Type
Crossword
Description

Sampling when every 8th person is selected Systematic
A part of the group of interest Sample
The process of gathering data from the entire population Census
The process of gathering data from part of the population Survey
A parameter is data that describes a ____ Population
Data that is gathered from a survey Statistic
The bias that occurs when people choose to participate in a survey Voluntary Response
Bias that occurs when you choose your friends as a sample Convenience
Bias when not enough people answer your survey Undercoverage
Bias that occurs when your opinion is given in the questions Wording
Bias when people lie answering questions Untruthful Answers
Sample selection when every person has the same chance of being selected SRS
Sampling when the population is divided into groups. A few groups are randomly selected and everyone in those groups is surveyed. Cluster
Sampling when the population is divided into groups. A few people from each group are randomly selected Stratified

Statistics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

numbers that can be averaged quantitative
variables that consist of names or labels categorical
choose to deduce a choice from data inferential
data that is countable discrete
data that is measured contentious
ignored or rejected to respond to survey Non-response
people missed or can't participate in survey under-coverage
survey done by random chocies SRS
easiest way to group people for survey Convince
break population into sections and pick all from some Cluster
doesn't persuade or influence survey only watches observational
A question that persuades your opinion Loaded question
Survey that has added a variable experimental
Soda that is only sold in U.S and Haiti Mountain Dew
Man's Best Friend Dog
coughs up hair balls Cat

Chapter 3 Review - Experiments and Samples Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

researchers have no influence observational
researchers deliberately impose a treatment experimental
an explanatory variable in an experiment factor
a specific experimental condition that is imposed on the subjects treatment
a group of units that are similar in some way that may affect their response block
always as two treatments, two ways to design matched pairs
entire group of interest population
a subset of the population that we measure sample
biased and are not representative of any larger group voluntary response
population is divided by a similar characteristic stratified
all samples are equally likely to be chosen simple random sample
every kth individual in the population is selected systematic
population is divided into groups (think apartment complex) cluster
list of population members from which we chose our sample sampling frame
certain members, who may have a different opinion of a population are not included undercoverage
bias occuring from the way samples are selected sampling bias
when a large portion of the sample either cannot be contacted or choose not to respond non-response bias
when people lie when giving answers on a survey response bias
questions are worded in a way to get them to give you the answers you want deliberate bias
occurs when questions are not clear or could easily be misinterpretted unintentional bias

Statistics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Some from all Stratified
Numbers and things that go into a category Categorical
All form some Cluster
A survey using a system Systematic
Smaller group from the survey Sample
All the data that you can see Descriptive
The people that were missed by your means of survey Undercoverage
The worst kind of survey Convenience
A study using the sample Surveys
The entire group Population
Simple Random Survey SRS
Can do meaningful math Quantitative
Assume, deduce, decide Inferential
A study using the entire population Census
Favritism Bias

Psychological Methods Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

It can be assumed that it is present, but it cannot be seen or measured directly. construct
An educated guess. hypothesis
In order for a study to be conformed, it must be _______________. replicated
Gathering information by asking people a series of questions. survey
________________________ is the whole group you want to study or describe. target population
When researchers conduct any type of study, they must consider what group or groups of people they wish to examine and how respondents will be selected. sample
Individuals are selected by chance from the target population. random sample
In a ___________ ___________, subgroups in the population are represented proportionally. stratified sample
______________or predisposition to a certain point of view. bias
A ______________ ______ often have different outlook from people who do not volunteer for research studies. volunteer bias
An in-depth investigation of an individual or a small group. case study
Researchers select a group of participants then observe those participants over a long period of time. longitudinal method
In the _____________ _____________ _________, instead of following a set of individuals over a number of years, they select a sample that includes people of different ages. cross section method
____________ observation is when researchers observes individuals interacting with other individuals of the same age. naturalistic
____________ observation is any place that provides the opportunity for observation or experimentation. laboratory
The measure of how closely one thing is related to the other. correlation

Chapter 2: Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Group of people with certain specific characteristics Population
A group of people who represent a larger population Sample
A sample that accurately reflects the characteristics Representative sample
A written set of questions to be answered by a research participant Questionnaire
A survey method in which a trained researcher ask questions and record the answers Interview
Research method in which people respond to questions Survey
Facts or statistics Data
Questions a person must answer by choosing from a limited, set of responses Closed ended questions
Questions a person is to answer in his or her own words Open ended questions
Intensive study of a single group Case study
Research that takes place in a natural setting Field research
Using precollected information for data collection and research purposes Secondary analysis
The belief that events occur in predictable ways Causation
A characteristic that is subject to change Variable
A characteristic that can be measured numerically Quantitative variable

Market Research Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process of gathering, recording, analyzing, and reporting info. regarding customers or potential customers Market Research
Facts discovered in the market research process Data
Facts collected for the first time for the problem under study Primary Data
A series of questions asked to a select and representative group of people to obtain quantitative data Survey
An information-gathering technique that involves watching people by using other people or by using a camera Observation
A small group of 8-15 people who provide qualitative data through their opinions about a business, its product, or other issues under the direction of a discussion leader Focus Group
The number of people questioned for a survey Sample Size
Facts that have been collected previously for a purpose other than the problem being studied Secondary Data
Research that is used to discover consumer info whose validity can then be assessed with quantitative research questions Qualitative Research
Research often used to answer questions about quantities and amounts using a large sample of consumers Quantitative Research

