Type
Crossword
Description

edible, starchy tubers that come in several varieties and are an important crop in many parts of world potatoes
a potentially harmful, bitter tasting substance found in potatoes that have developed a greenish color solanine
style of cooking in which potatoes are cooked directly from the raw state to the finished state by using one cooking method single-stage technique
style of cooking in which potatoes are prepared using more than one cooking method before they are finished multiple-stage technique
recipe in which potatoes are precooked, sliced, and then fried with onions lyonnaise
pan-fried potato pancakes that are traditional in american-jewish cooking and are usually served with apple sauce and sour cream latkes
edible seeds from pod-producing plants legumes
edible seed, often kidney-shaped, from various plants of the legume family bean
round, edible seed that is a plant and part of the legume family pea
fruit composed of a hard shell and a seed nut
embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering called the seed coat seed
grasses that grow edible seeds grains
coarsely ground or crushed seeds of plants such as young cereal grasses meals
grains that have not been milled whole grains
process in which the germ, bran, and hull of the grain are removed milking process
the protective coating, or husk, that surrounds a grain hull
the tough layer surrounding the endosperm of a grain bran
the largest part of the grain and a major source of a protein and carbohydrate endosperm
the smallest part of the whole grain germ
process in which grains are ground and brown down but retain more of their nutrients because the germ, bran, and hull are left intact stone ground
a technique for cooking grains in which the food preparer sautés the grain briefly in oil or butter and the summers it in stock or water with various seasonings pilaf
method of cooking arborio rice into a very creamy consistency risotto
a medium-grain rice used in risotto due to its creamy texture when cooked arborio
cooked balls of dough that often include a filling ingredient, such as pork, veggies or even sweets dumplings
polish dumplings with a savory filling cooked by boiling and then pan-frying pierogi
firm to the bite al dente
stage in which pasta dough is allowed to rest in order to become smooth, elastic, and ready to be rolled out into thin sheets resting stage
small german, bread like dumplings that are often used in stews spaetzle
small potato dumplings served in italian cuisine gnocchi

Chapter 30 Grains Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

? are plants in the grass family cultivated for their fruits or seeds grains
? grains produce many small, separate dry fruits called kernels
the ? is the edible, outer layer of the kernel bran
the ? is the largest part of the kernel, which is made of proteins and starches that supply the plant with food endosperm
the ? is the seed that grows into a new plant germ
some grains are covered with an inedible outer coat called the ?, which is removed after harvesting hull
? products, including whole-wheat flour and whole-grain breakfast cereal, are made of the entire kernel and so contain most of the original nutrients whole-grain
? is one of the oldest cereal grains wheat
? is the starchy seed of plants grown in flooded fields in warm climates rice
? is an Italian word meaning "paste" pasta
pasta includes ?, which is made from durum wheat flour and water macaroni
?, which have egg solids added for tenderness noodles
? is bread made with a leaving agent, such as yeast or baking powder leavened bread
? is any bread that is unleavened, or made without leavenings flatbread
? means that the product is made from the whole wheat grain whole wheat
to cook ? is to cook so that the pasta is firm to the bite, rather than soft and mushy al dente
which type of rice has the highest starch content short grain rice
which type of rice is the most popular in the United States long grain rice

Potatoes and Grains Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

stone ground
whole grains
resting stage
spaetzli
pierogi
gnocchi
dumplings
al dente
arborio
risotto
pilaf
bran
hull
grains
legumes
latkes
solanine

Potatoes, Legumes, Grains Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the most important non-cereal crop in the world potatoes
What is often served on New Year's Day and is said to bring good luck? Black Eyed Peas
Which seed is used to make oil and tahini paste or added to baked goods Sesame seed
An aromatic (nutty) rice with a delicate texture basmati
Made from durum wheat and used to make couscous and many types of pasta, pale yellow color semolina
This bean is popular in Oriental cuisine, used to make sauces, pastes, and more Soy
A type of corn used to make tortillas and other Mexican dishes. Masa
A type of corn used in succotash Hominy
A small blue-black seed often used as a filling in baked goods Poppy
Seeds from pod-producing plants legumes
Main ingredient in hummus Garbanzo Bean
Often roasted over an open fire Chestnuts
A bean popular in many Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cultures Fava
A potato originating in Asia, often mistaken for Sweet Potatoes Yam
Most commonly used potato in the US. Good for use in many cooking techniques. Russet
High-starch, low moisture potatoes swell and ____________ when they cook separate
Improper storage of potatoes can cause ____________________ growth and damage a shipment bacterial
Exposure to what causes green coloring in potatoes Sunlight

Agriculture Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Any plant whose fruit, seed etc are used for food. Vegetable
Provide starch and make French fries Potato
a cultivated plant that is grown as food, especially a grain, fruit, or vegetable. Crops
A type of wheat used mainly for macaroni. Durum
The science or practice of farming, cultivation of soils & rearing of animals for food Agriculture
A powerful, motor-driven machine used to pull implements and do other work on the farm. tractor
The product of any of a variety of perennial crops, typically grasses that can be used as feed for ruminant animals. Hay
a cereal plant that is the most important kind grown in temperate countries, the grain of which is ground to make flour for bread, pasta, pastry, etc. Wheat
An animal kept to produce milk or beef. Cows
Type of gardening tool. Hoe
A person who owns or manages a farm. Farmer
A male sheep. Ram
This oil is used for healthy cooking and baking. Canola
Takes care of bees. Beekeeper
An expert who can give advice on crops and soils Agronomist

