figure of professional archaeology. Founder of anthropological archaeology. Moved objective of archaeology to move from things to people. Alfred Vincent Kidder
(1888-1985) One of the pioneers of modern excavation in Egypt. General badass and feminist icon. Advanced Archaeology intellectually. First archaeologist to excavate a village site in Egypt (1920s). Work in Zimbabwe was very important because she paid attention to the actual findings rather than using the past to justify the present. Gertrude Caton-Thompson
(1914-1994) female pioneer in American archaeology. Badass extraordinaire. H. Marie Wormington
(1931-2011) Archaeology’s angry young man, helped introduce new archaeology, emphasized the importance of precise, unambiguous scientific methods. Lewis R. Binford

Prehistory Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The study of the past. History
An expert in history. Historian
A person who specializes in anthropology. Anthropologist
A specialist in archaeology. Archaeologist
An object created and used by humans. Artifact
A part or imprint of something that was once alive. Fossil
Ceramic ware, especially earthenware and stoneware. Pottery
An object that has been modified to help a person accomplish a task. Tool
The first part of the stone age; when people first used stone tools. Paleolithic Age/Era
Before Christ/Before the common era BC/BCE
A community of people who share a common culture. Society
People who hunt animals and gather wild plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts to survive. Hunter-Gatherers
One without a home who moves around or travels freely. Nomad
Involving marriage to one person at a time. Monogamous
Typically having more than one mate. Polygamous
The new Stone Age; When people learned to make fire and tools such as saws and drills. Neolithic Age/Era
The process of changing plants or animals to make them more useful to humans. Domestication
Was the increase in agricultural production in Britain due to the increase in labor and land productivity. Agricultural Revolution
A huge stone monument. Megaliths
The act of specializing, or pursuing a particular line of study or work. Specialization

Archaeology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The scientific study of past human cultures by analyzing things people have left behind. archaeology
Scientists who study past human cultures by analyzing what people have left behind. archaeologist
An object made and used by people who lived long ago; the objects(items) show a certain time period and culture of the people who used them. artifact
A set of learned beliefs, values, and behaviors that show a way of life shared by members of a society. culture
The systematic digging and recording of a site; also known as a "dig". excavation
A small excavation unit dug to test the ground to look for other interesting buried artifacts. testpit
A general term for stone points that were crafted into darts, spears, or arrows; often erroneously termed "arrowheads". projectilepoints
Many layers or levels of earth in an archaeological site strata
The layering of deposits in archaeological sites. Cultural remains become buried over time, forming strata or layers. stratigraphy
Network of uniformly spaced squares that divides a site into units; used to measure and record items found during an excavation or "dig". grid
Place where people once lived and objects remain or artifacts were left behind. site
An area used for garbage or trash disposal. midden
The process of making a sharp blade by knocking off flakes around the edges of one rock by using another rock. knapping
A small tool used for digging and excavating with the purpose of scraping off only the tiniest layer of dirt at a time. trowel
Method of shaking the collected dirt through a screen to find tiny artifacts or midden. screening
Permanent places within a site like artifacts, these places are something made by people, but is also a place, such as roads, buildings, swimming pools, cemetaries, hearth, etc. feature

Archaeology Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

digsite
toothbrush
grid
screener
trowel
ruins
region
geography
climate
civilization
fossil
prehistory
artifact
source
secondary
primary
excavation
archaeology

PreHistory Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

human written past History
writes about human past historian
and object made by an human being in the past artifacts
study of humanity anthorpologist
the study of human activity by looking at artifacts archaeologist
remains of a prehistoric organism fossil
dishes made of baked clay pottery
Things use by prehistoric humans mostly to gather food Tools
era where prehistoric humans used stone tools Paleolithis age/era
Before christ/before common age b.c/b.c.e
People living together in an arranged community Society
prehistoric humans hunted food and gather plants,seeds,fruits,and nuts Hunters-gathers
moved where food was at that time nomad
Form of relationship where there are only 2 people together. monogamous
An open relationship polygamous
Where people made fire and tools like the ones when use today Neolithic Age/era
taming animals such as dogs and kittens ect. Domestication
When prehistoric people seetled down and starting making houses, giving up the nomad life agriculture
used to creat structures and monuments megaliths
to be good at on subject or skill specialization

The Archaeologist Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Place where archaeologists dig Site
When sites are checked for artefacts before destruction rescue archaeology
Archaeologists draw this of a site Map
Tool used to excavate a site Trowel
How the archaeologist divides up the site grid
Way of dating items made from wood dendrochrynology
Man made object from the past Artefact
Where artefacts are stored Museum
Dating objects based on how deep they are buried in soil Stratigraphy
Photography from above Aerial photography
Machine used for removing top layer of soil Digger
Method of dating based on measuring carbon level Carbondating

Early Man Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Fertile Crescent
Israel
Syria
England
Turkey
Anatolia
Excavated
Nomad
Migration
Hunter Gatherers
Agriculture
Clans
Domestication
Aleppo
Archaeologist
Archaeology
Artifact
Carbon dating
Catalhoyuk
Fire
Fossil
Hominid
Homo sapiens
Jericho
Neolithic Era
Oral Language
Paleolithic Era
Pottery
Prehistory
Sedentary
Settlement
Stone
Stonehenge
Strata
Tools
Weaving

archaeology crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the action of investigation, dig out, hollow out excavation
an expert in human culture or customs archeologist
before written history prehistoric
a man made object artifact
stone tools lithics
the origin of human divelopment anthropology
a place where public records are kept archive
someone who does research researcher
a picture made out of glass or tile mosaic
broken glass or pottery shard
to dig out exhume
never giving up perseverance
to determine how old something is dating
a special jorney expedition
the art and planning a building design architechural
a hard yellow or yellowish-brown resin amber
long, boring, tiring tedious

The Beginning of Civilizations Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Most ________ people were nomadic. Paleolithic
______ use artifacts and remains of ancient humans to learn about culture. Anthropologists
In present day ______, people raised beans, squash, and corn. Mexico
People began to form _____ during the Bronze Age Civilizations
People in the Bronze Age kept written records, like ______. Laws
The first civilizations started in the ______ ______ of Mesopotamia. River Valleys
The Neolithic Age is also called the ______ ______ ______. New Stone Age
In the Neolithic Age, people farmed and raised animals for ______. Food
The first modern humans appeared in ______. Africa
Paleolithic people invented the ______ and the bow and arrow. Spear

What is history? Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a study of the past based on evidence history
a source made during the period being studied primary
a source created after the period being studied secondary
a theory to explain what happened in the past based on evidence hypothesis
someone who studied the past using written primary sources historian
someone who digs and studies the past using artefacts archaeologist
Before Christ BC
The Latin meaning for in the year of our Lord Anno Domini
Anno domini AD
BCE Before Common Era
CE Common Era
BP before present
period of time that contained distinctive features age
100 years Century
1000 years Millenium
10 years decade

Stone Age Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Scientist who learns about past human life by studying fossils and artifacts Archaeologist
Weapon, tool, or other item made by humas Artifact
A person who studies and writes about the human past Historian
The earlist part of a time period Paleolithic
People who travel from place to place Nomad
Long periods of extreme cold Iceage
The newest part of a time period Neolithic
The taming of plants and animals Domesticate
The science or practice of farming Agriculture
A particular line of work Specialization