AP Statistics: Experimental Design Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

x variable (2 words) explanatoryvariable
y variable (2 words) response variable
all the explanatory variables factors
the choices you have for each factor levels
the combinations you will test treatments
used for comparison (can get no treatment or old treatment (2 words) controlgroup
scientists only observe, no treatment is imposed (2 words) observationalstudy
when a study systematically favors one outcome over another bias
when subjects voluntarily choose to be in the sample (3 words) voluntaryresponse
some groups of people are ignored undercoverage
some subjects that are chosen do not answer (3 words) nonresponse
when subjects give incorrect answers because they forgot or are lying (2 words) responsebias
a type of sampling that gives every individual and every group of size n an equal chance of being chosen simplerandomsample
when you select some subjects from each subgroup stratified
when you select whoever you run into to be in the sample convenience
choosing every nth person systematic
the subject nor the person handing out the treatments know if the subjects are getting the treatment or placebo doubleblindexperiment
a special case of block design in which each block consists of only 2 subjects (3 words) matchedpairdesign

Statistics Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis Data
Practice or science of collecting and analyzing numerical data in large quantities Statistics
The entire pool from which a statistical sample is drawn Population
Official count or survey of a population Census
A small part or quantity intended to show what the whole is like Sample
A numerical or other measurable factor forming one of a set that defines a system or sets the conditions of its operation Parameter
A fact or piece of data from a study of a large quantity of numerical data Statistic
Data expressing a certain quantity, amount or range Quantitative Data
Is typically descriptive data and as such is harder to analyze than Quantitative data Qualitative Data
Results from either a finite number of possible values or a countable number Discrete
Results from infinitely many possible values that can be on a continuous scale without gaps or interruptions Continuous
Level if measurement of data; characterizes data that consists of names, labels ,or categories only. Nominal
Characterizes data that may be arranged in order, but differences between data values either cannot be determined or are meaningless Ordinal
Characterizes data that can be arranged in order, but differences between data values are meaningful Interval
Characterizes data that can be arranged in order, for which differences between data values are meaningful, and there is an inherent zero starting point. Ratio
Study in which we observe and measure specific characteristics, but dont attempt to manipulate or modify the subjects being studied Observational Study
Study in which data are observed, measured, and collected at one point in time Cross Sectional Study
Longitudinal cohort study that follows over time a group of similar individuals who differ with respect to certain factors under study, to determinehow these factors affect rates of certain outcome Prospective Study
Studies a cohort of individuals that share a common exposure factor to determine its influence Retrospective Study
a variable in a statistical model that correlates (directly or inversely) with both the dependent variable and an independent variable. Confounding
The practice of keeping patients in the dark as to whether they are receiving a placebo or not. Blinding
noun: placebo effect; plural noun: placebo effects a beneficial effect, produced by a placebo drug or treatment, that cannot be attributed to the properties of the placebo itself, and must therefore be due to the patient's belief in that treatment. Placebo Effect
denoting a test or trial, especially of a drug, in which any information that may influence the behavior of the tester or the subject is withheld until after the test. Double Blind
With a randomized block design, the experimenter divides subjects into subgroups called blocks, such that the variability within blocks is less than the variability between blocks. Then, subjects within each block are randomly assigned to treatment conditions. Blocks
the repetition of an experimental condition so that the variability associated with the phenomenon can be estimated. Replication
type of probability sampling method in which sample members from a larger population are selected according to a random starting point and a fixed periodic interval. Systematic Sampling
One of the non-probability sampling methods Convenience Sampling
Type of sampling method where the researcher divides the population into seperate groups, called strata Stratified Sampling
sampling technique used when "natural" but relatively heterogeneous groupings are evident in a statistical population Cluster Sampling
the error caused by observing a sample instead of the whole population Sampling Error
the deviations of estimates from their true values that are not a function of the sample chosen, including various systematic errors and random errors that are not due to sampling. Nonsampling Error
a method of selecting a sample (random sample) from a statistical population in such a way that every possible sample that could be selected has a predetermined probability of being selected Random Sample
subset of a statistical population in which each member of the subset has an equal probability of being chosen. Simple Random Sample
Subjects that are very carefully chosen Rigorously Controlled Design
subjects are put into blocks through a process of random selection Completely Randomized Design

Statistics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Things you can physically see and count, a description Descriptive
To make a decision or inference Inferential
an entire group of an area Population
Smaller group pulled from a population Sample
Worldwide and takes 10 years to process data Census
Numerical, you can perform meaningful math Quantitative
To put into categories Categorical
The data is countable Discrete
Data is only measurable with an instrument Continuous
To simply watch and collect data Observational
To add treatment Experimental
To favor a certain side bias
To choose not to answer a survey nonresponse
To be missed by the method of survey undercoverage
Best method of survey SRS
Method of survey that has a system to choose subjects Systematic
All from some Cluster
Some from all Stratified
Easiest and worst method of survey Convenience
A question that persuades your opinion Loaded Question
A factor that may be effecting data results Confounding
To act differently when someone is being watched Hawthorne Effect

Unit 7 Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

the entire set of items from which data can be selected Population
divide an ordered data set into 4 equal parts Quartiles
a numerical description of a sample characteristic Statistic
information about a product or process, usually in numerical order Data
score that occurs most often Mode
middle score when listed in numerical order Median
average Mean
a subset, or portion, of the population. Sample
the square root of variance Standard Deviation
a census occurs when everyone in the population is contacted Census
a mistake causing results that are not representative of the population Bias
have a finite number of distinct values or counts DiscreteRandom
consists of attributes, labels, or non-numerical entries Qualitative Data
consist of numerical measurements or count Quantitative Data
the difference between the greatest data element and the least data element Range
data that are far away from most of the data points Outliers
the fact that the value of a statistic varies in repeated random sampling Sampling Variability
a symmetric distribution can be divided at the center so that each half is a mirror image of the other Symmetry
he average of the squares of the deviations of the observations from their mean Variance