Flour and Rice Types Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Contains more protein than all-purpose flour. Breadflour
Made from soft wheat. Cakeflour
Treated to blend easily with liquids. Instantflour
All purpose flour with leavening agents added. self-risingflour
Uses entire wheat kernel. Whole-wheatflour
Made from cooked potatoes that have been dried and ground. Potatoflour
Made from ground buckwheat grain, gluten free. Buckwheatflour
Made from ground rye, will have some or all of bran and germ removed. Ryeflour
Made from ground soybeans. Soyflour
Made by milling white rice. Riceflour
Gluten-free flour made from ground yellow corn. Cornflour
White, starchy endosperm of the rice kernel. Whiterice
Hull removed but contains the bran and germ as well as the endosperm. Brownrice
Not really rice, seed of a grass that grows in the marshes. Wildrice

Grain Products Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Edible outer layer Bran
Contains the plants food supply Endosperm
The seed that grows into a new plant Germ
All plants in the grass family Grain
Inedible part of the kernel Hull
Nutrients added that were lost Enriched
Nutrients added that weren't present to start with Fortified
Grow in a variety of climates Staple
Should be stored in an air tight container Flour
Slim type of rice that cooks up fluffy Long
Type of rice that is good to use when making risotto Medium
Fattest, rounded type of rice Short
Rice that is high in protein and dietary fiber Wild
Type of pasta that can be stored in cabinet Dried
Type of pasta that must be refrigerated Fresh
How we cook pasta Boil
Pasta that is firm to the bite Aldente
Made from the entire kernel and contains the most nutrients Wholegrain
Where whole grains other than flour should be stored Refrigerator
Rice does this in size when cooked Triples
Pasta does this in size when cooked Doubles

Food and Nutrition Basics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

main source of energy Carbohydrates
sugar the occurs naturally in fruits fructose
that occur naturally in grains Maltose
that occur naturally in milk lactose
complex carbohydrates are made up of large molecules of simple carbohydrates
the main source of carbohydrates is plants
are extracted from plants and used to sweeten foods refined sugars
eating foods that are high in refined sugars empty calories
in the form of rice,paste,and bread products grains
such as peas and lentils legumes
consuming large amount of these foods can lead to weight gain
that leads to sugar highs and lows energy level
proteins are made of chains of chemical building blocks amino acids
helps form the protective coverings around nerves
around vital organs such as the heart and liver cushion
your body needs iron to build hemoglobin
there are types of proteins complete and incomplete
complex carbohydrates are broken down into two subcategories starches and fiber
such as potatoes and corns that can be found in starches vegetables
fiber consist of plant material non-digestible
there are two kinds of dietary soluble and insoluble
this bulk helps to move food through the large intestine,promoting regular bowel movement
that provides for the body heat and energy
that promotes healthy and normal cell growth skin
carries vitamins A,D,E and K in the body fat-soluble vitamins

Plant Science Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

use of plants that benefit sick/injured people medicine
use of plants that keeps soil from being moved erosioncontrol
refers to cold tolerance of plants hardiness
completes life cycle in one growing season annual
reaches maturity in summer summerannual
reaches maturity in winter winterannual
completes life cycle in two growing seasons biennial
takes at least three growing seasons to complete life cycle perennial
protects the seed seedcoat
seed leaves cotyledon
connection between plumule and radicle hypocotyl
shoot tip plumule
embryonic root radicle
food for seed endosperm
changing from a seed to a seedling germination
mechanical removal of seed coat scarification
cooling time required before germination stratification
one of the requirements for germination moisture
process by which plants produce oxygen and food photosynthesis
process by which food and oxygen are turned into energy respiration

Grains Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

flour made from different types of wheats all-purpose
outer protective coat or skin bran
a food supply for embryo endosperm
a pasta that means ribbons in italian fettucine
amount of pasta shapes worldwide six hundred
what makes grains double in size? starch
what are pasta's? noodles
what parts are used for whole grain products? all three
what minerals are found in grain products? iron and phosphorus
how many parts are there to the grain kernel? three
found in the bran cellulose

Sexual reproduction in flowering plants (39) Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

reproduction that involves only one parent - produces identical offspring. Asexual
reproduction that involves the union of two sex cells (gametes) > produces non-identical offspring Sexual
Haploid (contain half the number of chromosomes) cells capable of fusion. Gametes
Consists of the male [reproductive] parts of the flower. Stamen
Consists of the female [reproductive] parts of the flower. Carpel
the stalk part of the stamen. Filament
the part of the stamen that produces pollen. Anther
Where the pollen lands Stigma
The neck part of the carpel through which the pollen tube grows. Style
Becomes the fruit after fertilisation Ovary
Becomes the seed after fertilisation Ovule
Form of nuclear division resulting in four haploid daughter cells. Meiosis
Form of nuclear cell division resulting in two diploid daughter cells identical to parent. Mitosis
cell that has one set of chromosomes (1/2 the total #) Haploid
cell that has 2 sets of chromosomes (full amount) Diploid
The transfer of pollen from the anther to a stigma of a flower from the same species. Pollination
the transfer of pollen from the anther to a stigma on the same plant. Self-pollination
the transfer of pollen from an anther to the stigma on a different plant (of the same species) Cross-pollination
The union of the male and female gametes to form a diploid zygote. Fertilisation
The part of the plant embryo that develops into a root radicle
The part of the plant embryo that develops into the shoot Plumule
A seed leaf Cotyledon
seed that has no endosperm when fully formed non-endospermic
seed that contains some endosperm when fully formed Endospermic seed
transform from integuments to form the seed coat testa
Fertilised egg [that eventually becomes the embryo] Zygote
The scattering/transfer of seeds or fruit away from the parent plant Dispersal
Resting period when seeds have low metabolic rate and no growth occurs [even though conditions for growth may be present] Dormancy
Start of (re)growth of the embryo in a seed [after dormancy period _ if conditions are suitable] Germination